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The President of the Australian Senate is the presiding officer of the Australian Senate, the upper house of the Parliament of Australia. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. The Politics of Australia take place within the framework of parliamentary democracy. This article describes the federal government of Australia See Australian governments for other jurisdictions In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. TalkCommonewalth realm.-->The monarchy For the ship see RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Context States headed by Elizabeth II The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative in Australia of the monarch of Australia (currently Elizabeth II Queen of Australia) Major General Philip Michael Jeffery AC, CVO, MC (born 12 December[[ 937]] was the 24th Governor-General of Australia The Prime Minister of Australia is the Head of government of the Commonwealth of Australia, holding office on commission from the Governor-General. Kevin Michael Rudd (born 21 September 1957 is the 26th and current Prime Minister of Australia and federal leader of the Centre-left Australian Labor The Cabinet of Australia is the council of senior ministers of the Crown, responsible to parliament. The Federal Executive Council is the formal body holding executive authority under the Constitution of Australia. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation The Parliament of Australia or Commonwealth Parliament is the legislative branch of government of Australia. The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. The House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers of the Parliament of Australia; it is the Lower house, the Upper house being the Senate This is a List of Australian Leaders of the Opposition, who in Australian Federal Politics is a Member of Parliament in the Brendan John Nelson, MP (born 19 August 1958 is an Australian politician and former Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament of Australia, as leader See also Politics of Australia Australia elects a Legislature the Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia using various electoral systems see This article deals with elections to the Australian Parliament. The Australian House of Representatives is elected from 150 single-member districts called Divisions. Background Following the federation of 1856 - New South Wales, Tasmania and Victoria 1857 - South Australia Issues The 1972 Election was largely focused on domestic policy issues and the role of the federal government in resolving these issues Federal elections were held in Australia on 18 May 1974. All 127 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 60 seats in the Senate Federal elections were held in Australia on 13 December 1975 All 127 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 64 seats in the Senate were up for Background and Issues The election is remembered for the "fistful of dollars" advertisements run by the government offering tax cuts to voters Issues The mood in the electorate was moving against the Fraser Government by 1980 Background The coalition government led by Malcolm Fraser had to contend with a parlous economic situation with high inflation and high unemployment Federal elections were held in Australia on 11 July 1987 following the granting of a double dissolution on 5 June by the Governor-General Sir House of Reps preference flows The Democrats contested 138 electorates with preferences slightly favouring Labor (54 Results House of Representatives preference flows The Nationals had candidates in 13 seats where Three-cornered-contests existed Federal elections were held in Australia on 10 November, 2001. Federal elections were held in Australia on 9 October, 2004. All 150 seats in the House of Representatives and 40 seats in the 76-member Federal elections for the Parliament of Australia were held on Saturday 24 November 2007 after a 6-week campaign in which 13 The next Australian federal election will elect members of the 43rd Parliament of Australia and must be held on or before 16 April 2011 In Law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of Courts which administer Justice in the name of the sovereign or State The High Court of Australia is the final court of appeal in Australia the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy. There are two streams within the hierarchy of Australian Courts the federal stream and the state and territory stream The Constitution of Australia is the law under which the Australian Commonwealth Government operates The Commonwealth of Australia is made up of 8 states and territories controlled under a federal system of government In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. The Governors of the Australian states are the representatives in the six states of Australia of Australia's monarch Queen Elizabeth II. The Premiers of the Australian states are the de facto heads of the executive governments in the six states of the Commonwealth of Australia. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation The Parliaments of the Australian states and territories are legislative bodies within the federal framework of the Commonwealth of Australia. For elections to the Australian Parliament see the Australian electoral system. } The Australian Capital Territory (ACT is the Capital territory of the Commonwealth of Australia and its smallest self-governing internal territory The form of the Government of New South Wales is prescribed in its Constitution which dates from 1856 although it has been amended many times since then The Northern Territory of Australia is governed according to the principles of the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the The Government of Queensland is commonly known as the Queensland Government. The form of the Government of South Australia is prescribed in its Constitution which dates from 1856 although it has been amended many times since then The form of the Government of Tasmania is prescribed in its Constitution which dates from 1856 although it has been amended many times since then The Government of Victoria, under the Constitution of Australia, ceded certain legislative and judicial powers to The formation of the Government of Western Australia is prescribed in its Constitution which dates from 1890 although it has been amended many times since then Australia has two tiers of subnational government state (or territory government and local government. Political parties in Australia lists political parties in Australia. The Australian Greens, commonly known as The Greens, is a Green Australian political party. The Country Liberal Party (CLP is a Northern Territory political party affiliated with both the Liberal and National parties The Family First Party is a socially conservative minor Political party in Australia. The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. The foreign relations of Australia have spanned from the country's time as Dominion and later Realm of the British Empire to become steadfastly allied with Information on politics by country is available for every Country, including both De jure and De facto independent The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. The Parliament of Australia or Commonwealth Parliament is the legislative branch of government of Australia. The other Parliament of Australia presiding officer is the Speaker of the House of Representatives. The Parliament of Australia or Commonwealth Parliament is the legislative branch of government of Australia. The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House of Representatives the lower house of the Parliament of Australia.
The Australian Senate occupies a different position in the Australian Parliament to the House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, on which the Australian Parliament is partly modelled, because the Senate has always been a popularly-elected body. The House of Lords is the second house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and is also commonly referred to as "the Lords" The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories
Section 17 of the Constitution of Australia says:
The President is elected by the Senate in a secret ballot. The Clerk conducts the election. The Clerk of the Australian Senate is the head of the Department of the Senate which is the parliamentary department supporting the work of the Australian Senate. The Presidency has always been a partisan office and the nominee of the government party has nearly always been elected – although this cannot be guaranteed since the government of the day does not necessarily have a majority in the Senate. The President is assisted by an elected Deputy President. The traditional practice has been that the government nominates a Senator to be elected as President, and the Opposition nominates a Senator to be Deputy President. If there are no other nominations, no election is required, however the Australian Greens in 2005 and again in 2007 put forward Senator Kerry Nettle as a rival candidate when the position of President was vacant. The Australian Greens, commonly known as The Greens, is a Green Australian political party. Kerry Michelle Nettle (born 24 December 1973) is a former Australian Senator and member of the Australian Greens in New South Neither government nor opposition Senators supported that candidacy. 
Since July 2005 the Liberal and National parties have had a majority in the Senate, but the practice of allowing an Opposition Senator to be Deputy President has so far been maintained. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party.
The position of President has been disproportionately held by Senators representing the smaller states and territories. Of the 21 Senate presidents since 1901, 13 have come from the three smallest states (Western Australia, South Australia and Tasmania) or the Australian Capital Territory, and only eight have come from the three largest states (New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland). Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of the Australian continent. South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country Tasmania is an Australian island and state of the same name It is located south of the eastern side of the Continent, being separated from it by Bass } The Australian Capital Territory (ACT is the Capital territory of the Commonwealth of Australia and its smallest self-governing internal territory Queensland is a state of Australia, occupying the north-eastern corner of the mainland continent
Unlike the Speaker, the President has a deliberative, but not a casting vote (in the event of an equality of votes, the motion fails). This is because the Senate is in theory a states' house, and depriving the President of a deliberative vote would have robbed one of the states or territories one of its Senators' votes (in practice the Senate has always been a party house).
Like the Speaker, the President continues to attend party meetings, and at general elections stands as a party candidate. On the other hand, the President does not usually take part in debates in the Senate and does not speak in public on party-political issues. He or she is expected to conduct the business of the Senate in an impartial manner.
The President’s principal duty is to preside over the Senate, although he or she is assisted in this by the Deputy President and a panel of Acting Deputy Presidents, who usually preside during routine debates. The occupant of the Chair must maintain order in the Senate, uphold the Standing Orders (rules of procedure) and protect the rights of backbench Senators. The President, in conjunction with the Speaker of the House of Representatives, also administers Parliament House, Canberra, with the assistance of administrative staff. Parliament House is the meeting place of the Parliament of Australia.
The Senate is not as rowdy as most Australian legislative chambers, and the President does not have the same degree of disciplinary power as the Speaker does. Thus, his or her disciplinary powers are seldom exercised.
|Member||Party||Term in Office|
|Hon Sir Richard Baker||FT-AS, SA||9 May 1901 to 31 December 1906|
|Hon Sir Albert Gould||AS-Lib, NSW||20 February 1907 to 30 June 1910|
|Hon Henry Turley||ALP, Qld||1 July 1910 to 8 July 1913|
|Hon Thomas Givens||ALP-Nat, Qld||9 July 1913 to 30 June 1926|
|Hon Sir John Newlands||Nat, SA||1 July 1926 to 13 August 1929|
|Hon Sir Walter Kingsmill||Nat-UAP, WA||14 August 1929 to 30 August 1932|
|Hon Patrick Lynch||UAP, WA||31 August 1932 to 30 June 1938|
|Hon John Hayes||UAP, Tas||1 July 1938 to 30 June 1941|
|Hon James Cunningham||ALP, WA||1 July 1941 to 4 July 1943 (died in office)|
|Hon Gordon Brown||ALP, Qld||23 September 1943 to 19 March 1951|
|Hon Edward Mattner||Lib, SA||12 June 1951 to 7 September 1953|
|Hon Sir Alister McMullin||Lib, NSW||8 September 1953 to 30 June 1971|
|Hon Sir Magnus Cormack||Lib, Vic||17 August 1971 to 11 April 1974|
|Hon Justin O'Byrne||ALP, Tas||9 July 1974 to 11 November 1975|
|Hon Sir Condor Laucke||Lib, SA||17 February 1976 to 30 June 1981|
|Hon Sir Harold Young||Lib, SA||18 August 1981 to 4 February 1983|
|Hon Douglas McClelland||ALP, NSW||21 April 1983 to 23 January 1987|
|Hon Kerry Sibraa||ALP, NSW||17 February 1987 to 1 February 1994|
|Hon Michael Beahan||ALP, WA||1 February 1994 to 20 August 1996|
|Hon Margaret Reid||Lib, ACT||20 August 1996 to 19 August 2002|
|Hon Paul Calvert||Lib, Tas||19 August 2002 to 13 August 2007|
|Hon Alan Ferguson||Lib, SA||14 August 2007 to present|
The current Deputy President is Senator John Hogg (Labor, Queensland)