Generally speaking, preventive medicine is the part of medicine engaged with preventing disease rather than curing it. Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the A disease is an abnormal condition of an organism that impairs bodily functions and can be deadly It can be contrasted not only with curative medicine, but also with public health methods (which work at the level of population health rather than individual health). Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease prolonging life and promoting health through the organised efforts and informed choices of society organisations
Professionals involved in the public health aspect of this practice may be involved in entomology, pest control, and public health inspections. Entomology (from Greek grc ἔντομος entomos, "that which is cut in pieces or engraved/segmented" hence "insect" and grc -λογία Pest control refers to the regulation or management of a Species defined as a pest, usually because it is perceived to be detrimental to a person's Health Public health inspections can include recreational waters, pools, beaches, food preparation and serving, and industrial hygiene inspections and surveys. Water is a common Chemical substance that is essential for the survival of all known forms of Life. A swimming pool, swimming bath, wading pool, or simply a pool, is an artificially enclosed Body of water intended for Swimming or Food is any substance usually composed primarily of Carbohydrates Fats water and/or Proteins that can be eaten or drunk by an For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" Hygiene refers to practices associated with ensuring good health and cleanliness
In the United States, preventive medicine is a medical specialty, one of the 24 recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A specialty in Medicine is a branch of medical science other than General practice. The American Board of Medical Specialties ( ABMS) is a non-profit Physician -led Umbrella organization for 24 of the 26 approved medical specialty It encompasses three areas of specialization:
In order to become board-certified in one of the preventive medicine areas of specialization, a licensed U. S. physician (M.D. or D.O.) must successfully complete a preventive medicine medical residency program following a one year internship. Doctor of Medicine ( MD or MD, from the Latin Medicinæ Doctor meaning "Teacher of Medicine" is a doctoral Residency is a stage of graduate medical training. A resident physician or resident is a person who has received a Medical degree ( MD An intern or stagiaire is one who works in a temporary position with an emphasis on on-the-job training rather than merely employment making it similar to an Apprenticeship Following that, the physician must complete a year of practice in that special area and pass the preventive medicine board examination. The residency program is at least two years in length, and includes completion of a post-graduate masters degree in public health (MPH) or equivalent. Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease prolonging life and promoting health through the organised efforts and informed choices of society organisations The board exam takes an entire day: The morning session concentrates on general preventive medicine questions. The afternoon session concentrates on the one of the three areas of specialization that the applicant has studied.
In addition, there are two subspecialty areas of certification:
These certifications require sitting for an examination following successful completion of an MT or UHB fellowship and prior board certification in one of the 24 ABMS-recognized specialties. Hyperbaric medicine, also known as hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT is the medical use of Oxygen at a higher than Atmospheric pressure.
Rose's Theorem states that "a large number of people at small risk may give rise to more cases of disease than a small number who are at high risk. "