Prosthodontics is one of the 9 specialties recognized by the American Dental Association, Royal College of Dentists of Canada, and Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons. The American Dental Association (ADA is an American Professional association established in 1859 and has more than 152000 members The Royal College of Dentists of Canada (RCDC administers examinations for qualified dental specialists as part of the Dentistry profession in Canada. The Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons or RACDS is a professional college established in 1965 that administers Fellowship Exams for both general and specialist dental
A prosthodontist is a dentist who specializes in prosthodontics, the specialty of implant, esthetic and reconstructive dentistry. Prosthodontists specialize in the restoration of oral function by creating prostheses and restorations (i. In Medicine, a prosthesis (plural prostheses) is an Artificial extension that replaces a missing Body part. e. , complete dentures, crowns, implant retained/supported restorations). Dentures are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth and which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the Oral cavity. Crown refers to the restoration of teeth using materials that are fabricated by indirect methods which are cemented into place Cosmetic dentistry, implants and joint problems all fall under the field of prosthodontics.
The American College of Prosthodontists (ACP)  ensures standards are maintained in the field. Becoming a prosthodontist requires an additional 3 years of specialty training after obtaining a dental degree. Dentistry' is the "evaluation diagnosis prevention and/or treatment (nonsurgical surgical or related procedures of diseases disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity Training consists of rigorous preparation in head and neck anatomy, materials science, esthetics, and occlusion (bite). Aesthetics or esthetics ( also spelled æsthetics) is commonly known as the study of sensory or sensori-emotional values sometimes called Due to this extensive training, prosthodontists are frequently called upon to treat complex cosmetic cases, full mouth reconstructions, TMJ related disorders, congenital disorders, and sleep apnea by planning and fabricating various prostheses. A congenital disorder is a disease or disorder that is present at birth Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in Breathing during Sleep.
Maxillofacial prosthetics is a sub-specialty of prosthodontics. Maxillofacial prosthodontists treat patients who have acquired and congenital defects of the head and neck (maxillofacial) region due to surgery, trauma, and/or birth defect. A congenital disorder is a disease or disorder that is present at birth It requires an additional year of training after completing an approved prosthodontic training program. Artificial eyes (see Ocular prosthetic, ears, and maxillary obturators are commonly planned and fabricated by maxillofacial prosthodontists. An ocular prosthesis or Artificial eye (a type of Craniofacial prosthesis) replaces an absent natural Eye following an Enucleation, evisceration A palatal obturator is a Prosthesis that totally occludes an opening such as an oronasal Fistula (in the roof of the mouth) Other less commonly employed prostheses include mouth devices used by amputees to aid in daily activities, tracheostomy obturators, and craniofacial prosthesis. Craniofacial prostheses are made by individuals trained in Anaplastology or maxillofacial prosthodontics who medically help rehabilitate those suffering from facial
India has several dental colleges which teach dentistry as graduate ( under graduate ) and post graduate ( graduate ) programmes ( courses ). The Prosthodontics is offered as specialisation in post graduate programme called Master of Dental Surgery ( M. Master of Dental Surgery or MDS is a post graduate programme offered by dental colleges in India D. S ). The basic qualification required for entry to M. D. S is Bachelor of Dental Surgery ( B. Bachelor of Dental Surgery ( BDS) is a First professional degree programme in dentistry D. S ).