| Portuguese Brazilian |
Anita Garibaldi • Daniela Mercury
No official numbers (the vast majority of Brazilians have some Portuguese ancestry). Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (ʒeˈtulju doɾˈnɛlis vaɾgɐs April 19, 1882 – August 24, 1954) served as president of Marília Pêra (born on January 22, 1943 on Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro) is an award-winning Brazilian actress. Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, pron. ʒoa'kĩ ma'riɐ ma'ʃadu dʒi a'sis often known as Machado de Assis, Machado, or Bruxo do Cosme Velho Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro da Silva di Garibaldi, best known as Anita Garibaldi (August 30 1821 – August 4 1849 was the Brazilian born wife and comrade-in-arms Daniela Mercuri de Almeida Póvoas (born on July 28, 1965 in Salvador
|Regions with significant populations|
|Predominantly Roman Catholic|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Italian Brazilians, German Brazilians, Spanish Brazilians, Polish Brazilians and other European groups. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in Portuguese ( or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain and northern Portugal. An Italian Brazilian ( Italian: Ítalo-Brasiliano, Portuguese: Ítalo-Brasileiro) is a Brazilian citizen of full or partial Italian A German Brazilian ( German: Deutschbrasilianer, Portuguese: teuto-brasileiro or germano-brasileiro) is a Brazilian Spanish-Brazilian ( Spanish: hispanobrasileño, Portuguese: hispano-brasileiro) is a Brazilian person of full partial or predominantly A Polish Brazilian is a Brazilian born person of Polish descent or a Polish -born person with Brazilian citizenship The European peoples are the various Nations and Ethnic groups of Europe.|
Portuguese-Brazilian (Portuguese: luso-brasileiro) is a Portuguese born citizen with Brazilian citizenship or a Brazilian born citizen of Portuguese ancestry or citizenship. Portuguese ( or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain and northern Portugal. Portuguese nationality law is the legal set of rules that regulate acces to Portuguese citizenship which is acquired mainly through descent from a Portuguese parent Brazilians ( brasileiros in Portuguese) are all people born in Brazil Brazilian nationality law is based on the principle of Jus soli. The Portuguese people (os Portugueses literally the Portuguese) are the Ethnic group or Nation native to the country of Portugal, in the west
Portuguese are the main European ethnic group in Brazil. They first appeared in the colonial period, in the 16th century, though most arrived in the early 20th century. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on
On 22 April 1500, the first Portuguese explorer, Pedro Álvares Cabral, disembarked in what nowadays is Porto Seguro, Brazil. Pedro Álvares Cabral (about 1467/1468/1469 &ndash about 1520 ˈpeðɾʊ ˈaɫvɐɾɨʃ kɐˈβɾaɫ in Portuguese, ˈawvaɾiʃ caˈbɾaw in Brazilian) was Porto Seguro is a Municipality in Southeastern Bahia, a NE Brazil state and one of the oldest settlements in Portuguese America |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Initially, the Portuguese believed they had discovered an island, but soon learned they had come across a vast new continent. Unbeknownst to them at the time, they were laying the foundations of what was to become the world's most populous Lusophone nation. A Lusophone (or lusophone) is someone who speaks the Portuguese language natively or by adoption
Throughout the early 16th century, Portuguese emigration to Brazil remained very low. Only a small quantity of Portuguese, often living among the Amerindians, actually settled in Brazil. Some of the earliest colonists for whom we have written records are João Ramalho and Caramuru. João Ramalho is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. Diogo Álvares Correia Diogo Álvares Correia (1475? At the time the Portuguese Crown was focused on securing its highly lucrative Portuguese Empire in Asia, and so did little to protect the newly discovered lands in the Americas from foreign interlopers. The Portuguese Empire was the earliest and longest lived of the modern European colonial empires spanning almost six centuries from the capture of Ceuta As a result, many pirates, mainly French, began dealing in pau brasil with the Amerindians. Legal residents and citizens To be French according to the first article of the Constitution is to be a citizen of France regardless of one's origin race or religion ( Brazilwood or Pau-Brasil, sometimes known as Pernambuco ( Caesalpinia echinata Syn This situation worried Portugal, which in the 1530s started to colonize Brazil, principally for defensive reasons. The towns of Cananéia (1531), São Vicente (1532) and Iguape (1538) date from that period. Cananéia is a beach region at the South of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, near to where the Tordesilhas Line passed Many toponyms in Portuguese speaking countries are named after Saint Vincent, São Vicente in Portuguese: In the North Atlantic, off Iguape is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil.
By the mid-16th century, Portuguese colonists were already settling in significant numbers, mainly along the coastal regions of Brazil. Numerous cities were established, including Salvador (1549), São Paulo (1554) and Rio de Janeiro (1565). São Paulo ( is the largest city in Brazil, with its metropolitan area ranking among the largest urban areas in the world Rio de Janeiro ("River of January" ˈhiw dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu in Brazilian Portuguese, /ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛroʊ/ in English is the second largest city of Brazil While some Portuguese settlers came willingly, many were degredados. Nevertheless, these deported convicts were not thieves and murderers, as is often believed, but rather tended to be people guilty of committing "crimes" against religion or morality. Thus, they were primarily New Christians, individuals accused of witchcraft or sorcery, reprobate priests, blasphemers, homosexuals and adulturers. For other uses see New Christian (Swedenborgian. New Christian ( Spanish: cristianos nuevos; Portuguese, In other words, these exiles were condemned for "criminal" behavior that would not be considered illegal by modern standards.
During the 17th century, most Portuguese settlers in Brazil were relatively wealthy people who moved to the northeastern part of the country to establish the first sugar plantations. Sugar is a class of edible Crystalline substances mainly Sucrose, Lactose, and Fructose. Some were Sephardi Jews who had been expelled from Portugal by the Inquisition. Sephardi Jews ( Hebrew: ספרדי, Standard Səfardi Tiberian Səp̄arədî; plural The term Inquisition can refer to any one of several institutions charged with trying and convicting heretics within the Roman Catholic Church and The city of Recife, in particular, had a thriving Jewish community, which founded the first synagogue in the Americas, i. Recife ( heˈsifi is the fifth largest Metropolitan area in Brazil and the capital of the state of Pernambuco. PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ e. the Kahal Zur Israel Synagogue. Kahal Zur Israel (קהל צור ישראל lit Rock of Israel) was the first Jewish congregation in the " New World " Some Portuguese-Gypsies also immigrated to Brazil during this period.
Most of these Portuguese were men. The number of Portuguese women in Brazil during the colonial period was low. For that reason, many Portuguese men had relationships with Amerindian women and, later, with female African slaves, which then resulted in racial miscegenation.
In the 18th century, immigration to Brazil from Portugal increased dramatically. The 18th century lasted from 1701 to 1800 in the Gregorian calendar, in accordance with the Anno Domini / Common Era numbering system Many gold and diamond mines were discovered in the region of Minas Gerais, which then led to the arrival of not only Portuguese, but also of native-born Brazilians. Gold (ˈɡoʊld is a Chemical element with the symbol Au (from its Latin name aurum) and Atomic number 79 In Mineralogy, diamond is the allotrope of carbon where the carbon atoms are arranged in Mining is the extraction of valuable Minerals or other geological materials from the earth usually (but not always from an Ore body Minas Gerais is one of the 26 states of Brazil, the second most populous and fourth largest by area in the federation Regarding the former, most were peasants from the Minho region in Northern Portugal. In the beginning, Portugal stimulated the immigration of minhotos to Brazil. After some time, however, the number of departures was so great that the Portuguese Crown had to establish barriers to further immigration. Most of these Portuguese involved in the goldrush ended up settling in Minas Gerais and in the Center-West region of Brazil, where they founded dozens of cities such as Ouro Preto, Congonhas, Mariana, São João del Rei, Tiradentes, Goiás, etc. A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of Gold. Vila Rica do Ouro Preto (from Portuguese, Rich Village of the Black Gold is a city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, a former colonial Mining There is another settlement called Congonhas in Minas Gerais state north of Belo Horizonte (see Congonhas do Norte) and yet another in Santa Catarina state São João del-Rei also spelled São João del Rey or São João del Rei is a historical city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Goiás (goˈjajs is a state of Brazil, located in the central part of the country
Between 1748 and 1756, approximately 6,000 settlers from the Azores Islands arrived in the Southern Region of Brazil. The Azores ( Açores ɐˈsoɾɨʃ or) is a Portuguese Archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, about 1500 km (950  mi) from See also Southern (subnational entity to see other types The majority, composed of small farmers and fishermen, settled along the litoral of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul states. (ˈsɐ̃ta kataˈɾina is a state in southern Brazil with one of the highest standards of living in the country (ʁiu ˈgɾɐ̃de do ˈsuɫ lit "Large River of the South" is the southernmost State of Brazil, and the State with the fourth highest Human Development Florianópolis and Porto Alegre were founded by Azoreans, who accounted for over half of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina's population in the late 18th century. Florianópolis ( Nicknamed Floripa) is the capital city of Santa Catarina State in southern Brazil. Porto Alegre ( is the 10th largest city in Brazil, and the capital city of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. Unlike previous trends, in the south entire Portuguese families came to seek a better life for themselves, not just men. In passing, a small settlement of Macanese people from Macau also occurred. Macanese ( "people of Macau" can be a general term for the residents or natives of Macau, a special administrative region of the People's Republic For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Macau topics.
During this period, the number of Portuguese women in Brazil increased, which resulted in a larger white population. This was especially true in Southern Brazil.
A significant immigration of very rich Portuguese to Brazil occurred in 1808, when Queen Maria I of Portugal and her son and regent, the future João VI of Portugal, fleeing from Napoleon, relocated to Brazil with 15,000 members of the royal family, nobles and government and established themselves in Rio de Janeiro. Year 1808 ( MDCCCVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Maria I ( December 17, 1734 – March 20, 1816) was Queen of Portugal and the Algarves from 1777 until her death John VI (13 May 1767 &ndash 10 March 1826 ( Portuguese João, ʒʊˈɐ̃ũ the Clement ( Port Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821 was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the History of Europe. Rio de Janeiro ("River of January" ˈhiw dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu in Brazilian Portuguese, /ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛroʊ/ in English is the second largest city of Brazil They returned to Portugal in 1821, and in 1822 Brazil became independent. Year 1821 ( MDCCCXXI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year Year 1822 (MDCCCXXII was a Common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Sunday of the Thousands of ordinary Portuguese settlers left Brazil after independence.
After independence in 1822, immigration to Brazil from Portugal continued and, instead of a decrease, the Portuguese population actually increased significantly. In 1850, the traffic of African slaves to Brazil was forbidden, and the Brazilian Government worked towards attracting European immigration to Brazil in order to obtain workers for the coffee plantations that were spreading enormously in the region. Slavery is a social-economic system under which certain persons — known as slaves — are deprived of personal freedom and compelled to perform labour or services CoFFEE is an Open source Software for computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL in a digital classroom Consequently, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, hundreds of thousands of Portuguese immigrated to Brazil. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar The twentieth century of the Common Era began on Most of them were peasants from the rural areas of Portugal and tended to immigrate as entire families. The majority settled in urban centers, mainly in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, working mainly as small traders. São Paulo ( is the largest city in Brazil, with its metropolitan area ranking among the largest urban areas in the world Rio de Janeiro ("River of January" ˈhiw dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu in Brazilian Portuguese, /ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛroʊ/ in English is the second largest city of Brazil They and their descendants were quick to organize themselves and establish mutual aid societies (such as the Casas de Portugal), hospitals (e. g. Beneficência Portuguesa, libraries (e. g. Real Gabinete Português de Leitura), newspapers, magazines and even soccer teams, including the Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama in Rio de Janeiro and the Associação Portuguesa de Desportos in São Paulo. Associação Portuguesa de Desportos, usually called Portuguesa or Lusa, is a Sports club, and a traditional Brazilian football team from
In the 1930s, the Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas created a law that established difficulties to the settlement of immigrants in Brazil. Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1930 ( MCMXXX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (ʒeˈtulju doɾˈnɛlis vaɾgɐs April 19, 1882 – August 24, 1954) served as president of This law made Portuguese immigration decline. However, between 1940 and 1960 (when António de Oliveira Salazar ruled as dictator), thousands of Portuguese, even from their African possessions and Macau, still immigrated to Brazil. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. António de Oliveira Salazar, GColIH, GCTE, GCSE, pron. ɐ̃'tɔniu dɨ oli'vɐiɾɐ sɐlɐ'zaɾ After that, with the growth of the Portuguese economy, very few Portuguese immigrants settled in Brazil, and in the present day, the movement is mostly in the reverse direction. See Brazilian diaspora. The Brazilian diaspora refers to the migration of Brazilians to other countries a fairly recent phenomenon that has been driven mainly by economic problems that have afflicted Brazil
|Portuguese immigration to Brazil from the beginning of colonization, in 1500, until present day in 1990|
Source: Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE)
Brazil was colonized by Portugal, and both countries share many cultural aspects: the language, the main religion and many traditions. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. After independence, the elite of Brazil, even though they were of Portuguese descent, tried to diminish the Portuguese culture in the new country, and establish a Brazilian culture, different from that of Portugal. Portuguese immigration to Brazil has occurred since the 15th century. Since then, the Portuguese mixed a lot with other ethnic groups of Brazil, first with the Amerindians later with Africans. For indigenous peoples in the United States other than Hawaii and Alaska see also Native Americans in the United States. The term African people can refer to people who live in Africa, or people who trace their ancestry to Indigenous inhabitants of Africa.
From the 19th century, their Portuguese-Brazilian descendants mixed with other European immigrants in Brazil, such as Italians and Germans and, from 20th century, Asian settlers (mostly Japanese). The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar The European peoples are the various Nations and Ethnic groups of Europe. An Italian Brazilian ( Italian: Ítalo-Brasiliano, Portuguese: Ítalo-Brasileiro) is a Brazilian citizen of full or partial Italian A German Brazilian ( German: Deutschbrasilianer, Portuguese: teuto-brasileiro or germano-brasileiro) is a Brazilian The twentieth century of the Common Era began on For all these reasons, many Portuguese-Brazilians of old ancestry do not know or are not interested about their Portuguese ancestry and do not have much affinity with Portugal, different from other more recent immigrant groups in Brazil, such as Japanese Brazilians, who are for the most part, still connected with Japan. A Japanese Brazilian' (日系ブラジル人 in Kanji and Kana Japanese writing nikkei burajiru-jin in Rōmaji Japanese For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics.
The more recent immigrant groups of Portuguese in Brazil, the Portuguese colony, keep a close relation with Portugal and the Portuguese culture mainly through the Casa de Portugal.  Several events also take place to keep a cultural interchange between Portuguese and Brazilian Students, and between the Portuguese community in Brazil and Portugal. There are many Portuguese associations "Associações Portuguesas" in Brazil. Other institutions preserve the cultural heritage of the Portuguese community like the "Real Gabinete" and the Liceu Literário. 
Today, news online like "Mundo Lusíada" keeps the Portuguese immigrants informed about the many cultural events of the Portuguese community in Brazil. The recent Portuguese immigrant groups are very connected with Portugal. The Portuguese people (os Portugueses literally the Portuguese) are the Ethnic group or Nation native to the country of Portugal, in the west Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. A recent analysis suggests that the more recent Portuguese immigrants (from 1900 onwards) had "low rates of intermarriage with native Brazilians and other immigrants". Year 1900 ( MCM) was an exceptional Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar 
Many Portuguese who had a significant importance in the Brazilian culture are known in Brazil as being Brazilians. This way, much of the Portuguese people influence and contribution has been systematically erased from the Brazilian culture. Tomás Antônio Gonzaga, Padre António Vieira, Carmen Miranda are some of the Portuguese who are presented as Brazilians. Tomás Antônio Gonzaga (1744-1809 was a Portuguese poet. A native of Oporto, Portugal, Gonzaga was son of a Judge born in Father António Vieira, pron. ɐ̃'tɔniu vi'ɐiɾɐ ( February 6, 1608, Lisbon, Portugal - July 18, 1697, Carmen Miranda, pron. 'kaɾme͂j mi'rɐ͂dɐ (February 9 1909 – August 5 1955 birth name Maria do Carmo The Brazilian culture is in large part derived from the Portuguese culture and for the similarities between both cultures and the relatively easy integration of immigrants in Brazil makes it nearly impossible for some to keep a separate Portuguese identity. Brazilian culture is a culture of a very diverse nature An ethnic and cultural mixing occurred in the colonial period between Native Americans, Portuguese The culture of Portugal is rooted in the Latin culture of Ancient Rome, with a Celtiberian background (a mixture of pre-Roman Celts and Starting from the second generation, Portuguese descendants start seeing themselves as purely Brazilians.
Nowadays, the Brazilian culture is present in the Portuguese one. On the other hand, little is known in Brazil about the modern Portuguese culture. Brazilian music, Brazilian telenovelas, movies and traditions are known in Portugal and are seen as any other North American, European or African programs. The Music of Brazil encompasses various regional Music styles influenced by African European and Amerindian forms A telenovela is a limited-run Television serial Melodrama of the type made famous in Latin America. Even the different words used in Brazilian Portuguese are now being adopted in the European Portuguese. Brazilian Portuguese ( Language code pt-BR Portuguese: português brasileiro or português do Brasil) is a group of Portuguese European Portuguese (português europeu in Portuguese is a group of Portuguese dialects spoken mainly in Portugal but also in places of Africa and Asia
There are many Portuguese-born people in Brazil. In the 2000 census, there were 200,000 Portuguese immigrants in Brazil, most of them immigrated to Brazil in the middle 20th century, and the community is in full decline, because the majority of them are old people. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on
In fact, it is almost impossible to know the number of Portuguese-Brazilians, because the Portuguese have been a presence in Brazil since the 15th century. Estimates say that at least 35 million Brazilians have Portuguese ancestors who settled in Brazil after 1850. Brazilians ( brasileiros in Portuguese) are all people born in Brazil |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld For the game see 1850 (board game. 1850 ( MDCCCL) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link A far higher number of Brazilians have Portuguese ancestry dating back even earlier.
In recent years, some Portuguese pensioners have been moving to Brazil, mainly to the northeast, attracted by the tropical weather and the beaches. The Portuguese people (os Portugueses literally the Portuguese) are the Ethnic group or Nation native to the country of Portugal, in the west The Tropics are centered on the Equator and limited in Latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere at approximately 23°26' (23 
The biggest immigrant community in Portugal is the Brazilian with more than 67 thousand Brazilians resident in 2004 and an estimated 80 thousand in 2007. More than 40 thousand also living in Portugal are waiting to be legalized. (Casa do Brasil 2007)
There are no official figures about how many Brazilians have Portuguese roots. This is mainly because the immigration to Brazil from Portugal is very old, making it almost impossible to find correct numbers. Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. By the way, many Brazilians do not know or are not interested about their Portuguese ancestry. Even with Portuguese heritage, many Portuguese-Brazilians identify themselves as being simply Brazilians, since Portuguese culture was a dominant cultural influence in the formation of Brazil (like many Americans which though of British ancestry will never describe themselves as of British extraction, but only as "Americans"). The United States of America —commonly referred to as the See also Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain (Breatainn Mhòr Prydain Fawr Breten Veur Graet Breetain is the larger of the two main islands
In 1872, there were 3. 7 million Whites in Brazil (the vast majority of them of Portuguese ancestry), 4. White People is the second album by Handsome Boy Modeling School. 1 million mixed-race people (mostly of Portuguese-African ancestry) and 1. The terms multiracial and mixed-race describe people whose ancestries come from different races. Afro-Brazilian, or Black Brazilian, is the term used to racially categorize Brazilian citizens who are black or Multiracial 9 million Blacks. These numbers give the percentage of 80% of people with total or partial Portuguese ancestry in Brazil in the 1870s. Events and Trends Technology The invention of the prototype telephone by Alexander G 
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a new large wave of immigrants from Portugal arrived. From 1881 to 1991, over 1. 5 million Portuguese immigrated to Brazil. In 1906, for example, there were 133,393 Portuguese-born people living in Rio de Janeiro, comprising 16% of the city's population. Rio de Janeiro ("River of January" ˈhiw dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu in Brazilian Portuguese, /ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛroʊ/ in English is the second largest city of Brazil Rio is, still today, considered the largest "Portuguese city" outside of Portugal itself. 
Genetic studies also confirm the strong Portuguese racial influence in Brazilians. According to a study, at least half of the Brazilian population's Y Chromosome comes from Portugal. The Y chromosome is the sex-determining Chromosome in most Mammals including Humans In mammals it contains the gene SRY, which triggers Black Brazilians have an average of 48% non-African genes, most of them may come from Portuguese ancestors. Afro-Brazilian, or Black Brazilian, is the term used to racially categorize Brazilian citizens who are black or Multiracial 
The fact that the most common surnames in Brazil are Portuguese leads one to assume those of Portuguese background predominate in the country. Surnames are unique and there are thousands of them all over the world
Most notable Brazilians are at least partially of Portuguese descent. However, for the sake of brevity, the following list only mentions a few well-known individuals who were either born in Portugal or who have close Portuguese ancestry, i. e. 1st or 2nd generation.
The following Portuguese people were either born in Brazil when it belonged to the Portuguese empire, thus Portuguese, or in Kingdom of Portugal. In the History of Brazil, Colonial Brazil comprises the period from 1500 with the arrival of the Portuguese, until 1815 when Brazil was elevated The Portuguese Empire was the earliest and longest lived of the modern European colonial empires spanning almost six centuries from the capture of Ceuta The Kingdom of Portugal was Portugal 's general designation under the monarchy. At this time to be a Brazilian was to be a Portuguese born in Brazil. In the History of Brazil, Colonial Brazil comprises the period from 1500 with the arrival of the Portuguese, until 1815 when Brazil was elevated
Although still born under the Portuguese empire,with the the independence of Brazil they acquired the Brazilian nationality: