Ramadan or Ramadhan (Arabic: رمضان) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar ( Arabic: التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری Muharram ( Arabic: ar محرم is the first month of the Islamic calendar. Safar (ar صفر is the second month in the Islamic calendar. Rabi' al-awwal (ar ربيع الأول is the third month in the Islamic calendar. Rabi’ al-Thani (ar ربيع الثاني the second of spring) is the fourth month in the Islamic Calendar. Jumada al-awwal (ar جمادى الأول is the fifth month in the Islamic calendar. Jumada al-thani (ar جمادى الآخر أو جمادى الثاني is the sixth month in the Islamic Calendar. Rajab ( Arabic: ar رجب is the seventh month of the Islamic calendar. Sha'aban ( Arabic: ar شعبان is the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. Shawwal (ar شوّال is the tenth month of the lunar Islamic calendar. Dhu al-Qi'dah (ar ذو القعدة is the eleventh month in the Islamic calendar. Dhu al-Hijja (ar ذو الحجة is the twelfth and final month in the Islamic Calendar. Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar ( Arabic: التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری
The word Ramadan is derived from the word ramd "to burn". Fasting in the month of Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. The Five Pillars of Islam (Arabic أركان الإسلام is the term given to the five duties incumbent on every Muslim. The month is spent by muslims fasting during the daylight hours from dawn to dusk. Sawm ( Arabic: صوم is an Arabic word for Fasting regulated by Islamic jurisprudence. The name came from the time before the Islamic calendar, when the month of Ramadan fell in the summer. Fasting during this month is often thought to figuratively burn away all sins. Muslims believe that the Qur'an was sent down to the earth during this month. The Qur’an ( القرآن, literally "the recitation" also sometimes transliterated as Qur’ān, Koran, Alcoran Furthermore, Muhammad told his followers that the gates of Heaven would be open all the month and the gates of Hell would be closed. IMPORTANT PLEASE READ ##### For all questions relating to the addition of (pbuh peace be upon him or other honorifics The first day of the next month is spent in celebrations and is observed as the ‘Festival of Breaking Fast’ or `Eid ul-Fitr. Eid ul-Fitr or Id-ul-Fitr (عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiṭr) often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim Holiday that marks the end of
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar ( Arabic: التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری A lunar calendar is a Calendar that is based on cycles of the Moon phase. This article is about the lunar phase for other uses see New Moon (disambiguation. Since the Islamic Lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year and contains no intercalation, Ramadan migrates throughout the seasons. A tropical year (also known as a solar year) is the length of time that the Sun takes to return to the same position in the cycle of seasons as seen from Earth Intercalation is the insertion of a leap day week or month into some calendar years to make the calendar follow the seasons or moon phases The Islamic day starts after sunset. The actual and estimated start and end dates for Ramadan in 2005-2010 were and are as follows:
|2005||1426||2 October||1 November|
|2006||1427||23 September||22 October|
|2007||1428||13 September||12 October|
|2008||1429||1 September||30 September|
|2009||1430||24 August||23 September|
|2010||1431||10 August||9 September|
|Ramadan dates between 2005 and 2010|
Most Muslims insist on the local physical sighting of the moon to mark the beginning of Ramadan, but some insist on using the calculated time of the new moon or the Saudi Arabian declaration to determine the start of the month. Events 1187 - Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule Events 996 - Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk Bishop of Freising which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi Events 1122 - Concordat of Worms. 1459 - Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Events 202 BC - Hannibal Barca, leader of the Carthaginians, is defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus Events 509 BC - The Temple of Jupiter on Rome 's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September Events 539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon. Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. Events 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. 1744 - France and Spain defeat the Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar 's General Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River Events 1122 - Concordat of Worms. 1459 - Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Events 612 BC - Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire Events 1000 - Battle of Svolder, Viking Age. 1379 - Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian A Muslim (مسلم pronounced Muslim, not Muzlim) is an adherent of the Religion Since the new moon is not in the same state at the same time globally, the beginning and ending dates of Ramadan depend on what lunar sightings are received in each respective location. This article is about the lunar phase for other uses see New Moon (disambiguation. As a result, Ramadan dates vary in different countries, but usually only by a day or two.
Each year, Ramadan begins about eleven days earlier than in the previous year.  For astronomical projections of the approximate start of Ramadan, go to http://moonsighting.com/ and click on the "Ramadan" tab.
At the end of Ramadan, Eid ul-Fitr is celebrated by Muslims. Eid ul-Fitr or Id-ul-Fitr (عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiṭr) often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim Holiday that marks the end of