A remix is an alternative version of a song, different from the original version. A remixer uses audio mixing to compose an alternate master recording of a song, adding or subtracting elements, or simply changing the equalization, dynamics, pitch, tempo, playing time, or almost any other aspect of the various musical components. Audio mixing is the process by which a multitude of sound sources are combined into one or more channels A master recording is an original Recording, from which copies may be made Equalization (or equalisation, EQ) is the process of changing the frequency envelope of a sound in Audio processing. Pitch represents the perceived Fundamental frequency of a sound 2266-Tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl or TEMPO is the Chemical compound with the formula (CH23(CMe22NO Some remixes involve substantial changes to the arrangement of a recorded work, but many are subtle, such as creating a "vocal up" version of an album cut that emphasizes the lead singer's voice. In Music, an arrangement refers either to a rewriting of a piece of existing Music with additional new material or to a fleshing-out of a compositional sketch such A song may be remixed to give a song that was not popular a second chance at radio and club play, or to alter a song to suit a specific music genre or radio format. A music genre is a categorical and typological construct that identifies musical sounds as belonging to a particular category and type of music that can be distinguished from other This article is about Broadcast radio, for other uses see Radio (disambiguation. Remixes should not be confused with edits, which usually involve shortening a final stereo master for marketing purposes.
Since the beginnings of recorded sound in the late 19th century, certain people have enjoyed the ability to rearrange the normal listening experience with technology. With the advent of easily editable magnetic tape in the 1940s and 1950s, such alterations became more common. In those decades the experimental genre of musique concrète used tape loops of music and environmental sounds to create sound compositions that were the forerunners of electronic music. Musique concrète ( French; literally "concrete music" is a style of Avant-garde music that relies on recorded sounds including natural Electronic music is music that employs Electronic musical instruments and Electronic Music technology in its production Less artistically lofty edits produced medleys or novelty recordings of various types. A novelty song is a silly or nonsensical Song, performed principally for its comical effect.
Modern remixing had its roots in the dance hall culture of late-1960s/early-1970s Jamaica. Jamaica (ˈdʒəˈmeɪkə} is an Island nation of the Greater Antilles, in length and as much as in width situated in the Caribbean Sea. The fluid evolution of music that encompassed ska, rocksteady, reggae and dub was embraced by local mixing wizards who deconstructed and rebuilt tracks to suit the tastes of their audience. Ska ( pronounced /ska/ or in Jamaican Patois /skja/ is a Music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and which was the precursor Rocksteady is a Music genre that was most popular in Jamaica, starting around 1966 and its Reggae successor was established around 1968 Reggae is a Music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s Dub is a form of music which evolved from Reggae in the late 1960s A song is a Musical composition. Songs contain vocal parts that are performed 'sung' and generally feature Words ( Lyrics) commonly followed Producers and engineers like Ruddy Redwood, King Tubby and Lee "Scratch" Perry popularized stripped-down instrumental mixes (which they called "versions") of reggae tunes. King Tubby (born Osbourne Ruddock, January 28, 1941 – February 6, 1989) was a Jamaican electronics and sound engineer Lee "Scratch" Perry (born Rainford Hugh Perry, on March 20, 1936, in Kendal Jamaica) is a reggae and dub artist who has been An instrumental is a Musical composition or recording without Lyrics or any other sort of Vocal music; all of the Music is produced by At first they simply dropped the vocal tracks, but soon more sophisticated effects were created, dropping separate instrumental tracks in and out of the mix, isolating and repeating hooks, and adding various effects like echo, reverberation and delay. A song is a Musical composition. Songs contain vocal parts that are performed 'sung' and generally feature Words ( Lyrics) commonly followed A song is a Musical composition. Songs contain vocal parts that are performed 'sung' and generally feature Words ( Lyrics) commonly followed A hook is a Musical idea, often a short Riff, passage or phrase, that is used in popular music to make a Song appealing and to "catch the Reverberation is the persistence of Sound in a particular space after the original sound is removed Delay is an Audio effect which records an input signal to an audio storage medium, and then plays it back after a period of time
At the same time, DJs in early discotheques were performing similar tricks with disco songs (using loops and tape edits) to get dancers on the floor and keep them there. Disco is a Genre of dance-oriented music whose origins are hard to define Audio editing is the process of taking recorded sound and changing it directly on the Recording medium (analog or in RAM (digital One noteworthy figure was Tom Moulton who invented the dance remix as we now know it. Tom Moulton (born 1940 is an American Record producer and originator of the Remix, the breakdown section, and the 12-inch single Though not a DJ (a popular misconception), Mr. Moulton had begun his career by making a home-made mix tape for a Fire Island dance club in the late 1960s. His tapes eventually became popular and he came to the attention of the music industry in New York City. At first Mr. Moulton was simply called upon to improve the aesthetics of dance-oriented recordings before release ("I didn't do the remix, I did the mix"—Tom Moulton). Eventually, he moved from being a "fix it" man on pop records to specializing in remixes for the dance floor. Along the way, he invented the breakdown section and the 12-inch single vinyl format. In Popular music a break is an Instrumental or percussion section or interlude during a song derived from or related to Stop-time &ndash being Walter Gibbons provided the dance version of the first commercial 12-inch single ("Ten Percent", by Double Exposure). Walter Gibbons ( April 2, 1954 - September 23, 1994) was an American Record producer, early Disco DJ In 1976 Salsoul Records released their eighth release Walter Gibbons ' Remix of Double Exposure 's Disco song "Ten Percent" Contrary to popular belief, Gibbons did not mix the record. In fact his version was a re-edit of the original mix. In Popular music, a re-edit is an altered version of a recorded Song created by repeating reordering or removing sections of the original recording - for Moulton, Gibbons and their contemporaries (Jim Burgess, Tee Scott, and later Larry Levan and Shep Pettibone) at Salsoul Records would prove to be the most influential group of remixers for the disco era. Born Marc Allen Scott also known as Toraino Scott, or Tee Scott was an American DJ and remixer in the Disco era working in New York city Larry Levan (born Lawrence Philpot July 20, 1954 &ndash died November 8, 1992 At the height of the disco boom in 1977 Levan was offered Robert E Pettibone Jr (born 15 July 1959, better known as Shep Pettibone) is a Record producer, remixer songwriter and club DJ This article is about the record label SalSoul is also the name of a Puerto Rican Salsa radio station The Salsoul catalog is seen (especially in Great Britain and Europe) as being the "canon" for the disco mixer's art form. Pettibone is among a very small number of remixers whose work would successfully transition from the Disco era to the House era (he is certainly the most high profile remixer to do so). His contemporaries included Arthur Baker and Francois Kevorkian. Arthur Baker may refer to Arthur Baker (calligrapher, calligrapher and typeface designer Arthur Baker (musician, record producer and DJ François Kevorkian, alias François K, (born January 10, 1954) is a French DJ, Remixer, producer and Record
Contemporaneously to disco, in the mid-1970s, the Jamaican and Bronx remix cultures met, energizing both. Remix culture is a term employed by Lawrence Lessig and other copyright activists to describe a Society which allows and encourages Derivative works Such Key figures included DJ Kool Herc and Grandmaster Flash. Clive Campbell (born April 16 1955 AKA Kool Herc, DJ Kool Herc and Kool DJ Herc, is a Jamaican-born DJ who is credited as originating Hip hop Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown Barbados) better known as Grandmaster Flash, is an American Hip hop musician Cutting (alternating between duplicate copies of the same record) and scratching (manually moving the vinyl record beneath the turntable needle) became part of the culture, creating what Slate magazine called "real-time, live-action collage". "Scratching" is also a Present participle of " Scratch " and may also refer to a form of street art Scratching Slate is an English-language online current affairs and culture Magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael One of the first mainstream successes of this style of remix was the 1983 track "Rockit" by Herbie Hancock, as remixed by Grand Mixer D.ST. A song is a Musical composition. Songs contain vocal parts that are performed 'sung' and generally feature Words ( Lyrics) commonly followed " Rockit " is a hit Song recorded by Herbie Hancock. It was released as a single from his 1983 album Future Shock Herbert Jeffrey Hancock ("Herbie" born April 12 1940 is a Jazz Pianist and Composer. DJ Grandmixer DXT (formerly Grandmixer DST, born Derek Showard) is an American Turntablist. Malcolm McLaren and the creative team behind ZTT Records would feature the "cut up" style of hip hop on such records as "Duck Rock". Malcolm McLaren (born Malcolm Robert Andrew Edwards on January 22 1946 in London) is an English Impresario and musician ZTT Records is a Record label founded in 1983 by NME journalist Paul Morley, record producer Trevor Horn, producer/engineer
Early pop remixes were fairly simple; in the 1980s, "extended mixes" of songs were released to clubs and commercial outlets on vinyl 12-inch singles. These typically had a duration of six to seven minutes, and often consisted of the original song with 8 or 16 bars of instruments inserted, often after the second chorus; some were as simplistic as two copies of the song stitched end to end. In Musical notation, a bar or measure is a segment of time defined as a given number of beats of a given duration As the cost and availability of new technologies allowed, many of the bands who were involved in their own production (such as Depeche Mode, Erasure, and Duran Duran) experimented with more intricate versions of the extended mix. Depeche Mode (dəˌpɛʃˈmoʊd are an English Electronic music band formed in 1980 in Basildon, Essex. Erasure are an English Synth pop duo formed by Songwriter and Keyboardist Vince Clarke and Singer Duran Duran are an English Pop rock band famous for a long series of popular singles, albums and vivid Music videos for which they've won two Madonna began her career writing music for dance clubs and used remixes extensively to propel her career; one of her early boyfriends was noted DJ John Jellybean Benitez, who created several memorable mixes of her work. Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16 1958 known as Madonna, is an American John Benitez better known as "Jellybean Benitez" (born November 7, 1957) is a Drummer, Guitarist, Songwriter,
Art of Noise took the remix styles to an extreme—creating new music entirely using samples. Art of Noise were an Avant-garde Synthpop group formed in 1983 by producer Trevor Horn, music journalist Paul Morley, and session In Music, sampling is the act of taking a portion or sample, of one Sound recording and reusing it as an instrument or element of a new recording They were among the first popular groups to truly harness the potential that had been unleashed by Kraftwerk and Giorgio Moroder (as well as composer Jean Michel Jarre) with their synthesizer-based compositions. Kraftwerk (ˈkʁaftvɛɐk German for " power plant " or " Power station " is an influential Electronic music band from Hansjörg "Giorgio" Moroder (born on April 26 1940 in Urtijëi, Italy) is an Italian Record producer, songwriter Jean-Michel André Jarre (born 24 August 1948, Lyon) is a French Composer, performer and Music producer. Contemporaneous to Art of Noise was the seminal body of work by Yello (composed, arranged and mixed by Boris Blank). Yello is a Swiss Electronica band consisting of Dieter Meier and Boris Blank. Boris Blank (born 15 January 1952 is a Swiss Artist and Musician especially famous for his work in the musical duo Yello Primarily because they featured sampled and sequenced sounds, Yello and Art of Noise would produce a great deal of influential work for the next phase. Others such as Cabaret Voltaire and the aforementioned Jarre (whose Zoolook was an epic usage of sampling and sequencing) were equally influential in this era). Cabaret Voltaire were a British music group from Sheffield, England. Zoolook is the fifth album by Jean Michel Jarre, and released in 1984 on Disques Dreyfus. In Music, sampling is the act of taking a portion or sample, of one Sound recording and reusing it as an instrument or element of a new recording A music sequencer (also MIDI sequencer or just sequencer) is software or hardware designed to create and manage computer-generated music
After the rise of dance music in the late 1980s, a new form of remix was popularised, where the vocals would be kept and the instruments would be replaced, often with matching backing in the house music idiom. The Second Summer of Love is a name given to the period in 1988-91 in Britain, during the rise of Acid House music and the euphoric explosion of unlicensed House music is a style of Electronic dance music initially popularized in mid-1980s Discothèques catering to the African-American, Latino A clear example of this approach is Roberta Flack's 1989 ballad "Uh Oh Look Out", which Chicago House great Steve "Silk" Hurley dramatically reworked into a boisterous floor-filler by stripping away all the instrumental tracks and substituting a minimalist, sequenced "track" to underpin her vocal delivery. Roberta Flack (born February 10, 1937) is an American Singer-songwriter and Musician who is notable in the areas of Jazz A song is a Musical composition. Songs contain vocal parts that are performed 'sung' and generally feature Words ( Lyrics) commonly followed A song is a Musical composition. Songs contain vocal parts that are performed 'sung' and generally feature Words ( Lyrics) commonly followed The art of the remix gradually evolved, and soon avant-garde artists such as Aphex Twin were creating more experimental remixes of songs (relying on the groundwork of Cabaret Voltaire and the others), which varied radically from their original sound and were not guided by pragmatic considerations such as sales or danceability, but were created for "art's sake".
In the 1990s, with the rise of powerful home computers with audio capabilities came the mash-up, an unsolicited, unofficial (and often legally dubious) remix created by "underground remixers" who edit two or more recordings (often of wildly different songs) together. A mashup or bootleg (also mash up and mash-up) is a song or composition created from the combination of the music from one song with the A cappella Underground mixing is more difficult than the typical official remix, because clean copies of separated tracks such as vocals or individual instruments are usually not available to the public. A song is a Musical composition. Songs contain vocal parts that are performed 'sung' and generally feature Words ( Lyrics) commonly followed Some artists (such as Björk and Public Enemy) embraced this trend and outspokenly sanctioned fan remixing of their work; there was once a web site which hosted hundreds of unofficial remixes of Björk's songs, all made using only various officially-sanctioned mixes. Björk Guðmundsdóttir (born 21 November 1965 is an Icelandic Singer-songwriter, Composer, actress and music producer. Public Enemy, also known as PE, is an influential hip hop group from Long Island New York, known for its politically charged Lyrics, criticism Other artists, such as Erasure, have included remix software in their officially released singles, allowing almost infinite permutations of remixes by users. Erasure are an English Synth pop duo formed by Songwriter and Keyboardist Vince Clarke and Singer The band have also presided over remix competitions for their releases, selecting their favourite fan-created remix to appear on later official releases. Perhaps the most remixed band is Depeche Mode, with about 8,500 remixes . Depeche Mode (dəˌpɛʃˈmoʊd are an English Electronic music band formed in 1980 in Basildon, Essex.
Remixing has become very prevalent in heavily synthesized electronic and experimental music circles. Many of the people who create cutting edge music in such genres as synthpop, futurepop, and aggrotech are solo artists or pairs. Synthpop is a subgenre of New Wave and Pop music in which the Synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument Futurepop is an Electronic dance music genre incorporating influences from Synthpop (such as song structure and Vocal style Uplifting The term Industrial music was first used in the mid-1970s to describe the then-unique sound of the Industrial Records label artists a wide variety of labels and artists have They will often use remixers to help them with skills or equipment that they do not have. Artists such as Delobbo and DJ Ram are sought out for their remixing skill and have impressive lists of collaborations, yet no solo albums. DJ RAM is a Pseudonym of Roman Olegovich Pen'kov (Роман Олегович Пеньков born on November 17, 1976 in Kirovograd. It is not uncommon for industrial bands to release albums which have half the songs as remixes. Indeed, there have been popular singles that have been expanded to an entire album of remixes by other well-known artists.
Some industrial groups allow, and often encourage, their fans to remix their music, notably Nine Inch Nails, whose website contains a list of downloadable songs that can be remixed using Apple Computer's GarageBand software. Apple Inc, ( formerly Apple Computer Inc, is an American Multinational corporation with a focus on designing and manufacturing Consumer electronics GarageBand is a Software application that allows users to create music or Podcasts It is developed by Apple Inc Some artists have started releasing their songs in the U-MYX format, which allows the buyers to mix songs and share them on the U-MYX website. U-MYX is a music format launched in 2004 which allows a user to arrange and create their own mix of songs by known music artists
Remixes have become the norm in modern dance music, allowing one song the ability to appeal across many different musical genres or dancefloors. This article is about music for dancing in general You may also be looking for Electronic dance music. Such remixes often include "featured" artists, adding new vocalists or musicians to the original mix. The remix is also widely used in hip-hop and rap music. Hip hop is a cultural movement which developed in New York City in the 1970s primarily among African Americans and Latinos. An R&B remix usually has the same music as the original song but has added or altered verses that are rapped or sung by the featured artists. It usually contains some if not all of the original verses of the song however, these verses may be arranged in a different order depending on how the producers decided to remix the song.
In the early 1990s, Mariah Carey became one of the first mainstream artists who re-recorded vocals for a dancefloor version, and by 1993 most of her major dance and urban-targeted versions had been re-sung, e. g. "Dreamlover" Some artists would contribute new or additional vocals for the different versions of their songs. These versions were not technically remixes, as entirely new productions of the material were undertaken (the songs were "re-cut", usually from the ground up). In 1988, Sinead O'Connor's art-rock song "I Want Your (Hands On Me)" was remixed to emphasize the urban appeal of the composition (the original contains a tight, grinding bassline and a rhythm guitar not entirely unlike Chic's work). Rapper M. C. Lyte was asked to provide a "guest rap", and a new tradition was born in pop music. George Michael would feature three artistically differentiated arrangements of "I Want Your Sex" in 1987, highlighting the potential of "serial productions" of a piece to find markets and expand the tastes of listeners. Another well-known example is R. Kelly, who recorded two different versions of "Ignition" for his 2003 album Chocolate Factory. Robert Sylvester Kelly (born January 8, 1967) better known by his Stage name R " Ignition (Remix " is a single by R&B Singer R Kelly from his Chocolate Factory album in 2003 Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Chocolate Factory is the seventh Studio album by Contemporary R&B singer R The song is unique in that it segues from the end of the original to the beginning of the remixed version (accompanied by the line "Now usually I don't do this, but uh, go ahead on, break em' off with a little preview of the remix"). In addition, the original version's beginning line "You remind me of something/I just don't know what it is" is actually sampled from an older Kelly song, "You Remind Me of Something". In Music, sampling is the act of taking a portion or sample, of one Sound recording and reusing it as an instrument or element of a new recording " You Remind Me of Something " is the title of a number-one R&B single by singer R Madonna's I'm Breathless featured a remix of "Now I'm Following You" that was used to segue from the original to "Vogue" so that the latter could be added to the set without jarring the listener. I'm Breathless - Music from and Inspired by the film Dick Tracy is the second soundtrack album by American singer-songwriter Madonna "Vogue" was the first single by American singer-songwriter Madonna from her soundtrack album I'm Breathless (Music from and Inspired by the Many hip-hop remixes arose either from the need for a pop/R&B singer to add more of an urban, rap edge to one of their slower songs, or from the need for a rapper to gain more pop appeal by getting an R&B singer to sing some lines here and there. When a song by a solo artist does not take off, a remix with additional performers can give the song a second chance.
Slow ballads and R&B songs can be remixed by techno producers and DJ's in order to give the song appeal to the club scene and to urban radio. A club is an association of people united by a common interest or goal Mainstream urban is a term used to describe a radio format similar to an Urban contemporary format Conversely, a more uptempo number can be mellowed to give it "quiet storm" appeal. Frankie Knuckles saddled both markets with his Def Classic Mixes, often slowing the tempo slightly as he removed ornamental elements to soften the "attack" of a dancefloor filler. These remixes proved hugely influential, notably Lisa Stansfield's classic single "Change" would be aired by urban radio in the Knuckles version, which had been provided as an alternative to the original mix by Ian Devaney and Andy Morris, the record's producers.
Some remixes are made by taking the vocals of one song and using a new beat.
As remixing has grown, a whole new breed of artist has emerged, often specializing in remixing one particular genre or artist. This can be seen on such websites as BeastieMixes. com which specializes in hosting remixes of Beastie Boys soundtracks that have been concocted by remixers from all over the globe, sometimes using other Beastie Boys tracks or even including such esoteric soundtracks as those from old horror movie soundtracks or particular themes.
John Von Seggern of the ethnomusicology department at the University of California, Riverside says that the remix "is a major conceptual leap: making music on a meta-structural level, drawing together and making sense of a much larger body of information by threading a continuous narrative through it. This article is about the concept For the society and academic journal see Society for Ethnomusicology. The University of California Riverside, commonly known as UCR or UC Riverside, is a public Research university and one of the 10 general This is what begins to emerge very early in the hiphop tradition in works such as Grandmaster Flash's pioneering mix recording Adventures on the Wheels of Steel. Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown Barbados) better known as Grandmaster Flash, is an American Hip hop musician " The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel " (1981 is a single released by Grandmaster Flash. The importance of this cannot be overstated: in an era of information overload, the art of remixing and sampling as practiced by hiphop DJs and producers points to ways of working with information on higher levels of organization, pulling together the efforts of others into a multilayered multireferential whole which is much more than the sum of its parts. " 
A remix may also refer to a non-linear re-interpretation of a given work or media other than audio. Such as a hybridizing process combining fragments of various works. The process of combining and re-contextualizing will often produce unique results independent of the intentions and vision of the original designer/artist. Thus the concept of a remix can be applied to visual or video arts, and even things farther afield. The disjointed novel House of Leaves has been compared by some to the remix concept. House of Leaves is the debut Novel by the American author Mark Z
In recent years the concept of the remix has been applied analogously to other media and products. "Popular press" redirects here note that the University of Wisconsin Press publishes under the imprint "The Popular Press" In Marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a Market that might satisfy a want or need In 2000, the British Channel 4 television program Jaaaaam was produced as a remix of the sketches from the comedy show Jam. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Channel 4 is a public-service Television and Radio broadcaster in the United Kingdom centred around a television channel of the same name which began A television program (US television programme (UK or television show (U Jam is a British comedy television series created by Chris Morris. Comedy (from the Greek κωμωδίαkomodia has a popular meaning (any discourse generally intended to amuse especially in Television, Film, and In 2003 the Coca-Cola Corporation released a new version of their soft drink Sprite with tropical flavors under the name Sprite Remix. Coca-Cola is a carbonated Soft drink sold in stores restaurants and Vending machines in more than 200 countries Soft drink is a beverage that does not contain Alcohol. Carbonated soft drinks are commonly known as soda soda pop pop, or Sprite is a clear soda Lemon-lime Flavored caffeine free Soft drink, produced by The Coca-Cola Company. The Tropics are centered on the Equator and limited in Latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere at approximately 23°26' (23 Sprite Remix is a brand of colorless Caffeine -free Soft drinks flavored differently than but based on the original Sprite made by the Coca-Cola
A remix in literature is an alternative version of a writing, different from the original version. For example, remixing of literature and language is apparent in 2000's "Pixel Juice" by Jeff Noon, who later explained using different methods for this process in 2001 with "Cobralingus". In 2006 Nigel Tomm published Shakespeare's Sonnets Remixed, and Shakespeare's Hamlet Remixed and, in 2007 Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet Remixed where he defined, extended and developed the phenomenon of literary remixing. Science fiction author William Gibson has claimed the practice is a staple of his own work, a technique he borrowed from William S. Burroughs.
The origins of the technique are much older than the modern era, however. Shakespeare himself arguably "remixed" classical sources and Italian contemporary works to produce his plays, which were often modified for different audiences. Nineteenth century poets also utilized the technique. Examples include Samuel Taylor Coleridge's "Rime of the Ancient Mariner," which was produced in multiple, highly divergent versions, and John Keats' "La Belle Dame sans Merci," which underwent significant revision between its original composition in 1819 and its republication in 1820. Samuel Taylor Coleridge ( 21 October 1772 &ndash 25 July 1834) was an English Poet, Critic and philosopher The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (original The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere) is the longest major Poem by the English Poet "La Belle Dame sans Merci" ( French: "The Beautiful Lady without Pity" is a Ballad written by the English poet John Keats
Because remixes may borrow heavily from an existing piece of music (possibly more than one), the issue of intellectual property becomes a concern. The most important question is whether a remixer is free to redistribute his or her work, or whether the remix falls under the category of a derivative work according to (for example) United States copyright law. In Copyright law, a derivative work is an expressive creation that includes major basic copyrighted aspects of an original previously created first work Of note are open questions concerning the legality of visual works, like the art form of collage, which can be plagued with licensing issues. A collage (From the coller to glue is a work of formal art primarily in the Visual arts, made from an assemblage of different forms thus creating a new whole
There are two obvious extremes with regard to derivative works. If the song is substantively dissimilar in form (for example, it might only borrow a motif which is modified, and be completely different in all other respects), then it may not necessarily be a derivative work (depending on how heavily modified the melody and chord progressions were). On the other hand, if the remixer only changes a few things (for example, the instrument and tempo), then it is clearly a derivative work and subject to the copyrights of the original work's copyright holder.