|Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I|
|Gustav Klimt, 1907|
|Oil, silver, and gold on canvas|
|138 × 138 cm, 54 × 54 in|
Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I is a painting by Gustav Klimt completed in 1907. Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e Gustav Klimt (July 14 1862 – February 6 1918 was an Austrian Symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Art Nouveau Year 1907 ( MCMVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year According to press reports it was sold for US$135 million to Ronald Lauder for his Neue Galerie in New York City in June 2006, which made it at that time the most expensive painting ever sold. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Ronald Steven Lauder (born February 26 1944 in New York City) is an American businessman civic leader Philanthropist, and Art collector The Neue Galerie New York ( German: "New Gallery" is a museum of early twentieth-century German and Austrian art and design located at 86th Street The City of New York This is a list of the highest prices paid for Paintings Very valuable paintings if sold are usually sold at Auctions.  It has been on display at the gallery since July 2006.
Klimt took three years to complete the painting. It measures 138 x 138 cm and is made of oil and gold on canvas, showing elaborate and complex ornamentation as seen in the Jugendstil style. A centimetre ( American spelling: centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one hundredth Art Nouveau ( nu vo anglicised /ˈɑːt nuːvəu/ ( French for 'new art' also known as Jugendstil ( German for 'youth style' is an international Klimt was a member of the Vienna Secession, a group of artists that broke away from the traditional way of painting. The Vienna Secession (also known as the Union of Austrian Artists, or Vereiningung Bildender Künstler Österreichs) was formed in 1897 by a group of Austrian artists The picture was painted in Vienna and commissioned by Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer. Vienna ( in Wien; see also other names) is the Capital of Austria, and is also one of the nine States of Austria. As a wealthy industrialist who had made his fortune in the sugar industry, he sponsored the arts and favored and supported Gustav Klimt. Adele Bloch-Bauer became the only model who was painted twice by Klimt when he completed a second picture of her, Adele Bloch-Bauer II, in 1912. Adele Bloch-Bauer II is a 1912 painting by Gustav Klimt. Adele Bloch-Bauer was the wife of Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer who was a wealthy industrialist who sponsored the
Adele Bloch-Bauer had indicated in her will that Klimt's paintings should be donated to the Austrian State Gallery. The Österreichische Galerie Belvedere is a Museum housed in the Belvedere palace, in Vienna, Austria.  She died in 1925 from meningitis. When the Nazis took over Austria, her widowed husband had to flee to Switzerland. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich His property, including the Klimt paintings, was confiscated. In his 1945 testament, Bloch-Bauer designated his nephew and nieces, including Maria Altmann, as the inheritors of his estate. Maria Altmann (born 18 February 1916) was a refugee of Nazi Austria, living in the Netherlands briefly before moving to Hollywood 
As Bloch-Bauer's pictures had remained in Austria, the government took the position that the testament of Adele Bloch-Bauer had determined that these pictures were to stay there. After a protracted court battle in the United States and in Austria (see Republic of Austria v. Altmann), binding arbitration by the Austrian court established in 2006 that Maria Altmann was the rightful owner of this and four other paintings by Klimt. Republic of Austria v Altmann, 541 US 677 ( 2004) was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the Foreign Sovereign  After the pictures were sent to America, they were on display in Los Angeles in 2006 before the portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer was sold to Lauder.
The painting will be a centerpiece in Ronald Lauder’s collection for his Neue Galerie in New York. Ronald Steven Lauder (born February 26 1944 in New York City) is an American businessman civic leader Philanthropist, and Art collector The Neue Galerie New York ( German: "New Gallery" is a museum of early twentieth-century German and Austrian art and design located at 86th Street This collection has for years attempted to recover Jewish-owned art, mostly from Germany and Austria, that had been confiscated or looted by the Nazi government. Lauder worked towards this goal while he was the US ambassador to Austria, as a member of the “World Jewish Restitution Organization", and as a member of a Clinton commission to examine cases of Nazi looting. Lauder’s comment on the acquisition for his Neue Gallerie collection: “This is our Mona Lisa”. Mona Lisa (also known as La Gioconda) is a 16th century portrait painted in oil on a Poplar panel by 
In June 2006 New York's Neue Galerie is reported to have paid $135m for the fifth looted Klimt portrait, Adele Bloch-Bauer I. Adele Bloch-Bauer II sold for almost $88m in November 2006 at Christie's.
Maria Altmann's remarkable story and justice against all odds was made into a documentary movie "Stealing Klimt", which was released 2007. The movie featured interviews with Maria Altmann herself, Count Hubertus Czernin, Tina Walzer, Randol Schoenberg and others who were closely involved with the story.