A large number of religions are traditionally practiced in Ethiopia, the most numerous today being Christianity, Islam, and Animism. NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. Animism (from Latin anima ( Soul, Life) commonly refers to a religious belief that Souls or Spirits exist in Animals
Ethiopia is the second-oldest Christian state in the world, after Armenia. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (in Amharic የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ቤተክርስትያን Yäityop'ya ortodoks täwahedo bétäkrestyan is an Oriental The Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion ( Amharic Re-ese Adbarat Kidiste Kidusan Dingel Maryam Ts’iyon) of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church is the most important The Ark of the Covenant (אָרוֹן הָבְרִית ʔārōn hāb’rīθ, Modern aron habrit) is described in the Bible as a sacred container wherein Armenia (Հայաստան transliterated: Hayastan,) officially the Republic of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն Hayastani Saint Frumentius of Tyre is said to have converted the King of Axum, King Ezana during the fourth century AD. Frumentius ( Ge'ez ፍሬምናጦስ frēmnāṭōs) (died ca Tyre ( Arabic صور Ṣūr, Phoenician Phoenician wawsvg|12px|ו]] Ṣur, Hebrew Axum, or Aksum, is a City in northern Ethiopia named after the Kingdom of Aksum, a naval and trading power that ruled from the region ca Ezana of Axum ( Ge'ez ዔዛና ʿĒzānā unvocalized ዐዘነ ʿzn. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church, an Oriental Orthodox Church which is the largest Christian denomination in Ethiopia (it claims that 50% of the Ethiopian population are church members) and was part of the Coptic Orthodox Church until 1959, is the only pre-colonial Orthodox church in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (in transliterated Amharic: Yäityop'ya ortodoks täwahedo bétäkrestyan) is an Oriental Oriental Orthodoxy is the communion of Eastern Christian Churches that recognize only three Ecumenical councils — the First Council of Nicaea, the History of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria Apostolic foundation Egypt is identified in the Bible as the place of refuge that the Sub-Saharan Africa is a geographical term used to describe the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara, or those African countries
According to the 1994 Census of Government and the CIA World Factbook, 61. The World Factbook ( ISSN; also known as the CIA World Factbook) is an annual publication of the Central Intelligence Agency of the 6% of the Ethiopian population is Christian  (these figures further state that 50. 6% are Ethiopian Orthodox, various Protestant denominations (such as the Ethiopian Orthodox Tehadeso Church, P'ent'ay, and the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus, are 10. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (in transliterated Amharic: Yäityop'ya ortodoks täwahedo bétäkrestyan) is an Oriental Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. According to its followers the Ethiopian Orthodox Tehadeso Church (Amharic የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተሃድሶ ቤተክርስትያን stands to preserve the country's P'ent'ay or Pentay (Amharic- ፔንጤ is a Slang term widely used in modern Ethiopia, and among Ethiopians living abroad to describe Ethiopian Christians The Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus (EECMY also called Mekane Yesus Church) is a Christian denomination in Ethiopia. 1%, and the and Ethiopian Catholics constitute 0. The Ethiopian Catholic Church is a Metropolitan Sui iuris Eastern Particular Church within the Catholic Church and uses 9% of the population). But according to data from the surveys of U. S. Department of States, claim that about over 50% of the country are Christians (40 to 45% of the population belongs to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, about 10% are members of Christian evangelical and Pentecostal groups)
According to data from the surveys of U. According to the latest 1994 national census Islam is the second most widely practiced religion in Ethiopia after Christianity, with approximately one third (32 S. Department of States, Muslims constitute about 40-45% of the population ; but according to the older 1994 census of Government and CIA Factbook give a figure of 32. 8%. Most Ethiopian Muslims are Sunni, and some belong to various Sufi orders. Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam. Sunni Islam is also referred to as Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘h (Arabic Sufism ( تصوّف - taṣawwuf, Persian: صوفیگری sufigari, Turkish: tasavvuf, Urdu: تصوف Islam first arrived in Ethiopia in 650. Events By Place Asia The first Chinese Paper money is issued yet these banknotes will not become government-issued Addis Ababa, Ethiopia's capital city, is home to about 1 million Muslims . Addis Ababa (sometimes spelled Addis Abeba, the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority Amharic Islam is most prevalent in the Somali and Afar regions as well as the southern parts of the Oromia region. Somali ( Gobolka Soomaalida) is the eastern-most of the nine ethnic divisions ( kililoch) of Ethiopia. Afar is one of the nine ethnic divisions ( Kililoch) of Ethiopia, and is the homeland of the Afar people. Oromia (sometimes spelled Oromiya and spelled Oromiyaa in the Oromo language) is one of the nine ethnic divisions ( kililoch) of
The Beta Israel, also known as the Falashas (though this term is considered pejorative), are a long-isolated group of African Jews who have lived in Ethiopia since antiquity. Since Biblical times the Jewish people have had close ties with Africa beginning with Abraham 's sojourns in Egypt, and later the Israelite captivity under Their existence was not widely known to the outside world for many years, and they likewise were not aware of other Jewish groups outside of their own community.  They became known to the West during the 19th and 20th centuries, and were accepted as Jews by the Israeli government in 1975. The term Western world, the West or the Occident ( Latin: occidens -sunset -west as distinct from the Orient) can have multiple meanings For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. After this, Operation Moses and Operation Solomon, conducted in 1984 and 1991, respectively, airlifted the vast majority of the Ethiopian Jewish population to Israel, where there is currently a population of 105,000 Beta Israel. Operation Moses, (מבצע משה Mivtza Moshe) named after the biblical figure Moses, was the covert removal of Ethiopian Jews (known Operation Solomon was a 1991 covert Israeli military operation to take Ethiopian Jews to Israel A small Jewish community still exists in Ethiopia, although it is mostly composed of Falash Mura, Ethiopian Jews who converted to Christianity in the past, and as such have not been recognized as Jews by the State of Israel, but have returned to Judaism (the Falash Mura now number some 22,000). The Beta Israel (ביתא ישראל Beta Israel, "House of Israel" Ge'ez: ቤተ እስራኤል Bēta 'Isrā'ēl, modern Bēte 'Isrā'ēl
An estimated 12% of the Ethiopian population holds traditional Animist beliefs, according to the CIA World Factbook (5. Animism (from Latin anima ( Soul, Life) commonly refers to a religious belief that Souls or Spirits exist in Animals 6% of the population holds "traditional" beliefs,according to the 1994 census).
Freedom of religion is provided by the Ethiopian constitution, although in certain localities, this practice is not always respected. There is no state religion, it is forbidden to form political parties based upon religion, and all religious groups are required to register with the government (and renew their registration once every three years). It is a crime in Ethiopia to incite one religion against another. There is some tension between members of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and Protestant Christians, as well as between the Ethiopian Orthodox and Muslims.