Renaissance Literature refers to the period in European literature, which began in Italy during the 15th century and spread around Europe through the 17th century. European literature refers to the Literature of Europe. European literature includes literature in many Languages; among the most important of the modern Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 17th Century was that Century which lasted from 1601 - 1700 in the Gregorian calendar The impact of the Renaissance varied across the continent; countries that were predominantly Catholic or Protestant experienced the Renaissance differently compared to areas where the Orthodox Church was dominant as reflecting on its culture, as well as those areas of Europe under Islamic rule. The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere Catholic is an Adjective derived from the Greek adjective '' / 'katholikos' meaning "whole" or "complete". Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. The term Orthodox Christianity may refer to The Eastern Orthodox Church: the Eastern Christian churches of Byzantine For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation.
The creation of the printing press encouraged authors to write in the local vernacular rather than in Greek or Latin classical languages, widening the reading audience and promoting the spread of Renaissance ideas. A printing press is a mechanical device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a medium (such as paper or cloth thereby transferring an image Vernacular refers to the Native language of a country or a locality Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. A classical language, is a language with a Literature that is "classical"&mdashie "it should be ancient it should be an independent tradition that arose mostly
Among the famous authors of the literary movement of the Renaissance are:
Within Renaissance literature, there seems to be an underlying theme of justice; however, individual characters are not exemplary figures of justice themselves. The Divine Comedy Count Giovanni Pico della Mirandola ( February 24, 1463 - November 17, 1494) was an Italian Renaissance Philosopher. The Praise of Folly ( Greek title Morias Enkomion (Μωρίας Εγκώμιον, Latin: Stultitiae Laus, sometimes translated as Sir Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535 from 1935 Saint Thomas More, was an English Lawyer, author and statesman who in his lifetime gained De Optimo Republicae Statu deque Nova Insula Utopia (translated On the Best State of a Republic and on the New Island of Utopia) or more simply On Famous Women ( Latin: De mulieribus claris) is one of two such collections of biographies of famous people written by Giovanni Boccaccio, the Florentine The Decameron (subtitle Prencipe Galeotto) is a collection of 100 Novellas by Italian author Giovanni Boccaccio, probably begun in Il Principe ( The Prince) is a political Treatise by the Florentine public servant and political theorist Baldasare Castiglione, count of Novellata ( December 15, 1478 &ndash February 28, 1529) was an Italian Courtier, The Book of the Courtier (Il Cortegiano was written by Baldassare Castiglione over the course of many years beginning in 1508 and published in 1528 just Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (French miʃɛl ekɛm də mɔ̃tɛɲ ( February 28 1533 &ndash September 13 1592) was one of the most influential writers Essays is the title of a book written by Michel de Montaigne that was first published in 1580. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra ( in modern Spanish; September 29, 1547 &ndash April 22, 1616) was a Spanish Novelist es '''''Don Quixote''''' (, see spelling and pronunciation below fully titled es '''''El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha''''' ("The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Luís Vaz de Camões (luˈiʃ vaʃ dɨ kaˈmõĩʃ sometimes rendered in English from old Portuguese as Camoens) (c Os Lusíadas, pron. uʃ lu'ziɐdɐʃ (usually known by the title The Lusiads in English is a Portuguese epic poem William Shakespeare ( baptised Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, believed that instead of seeking personal revenge, true justice could only be obtained through a body of jurors who were willing and capable of distributing justice to individuals. Aristotle (Greek Aristotélēs) (384 BC – 322 BC was a Greek philosopher a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. Thus the characters in Renaissance literature typically defy Aristotelian views of virtue by having little respect for others.
The Decameron, the short story collection by the Italian author Boccaccio - with its frame tale of nobles fleeing the plague and telling each other stories - had an enormous impact on French writers. The Decameron (subtitle Prencipe Galeotto) is a collection of 100 Novellas by Italian author Giovanni Boccaccio, probably begun in
The literary movement produced Latin and vernacular poetry, history, and prose fiction inspired by classical models. Latin poetry was a major part of Latin literature during the height of the Latin language. Vernacular literature is Literature written in the Vernacular - the speech of the "common people" A humanistic curriculum dominated grammar schools and expanded its position into almost all of the universities of the time. Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appealing to universal A grammar school is one of several different types of School in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries
For the period, as with The Canterbury Tales and the Decameron, part of the attraction of the dialogued short story and the frame tale (with its fictional speakers discussing each other's stories) lies in their "performability" by someone reading out loud to a non-literate public and in their grab-bag and (frequently) digressive structure: these tales are capable of taking on all kinds of material, both sophisticated and vulgar. The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century (two of them in Prose, the rest in verse) A frame story (also frame tale, frame narrative, etc is a narrative technique whereby an introductory main story is composed at least in part for the purpose of
New forms spread by the Renaissance included the sonnet. The sonnet is one of the poetic forms that can be found in Lyric poetry from Europe.
Women played minor but steadily growing role in Renaissance literature. They were still limited by society because of their gender but, nevertheless, some women did publish books.
The Great Chain of Being was a popularly held idea during the Renaissance period. The “chain” consists of four categories:
According to this theory, more matter equals less spirit and vice versa. Therefore, as angels are created of the least amount of matter, they possess the most spirit. Beasts and inanimate objects possess little spirit because they have so much matter.
It was also believed that beings within their category were not meant to move up or down. If they began to acquire more and more reason, it was possible for them to move up, however, they were meant to remain at their natural level of being where one’s instincts prevail. For example, humans would not degrade themselves to beasts, nor would they exalt themselves to angels because they were created to be humans; and this would be going against all natural instincts.
Many historians recognize the beginning of the Renaissance Period as 6 April 1341 when Francesco Petrarch was crowned Poet Laureate. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato in the Battle of Thapsus Francesco Petrarca ( July 20, 1304 – July 19, 1374) known in English as Petrarch, was an Italian scholar This period included revelations in art, philosophy, and science, all which contributed to development of the literature. Art refers to a diverse range of Human activities creations and expressions that are appealing to the Senses or Emotions of a human individual Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language Science (from the Latin scientia, meaning " Knowledge " or "knowing" is the effort to discover, and increase human understanding Literature is the Art of written works Literally translated the word means "acquaintance with letters" (from Latin littera letter This was a time of rebirth because many of the principles exposed during the classical time period in ancient Greece and Rome were the basis of Renaissance literature.
In the mid-fifteenth century, Johann Gutenberg invented the printing press. Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg ( 1398 &ndash February 3, 1468) was a German Goldsmith and printer who is credited As a result, multiples of texts were made, therefore making the literature more accessible to Europeans. 
Dutch Renaissance and Golden Age literature is the Literature written in the Dutch language in the Low Countries from around 1550 to around 1700 The German Protestant reformation had spread to Sweden by 1520 The History of literature of the Early Modern period ( 16th, 17th and partly 18th century literature)