A province is a territorial unit, almost always an administrative division. Examples of administrative divisions English terms In many of the following terms corresponding to British cultural influence areas of relatively low mean population
The word is attested in English since c. 1330, deriving from Old French province (13th c. ), which comes from the Roman word provincia, which referred to the sphere of activity which a magistrate was assigned to exercise his authority; hence, in particular, a foreign territory.
A possible origin in Latin is from pro- ("on behalf of") and vincere ("to triumph/take control over"). Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. Thus a province is a territory or function that a Roman magistrate took control of on behalf of his government. However this does not tally with the even earlier Latin usage as a generic term for a jurisdiction under Roman law.
The Roman Empire was divided into provinces (provinciae). In Ancient Rome, a province (Latin provincia, pl provinciae) was the basic and until the Tetrarchy (circa
In many countries, a province is a relatively small non-constituent level of sub-national government (similar to a county in many English-speaking countries). In others it is an autonomous level of government and constituent part of a federation or confederation, often with a large area (similar to a US state). In France and China, province is a sub-national region within a unitary state. This means the province can be abolished or created by the central government.
For instance, a province is a local unit of government in Philippines ,Belgium, Spain and Italy, and a large constituent autonomous area in Canada, Congo and Argentina. The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo often referred to as DR Congo, DRC or RDC, and formerly known or referred to For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics. In Italy and Chile a province is an administrative sub-division of a region, which is the first order administrative sub-division of the state. Chile, officially the Republic of Chile ( Spanish:) is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow Coastal strip wedged between the The article is about the geographic sense of the term For other uses including Regions and Regional, see Region (disambiguation. Italian provinces consist of several administrative sub-divisions called comune (communes). In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic Administrative division of both provinces and regions and may be properly approximated in In Chile they are referred to as comunas
The "Province of Northern Ireland" is the only British territory called "province" today. Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of In this case, the title province suggests separateness along the lines of Canadian usage. The title "province" above all reflects Northern Ireland's unique autonomy within the UK immediately after its foundation in 1921, but today Northern Ireland varies between a devolved government and direct rule. The term province may also suggest at Ulster, the northern most province of Ireland, six counties of which are Northern Ireland and are in the United Kingdom. Ulster ( Ulaidh ˈkwɪɟɪ ˈʌlˠu / ˈʌlˠi is one of the four provinces of Ireland, in addition to Connacht, Munster and Leinster Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world Northern Ireland is effectively a constituent nation of the United Kingdom.
Various overseas parts of the British Empire had the colonial title of Province (in a more Roman sense), such as the Province of Canada and the Province of South Australia (the latter to distinguish it from the penal 'colonies' elsewhere in Australia). The British Empire was the largest empire in history and for over a century was the foremost global power. The Province of Canada or the United Province of Canada was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867 South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country Equally, for instance, Mozambique was a "province" as a Portuguese colony.
In France, the expression en province still tends to mean "outside of the region of Paris". This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city (The same expression is used in Peru, where en provincias means "outside of the city of Lima" and in Romania, where în provincie means "outside the region of Bucharest". Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America. Lima is the Capital and largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers on a coast overlooking Romania ( dated: Rumania, Roumania Bucharest ( Romanian: Bucureşti) is the Capital city, industrial and commercial centre of Romania. ) Prior to the French Revolution, France consisted of various governments (such as Ile-de-France, built around the early Capetian royal demesne) some of which were considered as provinces, although the term would be used colloquially to describes lands as small as a manor (châtellenie). The French Revolution (1789–1799 was a period of political and social upheaval in the History of France, during which the French governmental structure previously an For a full history of the Capetian family see Capetian dynasty. Châtelain ( Med Lat castellanus, from castellum, a castle in France originally merely the equivalent of the English Castellan, Mostly, the Grands Gouvernements, generally former medieval feudal principalities (or agglomerates of such), were the most commonly referred to as provinces. Today, the expression is sometimes replaced with en région, as that term is now officially used for the secondary level of government.
In historical terms, Fernand Braudel has depicted the European provinces—built up of numerous small regions called by the French pays or by the Swiss cantons, each with a local cultural identity and focused upon a market town—as the political unit of optimum size in pre-industrial Early Modern Europe and asks, "was the province not its inhabitants' true 'fatherland'?" (The Perspective of the World 1984, p. Fernand Braudel ( August 24 1902 &ndash November 27 1985) was the foremost French historian of the postwar era The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the states of the Federal state of Switzerland. Fatherland is the nation of one's "fathers" " Forefathers " or "patriarchs" 284) Even centrally organized France, an early nation-state, could collapse into autonomous provincial worlds under pressure, such as the sustained crisis of the Wars of Religion, 1562—1598. For the online game see Jennifer Government NationStates. The nation-state is a certain form of State that derives its legitimacy The French Wars of Religion (1562 to 1598 between French Catholics and Protestants ( Huguenots involved both civil infighting
For 19th and 20th-century historians, "centralized government" had been taken as a symptom of modernity and political maturity in the rise of Europe. Then, in the late 20th century, as a European Union drew the nation-states closer together, centripetal forces seemed to be moving towards a more flexible system composed of more localized, provincial governing entities under the European umbrella. The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in For the online game see Jennifer Government NationStates. The nation-state is a certain form of State that derives its legitimacy Spain after Franco is a State of Autonomies, formally unitary, but in fact functioning as a federation of Autonomous Communities, each one with different powers. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. An autonomous community is a first-level political division of the Kingdom of Spain, established in accordance with the Spanish Constitution. (see Politics of Spain). Politics of Spain takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic Constitutional monarchy, whereby the Monarch is the While Serbia, the rump of the former Yugoslavia, fought the separatists in the province of Kosovo, at the same time the UK, under the political principle of "devolution" established local parliaments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland (1998). Serbia (Србија Srbija) officially the Republic of Serbia (Република Србија Republika Srbija) is a Landlocked Country The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Devolution is the statutory granting of powers from the central government of a State to government at subnational level Strong local nationalisms surfaced or developed in Cornwall, Languedoc, Catalonia, Lombardy, Corsica and Flanders, and east of Europe in Abkhasia, Chechnya and Kurdistan. Cornwall ( Kernow ˈkɛɹnɔʊ is the most southwesterly county of England, on the Peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar Languedoc ( in French Lengadòc in Occitan) is a former Province of France, now continued in the modern-day ''régions'' of Languedoc-Roussillon Catalonia (Cataluña Catalunya Aranese: Catalonha) is an Autonomous Community in the northeast part of Spain. Lombardy (Lombardia Latin: Langobardia, Western Lombard: Lumbardìa, Eastern Lombard: Lombardia) is one of the Corsica (Corse Corsican and Italian: Corsica) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily Flanders (Vlaanderen Flandre Flandern is a geographical region located in parts of present day Belgium, France, and the Netherlands. Abkhazia (Аҧсны Apsny აფხაზეთი Apkhazeti or Abkhazeti Абха́зия Abhazia) is a De facto The Chechen Republic (ˈʧɛʧɨn rɪˈpʌblɨk Чече́нская Респу́блика Chechenskaya Respublika; Нохчийн Республика Noxçiyn Respublika History See also History of the Kurdish people Ancient period See also Hurrians, Guti, Mannaeans, Medes
In geology the term province refers to a specific physiogeographic area composed of a grouping of like bathymetric or former bathymetric elements (now sedimentary strata above water) whose features are in obvious contrast to the surrounding regions, or other provinces. Bathymetry is the underwater equivalent to Hypsometry. The name comes from Greek βαθυς deep, and μετρον measure. Bathymetry is the underwater equivalent to Hypsometry. The name comes from Greek βαθυς deep, and μετρον measure. Sedimentary rock is one of the three main rock types (the others being igneous and Metamorphic rock) The term usually refers to sections or regions of a craton recognized within a given time-stratigraphy, i. Stratigraphy, a branch of Geology, studies rock layers and layering ( stratification) e. , recognized within a major division of time within a period.
In many federations and confederations, the province or state is not clearly subordinate to the national or "central" government. A federation ( Latin: foedus, covenant is a union comprising a number of partially self-governing states or regions united by a central ("federal" A confederation is a group of empowered states or communities usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution Rather, it is considered to be sovereign in regard to its particular set of constitutional functions. Sovereignty is the exclusive Right to control a Government, a country, a people or oneself The central and provincial governmental functions, or areas of jurisdiction, are identified in a constitution. Those that are not specifically identifi called "residual powers". These residual powers lie at the provincial (or state) level in a decentralised federal system (such as the United States and Australia) whereas in a centralised federal system they are retained at the federal level (as in Canada). Nevertheless, some of the enumerated powers can also be very significant. For example, Canadian provinces are sovereign in regard to such important matters as property, civil rights, education, social welfare and medical services. The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world's second largest country in total area. Property is any physical or virtual entity that is owned by an individual Education encompasses both the Teaching and Learning of Knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency "Social welfare" redirects here For other uses see Welfare A social welfare provision refers to any program which seeks to provide
The evolution of federations has created an inevitable tug-of-war between concepts of federal supremacy versus "states' rights". The historic division of responsibility in federal constitutions is inevitably subject to multiple overlaps. For example, when central governments, responsible for "foreign affairs", enter into international agreements in areas where the state or province is sovereign, such as the environment or health standards, agreements made at the national level can create jurisdictional overlap and conflicting laws. This overlap creates the potential for internal disputes that lead to constitutional amendments and judicial decisions that significantly change the balance of powers.
In unitary states such as France and China, provinces are subordinate to the national or central government. A unitary state is a State whose three Organs of state are governed Constitutionally as one single unit with one Constitutionally created This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National In theory, the central government can abolish or create provinces within its jurisdiction.
Not all "second-level" political entities are termed provinces. In Arab countries the secondary level of government, called a muhfazah, is usually translated as a governorate. The araB gene Promoter is a bacterial promoter activated by e L-arabinose binding A Governorate is an Administrative division of a country It is headed by a Governor. This term is also used for the historic Russian guberniyas, (compare to modern-day oblast). Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Oblast (во́бласць oblast о́бласт oblast о́бласть област/ oblast; oblasť област о́бласть is a type of Administrative division In Poland, the equivalent of province is województwo, often translated as voivodeship. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland This article concerns both historical and contemporary voivodeships in various countries
In Peru, provinces are a tertiary unit of government, as the country is divided into twenty-five regions, which are then subdivided into 194 provinces. Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America. The regions of Peru (Regiones del Perú are the first-level Administrative subdivisions of Peru. Chile follows a similar division being divded into 15 regions, which a then divided into a total of 53 provinces each being run by a governor appointed by the president. ||-||} Chile is divided into 15 Regions (in Spanish, regiones; singular región) each of which is headed by an Intendant ( intendente
Historically, New Zealand was divided into provinces, each with its own Superintendent and Provincial Council, and with considerable responsibilities conferred on them. Provinces in New Zealand were used from 1841 until the Abolition of the Provinces Act came into force on November 1, 1876. However, the colony (as it then was) never developed into a federation; instead, the provinces were abolished in 1876. The old provincial boundaries continue to be used to determine the application of certain public holidays. Lists of holidays The words holiday or vacation have related meanings in different English-speaking countries and continents but will usually refer to one of Over the years, when the central Government has created special purpose agencies at a sub-national level, these have often tended to follow or approximate the old provincial boundaries. Current examples include the 16 Regions into which New Zealand is divided, and also the 21 District Health Boards. The region is the top tier of Local government in New Zealand. Sometimes the term the provinces is used to refer collectively to rural and regional parts of New Zealand, that is, those parts of the country lying outside some or all of the "main centres" of Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Hamilton and Dunedin. The Auckland metropolitan area or Greater Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest and most populous urban area in the country Wellington (ˈwælɪŋtən is the Capital of New Zealand, the country's second largest urban area, the Christchurch (Ōtautahi The largest City in the South Island, it is also the second largest city and third largest urban area of New Zealand Hamilton ( Kirikiriroa in Māori) is the centre of New Zealand 's fourth largest Urban area, and is the country's seventh largest City Dunedin (dəˈneɪdɪn) Ōtepoti in Maori is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the region of
Some provinces are as large and populous as nations. The most populous province is Henan, China, pop. Henan ( is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National 93,000,000. Also very populous are several other Chinese provinces, as well as Punjab, Pakistan, pop. The Punjab ( Urdu:) province of 85,000,000.
The largest provinces by area are Xinjiang, China (1,600,000 km²) and Quebec, Canada (1,500,000 km²). Xinjiang ( Uyghur: شىنجاڭ Shinjang;; Postal map spelling: Sinkiang; Turkish: Sincan, Sincan Uygur Özerk Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page
|Country||local name(s)||Number of entities|
|Provinces of Afghanistan||from Arab. The Provinces of Afghanistan (locally recognized as wilayats - ولايت are the primary Administrative divisions of Afghanistan. wilaya||34|
|Provinces of Algeria||Arab. A wilāyah (ولاية or vilâyet (in Persian and Ottoman Turkish) is an administrative division usually ||-|} Algeria is currently divided into 48 Wilayas ( Provinces, 553 Daïras ( circles, or Counties) and 1541 Baladiyahs wilaya||48|
|Provinces of Argentina||span. A wilāyah (ولاية or vilâyet (in Persian and Ottoman Turkish) is an administrative division usually Regions See also Geography of Argentina The country is also divided into six or seven regions (seven when The Pampas is divided into the Pampas' plains provincia||23|
|Provinces of Armenia||marz||11|
|Provinces of Belarus||Belarusian: vobłaść||7|
|Provinces of Belgium:|
|– Provinces of the Flemish Region||Dutch provincie||5|
|– Provinces of the Walloon Region||French province||5|
|– The Brussels Capital Region||0|
| (neither is it a province,|
nor is it part of one)
|Provinces of Bolivia||span. Armenia (Հայաստան transliterated: Hayastan,) officially the Republic of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն Hayastani At the top level of administration the Eastern European country of Belarus is divided into six voblasti ' (or voblastsi, meaning "provinces" The Belarusian language, or Belorussian,(беларуская мова BGN/PCGN: byelaruskaya mova, Scientific: belaruskaja mova Oblast (во́бласць oblast о́бласт oblast о́бласть област/ oblast; oblasť област о́бласть is a type of Administrative division Belgium is divided into three regions two of them are subdivided into five Provinces each Belgium is divided into three regions two of them are subdivided into five Provinces each Dutch ( is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people 22 million of which are from the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname Belgium is divided into three regions two of them are subdivided into five Provinces each French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people |||}The departments of Bolivia are divided into 100 Provinces which are further divided into municipalities. provincia||100|
|Provinces of Bulgaria||bulg. Since 1999 Bulgaria has been divided into twenty-six provinces (области oblasti singular област oblast; also translated as "region" which oblast||28|
|Provinces of Canada||engl. Oblast (во́бласць oblast о́бласт oblast о́бласть област/ oblast; oblasť област о́бласть is a type of Administrative division The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world's second largest country in total area. + French province||10|
|Provinces of Chile||span. Chile is divided into 53 Provinces grouped into 15 regions. Each province is headed by a governor ( gobernador) appointed by the president provincia||53|
|Provinces of China||chin. A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng ( which is an administrative division (mand. ) 省 (sheng)||22 + 1|
|Provinces of Costa Rica||span. Costa Rica consists of seven Provinces ( provincias provincia||7|
|Provinces of Colombia||Provinces of Cuba||span. Administratively, Cuba is divided into fourteen provinces and one special Municipality. provincia||15|
|Provinces of the Dominican Republic||span. See also Ranked list of Dominican Provinces See also Geographic Regions of the Dominican Republic The Dominican Republic is divided into thirty-one provincia||32|
|Provinces of Ecuador||span. |||} Ecuador is divided into 24 Provinces ( Spanish: provincias, singular provincia) provincia||22|
|Provinces of Equatorial Guinea||span. |||} Equatorial Guinea is divided into 2 regions and seven Provinces ref>http//www provincia||7|
|Provinces of Fiji||Fijian: yasana||14|
|Provinces of Finland||finn. The Provinces of Fiji, ( “yasana” in the Fijian language) are the 14 administrative units into which the country is divided particularly in relation to the provision The state of Finland consists of 6 provinces ( Finnish: läänit, Swedish: län) läänit / swed. län||6|
|Provinces of Gabon||fran. |||} Gabon is divided into nine Provinces (capitals in parentheses- Estuaire ( Libreville) Haut-Ogooué ( Franceville province||9|
|Provinces of Greece||Greek: επαρχία, "eparchia"||73|
|Provinces of Indonesia||Indo. The Provinces (eparchys according to Encarta Dictionary and Webster's Dictionary(επαρχία of Greece were sub-divisions of the country's ||-||-||}The Province ( Indonesian: provinsi or propinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. provinsi or propinsi||33|
|Provinces of Iran||Pers. Iran is subdivided into thirty provinces ( Persian: استان ostān, plural استانها ostānhā) each governed from a local center ostan||30|
|Provinces of Ireland||Irish cúige||4|
|Provinces of Italy||ital. Poetic description This dinnseanchas poem named Ard Ruide (Ruide Headland poetically describes the kingdoms of Ireland In Italy, a Province (in Italian provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between Municipality ( Comune provincia||107|
|Provinces of Kazakhstan||oblasy||14|
|Provinces of Kenya||8|
|Provinces of Kyrgyzstan||oblasty||7|
|Provinces of Laos||lao khoueng||16|
|Provinces of Madagascar||faritany||6|
|Provinces of the Netherlands||dutc. Kazakhstan is divided into 14 Provinces ( облыстар / oblystar; singular облысы / oblysy; области / oblasti; singular область Kenya is divided into eight provinces ( mkoa) The Provinces are subdivided into 71 districts ( ''wilaya'at'') which are |||} Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven Provinces (singular област - Oblast, plural областтар - oblasttar) ||} Laos is divided into 16 provinces ( Lao ແຂວງ khoueng) 1 municipality (ນະຄອນຫລວງ kampheng nakhon) and formerly |||} Madagascar is divided into six "autonomous Provinces quot ( faritany mizakatena) Antananarivo Province Antsiranana A Dutch province represents the administrative layer in between the national government and the local municipalities having the responsibility for matters of subnational or regional provincie||12|
|Provinces of North Korea||kore. The administrative divisions of North Korea are organized into three hierarchical levels do, to||10|
|Provinces of Norway||norw. ||-||} Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties ( Norwegian: singular fylke, plural fylker ( Bokmål fylke||19|
|Provinces of Oman||ara. The regions and governorates of Oman are subdivided into Provinces ( Wilaya) wilaya||appr. 60|
|Provinces of Pakistan||Singular: "Suba" Plural: "Subai"||4|
|Provinces and regions of Panama||span. Currently the internationally recognized territory of Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces and two territories Panama is divided into nine Provinces (provincias and three provincial-level indigenous regions (Spanish comarcas indígenas, often foreshortened to provincia||9|
|Provinces of Papua New Guinea||19|
|Provinces of Peru||span. The provinces of Papua New Guinea are the primary administrative divisions of the country The provinces of Peru, known in Spanish as provincias, are the second-level administrative subdivisions of the country provincia||195|
|Provinces of the Philippines||fili.: lalawigan / probinsya||81|
|Provinces of Poland||pl. The provinces of the Philippines are the primary administrative divisions of the Philippines. Filipino is the national and an Official language of the Philippines as designated in the 1987 Philippine Constitution. Voivodeship The voivodeship or province (województwo has been a high-level Administrative subdivision of Poland since the 14th century województwo||16|
|Provinces of Rwanda||intara||12|
|Provinces of São Tomé and Príncipe||port. ImageRwanda Provinces 2006png|left|300px poly 211 66 216 74 223 76 230 102 262 85 306 169 296 177 277 166 247 178 241 188 209 179 193 160 176 155 172 127 167 123 140 119 131 107 153 São Tomé and Príncipe is divided into 2 Provinces São Tomé (Capital São Tomé) The province is made up of the Equatorial província||2|
|Provinces of Saudi Arabia||Arab. Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 emirates ( manatiq idāriyya, singular – Mintaqah idariyya,) mintaqah||13|
|Provinces of the Solomon Islands||9|
|Provinces of South Africa||9|
|Provinces of South Korea||kore. Mintaqah ( منطقة; plural manatiq مناطق is a term for a Country subdivision used in Saudi Arabia and several other Arab countries ||}The Solomon Islands are currently divided into 9 Provinces The national capital Honiara, on the island of Guadalcanal is separately governed as Capital Territory South Africa is currently divided into nine provinces On the eve of the 1994 general election, South Africa's former homelands also known as Bantustans, were reintegrated |||} South Korea is divided into 8 Provinces ( do) 1 special autonomous province ( teukbyeol jachido) 6 metropolitan cities ( gwangyeoksi do, to||10|
|Provinces of Spain||span. In addition to its autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty Provinces. provincia||50|
|Provinces of Tajikistan||veloyati, from Arab. |||} Tajikistan is divided into 3 Provinces ( Tajik: Вилоят Viloyat, plural Вилоятҳо viloyatho) and one autonomous wilaya||3|
|Provinces of Thailand||changwat||76|
|Provinces of Turkey||Turk. Thailand is divided into 75 Provinces (จังหวัด changwat, singular and plural which are geographically grouped into 6 regions Turkey is divided into 81 provinces called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i il||81|
|Provinces of Turkmenistan||from Arab. Turkmenistan is divided into 5 provinces or welayatlar (singular Welayat) and one independent city ( şäher) See also wilaya||5|
|Provinces of Ukraine||ukra. Ukraine is subdivided into 24 Oblasts (provinces, one Autonomous republic, and two " cities with special status' " oblast||24|
|Provinces of Uzbekistan||from Arab. Uzbekistan is divided into 12 Provinces ( viloyatlar, singular Viloyat, viloyati in compound e wilaya||12|
|Provinces of Vanuatu||6|
|Provinces of Vietnam||from Vietnamese tỉnh||59|
|Provinces of Zambia||9|
|Provinces of Zimbabwe||8|