Public broadcasting in New Zealand has undergone many changes since radio broadcasts first commenced in the 1920s. The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the " Jazz Age " or the " Roaring Twenties " when speaking about the United States and Canada
The first radio station, Radio Dunedin, began broadcasting in 1921, but it was only in 1925 that the Radio Broadcasting Company (RBC) began broadcasts throughout New Zealand. Radio is the transmission of signals by Modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of visible Light. Radio Dunedin is a Radio station, broadcasting from Dunedin on 1305 AM and 99 Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar Year 1925 ( MCMXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island In 1932, its assets were acquired by the government, which established the New Zealand Broadcasting Board (NZBB). Year 1932 ( MCMXXXII) was a Leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. This would later be replaced by the New Zealand National Broadcasting Service (NBS) and the National Commercial Broadcasting Service (NCBS).
In the 1950s, these merged to become the New Zealand Broadcasting Service (NZBS), a government department. The 1950s Decade refers to the years of 1950 to 1959 inclusive In 1962, this gave way to the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation (NZBC), an independent public body modelled on the BBC in the UK. Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Public broadcasting in New Zealand has undergone many changes since the first Radio broadcast on 17 November 1921 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located
Television was first introduced in New Zealand in 1960. Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The annual television licence fee was NZ£4. Television licences around the world The Museum of Broadcast Communications in Chicago notes that two-thirds of the countries in Europe and half
Initially, programming was done on a regional basis, with different services broadcasting from the main cities, AKTV2 in Auckland, being the first, followed by WNTV1 in Wellington and CHTV3 in Christchurch in 1961, and finally DNTV2 in Dunedin in 1962. The Auckland metropolitan area or Greater Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest and most populous urban area in the country Wellington (ˈwælɪŋtən is the Capital of New Zealand, the country's second largest urban area, the Christchurch (Ōtautahi The largest City in the South Island, it is also the second largest city and third largest urban area of New Zealand Year 1961 ( MCMLXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Dunedin (dəˈneɪdɪn) Ōtepoti in Maori is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the region of Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Today, however, all programming and scheduling on the main channels is done in Auckland.
It was not until 1969 that the NZBC's first live network news bulletin was broadcast. Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. In 1973, NZBC TV was networked nationwide, and colour television was introduced, although some of the Commonwealth Games events in Christchurch the following year were shown in black and white. Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. The Commonwealth Games is a multinational Multi-sport event. Held every four years it involves the elite athletes of the Commonwealth of Nations. Artistic Gymnastics World Artistic Gymnastics Championships: Men's all-around champion Shigeru Kasamatsu, Japan
The NZBC had asked the government for the approval of a second TV channel as early as 1964, but this was rejected as the government considered increasing coverage of the existing TV service to be of greater priority. Year 1964 ( MCMLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the 1964 Gregorian calendar. By 1971, however, two proposals for a second channel were under consideration: that of the NZBC for a non-commercial service; and a separate commercial channel to be operated by an Independent Television Corporation. Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar.
Although the Broadcasting Authority had favoured the Independent Television bid, the incoming Labour government favoured the NZBC's application and awarded it the licence without any formal hearings beforehand. The New Zealand Labour Party is a New Zealand political party (Eventually, Independent Television was awarded NZ$50 000 in compensation. )
The introduction of a second TV channel in 1975, also saw the reorganisation of broadcasting in New Zealand. Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The NZBC was dissolved in April of that year, with the two television channels, Television One and TV2, run separately from one another, and Radio New Zealand (RNZ) taking over responsibility for radio broadcasting. Radio New Zealand Limited (Te Reo Irirangi o Aotearoa is New Zealand 's public service Radio broadcaster. The NZBC Symphony Orchestra was to be known simply as the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra. The New Zealand Symphony Orchestra ( NZSO) is the national orchestra of New Zealand. TV2 was renamed South Pacific Television in 1976. South Pacific Television was a television channel in New Zealand, which operated between 1976 and 1980. Year 1976 ( MCMLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
In 1978, the Broadcasting Corporation of New Zealand (BCNZ) was established, and in 1980, TV One and South Pacific (known once again as TV2) were merged into a single organisation, Television New Zealand (TVNZ). Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) Television New Zealand (TVNZ is a state-owned television broadcasting corporation in New Zealand.
In 1988, following major economic reforms to the state sector, the BCNZ was dissolved. Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) TVNZ and RNZ became separate 'State-Owned Enterprises' (SOEs) which would have to compete commercially and return dividends to the Crown.
Rather than continuing to be used to directly fund TVNZ and Radio New Zealand, the licence fee, now called the broadcasting fee was to be used for local content production and the government funding for non-commercial broadcasting in radio and television on a contestable basis. As part of wide ranging reforms in the broadcasting sector, the Labour Government of David Lange established the Broadcasting Commission, which became known as and finally called New Zealand on Air. David Russell Lange, ONZ, CH (who pronounced his name ˈlɒŋi long-ee) (4 August 1942 – 13 August 2005 served as Prime Minister of New Zealand New Zealand On Air (or NZ On Air or the Broadcasting Commission, Irirangi te Motu is a Government broadcast funding agency in New Zealand.
Restrictions on television advertising were removed in 1989, so that TVNZ channels could show advertisements on Sundays and public holidays. Year 1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar) In that year, TV3 became the first privately owned TV station in the country, finally ending the state monopoly. TV3 is a commercial Television station in New Zealand. It began broadcasting on November 26 1989 as the first privately owned television network in the Restrictions on foreign ownership were also removed, and TV3 was subsequently sold to Canada's CanWest. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Canwest Global Communications Corp () operating under the corporate brand Canwest, is one of Canada 's largest International media companies SKY Network Television, in which TVNZ originally had a small stake, began broadcasting New Zealand's first pay TV service on three UHF channels. SKY Network Television Limited () often trading as SKY is a New Zealand pay Television service
Other free-to-air commercial television operators now include TV3's sister channel C4 and Prime TV. Prime Television is the seventh national Free-to-air Television station in New Zealand. Sky TV remains the dominant pay-TV operator, now operating on satellite, although TelstraClear also operates cable TV services. Satellite television is Television delivered by the means of Communications satellites as compared to conventional Terrestrial television and Cable TelstraClear is New Zealand 's second largest telecommunications company and is a fully owned subsidiary of Telstra Corporation (Australia
Although TVNZ had to compete with its commercial rivals through the 1990s, it maintained a dominant market position and paid a significant amount of its profits to the Crown in dividends. By 1998-1999, the National Party-led coalition was moving to privatise TVNZ and announced that the broadcasting fee would be discontinued. Since the 1970s, the licence fee had been capped at NZ$100 a year, and was not allowed to increase with inflation. This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. In real terms, this meant that public funding of broadcasting in New Zealand was greatly reduced by the time of the broadcasting fee's abolition.
However, the 1999 election saw a Labour-led coalition gain office. Over its next two terms, attempts were made to reintroduce public service functions to the sector. In 2003, TVNZ was restructured as a Crown-Owned Company with a public service Charter. The Charter receives a small amount of government subsidy, but TVNZ remains predominantly dependent on commercial revenue and is obliged to continue paying dividends to the Crown.
It can apply to NZ On Air (funded directly from the government since 2000) for support in local content initiatives, such as drama and comedy, funding of programming for minority groups such as gay, Christian and rural New Zealanders, The funding of Maori programming has since passed to Te Mangai Paho the Maori broadcasting commission. Te Māngai Pāho ( Maori Broadcast Funding Agency) is a New Zealand Crown Entity responsible for promotion of Māori language and culture
In 2004, the Maori Television Service was established to promote Maori language and culture. Māori Television is a New Zealand TV station broadcasting programmes that make a significant contribution to the revitalisation of Te reo and MTS is funded partly through direct government funding and partly through commercial advertising, but is eligible for contestable programming funds from Te Mangai Paho.