Prime Computer was a Natick, Massachusetts-based producer of minicomputers from 1972 until 1992. Natick (Pronunciation ˈneɪtɪk is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. A minicomputer (colloquially mini) is a class of multi-user Computers that lies in the middle range of the computing spectrum in between the largest Multi-user Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1992 ( MCMXCII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar) The alternative spellings "PR1ME" and "PR1ME Computer" were used as brand names or logos by the company. A brand is a collection of Images and ideas representing an economic producer more specifically it refers to the descriptive verbal attributes and concrete symbols such as a A logo ( Greek el λογότυπος = el-Latn logotypos is a graphical element ( Ideogram, Symbol, Emblem, Icon, Sign)
The company was started by 7 founders, some of whom worked on the Multics project at MIT. Multics ( Mult iplexed I nformation and C omputing S ervice was an extremely influential early Time-sharing Operating system
The company started with the motto "Software First". John William Poduska Sr was a founder of Prime Computer and Apollo Computer.
Poduska left in 1980 to start Apollo Computer. Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar)
The original products were clones of the Honeywell 316 and 516 minicomputers. The Honeywell 316 was a popular 16-bit Minicomputer built by Honeywell starting in 1969
The first Prime system, similar to the DDP 516 but a 32-bit machine with paging. It ran an operating system called DOS, also referred to as PRIMOS 2 (not to be confused with MS DOS). MS-DOS (short for M icro' s' oft D isk O perating S ystem is an Operating system commercialized by Microsoft.
The Prime 100 was a stripped down version of the Prime 200 (no memory parity or floating point).
The Prime 300 had a main store of 128 KB and 6MB of disc storage. It ran DOSVM operating system, also referred to as PRIMOS 3, but still used earlier DOS for booting. One of the first minicomputers with virtual memory capability. The virtual memory was simpler than used in later systems. Addresses were 16 bits, with a 64K address space. Multiple 64K address spaces were allowed. It had S-mode and R-mode instructions.
An example was installed in the mathematics department of the University of Aston in Birmingham, UK. Aston University is a "plate glass" Campus university situated on a 40- Acre (0
The Prime 400 ran at 0. 5 MIPS, had a main store of 192KB and 160MB of disc storage. The name PRIMOS was now used for the operating system and the P400 ran PRIMOS 4. It ran a V-mode instruction set, along with the S-mode and R-mode instructions. It had a segmented virtual memory architecture, somewhat similar to Multics. Multics ( Mult iplexed I nformation and C omputing S ervice was an extremely influential early Time-sharing Operating system
The Prime 550 was an upgrade in performance over the Prime 400. It ran at 0. 7 MIPS, had 1MB of memory and 500MB of disc storage and a 9 track tape unit.
The Prime 750 was a major upgrade. It ran at 1. 0 MIPS, had 2-4MB of memory and 1200MB of disc storage and a 9 track tape unit. This was very competitive with a similarly priced DEC VAX-11/780 and was one of the first 32-bit superminicomputers. Digital Equipment Corporation was a pioneering American company in the Computer industry Name "VAX" was originally an Acronym for V irtual A ddress e' X' tension, both because the VAX was seen as a 32-bit The range of Integer values that can be stored in 32 bits is 0 through 4294967295 or −2147483648 through 2147483647 using Two's complement encoding Prime 750 systems were installed at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) and University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST). The Rutherford Appleton Laboratory ( RAL) is a scientific research laboratory at Chilton near Didcot in Oxfordshire, England. The University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology ( UMIST) was a University based in the centre of the City of Manchester
PRIMENET and the local area network software RINGNET were announced.
Prime also marketed MEDUSA CAD Software
The 9955 ran at 4. 0 MIPS, had 8-12MB of memory and 2700MB of disc storage and a 9 track tape unit. A Prime 9955 was installed at UMIST and a Prime 9655 at Nottingham University.
The company was successful in the 1970s and 1980s, peaking in 1988 at number 334 of the Fortune 500. This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. The 1980s was the decade spanning from January 1 1980 to December 31 1989. Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) Please do not add the complete list of fortune 500 companies The list is copyrighted by Fortune which makes money by selling the content
As of later 1989, Surrey University had the largest Prime Site in Europe, having virtually multiple copies of every 50 series machine (mostly running Primos 20. x, but some still running 19. x).
Prime was heavily involved with Ford’s internal computer-aided design (CAD) product, Product Design Graphics System (PDGS). It used a vectorscope from Lundy for a display. A vectorscope is a special type of Oscilloscope used in both audio and video applications Lundy is the largest island in the Bristol Channel, lying off the coast of Devon, England, approximately one third of the distance across the At one time in 1980s it was the world largest integrated CAD system, spanning the US, Japan (Mazda was Ford's subsidiary/partner), and Germany. The creators of PDGS, located in building #3 of Fords Dearborn design headquarters, began working on the concept of parametrically driven geometry, which led to a PRIMEDesign system.
The company also had marketing rights to the MEDUSA CAD system, produced in England by a company named Cambridge Interactive Systems, and experience in the domain, the company explored transitioning to a CAD company. It embarked on a project to build a CAD-CAM system of its own called PRIMEDesign. This product was to compete with the industry leader at that time, CADDS4 from Computervision. Computervision Inc (CV was an early pioneer in turnkey Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing ( CAD / CAM) company RISC processors from MIPS Technologies and graphics processors from Silicon Graphics created the platform for PRIMEDesign as well as being the genesis of modern day SGI. MIPS Technologies Inc ( formerly MIPS Computer Systems, is most widely known for developing the MIPS architecture and a series of pioneering RISC Silicon Graphics Inc (commonly initialised to SGI, historically sometimes referred to as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) is a company During this period, in 1985, Sam Geisberg left Computervision to found Parametric Technology Corporation and produce the first parameter driven CAD system called ProEngineer. Parametric Technology Corporation (PTC( provides Product Lifecycle Management (PLM engineering CAD / CAM Software and content management Pro/ENGINEER (commonly referred to as Pro/E or ProE) is a 3D CAD parametric feature Solid modeling software created by Parametric
By the late eighties, the company was having problems retaining customers who were moving to lower-cost systems. In addition, Prime was failing to keep up with the increasing customers' need for raw computing power. By the end, not a single Prime computer was subject to COCOM export controls, as they were insufficiently powerful for the US Government to fear their falling into the hands of hostile powers. Cocom is a Cable modems company based in the United States. It was acquired by Cisco Systems on September 15 1999
Ultimately, Prime tried to improve its CAD presence by purchasing several CAD companies including Computervision in 1989 for $300 million. Year 1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar) PRIMEDesign and CADDS were combined to form a new product called CADDS5. The purchase left the company vulnerable to a hostile take-over, and such attempt was made by Bennett S. LeBow's Basic4 corporation. Bennett S LeBow is a Financier and Corporate raider He is also the Chairman of the Board of Vector Group, a holding company listed on the To fend off the take-over, the company was bought back into private ownership by New York venture capitalist, J. H. Whitney. The computer design and manufacturing portions of the company were shut down and the company was renamed Computervision. In 1998 it was bought by aforementioned Parametric Technology Corporation, that exists to this day.
The company operating system, PRIMOS was originally written mostly in the Fortran IV programming language with some assembler. PRIMOS was an Operating system developed during the 1970s by Prime Computer for its Minicomputer systems Fortran (previously FORTRAN) is a general-purpose, procedural, imperative Programming language that is especially suited to Subsequently the PL/P and Modula-2 languages were used in the Kernel. The PL/P programming language (an acronym of P rogramming L anguage for P rime (computers) is a medium-level language developed by Modula-2 is a computer Programming language invented by Niklaus Wirth at ETH, around 1978 as a successor to his intermediate language Modula A number of new PRIMOS utilities were written in SP/L which was similar to PL/P.
Prime acquired the OAS application from its developer, ACS America Inc. , a now-defunct New York City software house.
It was one of the pioneer systems, and fought hard to win a place in the UK DTI Office Automation Pilot sites, but failed to achieve it.
OAS consisted of:
Prime also claimed that OAS provided automatic translation between languages, but the feature was mostly non-existent, consisting only of one-word-at-a-time lookup in small dictionaries for Spanish and Norwegian.
Recognising the drawbacks of the downloadable WP workstation, Prime formed an agreement with Convergent Technologies for their AWS which Prime named the "Prime Producer 100" (launched in mid 1983) and later for Convergent's modular NGEN, clip together system, the "Prime Producer 200" (launched in 1984), each of which had far superior WP to the initial Prime offering, and were document based.
In the UK Prime had a very active OAS User Group whose suggestions were acted upon in new product development. UK Pioneers of the system included the London Docklands Development Corporation and Oxford Polytechnic, now Oxford Brookes University. The London Docklands Development Corporation ( LDDC) was a Quango agency set up by the UK Government in 1981 to regenerate the depressed Oxford Brookes University is a public University in Oxford, England.
Very similar in concept and execution to the Pick environment developed by Richard Pick, Prime Information allowed rapid, 4GL or 4GL-like development of applications around relational or quasi relational database structures. The Pick operating system (often called just "the Pick system" or simply "Pick" is a demand-paged, multiuser Virtual memory, Time-sharing The Pick operating system (often called just "the Pick system" or simply "Pick" is a demand-paged, multiuser Virtual memory, Time-sharing A fourth-generation programming language (1970s-1990 (abbreviated 4GL) is a Programming language or programming environment designed with a specific purpose in mind After a series of evolutions Prime Information was acquired by IBM corporation. It became part of IBM's U2 product family. The former Prime Information is now known as IBM UNIVERSE. Further information can be found at http://www-306.ibm.com/software/data/u2/universe/
In (approx) 1984 Prime developed a system to conflict with OAS and confuse the market. Prime Information Connection added word processing to Prime Information, giving the company two office oriented suites to offer in a marketplace dominated by Wang Laboratories
Prime originally entered the CAD industry through Ford. Wang Laboratories was a computer company founded in 1951 by Dr At the time Ford was using Control Data Corporation (CDC) stand-alone computers. Data was shared via reel tape and stored in “Data Collector” rooms at each facility. Ford began looking for a small computer that had all the advantages of the CDC computers, but could also connect to a network.
Prime’s 2250 (“Rabbit”) offered the combination Ford was looking for in a package smaller than the original CDC’s. In addition, the PRIMOS operating system would run unaltered across all Prime platforms; from the 2250 up to the (what would be considered today as a server) 750. As a result, the Data Collector (rooms) would contain several 750 class machines, each with rows of CDC 300 or 600MB drives. Primenet (token ring) network connected all CAD stations in a building with its Data Collector.
Ford pushed PDGS out to its suppliers and engineering contractors throughout the northern Midwest.
Prime gained expertise over the years with its collaboration with Ford and continued to expand into the CAD market with its Medusa product. With the acquisition of ComputerVision, Prime appeared to be a formidable force in the CAD/CAM industry.
Prime Medusa versions 5 and CV Medusa 7 were merged/recombined into a product that was called Medusa version 12.
Prime also picked up Calma CAD systems from GE.
Developed on relay. prime. com, which was the hub that relayed global electronic mail for Prime Computer. Electronic mail, often abbreviated to e-mail, email, or originally eMail, is a Store-and-forward method of writing sending receiving The software used on this computer system, PDN Mail, developed by Robert Ullmann, it was designed to use the encoding header field that was later explained in a RFC. A computer is a Machine that manipulates data according to a list of instructions. PDN Mail was years ahead of its time and was also used by Microsoft Corporation until MIME was introduced. Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational Computer technology Corporation, which rose to dominate the Home computer Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions ( MIME) is an Internet standard that extends the format of e-mail to support text in Character
Before MIME existed, PDN Mail was able to perform the same functions and was used to send software updates as well as all sorts of attachments between systems. In August 1993, Robert Ullmann, David Robinson and Al Costanzo, wrote RFC 1505. Other names In Arabic, the month is called أغسطسص ʾUġusṭuṣ or آب ʾĀb; usage varies from place to place and Year 1993 ( MCMXCIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar) This RFC, documented the Encoding Header Field for Internet Messages that PDN mail used and was published by the RFC editor, Jon Postel that same year. Jonathan Bruce Postel (pəˈstɛl August 6 1943 – October 16 1998 made many significant contributions to the development of the Internet, particularly in the area
A series of memorable advertisements from 1980 featured actors Tom Baker and Lalla Ward as their characters from the TV series Doctor Who. Thomas Stewart "Tom" Baker (born 20 January 1934 is an English Actor. Lalla Ward (born Sarah Ward 28 June 1951) also known as The Honourable Sarah Ward, is an English actress author and illustrator Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. All four of these adverts have since been included on the DVD of the Destiny Of The Daleks serial in which both actors appear.
Another series of advertisements featured a C-3PO-like robot called Albert EinPrime. C-3PO ( Nicknamed Threepio) is a Fictional character from the Star Wars universe, who appears in both the original