While exact statistics on religion in Burkina Faso are not available and vary widely, the Government estimated in its most recent census (1996) that approximately 60 percent of the population practice Islam, and that the majority of this group belong to the Sunni branch, while remaining minorities adhere to the Shi'a, Tijaniyah, or Salafi/Wahhabi branches. Bobo-Dioulasso is a city with a population of about 435543 ( As of 2006) the second biggest city in Burkina Faso, Africa, after Ouagadougou Burkina Faso (bɚˌkiːnəˈfɑːsoʊ burr-KEE-na FAH-soh) also known by its short-form name Burkina, is a Landlocked nation in West Africa Burkina Faso (bɚˌkiːnəˈfɑːsoʊ burr-KEE-na FAH-soh) also known by its short-form name Burkina, is a Landlocked nation in West Africa  The Government also estimated that 24 percent of the population maintains traditional indigenous beliefs, 17 percent practices Roman Catholicism, and 3 percent are members of various Protestant denominations. 
Statistics on religious affiliation are approximate because incorporating traditional indigenous beliefs and practices is widespread among both Christians and Muslims.  Additionally, the majority of citizens practice traditional indigenous religious beliefs to varying degrees, and strict adherence to Christian and Muslim beliefs is often nominal.  Almost all citizens are believers in a supernatural order; atheism is virtually nonexistent. 
Muslims reside largely around the northern, eastern, and western borders, while Christians live in the center of the country.  People practice traditional indigenous religious beliefs throughout the country, especially in rural communities.  Ouagadougou, the capital, has a mixed Muslim and Christian population; however, Bobo-Dioulasso, the country's second largest city, is mostly Muslim.  Small Syrian and Lebanese immigrant communities reside in the 2 largest cities and are overwhelmingly (more than 90 percent) Christian. 
Foreign missionary groups are active in the country.