Royal Military Academy has been the name of two different institutions of the British Army. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces.
The original Royal Military Academy was at Woolwich in London and was established in 1741 to train engineering and artillery officers, whose skills were too complex to learn solely on the battlefield. The Royal Military Academy ( RMA) at Woolwich, in south-east London, was a British Army Military academy for the training of Commissioned Woolwich (ˈwʊlɪtʃ or /ˈwʊlɪdʒ/ is a suburb in south-east London, England in the London Borough of Greenwich, on the south side of the River London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom.
One of its early and notable officers was Captain George Smith, Inspector of the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, who was responsible for publication of (among other works) An Universal Military Dictionary, or A copious explanation of the technical terms & c. used in the equipment, machinery movements and military operations of an army. . . in London (near Whitehall) during 1779, printed for J. Millan. 
In 1801, a second training establishment, for regular army officers, was created at Sandhurst and the two organisations remained separate until 1939 when both were closed for the duration of the Second World War. Sandhurst is a small town and Civil parish in England of around 7500 homes and 22000 inhabitants primarily domiciliary in nature with a few light industries World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including In 1947 the two colleges were combined in the current Royal Military Academy Sandhurst at the site of the later institution. The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst ( RMAS) commonly known simply as Sandhurst, is the British Army officer initial training centre