German poltern, meaning to rumble or make noise, and Geist, meaning "ghost", "spirit", or "embodiment") denotes a spirit or ghost that manifests itself by moving and influencing objects. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Geist ( German gaɪ̯st is a German word that does not translate very well into English A ghost is said to be the apparition of a Deceased person frequently similar in appearance to that person and usually encountered in places she or he frequented The English word " spirit " comes from the Latin " spiritus " (breath The soul, according to many religious and philosophical beliefs is the self-awareness, or Consciousness, unique to a particular living A ghost is said to be the apparition of a Deceased person frequently similar in appearance to that person and usually encountered in places she or he frequented(from
Historically, several different hypotheses have been put forward to explain the poltergeist phenomenon.
A pamphlet printed in London in 1698 by Mr. Ricard Chamberlain provides an account of a poltergeist-type haunting that had occurred some years before. Two copies of the pamphlet exist in the British Museum called: "Lithobolia, or stone throwing Devil. The British Museum is a Museum of human history and culture in London. Lithobolia is the title of a pamphlet printed in London 1698 by Mr Being an Exact and True account (by way of Journal) of the various actions of infernal Spirits or (Devils Incarnate) Witches or both: and the great Disturbance and Amazement they gave to George Walton's family at a place called Great Island in the province of New Hampshire in New England, chiefly in throwing about (by an Invisible hand) Stones, Bricks, and Brick-Bats of all sizes, with several other things, as Hammers, Mauls, Iron-Crows, Spits, and other Utensils, as came into their Hellish minds, and this for space of a quarter of a year. New Hampshire ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. History See also History of New England New England's earliest inhabitants were Algonquian -speaking Native Americans including the . . . ", some cases, these types of spirits share aspects with elves and goblins. An elf is a creature of Norse mythology. The elves were originally imagined as a race of minor nature and fertility gods, who are often pictured as youthful-seeming A goblin is an evil crabby or Mischievous Creature of Folklore, often described as a grotesquely disfigured or Gnome -like phantom
Poltergeist activity tends to occur around a single person called an agent or a focus.  Foci are often, but not limited to, pubescent children. Almost seventy years of research by the Rhine Research Center in Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina, has led to the hypothesis among parapsychologists that the "poltergeist effect" is a form of psychokinesis generated by a living human mind (that of the agent). The Rhine Research Center Institute for Parapsychology (successor to the Parapsychology Laboratory at Duke University in Durham North Carolina, and Rhine's North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States A hypothesis (from Greek) consists either of a suggested explanation for a phenomenon (an event that is observable or of a reasoned proposal suggesting a possible The term psychokinesis (from the Greek ψυχή, "psyche" meaning mind soul heart or breath; and κίνησις, "kinesis" According to researchers at the Rhine Center, the "poltergeist effect" is the outward manifestation of psychological trauma. . This could mean either the agent himself has fabricated such a belief/experience, or the poltergeist may have been discovered by people other than the principle agent himself and passed along to him(with or without his knowledge)
Poltergeists might simply exist, like the "elementals" described by occultists. An elemental is a mythological being first appearing in the alchemical works of Paracelsus. List of notable Occultists and mystics. This is a list of notable people whether contemporary historical or legendary who are or were involved in any of
Another version posits that poltergeists originate after a person dies in a powerful rage at the time of death. According to yet another opinion, ghosts and poltergeists are "recordings. A ghost is said to be the apparition of a Deceased person frequently similar in appearance to that person and usually encountered in places she or he frequented " When there is a powerful emotion, sometimes at death and sometimes not, a recording is believed to be "embedded" in a place or, somehow, in the "fabric of time" itself. This recording will continue to play over and over again until the energy embedded disperses.
However some poltergeists have had the ability to articulate themselves and to have distinct personalities, which suggests some sort of self-awareness and intent. Practitioners of astral projection have reported the existence of unfriendly astral life forms, which Robert Bruce called "negs" (whom we might also identify with elementals). Astral projection (or astral travel) is an esoteric interpretation of a type of Out-of-body experience that assumes the existence of an " Astral Robert Bruce (born 1955 is an English -born New Age author living in Australia. If they exist, these may well have the ability to affect the physical world.
Poltergeists are ghosts that make noises or move objects through the air. A fairy (also fay, fey, fae, faerie; collectively wee folk, good folk, people of peace, fair Undead is a collective name for fictional beings that are deceased yet behave as if alive is the title of a series of Horror films by Japanese director Takashi Shimizu. While ghost hunters are ghost hunting it is sometimes dangerous if there is a poltergeist around. Some scientists and skeptics propose that all poltergeist activity that they can't trace to fraud has a physical explanation such as static electricity, electromagnetic fields, ultra-, and infrasound and/or ionized air. Electrostatics is the branch of Science that deals with the Phenomena arising from what seems to be stationary Electric charges Since Classical Electromagnetism is the Physics of the Electromagnetic field: a field which exerts a Force on particles that possess the property of Not to be confused with Supersonic. Ultrasound is cyclic Sound pressure with a Frequency greater than the upper Infrasound is Sound with a Frequency too low to be heard by the human Ear. In some cases, such as the Rosenheim poltergeist case, the physicist F. Karger from the Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik and G. Zicha from the Technical University of Munich found none of these effects present and psi proponents claim that no evidence of fraud was ever found, even after a sustained investigation from the police force and CID, though criminologist Herbert Schäfer quotes an unnamed detective watching the agent pushing a lamp when she thought nobody was looking. Munich (München; Minga is the capital city of Bavaria, Germany. Psi is a term from Parapsychology derived from the Greek, ψ psi twenty-third letter of the Greek alphabet; from the Greek ψυχή Schools of thought In the mid-18th century criminology arose as social philosophers gave thought to crime and concepts of law However, whether this is true or not, police officers did sign statements that they had witnessed the phenomena. Other aspects of the case were hard to explain: The time service was rung hundreds of times, with a frequency impossible with the mechanical dialing phones of 1967. The municipal authority disconnected the office from the mains supply and hooked it up to a dedicated generator hoping to stabilize the current. But surges in current and voltage still occurred with no detectable cause according to Zicha and Karger. Others think poltergeist phenomena could be caused by more mundane phenomena, such as unusual air currents, air vibrations such as in acoustic levitation, or tremors caused by underground streams. [Citation Needed]
John Hutchinson has claimed that he has created poltergeist effects in his laboratory. John Hutchison is a Canadian inventor known for his claims of inventions and discoveries of a variety of extraordinary phenomena which other researchers - and often Hutchison himself Also worth noting is that scientist David Turner proposes that poltergeists and ball lightning may be linked phenomena. Ball lightning is an atmospheric electrical phenomenon the physical nature of which is still Controversial.  Some scientists go as far as calling them pseudo-psychic phenomena and claim that under some circumstances they are caused by obscure physical effects.  Parapsychologists William G. Roll and Dean Radin, physicist Hal Puthoff and head of electrical engineering at Duke University who specializes in electromagnetic field phenomena, claim that poltergeist phenomena [the movement of objects at least] could be caused by anomalies in the zero-point field,  this is outlined in the above article and in Roll's book Unleashed and mention is made of it in a chapter of Dean Radin's book Entangled Minds. Dean Radin (born February 29, 1952) is a researcher and author in the field of Parapsychology. A physicist is a Scientist who studies or practices Physics. Physicists study a wide range of physical phenomena in many branches of physics spanning Harold E Puthoff, PhD (born 20 June 1936) is an American physicist who earlier in his career was involved in research on paranormal topics Electrical engineering, sometimes referred to as electrical and electronic engineering, is a field of Engineering that deals with the study and application of Duke University is a private Research University located in Durham, North Carolina, United States. The basic theory is that poltergeist movements are repulsive versions of the casimir effect that can put pressures on objects. Thus, anomalies in this field could conceivably move objects. This theory has also been mentioned in the current book on paranormal phenomena Science by Marie D. Jones. 
The theory is not complete, however, because it accounts for the movement of objects but not for the strange voices, seeming personality, and strange electrical effects displayed in some cases.
Skeptics think that the phenomena are hoaxes perpetrated by the agent. John Hutchison is a Canadian inventor known for his claims of inventions and discoveries of a variety of extraordinary phenomena which other researchers - and often Hutchison himself Indeed, some poltergeist agents have been caught by investigators in the act of throwing objects. A few of them later confessed to faking.
Skeptics maintain that parapsychologists are especially easy to fool when they think that many occurrences are real and discount the hoax hypothesis from the outset. Even after witnessing first hand an agent throwing objects, psi-believing parapsychologists rationalize the fact away by assuming that the agents are only cheating when caught cheating, and when you do not catch them, the phenomenon is genuine. One reason given is that the agents often fake phenomena when the investigation coincides with a period of time where there appears to be little or no 'genuine' phenomena occurring. Another stated reason is that some of the phenomena witnessed would be hard to fake, even for magicians when under the watch of many people, let alone untrained children and non-magicians.
The current most agreed upon hypothesis among most scientists is a mixture of the self-delusion and hoax hypothesis and a bit of the caused by scientifically explained forces hypothesis [tremors, abnormal air currents etc ]
William Roll, Hans Bender, and Harry Price are perhaps three of the most famous poltergeist investigators in the annals of parapsychology. William G Roll (born July 3, 1926) is a noted psychologist and parapsychologist on the faculty of the Psychology Department of the University of West Georgia Hans Bender ( 5 February 1907 &ndash 7 May 1991) was a German lecturer on the subject of Parapsychology, who was also responsible Harry Price ( January 17, 1881 – March 29, 1948) was a British psychic researcher and author Harry Price investigated Borley Rectory which is often called "the most haunted house in England. Borley Rectory, was a Victorian era mansion located in the village of Borley, Essex, England. "
In the Rosenheim case of 1967 , Dr. Friedbert Karger was one of two physicists from the Max Planck Institute who helped to investigate perhaps the most validated poltergeist case in recorded history. The Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e Annemarie Schneider, a 19-year-old secretary in a law firm in Rosenheim (a small town in southern Germany) was seemingly the unwitting cause of much chaos in the firm, including disruption of electricity and telephone lines, the rotation of a picture, swinging lamps which were captured on video (which was one of the first times any poltergeist activity has been captured on film), and strange sounds that sounded electrical in origin were recorded. Rosenheim Poltergeist is one of the best documented Poltergeist -infestations in Germany or indeed the world Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Fraud was not proven despite intensive investigation by the physicists, journalists, and the police. The effects moved with the young woman when she changed jobs until they finally faded out.
Friedbert Karger's whole perspective on physics changed after investigating the events. "These experiments were really a challenge to physics," Karger says today. "What we saw in the Rosenheim case could be 100 per cent shown not to be explainable by known physics. " . The phenomena were witnessed by Hans Bender, the police force, the CID, reporters, and the physicists. The claims were aired in a documentary in 1975 in a series called "Leap in the Dark. "
Although poltergeist stories date back to the first century, most evidence to support the existence of poltergeists is anecdotal, which is hardly surprising as the nature of the phenomenon is unpredictable and sporadic. Indeed, many of the stories below have several versions and/or inconsistencies; however there are a few that do not, for example, the Miami poltergeist has event records signed by all witnesses as to the way things happened. These witnesses include police officers, a skeptical magician, and workers at the warehouse. The Rosenheim case is another, with multiple witnesses and unexplained electric and telephonic phenomena.
Although some parapsychologists suggest that poltergeists could be a form of recurrent PK, there is very little evidence for PK recorded on film or witnessed by objective parties. There are famous poltergeist cases where the activity was seen by objective parties and even skeptics.
Both the name and concept of the poltergeist became famous to modern audiences in the Poltergeist movies and the subsequent TV series Poltergeist: The Legacy. The Poltergeist movies are a trilogy of Horror films produced in the 1980s Poltergeist The Legacy is a Canadian / American horror Television series which ran from 1996 to 1999 The first Poltergeist movie actually gave an excellent depiction (during the first half of the film) of a "typical" poltergeist infestation, right down to the depiction of the focus as a prepubescent girl.
Poltergeist is Monster in My Pocket #117. The Poltergeist movies are a trilogy of Horror films produced in the 1980s Earthworm Jim 3D is to date the last console game in the Earthworm Jim series Monster in My Pocket is a media franchise developed by Morrison Entertainment Group headed by Joe Morrison and John Weems (two former senior executives at Mattel) It resembles the long-limbed, yellow creature outside the hall door glimpsed briefly in the 1982 film.
Poltergeists are the subject of some episodes of The X-Files. The X-Files is a Peabody, Golden Globe and Emmy Award -winning American Science fiction television series created by Chris Carter
Dean Koontz's Odd Thomas encounters many poltergeists in his adventures. Odd Thomas is a fictional character who first appeared in Dean Koontz 's novel of the same name Odd Thomas. Most notably, the ghost of a killer, Odd, was tracking and a nameless ghost with a buzz cut who wrecks the Panamint Casino when Datura verbally abuses and belittles the ghost of an Indian waitress. A buzz cut (sometimes known as a wiffle or Crew cut) is the American name for a type of Haircut
There is a poltergeist named Peeves in the Harry Potter books. Magical creatures comprise a colourful and integral aspect of the Wizarding world in the Harry Potter series by J Harry Potter is a series of seven Fantasy novels written by British author J Peeves, however, does not conform to the classic definition of a poltergeist. The fact that he manifests visually would seem to indicate that he is something similar to a ghost, though J.K. Rowling has stated that a poltergeist is not the ghost of any person who has ever lived. Joanne "Jo" Rowling OBE (born 31 July 1965 who writes under the Perhaps she intended Peeves to be more of a literal translation of the word poltergeist, because Peeves is quite noisy and mischievous. However, it is also possible that Harry and other students can perceive Peeves because they are wizards, and that he would be still invisible to Muggles. The Fictional universe of J K Rowling 's Harry Potter series of fantasy novels comprises two separate and distinct societies the For all uses of the terms "Muggle" and "Muggles" other than those related to "Harry Potter" see Muggle (disambiguation It is also interesting to note that Peeves appears in colour, where the other ghosts at the school appear as white, misty figures.
The Terry Pratchett Discworld novel A Hat Full of Sky features an "ondageist" named Oswald (possibly a play on Lee-Harvey, Harvey the rabbit being invisible. Terence David John Pratchett, OBE (born 28 April 1948 is an English fantasy, Science fiction, and children's author. Discworld is a comedic Fantasy Book series by the British author Terry Pratchett, set on the Discworld, a flat A Hat Full of Sky is a novel written by Terry Pratchett set on the Discworld, written with younger readers in mind . . ), belonging to Ms. Level, the witch that Tiffany is staying with. This is the opposite of a poltergeist: a spirit obsessed with cleaning and tidying.
On October 20, 1942, the old-time radio show Lights Out featured a story called "Poltergeist" in which a trio of girls experience horrific, unexplained assaults from flying stones after one walks over a grave. Old-Time Radio (OTR and the Golden Age of Radio refer to a period of Radio programming lasting from the proliferation of radio broadcasting in the early 1920s until Lights Out was an extremely popular American Old-time radio program an early example of a network series devoted mostly to horror and the
In the board game Atmosfear, a playable character is Hellin the poltergeist.
On Tuesday, November 15, 2005, Supernatural aired an episode involving a multiple haunting in the old house of Dean and Sam. Supernatural is an American horror television series regarding the Paranormal. The owner of the house would claim there were rats in the house. She only heard scratching and rustling noises, but didn't actually see them. The poltergeist in the house threw knives, opened baby cribs and refrigerators, and claims the hand of a repairman trying to fix the garbage disposal. A garbage disposal, waste disposal unit, or garburator / garbarator ( Canada) is a device usually electrically-powered Also, in another episode, Phantom Traveler, a person mentions that Dean rescued him and his family from a poltergeist with his father.
Some Castlevania games feature a few poltergeist phenomena. For example, certain furniture may suddenly spring to life and attack (some of the furniture are named Ouija Table). A ouija board (correctly pronounced "wee-jah" /wiʤə/ although often pronounced "wee-gee" /wiʤi/ and commonly known as a 'Spirit Board') is any flat board Another case is the enemy Alastor, where a giant sword floats around in the air, wielded by an occasionally visible, invulnerable spirit. In some disputed game canon, it is said that a yet-unseen character called the Poltergeist King takes charge of the Belmont family weapons between quests. Castlevania is a Video game series created and developed by Konami.
The popular Ju-on series of horror films in Japan and the Americanized version The Grudge, feature poltergeist elements including the replaying of the tragedy and the violent nature of the ghosts. The Grudge is the 2004 American Remake of the Japanese film Ju-on The Grudge.
The comic Fetus-X includes a fork-throwing poltergeist cheerleader and attempts to bring her back from the dead. Fetus-X is a controversial weekly romantic horror Comic written and drawn by Eric Millikin, award-winning American cartoonist
The 2002 novel, The Bishop in the West Wing, written by Catholic priest and author Andrew M. Greeley, includes a poltergeist as a central feature of the story. The Reverend Dr Andrew M Greeley (born February 5, 1928 in Oak Park Illinois, to Andrew and Grace Greeley is an Irish-American Roman
The Touhou Project danmaku game Perfect Cherry Blossom features three poltergeist, the Prismriver Sisters, who play on musical instruments without even touching them. A shoot-'em-up (also known as shmup) is a Video game genre of Shooter game in which the player controls a vehicle or character and fights large This is a list of the characters that belong to the Touhou Project, a series of games by ZUN from Team Shanghai Alice.
In 2006 the TV show Family Guy had an episode named Petergeist, where Peter's house becomes the center for a poltergeist. Family Guy is an animated American television sitcom created by Seth MacFarlane that airs on Fox and regularly on other "Petergeist" is an episode from season four of FOX animated series Family Guy.
Released in October 2006, a comedy French film called Poltergay was inspired by poltergeist phenomena. Poltergay is a French film directed by Éric Lavaine, based on an idea by Héctor Cabello Reyes The film features the story of a couple of young lovers moving into a mansion in the vicinity of Paris which used to be a gay night club. The club was shut down after a fire broke out killing a group of club patrons whose spirits live in the mansion to present time and naughtily haunt the male lover , leading him to be insecured about his sexual preference.
A The Far Side strip describes Poultrygeists, poltergeist-like activity in chickens. The Far Side is a popular one-panel syndicated comic created by Gary Larson. Similarly, a Dilbert strip features Upholsterygeists, furniture possessing spirits that can only be expelled with work-out tapes (exercists). Dilbert (first published April 16, 1989) is an American Comic strip written and drawn by Scott Adams.
In Super Mario Galaxy, in one of the galaxies, there is a boss named Boldergiest, of course is the boss of the Ghostly Galaxy.
On the movie "Zoey 101: Curse of PCA" when Chase and Zoey are at the infirmary, poltergeist effects start to happen.
(In alphabetical order)