- Not to be confused with the Rumford Prize
In 1796, Benjamin Thompson, known as Count Rumford, gave $5000 separately to the Royal Society of London and the other by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences to give awards every two years for outstanding scientific research on heat or light. Not to be confused with the Rumford Medal In 1796, Benjamin Thompson known as Count Rumford, made two separate gifts of $5000 each Year 1796 ( MDCCXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford (in German: de Reichsgraf von Rumford FRS ( 26 March 1753 – 21 August 1814 The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, known simply as The Royal Society, is a Learned society for science that was founded in 1660 The American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS is an organization dedicated to scholarship and the advancement of learning
The Royal Society awards the Rumford Medal; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences awards the Rumford Prize. Not to be confused with the Rumford Medal In 1796, Benjamin Thompson known as Count Rumford, made two separate gifts of $5000 each
The Rumford Medal is restricted to scientists working in Europe. It is awarded in even years in recognition of an outstandingly important recent discovery in the field of thermal or optical properties of matter made by a scientist working in Europe, noting that Rumford was concerned to see recognised discoveries that tended to promote the good of mankind. The medal is of silver gilt and a gift of £1000 is associated with it.
External links Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford (in German: de Reichsgraf von Rumford FRS ( 26 March 1753 – 21 August 1814 Sir John Leslie ( April 10, 1766 - November 3, 1832) was a Scottish Mathematician and Physicist best remembered William Murdoch (sometimes spelled Murdock) ( August 21, 1754 - November 15, 1839) was a Scottish engineer and inventor Etienne-Louis Malus (23 July 1775 &ndash 24 February 1812 was a French officer, Engineer, Physicist, and Mathematician. William Charles Wells MD FRS FRSEd (1757&ndash1817 was a Scottish-American physician and printer Sir Humphry Davy 1st Baronet FRS MRIA (17 December 1778 &ndash 29 May 1829 was a British Chemist and inventor Sir David Brewster, FRS ( 11 December 1781 &ndash 10 February 1868) was a Scottish scientist inventor and writer John Frederic Daniell ( 12 March 1790 &ndash 13 March 1845) was an English Chemist and Physicist. Macedonio Melloni ( April 11 1798 – August 11 1854) was an Italian Physicist, notable for demonstrating that Radiant James David Forbes ( April 20, 1809 - December 31, 1868) was a Scottish Physicist who worked extensively on the conduction Jean-Baptiste Biot (21 April 1774 Paris &ndash 3 February 1862 Paris) was a French Physicist, Astronomer and Mathematician William Henry Fox Talbot (11 February 1800 – 17 September 1877 was the inventor of the negative / positive photographic process the precursor to most photographic processes of Michael Faraday, FRS ( September 22 1791 – August 25 1867) was an English Henri Victor Regnault ( July 21, 1810 – January 19, 1878) was a French chemist and physicist best known for his careful measurements François Jean Dominique Arago ( Francesc Joan Dominic Aragó; 26 February 1786 2 October 1853 was a French Catalan Mathematician, Sir George Gabriel Stokes 1st Baronet FRS ( 13 August 1819 &ndash 1 February 1903) was a mathematician and physicist Neil Arnott (b Arbroath, May 15, 1788; d March 2, 1874 in London) was a Scottish Physician Louis Pasteur (27 December 1822 – 28 September 1895 a French Chemist and Microbiologist, is best known for remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and Jules Célestin Jamin ( 31 May 1818 - 12 February 1886) was a French Physicist. James Clerk Maxwell (13 June 1831 &ndash 5 November 1879 was a Scottish mathematician and theoretical physicist. Gustav Robert Kirchhoff ( March 12, 1824 &ndash October 17, 1887) was a German Physicist who contributed to the fundamental John Tyndall FRS ( August 2, 1820 &ndash December 4, 1893) was a prominent 19th century Irish Physicist. Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizeau (1819-1896 French physicist, was born in Paris. Balfour Stewart ( 1 November 1828 &ndash 19 December 1887) was a Scottish physicist Alfred Louis Olivier Legrand Des Cloizeaux ( October 17, 1817 - May 6, 1897) was a French Mineralogist. Anders Jonas Ångström ( August 13, 1814 &ndash June 21, 1874) was a Physicist in Sweden, one Sir Joseph Norman Lockyer, FRS ( May 17, 1836 &ndash August 16, 1920) was an English scientist and astronomer Pierre Jules César Janssen ( February 22, 1824 &ndash December 23, 1907) was a French astronomer who along with the English Marie Alfred Cornu ( March 6, 1841 &mdash April 12, 1902) was a French Physicist. Sir William Huggins, OM, FRS ( February 7 1824 &ndash May 12 1910) was an English Astronomer William de Wiveleslie Abney FRS ( July 24, 1843 - December 3, 1920) was an English Astronomer, Chemist Samuel Pierpont Langley (August 22 1834 Roxbury Massachusetts &ndash February 27 1906 Aiken South Carolina) was an American Astronomer Pietro Tacchini ( March 21, 1838 &ndash March 24, 1905) was an Italian Astronomer. Heinrich Rudolf Hertz ( February 22, 1857 – January 1, 1894) was a German physicist who clarified and expanded the electromagnetic theory Nils Christoffer Dunér ( Billeberga, Malmöhus län May 21 1839 &ndash Stockholm November 10 1914) was a Sir James Dewar FRS ( September 20, 1842 &ndash March 27, 1923) was a Scottish Chemist and Physicist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (27 March 1845 &ndash 10 February 1923 was a German physicist, who on 8 November 1895 produced and detected Electromagnetic Philipp Eduard Anton von Lénárd ( June 7, 1862 &ndash May 20, 1947) was a German physicist and the winner of the Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge, FRS ( June 12, 1851 - August 22, 1940) born at Penkhull in Stoke-on-Trent and educated Antoine Henri Becquerel (15 December 1852 &ndash 25 August 1908 was a French Physicist, Nobel laureate, and one of the discoverers of Radioactivity Sir Charles Algernon Parsons, OM (13 June 1854 &ndash 11 February 1931 was a British Engineer, best known for his invention of the Steam turbine. Ernest Rutherford 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, OM, PC, FRS (30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937 was a New Zealand Physicist Hugh Longbourne Callendar FRS ( 18 April 1863 - 21 January 1930) was a British Physicist. Hendrik Antoon Lorentz ( July 18, 1853 &ndash February 4, 1928) was a Dutch Physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Heinrich Rubens ( 30 March 1865 - 17 July 1922) was a German Physicist. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ( September 21, 1853 &ndash February 21, 1926) was a Dutch Physicist. John William Strutt 3rd Baron Rayleigh OM (12 November 1842 &ndash 30 June 1919 was an English Physicist who with William Ramsay, discovered Sir William Henry Bragg OM, KBE (2 July 1862 – 10 March 1942 was a British Physicist and Chemist who uniquely shared the Maurice Paul Auguste Charles Fabry ( 11 June 1867, Marseille &ndash 9 July 1945, Paris) was a French Physicist Jean-Baptiste Alfred Perot ( November 3 1863 / Metz, France &ndash November 28 1925 / Paris, France John William Strutt 3rd Baron Rayleigh OM (12 November 1842 &ndash 30 June 1919 was an English Physicist who with William Ramsay, discovered Pieter Zeeman ( Zonnemaire, May 25, 1865 &ndash Amsterdam, October 9, 1943) (ˈzeːmɑn was a Dutch Sir Charles Vernon Boys, FRS ( 15 March 1855 - 30 March 1944) was a British physicist, known for his careful Sir Franz Arthur Friedrich Schuster FRS ( September 12 1851 &ndash October 17 1934) was a versatile German -born British Louis Karl Heinrich Friedrich Paschen ( January 22, 1865 - February 25, 1947) was a German Physicist, known for his work Peter Joseph William Debye ( March 24 1884 &ndash November 2 1966) was a Dutch physicist and physical chemist Fritz Haber (9 December 1868 &ndash 29 January 1934 was a German chemist, who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his development for Wander Johannes de Haas ( March 2, 1878, Lisse – April 26, 1960, Bilthoven) was a Dutch Physicist and Robert Williams Wood ( May 2, 1868 – August 11, 1955) was an American Physicist. Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn ( December 3, 1886 - September 26, 1978) was a Swedish Physicist, and Nobel laureate Gordon Miller Bourne Dobson FRS ( 25 February 1889 - 11 March 1976) was a British Physicist and Meteorologist Sir Harry Ricardo ( 26 January 1885 – 18 May 1974) was one of the foremost engine designers and researchers in the early years of the development Sir Francis Simon CBE born Franz Eugen Simon (1893-1956 was a German and later British physical chemist and physicist who devised the method and confirmed Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle, OM, KBE, FRS, Hon FRAeS (1 June 1907 &ndash 9 August 1996 was an English Royal Frits Zernike ( July 16 1888 &ndash March 10 1966) was a Dutch Physicist and winner of the Nobel prize Thomas Merton ( 31 January 1915 – 10 December 1968) was one of the most influential Catholic writers of the 20th century Hendrik Christoffel "Henk" van de Hulst ( Utrecht, Nov 19 1918 &ndash Leiden, Jul 31 2000) was a Dutch William George Penney Baron Penney OM, KBE ( 24 June 1909 &ndash 3 March 1991) was a British Physicist Dennis Gabor (original Hungarian name Gábor Dénes) FRS, ( June 5, 1900, Budapest &ndash February 9 Christopher Hinton Baron Hinton of Bankside OM, KBE, FRS, ( 12 May 1901, Tisbury, Wiltshire, &ndash 22 Sir Basil John Mason, CB, FRS (born 18 August 1923) is an expert on Cloud physics and former Director of the UK Meteorological Sir Alan Howard Cottrell (born 1919 is a British Metallurgist and Physicist. Ilya Viscount Prigogine (Илья́ Рома́нович Приго́жин ( January 25, 1917 &ndash May 28, 2003) was a Russian George Porter Baron Porter of Luddenham, OM, FRS ( December 6, 1920 &ndash August 31, 2002) was a British Charles Gorrie Wynne (born May 18, 1911; died October 1, 1999) was a significant figure in Optical lens design. Sir Denis Eric Rooke, OM, CBE, FRS, FREng ( 2 April 1924 - 2 September 2008) was a British industrialist Felix J Weinberg (born 2 April 1928) is a British physicist He has been Emeritus Professor of Combustion Physics University of London Harold Neville Vazeille Temperley (born 4 March 1915) was a mathematical physicist working on "lattice gases" Andrew Keller ( 22 August 1925 &ndash 7 February 1999) was a British polymer scientist Grenville Turner (born 1 November 1936, Todmorden) is a research Professor at the University of Manchester. Professor Sir Richard Henry Friend FRS is Cavendish Professor at the University of Cambridge with a world-renowned reputation for his research Sir David A King ScD FRS (born August 12, 1939) is the Director of the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at the University of Oxford Richard Travers Dixon ( November 20, 1865 – November 14, 1949) was a British Sailor who competed in the 1908
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