|Population||73,000 (as of 2001)|
Rügen (IPA: [ˈʁyːgən]) or Rugia is Germany's largest island. The Baltic Sea is a Brackish inland sea located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N Latitude and from 20°E to 26°E Longitude. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. An island (ˈaɪlənd or isle (/ˈaɪl/ is any piece of land that is completely surrounded by water in two dimensions above high tide and isolated from other significant It is located in the Baltic Sea off the coast of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The Baltic Sea is a Brackish inland sea located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N Latitude and from 20°E to 26°E Longitude. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, sometimes translated as Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania or Mecklenburg-West Pomerania, is a state in Northern Germany comprising Rügen makes up the vast part of the Rügen District, which also includes the neighboring islands Hiddensee and Ummanz, as well as several small islands. This is the article about the district of Rügen For the island see Rügen Rügen is a Kreis (district in the northeastern part of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Hiddensee ( is a carfree island in the Baltic Sea, located west of Rügen on the German coast Ummanz (ˈʊmants is a small island situated off the coast of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in Germany. Rügen is located in of the most popular holiday and recreation areas within Germany, comprising such seaside resorts as Binz and Sellin and has more tourists per resident than any other location in Germany. Geography Binz is the largest Seaside resort on the German island of Rügen. Sellin is a municipality on the Isle of Rügen, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Rügen is located in northeastern Germany in the Baltic Sea and its shape is distinguished by many smaller peninsulas. A peninsula is a piece of land that is nearly surrounded by Water but connected to Mainland via an Isthmus. The Rügendamm bridge, which connects the island by road and rail with the city of Stralsund on the mainland, crosses over the Strelasund. Rügendamm is the name of a road and rail bridge connecting the German island Rügen with the city of Stralsund on the mainland of the German state "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. Stralsund (ˈʃtʁaːlzʊnt is a city in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany, situated at the southern Coast of the Strelasund (a sound The Strelasund is a sound of the Baltic Sea which separates Rügen from the German mainland There are also ferry connections from Stralsund, Greifswald and Wolgast. Greifswald (ˈɡʁaɪ̯fsvalt from German: popular etymology Greif, "griffin" proper etymology akin to "grip a plot not yet cleared and taken
The climate is in the temperate zone. The winters are not particularly cold with mean temperatures in January and February of 0. 0 °C and the summers are cool with mean temperature in August 16. 3 °C. There is average rainfall of 520-560 mm and approximately 1800-1870 hours of sunshine annually.
Two of Germany's national parks are on the Isle of Rügen: Vorpommern Lagoon Area National Park in the west (also including Hiddensee) and Jasmund National Park, a smaller park including the famous chalk cliffs (Königsstuhl). The Western Pomerania Lagoon Area National Park ( Nationalpark Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft) is Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 's largest national park situated at the Hiddensee ( is a carfree island in the Baltic Sea, located west of Rügen on the German coast The Jasmund National Park is a nature reserve in the northeast of Rügen island in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. There is also nature reserve, Southeast Rügen Biosphere Reserve, consisting of the peninsulas in the southeast.
Rügen was first populated about 4000 BC. Caspar David Friedrich ( September 5, 1774 &ndash May 7, 1840) was a landscape painter of the nineteenth-century German Romantic Ralswiek is a municipality in the district of Rügen, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Geography Binz is the largest Seaside resort on the German island of Rügen. The migrants were probably members of the Funnelbeaker culture, which exploited Rügen's flint deposits. Old Europepng|350px|right|thumb|Ca 3500 BC map of Europe showing an approximation of the Funnelbeaker culture in green and a number of important contemporary cultures see Vinca, Flint (or flintstone) is a hard sedimentary Cryptocrystalline form of the Mineral Quartz, categorized as a variety of Chert
In the beginning of the first millennium, the island and the surrounding continental areas were settled by the Germanic Rugians, who might have come from Scandinavia or evolved from autochtone tribes and gave their name to the island. The Germanic peoples are a historical group of Indo-European -speaking peoples originating in Northern Europe and identified by their use of the Germanic The Rugians (Rugii were an East Germanic tribe whose ultimate origins have been traced to Rogaland in Norway, whose population probably was the Terminology and usage As a cultural term "Scandinavia" has no official definition and is subject to usage by those who identify with the culture in question as well The term Indigenous Peoples or autochthonous peoples can be used to describe any Ethnic group who inhabit a geographic region with which they have the earliest historical In the 7th century, West Slavic R(uj)ani settled Rügen, assimilating the Germanic population which had not migrated southward in the Migration period, thereby adopting their name (Rugians --> Rujanes). The West Slavs are Slavic peoples speaking West Slavic languages. The Rani or Rujani (Ranen Rujanen) were a West Slavic Tribe based on the island of Rugia and the southwestern mainland across the The Migration Period, also called Barbarian Invasions, or sometimes Völkerwanderung ( German for "wandering of peoples" is the English name Many traces of their life can be found today. Rügen became a Slavic principality, stretching from the Recknitz to the Ryck River, with the political center in the ancient town of Charenza, and a religious center in the fortified temple of Svantevit at Cape Arkona, the northernmost point of Rügen. The Recknitz is a River in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in northeastern Germany. Sventevith Svetovid Suvid Svantevit Svantovit Swantovít Sventovit Zvantevith Świętowit Światowid Sutvid Vid Cape Arkona (Kap Arkona is a cape on the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. In 1168 the area was conquered by Danish invaders. The Kingdom of Denmark ( ˈd̥ænmɑɡ̊ (archaic ˈd̥anmɑːɡ̊ commonly known as Denmark, is a country in the Scandinavian region of northern Europe The then-weakened principality underwent Christianisation. The historical phenomenon of Christianization (or Christianisation &mdash see spelling differences) the conversion of individuals to Christianity The former monarchs became Danish dukes of Rügen. In 1325, Rügen was inherited by the Dukes of Pomerania. Pomerania is a geographical region in northern Poland and Germany, on the south coast of the Baltic Sea.
Rügen was a part of Swedish Pomerania from 1648 to 1815; afterwards it became a part of the Kingdom of Prussia. Swedish Pomerania (Svenska Pommern Schwedisch-Pommern was a Dominion under the Swedish Crown from the 17th to the 19th century situated on what is now the The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen was a German kingdom from 1701 to 1918 and from 1871 was the leading state of the German Empire, comprising In 1816 the first bathing resort was founded at Putbus. Putbus is a small town on the southeastern part of the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, North Germany. Later more resorts were established, and Rügen remained the most famous holiday resort of Germany until World War II. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including
In 1936 the bridge connecting Rügen with the mainland was constructed. The Nazis added a large resort: Prora, planned by the Strength Through Joy organisation, which aimed to occupy people's free time. Nazi Germany and the Third Reich are the common English names for Germany under the regime of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers Prora was a Nazi -planned Spa on the island Rügen, Germany. The massive building complex was built between 1936 and 1939 Kraft durch Freude ( KdF, literally "Strength through Joy" was a large state-controlled Leisure organization in the Third Reich, a part of the However, Prora was never completed.
Rügen was a major summer holiday destination in the German Democratic Republic. The German Democratic Republic ( GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik DDR; commonly known in English as East Germany) was a Socialist state Rügen remained a holiday island after German reunification; it has now surpassed Sylt as the most popular German island again. German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung took place twice after 1945 first in 1957 the Saarland was permitted to join the Federal Republic of Germany Sylt (Sild Söl'ring North Frisian: Söl') is an island in northern Germany, part of Nordfriesland district Schleswig-Holstein
In February 2006, dead swans found on Rügen tested positive for H5N1 (the avian influenza virus subtype that is a pandemic threat). Swans are Birds of the family Anatidae, which also includes geese and Ducks Swans are grouped with the closely related geese in Influenza A virus subtype H5[[Neuraminidase N1]], also known as A(H5N1 or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the Influenza A virus which can cause For the H5N1 subtype of Avian influenza see H5N1. Avian influenza, sometimes Avian flu, and commonly Bird flu refers A virus (from the Latin virus meaning Toxin or Poison) is a sub-microscopic infectious agent that is unable A pandemic (from Greek παν pan all + δήμος demos people is an Epidemic of Infectious disease that spreads through A house cat was found dead with the H5N1 strain, marking the first known case of H5N1 in mammals in the European Union. Mammals ( class Mammalia) are a class of Vertebrate Animals characterized by the presence of Sweat glands, including sweat glands The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in
Rügen is one of the most requested holiday destinations in Germany. The Rugians (Rugii were an East Germanic tribe whose ultimate origins have been traced to Rogaland in Norway, whose population probably was the The Rani or Rujani (Ranen Rujanen) were a West Slavic Tribe based on the island of Rugia and the southwestern mainland across the The history of settlement in the Pomeranian region goes back some 10000 years when after the Ice Age Megalith cultures in the Bronze Age Germanic Swedish Pomerania (Svenska Pommern Schwedisch-Pommern was a Dominion under the Swedish Crown from the 17th to the 19th century situated on what is now the The island has many popular seaside resorts along the eastern coast, such as Binz, as well as quieter locations in the west. Geography Binz is the largest Seaside resort on the German island of Rügen. Several of the holiday resorts are accessible via a historic narrow gauge railway employing steam locomotives, called Rügensche Kleinbahn. A narrow gauge railway (or narrow gauge railroad) is a Railway that has a Track gauge narrower than the of Standard gauge railways The Rügensche Kleinbahn, nicknamed Rasender Roland (≈"Rushing Roland" is the steam-powered narrow gauge Railway that runs from Tourists come both to enjoy the beaches and to explore the island's diverse landscape.
The most popular locations are Binz, Sellin, Sassnitz and Bergen auf Rügen as well as Cape Arkona. Geography Binz is the largest Seaside resort on the German island of Rügen. Sellin is a municipality on the Isle of Rügen, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Sassnitz (ˈzasnɪts (before 1993 in Saßnitz is a town on the Jasmund peninsula Rügen Island in the Federal State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Bergen auf Rügen is the capital of the district of Rügen in the middle of the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Cape Arkona (Kap Arkona is a cape on the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
The title given to the operation commanded by Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen which saw the town of Guernica bombed during the Spanish Civil War was named after the island. The Jasmund National Park is a nature reserve in the northeast of Rügen island in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Sellin is a municipality on the Isle of Rügen, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. The bombing of Guernica ( April 26, 1937) was an aerial attack on the Basque town of Guernica, causing widespread destruction and The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict in Spain that started after an attempted Coup d'état committed by parts of the army against the government of An Abwehr SIGINT Operation during the same conflict was titled Bodden after the strait separating Rügen from the German mainland. The Abwehr was a German intelligence organization from 1921 to 1944
|Biosphere Reserves in Germany|