The Rumyantsev family (Румянцевы) were Russian counts prominent in Russian imperial politics in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending A count is a Nobleman in European countries The word count comes from French comte, itself from Latin The family claimed descent from the boyar Rumyanets who broke his oath of allegiance and surrendered Nizhny Novgorod to Vasily I of Moscow in 1391. This article refers to the aristocratic title of boyar. For the Boyar caste of India, see Boyar (caste. Nizhny Novgorod (Ни́жний Но́вгород Nižnij Novgorod) colloquially shortened as Nizhny, is the fourth largest city in Russia Vasiliy I Dmitriyevich ( Russian: Василий I Дмитриевич 30 December 1371 – 27 February 1425) was Grand Prince
The first Rumyantsev to gain prominence, Alexander Ivanovich (1680 - 1749), enrolled in the Preobrazhensky regiment of guards in 1704. Year 1704 ( MDCCIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a While he guarded the headquarters of Peter the Great, the monarch noticed him "for his great height and smart face". Peter made Alexander Ivanovich his servant and later recommended him to Peter Shafirov and Peter Tolstoy. Baron Peter Pavlovich Shafirov (Пётр Павлович Шафиров 1670 - 1739 Russian statesman one of the ablest coadjutors of Peter the Great Count Pyotr Andreyevich Tolstoy (Пётр Андреевич Толстой (1645 - 1729 was a Russian Statesman prominent during and after the reign In the service of these two courtiers, Rumyantsev carried out various diplomatic errands in Constantinople and in Persia. Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis, or gr ἡ Πόλις hē Polis, Latin: la CONSTANTINOPOLIS The Persian Empire was a series of Iranian empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the original Persian homeland and beyond in Western Asia In 1720 he married Countess Maria Matveyeva, daughter and heiress of Count Andrey Matveyev. Count Andrey Artamonovich Matveev (Андрей Артамонович Матвеев (1666 &ndash 1728 was a Russian statesman of the Petrine epoch best remembered as one
After Peter I's daughter Elizabeth Petrovna came to the throne in 1741, Rumyantsev became a count and went to govern Malorossia, or Left-Bank Ukraine. Yelizaveta Petrovna (Елизаве́та (Елисаве́т Петро́вна (December 29 1709 – January 5 1762 (New Style December 18 1709 – December 25 1761 ( Little Russia, sometimes Little or Lesser Rus’ ( Malorossiya; Mala Rus’) was the name applied to parts of the territory of modern-day Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe. It was he who negotiated and signed the Treaty of Åbo with Sweden. The Treaty of Åbo or the Treaty of Turku was a peace Treaty signed between the Russian Empire and Sweden in Turku (Åbo on "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. He died in Ukraine on March 4, 1749, leaving a son, Peter (see below), and a daughter, Daria, married to the Austrian count Wallenstein. Events 51 - Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title Princeps iuventutis (head of the youth Year 1749 ( MDCCXLIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich His wife survived him by 40 years, and entertained Saint Petersburg society with the stories of her acquaintance with Louis XIV, Madame de Maintenon, and the Duke of Marlborough. Saint Petersburg ( tr: Sankt-Peterburg,) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River Early years Birth and ancestry Louis XIV was born in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye on September 5 1638 and bore the Heir apparent Françoise d'Aubigné Scarron Marquise de Maintenon ( November 27, 1635 - April 15, 1719) was the Morganatic second wife of King When she died at the age of 90, Gavrila Derzhavin wrote a remarkable ode glorifying her virtues. Gavriil (Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin (Гаврии́л (Гаври́ла Рома́нович Держа́вин July 14 1743 &ndash July 20 1816 was the greatest Russian poet
Alexander's son Pyotr Alexandrovich, born on January 4, 1725 in Moscow, took his name from that of the ruling Emperor. Events 46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. Year 1725 ( MDCCXXV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Moscow (Москва́ romanised: Moskvá, IPA: see also other names) is the Capital and the largest city of As his mother spent much time in the company of Peter I, rumours suggested that the young Rumyantsev was the monarch's illegitimate son.
Pyotr Alexandrovich first saw military service under his nominal father in the war with Sweden (1741 - 1743). The Russo-Swedish War of 1741–1743, known as the Hats' Russian War in Sweden and the Hats' War in Finland, which resulted in the Lesser He personally carried to the Empress the peace treaty of Abo, concluded by his father in 1743. The Treaty of Åbo or the Treaty of Turku was a peace Treaty signed between the Russian Empire and Sweden in Turku (Åbo on Year 1743 ( MDCCXLIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Thereupon he gained promotion to the rank of colonel. His first military glory dates from the great battles of the Seven Years' War (1756 - 1763), those of Gross-Jagersdorf (1757) and Kunersdorf (1759). The Seven Years' War (1756&ndash1763 involved all of the major European powers of the period causing 900000 to 1400000 deaths The Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf ( August 30, 1757) was a victory for the Russian force under Field Marshal Stepan Fedorovich Apraksin The Battle of Kunersdorf was Frederick the Great's most devastating defeat In 1761 he besieged and took the Polish fortress of Kolberg, thus clearing for Russian armies the path to Berlin. Year 1761 ( MDCCLXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Kołobrzeg (Kolberg Kòłobrzeg Cholbergensis is a City in Middle Pomerania in north-western Poland with some 50000 inhabitants (as of Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany.
Throughout the reign of Catherine the Great, Rumyantsev served as supreme governor of Ukraine. Catherine II, called Catherine the Great (Екатерина II Великая Yekaterina II Velikaya;) reigned as Empress of Russia for 34 years Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe. In this post, which his father had held with so much honesty, Rumyantsev made it his priority to eliminate any autonomy of the hetmans and to fully incorporate the newly-conquered territories into the Russian Empire. Hetman was the title of the second highest military commander (after the Monarch) used in 15th to 18th century Poland, Ukraine and Grand Some accuse him of having promoted serfdom in New Russia, but the choice of such a policy remained out of his control.
With the outbreak of the Russo-Turkish war in 1768, Rumyantsev took command of the army sent to capture Azov. The Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774 was a decisive conflict that brought Southern Ukraine, Northern Caucasus, and Crimea within the orbit of the Russian Year 1768 ( MDCCLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Azov (Азо́в a'zof is a town in Rostov Oblast, Russia, situated on the Don River just sixteen kilometers from the Sea of Azov He thoroughly defeated the Turks in the Battles of Larga and Kagula, crossed the Danube and advanced to Romania. The Battle of Larga was fought between 65000 Crimean Tatars cavalry and 15000 Turkish infantry under Kaplan Girey against 38000 Russians under Field-Marshal The Danube (In Donau from earlier Danuvius, Celtic *dānu, meaning "to flow run" Slovak and Polish Dunaj Romania ( dated: Rumania, Roumania For these dazzling victories he became Field-Marshal and gained the victory title Zadunaisky (meaning "Trans-Danubian"). For other meanings see Field Marshal (disambiguation Field marshal is a military officer rank A victory title is an honorific title adopted by a successful military commander to commemorate his defeat of an enemy nation When his forces approached Shumla in 1774, the new Sultan Abdul Hamid I started to panic and sued for peace, which Rumyanstev signed upon a military tambourine at the village of Kuchuk-Kainarji. Shumen (Шумен is a city in the northeastern part of Bulgaria, capital of Shumen Province. Year 1774 ( MDCCLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Abdülhamid I ( Ottoman Turkish: عبد الحميد اول `Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i evvel) ( March 20, 1725 April 7, 1789 The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca (also spelled Kuchuk Kainarji) was signed on July 21, 1774, in Küçük Kaynarca Dobruja (today Kaynardzha
At that point, Rumyantsev had undoubtedly become the most famous Russian commander. Other Catharinian generals, notably Potemkin, allegedly regarded his fame with such jealousy that they wouldn't permit him to take the command again. In times of peace, Rumyantsev expressed his innovative views on the martial art in the Instructions (1761), Customs of Military Service (1770), and the Thoughts (1777). These works provided a theoretical base for the re-organisation of the Russian army undertaken by Potemkin.
During the Second Russo-Turkish War, Zadunaisky suspected Potemkin of deliberately curtailing supplies of his army and presently resigned his command. The Russo–Turkish War of 1787–1792 involved a futile attempt by the Ottoman Empire to regain lands lost to Russia in the course of the previous Russo–Turkish In the Polish campaign of 1794 he once again won appointment as commander-in-chief, but his rival Suvorov actually led the armies into battle. The Kościuszko Uprising was an uprising led by Tadeusz Kościuszko in Poland and Lithuania in 1794 A commander-in-chief is the Commander of a nation's Military forces or significant element of those forces Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov (Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Суво́ров (sometimes transliterated as Aleksandr, Aleksander and Suvarov On this occasion Rumyantsev didn't bother even to leave his Ukrainian manor at Tashan which he had rebuilt into a fortress. He died there on December 8, 1796, several months after Catherine's death. Events 1609 - Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room the second public library of Europe. Year 1796 ( MDCCXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year
As the story goes, old Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky grew enormously fat and avaricious, so that he pretended not to recognize his own sons when they came from the capital to ask for money. Neither of his children married, and the comital branch of the family went extinct upon their death.
Among these sons, only Count Nikolay Petrovich (1754 - 1826) reached the highest offices of state. Maintaining friendly terms with the future Alexander I and his mother Maria Fyodorovna, he served as Minister of Commerce (1802 - 1811) and President of the State Council (1810 - 1812). Alexander I of Russia ( Russian: Александр I Павлович / Aleksandr I Pavlovich (23 December 1777 – November 19 1825 served as Emperor of Maria Feodorovna was the name taken by two distinct Russian empresses of originally German and Danish ethnicity Maria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg The State Council ("Государственный Совет" was the supreme state advisory body to the Tsar in Imperial Russia. As foreign minister (appointed 1808), he advocated a closer alliance with France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. On receiving the news of Napoleon's invasion of Russia (1812), he suffered a stroke and lost his hearing. The French invasion of Russia in 1812 was a turning point in the Napoleonic Wars. When Napoleon entered Moscow, he advised the Emperor to dismiss Kutuzov and to seek peace at any cost. Prince Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov (князь Михаи́л Илларио́нович Голени́щев-Куту́зов ( &mdash) was the Russian Eventually Alexander lost all confidence in Nikolay Petrovich, who retired in 1814 just before the Congress of Vienna. The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of the major powers of Europe, chaired by the Austrian statesman Clemens Wenzel von Metternich Nicholas Rumyantsev died on 3 January 1826 in St Petersburg. Events 1431 - Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon. For the game see 1826 (board game. Year 1826 ( MDCCCXXVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display Saint Petersburg ( tr: Sankt-Peterburg,) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River
During the years of his foreign service, Nikolay Petrovich amassed a huge collection of historic documents, rare coins, maps, manuscripts, and incunabula which formed a nucleus of the Rumyantsev Museum in Moscow (subsequently transformed into the State Russian Library). main - title Coin keywords numismatics coin review A map is a visual representation of an area—a symbolic depiction highlighting relationships between elements of that space such as objects, Regions, and Themes A manuscript is any Document that is Written by hand as opposed to being printed or reproduced in some other way Moscow (Москва́ romanised: Moskvá, IPA: see also other names) is the Capital and the largest city of Not to be confused with the Russian National Library, located in St Petersburg. Showing a keen interest in Russian history, Rumyantsev produced the first printed publications of several old Russian chronicles and ancient literary monuments of the Eastern Slavs. The East Slavs are a Slavic ethnic group, the speakers of East Slavic languages. He also became a notable patron of the Russian voyages of exploration.