The Rochdale Canal is a navigable "broad" canal in the North of England, part of the connected system of the Canals of Great Britain. The Calder and Hebble Navigation is a Broad (ie with 14-foot wide locks and bridgeholes inland Waterway in West Yorkshire, England, which has remained Tuel Lane Lock is a Canal Lock, situated on the Rochdale Canal in Sowerby Bridge. Luddendenfoot Railway Station served the village of Luddendenfoot in West Yorkshire, until closure in 1962 List of A roads beginning with 6 in Great Britain starting east of the A6 and A7 roads and west of the A1. List of A roads beginning with 6 in Great Britain starting east of the A6 and A7 roads and west of the A1. The A58 is a major Road in northern England that runs between Prescot, Merseyside and Wetherby, West Yorkshire The A640 is a road in England which runs between Rochdale in Greater Manchester and Huddersfield in West Yorkshire. Oldham is a large town in Greater Manchester, England It lies amongst the Pennines on elevated ground between the rivers Irk and Medlock List of A roads beginning with 6 in Great Britain starting east of the A6 and A7 roads and west of the A1. The Caldervale Line is a railway route in Northern England between the cities of Leeds and Manchester as well as the seaside resort of Blackpool The A671 is a road in the North West of England, that runs between Oldham, Greater Manchester and Worston, near Clitheroe The Rochdale Branch Canal was a branch of the Rochdale Canal which led close to Rochdale Town Centre List of A roads beginning with 6 in Great Britain starting east of the A6 and A7 roads and west of the A1. The Caldervale Line is a railway route in Northern England between the cities of Leeds and Manchester as well as the seaside resort of Blackpool The M62 motorway is a west&ndasheast trans-Pennine Motorway in northern England, connecting the cities of Liverpool and Hull The Heywood Branch Canal was a branch of the Rochdale Canal from Castleton which led to Heywood. The Caldervale Line is a railway route in Northern England between the cities of Leeds and Manchester as well as the seaside resort of Blackpool The Caldervale Line is a railway route in Northern England between the cities of Leeds and Manchester as well as the seaside resort of Blackpool The M60 motorway is an orbital Motorway circling Greater Manchester, a Metropolitan county in North West England. The Manchester to Rochdale via Oldham line or Oldham Loop Line is a local railway route in Greater Manchester, England used by trains that run from Manchester The Huddersfield Line is the name given to one of the busiest rail services on the West Yorkshire MetroTrain network in northern England. The Ashton Canal is a Canal built in Greater Manchester in Northern England. Manchester Metro redirects here - for the Manchester Metroshuttle free bus routes see Metroshuttle or First Manchester Manchester Metrolink The Manchester and Salford Junction Canal was a Canal in the city of Manchester. Deansgate is a main road (the A56) through the city centre of Manchester, England. There are two Liverpool to Manchester Lines between the cities of Liverpool and Manchester in the north-west of England. The Bridgewater Canal is a Canal in North West England, connecting Runcorn, Manchester, and Leigh. Canals are artificial channels for water There are two types of canals water conveyance canals which are used for the conveyance and delivery of water and Waterways England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The "Rochdale" in its name refers to the town of Rochdale, Greater Manchester, through which the canal passes. Rochdale is a large Market town in Greater Manchester, England Greater Manchester is a Metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2
The "Rochdale" is a Broad canal because its bridges and locks are wide enough to allow vessels of 14ft width. A lock is a device for raising and lowering boats between stretches of water of different levels on river and canal Waterways. The canal runs for 32 miles (51 kilometres) across the Pennines from the Bridgewater Canal at Castlefield Basin in Manchester to join the Calder and Hebble Navigation at Sowerby Bridge in West Yorkshire. The Pennines are a low-rising Mountain range in Northern England and southern Scotland. The Bridgewater Canal is a Canal in North West England, connecting Runcorn, Manchester, and Leigh. Or see Castlefields. Castlefield is an Inner city area of Manchester, in North West England. The Calder and Hebble Navigation is a Broad (ie with 14-foot wide locks and bridgeholes inland Waterway in West Yorkshire, England, which has remained Sowerby Bridge is a Market town that lies within the Upper Calder Valley in the district of Calderdale in the County of West Yorkshire West Yorkshire is a Metropolitan county within the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England with a population of
As originally built, the canal had 92 locks. Whilst the traditional lock numbering has been retained on all restored locks, and on all the relocated locks, the canal now has only 91 locks. The former locks 3 & 4 have been replaced with a single deep lock (Tuel Lane Lock), which is numbered as 3/4
The Rochdale Canal was conceived in 1776, when a group of 48 eminent men from Rochdale raised £237 and commissioned James Brindley to conduct a survey of possible routes between Sowerby Bridge and Manchester. James Brindley (1716 &ndash 30 September 1772) was an English Engineer.  He proposed a route similar to that built, and another more expensive route via Bury.  Further progress was not made until 1791, when John Rennie was asked to make a new survey in June, and two months later to make surveys for branches to Rochdale, Oldham and to some limeworks near Todmorden. The first attempt to obtain an Act of Parliament was made in 1792, but was opposed by millers, concerned about water supply, and it was not until 4 April 1794 that an act was obtained which created the Rochdale Canal Company and authorised the construction of the canal. An Act of Parliament is a Law enacted as Primary legislation by a national or sub-national Parliament.  Further acts of parliament were obtained in 1800, 1804 and 1806, the main purpose of which was to raise additional finance. 
The canal was opened up in stages, as it was completed, with the Rochdale Branch being the first in 1798, further sections in 1799, and the bottom nine locks opening in 1800, so that boats from the Ashton Canal could reach Manchester. The Ashton Canal is a Canal built in Greater Manchester in Northern England.  Officially, the canal opened in 1804, but construction work continued for another three years.  A 1. 5 mile (2. 4km) branch from Heywood to Castleton was opened in 1834. 
Because of its width, it was more successful than the Huddersfield Narrow Canal and became the main highway of commerce between Lancashire & Yorkshire. The Huddersfield Narrow Canal is an inland Waterway in northern England Cotton, wool, coal, limestone, timber, salt and general merchandise were transported.  In 1890 the canal company had 2,000 barges and traffic reached 700,000 tons/year, the equivalent of 50 barges a day. But this traffic soon faced competition from the Manchester and Leeds Railway (1841). The Manchester and Leeds Railway was a railway company in the United Kingdom which opened in 1839 connecting Manchester with Leeds via the North By cutting tolls the canal managed to maintain business and for a time remained profitable but by the start of the 20th century it was in trouble. In 1923 the canal's reservoirs were sold to the Oldham and Rochdale Joint Water Board.  Most of the canal (apart from a short profitable section in Manchester linking the Bridgewater and Ashton Canals) was closed in 1952 when an act of parliament was obtained to ban public navigation (the last complete journey having taken place in 1937) and by the mid 1960s the remainder was almost unusable. The Ashton Canal is a Canal built in Greater Manchester in Northern England. Construction of the M62 motorway in the late 1960s took no account of the canal, cutting it in two. The M62 motorway is a west&ndasheast trans-Pennine Motorway in northern England, connecting the cities of Liverpool and Hull 
With the growth in leisure boating, a campaign was mounted for its re-opening. The first section to be restored was the nine locks between the junction with the Ashton Canal and the Bridgewater Canal, as a result of the Ashton Canal reopening in 1974.  The Rochdale Canal Society was formed, and worked hard both to protect the line of the canal and to begin the process of refurbishing it, concentrating on the section from Todmorden to Sowerby Bridge. Nearly 16 miles (25. 7km) was opened in this way, with the section from Todmorden to Hebden Bridge opening in 1983, and the entire eastern section up to the summit opened by 1990. The reopened section was still isolated from the canal network. 
The next success was a re-fashioned link with the Calder and Hebble Canal (which had never closed) at Sowerby Bridge, which joined the restored section to the national network in 1996, and involves one of the candidates for the deepest lock on the British canal system (Tuel Lane Lock at nearly 20ft). Tuel Lane Lock is a Canal Lock, situated on the Rochdale Canal in Sowerby Bridge.  In 2000, the canal, which had never been nationalised, passed from the control of the Rochdale Canal Company to the Waterways Trust, and an £23. 8 million investment package was announced, with funding coming from the Millenium Commission, English Partnerships, and the councils of Oldham and Rochdale.  As restoration proceeded, boats could travel further and further west, and the restoration of the sections through Failsworth and Ancoats were a significant part of the re-development of the north Manchester districts. Failsworth is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, in Greater Manchester, England. Ancoats is an Inner city area of Manchester, in North West England. On 1 July 2002, the restored sections joined up with the never-closed section in Manchester, thus re-opening the canal to navigation along its entire length. 
The Rochdale is significant for leisure boating in that it is one of the three canals which cross the Pennines and thus join north-western canals with the waterways of the North East, as well as opening the possibilities of touring various Pennine Rings (the Huddersfield Narrow Canal had reopened the year before, and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal had never closed). A canal ring is the name given to a series of Canals that make a complete loop The Leeds and Liverpool Canal is a Canal in the north of England, linking the cities of Leeds and Liverpool.
A great attraction of the Rochdale Canal for the leisure boater lies in the fact that (unlike the Leeds and Liverpool and the Huddersfield Narrow) it climbs high over the Pennine moors rather than tunnelling through them, and the boater is surrounded by scenery which is correspondingly more spectacular (with the "penalty" of having to work more locks). 
The Rochdale is at the heart of several important leisure boating routes
East from Manchester, it crosses the Pennines via the hill towns and villages of Littleborough, Summit, Todmorden, Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd, and Luddendenfoot (where Bramwell Brontë was a railway booking clerk). Littleborough is a small town within the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England. Todmorden is a Market town and Civil parish, within the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire, England Hebden Bridge is a Market town within the Calderdale borough of West Yorkshire, England, eight miles (13 km west of Halifax and fifteen Mytholmroyd (ˈmaɪðəmrɔɪd is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire, England. Luddendenfoot or Luddenden Foot is a community in Calderdale, West Yorkshire, England. Patrick Branwell Brontë (ˈbrɒntɪ 26 June 1817 &ndash 24 September 1848) was a painter and poet the only son of the Brontë Finally, at Sowerby Bridge, its connection with the Calder and Hebble gives boats access to all the north-eastern waterways including the Aire and Calder Navigation, the Sheffield and South Yorkshire Navigation, and the rivers Ouse and Trent (and, for boaters who wish to do a "ring", the eastern ends of the Huddersfield Narrow and Leeds/Liverpool canals). The Aire and Calder Navigation is a River and Canal system of the River Aire and the River Calder in the Metropolitan county of The Sheffield and South Yorkshire Navigation (S&SY is a system of navigable inland waterways ( Canals and canalised rivers in South Yorkshire and Lincolnshire The River Ouse (pronounced "ooze" is a river in North Yorkshire, England. The River Trent is one of the major rivers of England. Its source is in Staffordshire between Biddulph and Biddulph Moor.
The Rochdale has had many problems since reopening (often related to a shortage of water, because the canal's reservoirs had been sold off when the canal closed). In April 2005 the canal bank was breached between lock 60 and lock 63, near the River Irk. Thousands of gallons of water surged down the river towards the nearby town of Middleton, echoing the great Middleton canal tragedy of 1927. Middleton is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England. The canal re-opened in Summer 2006, but had problems throughout the season.
The high frequency of navigation restrictions (and the need to book passage through Tuel Lane lock, and across the summit pound) means that anyone planning to use the canal should consult the British Waterways website.