There are 100 préfectures in France, one for each département . The official in charge is the prefect (French: préfet). A prefect (préfet in France is the State's representative in a department or region. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people The préfecture is an administration that belongs to the Ministry of the Interior, and is therefore in charge of the delivery of identity cards, driving licenses, passports, residency and work permits for foreigners, vehicle registration, registration of associations (creation, status modification, dissolution), and of the management of the police and firefighters. The Minister of the Interior (full title Ministre de l’Intérieur et de l’Aménagement du Territoire) in France is one of the most important governmental A voluntary association or union (also sometimes called a voluntary organization, unincorporated association, or just an association) is a group Police are agents or agencies usually of the executive, empowered to enforce the law and to effect public and social order through the legitimatized use of force Firefighters are rescuers extensively trained primarily to put out hazardous Fires that threaten civilian populations and property to rescue people from car accidents collapsed
The prefect represents the national government at the local level and as such exercises the powers that are constitutionally attributed to the national government. The prefect issues ordinances written for the application of local law, e. g. to close a building that does not conform to safety codes, or modify vehicular traffic regulations (speed limit, construction permits).
The governing body of the department is the general council Conseil général, which is in charge of the building and maintenance of schools and roads, financial assistance to dependent people (disabled and elderly), and promotion of local economic development, etc. In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division In the past, the prefect was head of the department, however, since 1982, the president of the Conseil général has assumed the role of chief executive of the département.
There is an exception in Paris (Île-de-France) and its three surrounding départements. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city These départements are governed by a single préfecture for law enforcement and security purposes, which is the Prefecture of Police (French: préfet de police). The Prefecture of Police (Préfecture de Police headed by the Prefect of Police ( Préfet de Police) is an agency of the Government of France (and French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people The prefect of police has the power of law enforcement in Paris, which is a power usually invested in the mayor in other French communes. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic.
Until 1977, Paris had no mayor and was mostly ruled by the prefect of police; a situation inherited from the Paris Commune of 1871. The Paris Commune (La Commune de Paris was a Government that briefly ruled Paris from 18 March (more formally from 26 March) to 28 May
The départements are divided into arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons. The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's 341 arrondissements and 100 departments. The chef-lieu d'arrondissement is the subprefecture or sous-préfecture. Subprefectures (sous-préfectures are the administrative towns of arrondissements in France that do not contain the prefecture for its department. The official in charge is the sous-préfet. Cantons have relatively few competences, the most important of which being the local organisation of elections (cantons are electoral subdivisions).