Portland Harbour is located beside the Isle of Portland, off Dorset, on the south coast of England. Castletown is a small Village in Underhill on the Isle of Portland in Dorset. The Isle of Portland ( is a limestone tied island long by wide in the English Channel. Dorset ( (or archaically, Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland It is one of the largest man-made harbours in the world. Grid reference: SY 685 765. The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude
The original harbour was formed by the protection offered by the south coast of England, Chesil Beach and the Isle of Portland. Chesil Beach, sometimes called Chesil Bank, is a Tombolo in Dorset, southern England. The Isle of Portland ( is a limestone tied island long by wide in the English Channel. This gave protection from the weather to ships from all directions except the east. King Henry VIII built Portland Castle and Sandsfoot Castle to defend this anchorage. Henry VIII (28 June 1491 &ndash 28 January 1547 was King of England and Lord of Ireland, later King of Ireland and claimant to the Kingdom of Portland Castle is one of the Device Forts built in 1539 by Henry VIII on the Isle of Portland to guard the natural Portland anchorage known Sandfoot Castle is one of Henry VIII 's Device Forts built in the 1530s to the west of Weymouth, Dorset, opposite its contemporary Portland
Construction of the modern harbour began in 1849 when the Royal Navy created a breakwater to the south of the anchorage, made of blocks from local quarries on the Isle of Portland. Year 1849 ( MDCCCXLIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore known as the Senior Service) Breakwaters are structures constructed on coasts as part of coastal defence or to protect an anchorage from the effects of Weather and Longshore drift. The Isle of Portland ( is a limestone tied island long by wide in the English Channel. This was completed in 1872 and created a much larger harbour providing protection from south-easterly winds. Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year The Verne Citadel fort, Nothe Fort, East Wear Battery, High Angle Battery and two forts on the breakwaters were also built. Verne Citadel is a Citadel on the Isle of Portland, Dorset, England. Nothe Fort is a Fort in Weymouth, Dorset, England. The fort is situated on the shore beside the northern breakwater of the ex-military East Wear Battery is a gun battery to the east of the Verne Citadel on the Isle of Portland, in Dorset, England. The High Angle Battery is a derelict Fort built in 1892 on the Isle of Portland in Dorset, England.
In 1906, with the threat of torpedo attack from the eastern side of the anchorage, two more breakwaters were added. Year 1906 ( MCMVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting The modern torpedo (historically called an automotive automobile locomotive or fish torpedo is a self-propelled explosive Projectile weapon launched above or below A further barrier against submarine attack from the south came in 1914 when HMS Hood was scuttled across the southern entrance to the 1848 breakwater. A submarine is a Watercraft that can operate independently below water as distinct from a Submersible that has only limited underwater capability Year 1914 ( MCMXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Design HMS Hood was laid down at Chatham Dockyard on 12 August 1889
The harbour is a popular location for wind surfing, diving and sailing, as Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy which will host sailing events in the 2012 Olympic Games, is located on the south-western shore of the harbour. Design HMS Hood was laid down at Chatham Dockyard on 12 August 1889 Chesil Beach, sometimes called Chesil Bank, is a Tombolo in Dorset, southern England. Lyme Bay is an area of the English Channel situated in the southwest of England between Torbay in the west and Portland in the east Windsurfing is a surface water sport using a windsurf board also commonly called a sailboard usually two to five meters long and powered by a single sail Diving off a deck into the Great South Bay of Long Islandjpg|thumb|A man dives into the Great South Bay of Long Island. Sailing is the art of controlling a Sailing vessel. By changing the Rigging, Rudder and dagger or centre board a Sailor manages the force Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy is a centre for the sport of sailing on the Isle of Portland, Dorset, on the south coast
In addition to Hood, there are other wrecks around the harbour:
The only Victoria Cross ever awarded for action in the United Kingdom was posthumously bestowed on Jack Foreman Mantle who died at his post on HMS Foylebank during a 1940 air raid on Portland Harbour. Design HMS Hood was laid down at Chatham Dockyard on 12 August 1889 BARGE, the Big August RecGambling Excursion is a yearly convention held in Las Vegas during the first weekend of August The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Landing craft are Boats and seagoing vehicles used to convey a Landing force ( Infantry and Vehicles) from the sea to the shore during an D-Day may also refer to Decimal Day in the United Kingdom. D-Day is a term often used in Military parlance to denote Normandy (Normandie Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region corresponding to the former Duchy of Normandy. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore known as the Senior Service) History Since 400 AD Chinese children have played with bamboo flying toys. Design and construction Himalaya had been planned as a paddle steamer but that design was becoming outdated and she was altered to screw propulsion while she was still See below the section "Separate Commonwealth awards" Note that since Jack Foreman Mantle VC ( 12 April 1917 - 4 July 1940) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Mantle's grave can be found in the Portland Naval Cemetery.