This article is part of the series:
Other countries · Atlas
Politics of Senegal takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential, liberal democratic republic, whereby the President of Senegal is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Senegal the head of government. Parliamentary elections were held in Senegal on 3 June 2007. They had originally been planned to be held together with the presidential election |||} Senegal is subdivided into 11 regions ( régions, singular région) each of which is administered by a Conseil Régionaux elected by population The 11 Regions of Senegal are subdivided into 35 departments and 103 arrondissements (neither of which have administrative function and by collectivités locales The departments of Senegal are subdivided into Arrondissements The arrondissements are listed below by department Bakel Bala Diawara The Casamance Conflict is a low-level Civil war that has been waged between the Government of Senegal and the Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance President Léopold Senghor advocated close relations with France and negotiation and compromise as the best means of resolving international differences Information on politics by country is available for every Country, including both De jure and De facto independent The semi-presidential system is a System of government in which a prime minister and a President are both active participants in the day-to-day administration The term "liberal" in "liberal democracy" does not imply that the government of such a democracy must follow the political ideology of A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its Elections Presidents of Senegal 1960-present Léopold Sédar Senghor: 6 September 1960 - 31 December 1980 Head of state is the generic term for the individual or collective office that serves as the chief public representative of a Monarchic or Republican Nation-state The Prime Minister of Senegal is the Head of government of Senegal. This article focuses on the cases where the Head of Government is a separate office from the Head of State Executive power is exercised by the government. In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. In Law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of Courts which administer Justice in the name of the sovereign or State Senegal is one of the few African states that has never experienced a coup d'etat. Senegal (le Sénégal officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country south of the Sénégal River in western Africa. Léopold Senghor, the first president after independence, abdicated in favor of his Prime Minister, Abdou Diouf in 1981. Sir Léopold Sédar Senghor ( 9 October 1906 20 December 2001) was a Senegalese Poet, politician and cultural theorist who Abdou Diouf (Abdu Juuf (born September 7, 1935) was the second President of Senegal, serving from 1981 to 2000 The present president, Abdoulaye Wade, was elected in fully democratic elections in March 2000. Abdoulaye Wade (born May 29 1926 is the third and current President of Senegal, in office since 2000 Senegal has a reputation for transparency in government operations. The level of economic corruption that has damaged the development of the economies in other parts of the world is very low. Political corruption is the use of governmental powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain Today Senegal has a democratic political culture, being part of one of the most successful democratic transitions in Africa. Senegal recognizes and respects all cultures, religions and traditions.
The President is elected by universal adult suffrage to a 5-year term. The unicameral National Assembly has 120 members, who are elected separately from the President. The Socialist Party dominated the National Assembly until April 2001, when in free and fair legislative elections, President Wade's coalition won a majority (89 of 120 seats). The Socialist Party of Senegal ( Parti Socialiste du Sénégal, PS is a Political party in Senegal. The Cour de Cassation (Highest Appeals Court, equivalent to the U.S. Supreme Court) and the Constitutional Council, the justices of which are named by the President, are the nation's highest tribunals. The Court of Cassation (Cour de cassation is the highest court in Senegal. The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. Senegal is divided into 11 administrative regions, each headed by a governor appointed by and responsible to the President. The law on decentralization, which came into effect in January 1997, distributed significant central government authority to regional assemblies. __FORCETOC__ Decentralization or Decentralisation (see Spelling differences) is the process of dispersing Decision-making governance closer to the people Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar
Senegal’s principal political party was for 40 years the Socialist Party (PS). The Socialist Party of Senegal ( Parti Socialiste du Sénégal, PS is a Political party in Senegal. Its domination of political life came to an end in March 2000, when Abdoulaye Wade, the leader of the Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS) and leader of the opposition for more than 25 years, won the presidency. The Senegalese Democratic Party (Parti Démocratique Sénégalais is a political party in Senegal. Under the terms of the 2001 constitution, future presidents will serve for 5 years and be limited to two terms. Wade was the last President to be elected to a 7-year term.
President Wade has advanced a liberal agenda for Senegal, including privatizations and other market-opening measures. He has a strong interest in raising Senegal’s regional and international profile. The country, nevertheless, has limited means with which to implement ambitious ideas. The liberalization of the economy is proceeding, but at a slow pace. Senegal continues to play a significant role in regional and international organizations. President Wade has made excellent relations with the United States a high priority.
There are presently some 65 political parties, most of which are marginal and little more than platforms for their leaders. The principal political parties, however, constitute a true multiparty, democratic political culture, and they have contributed to one of the most successful democratic transitions in Africa, even among all developing countries. A flourishing independent media, largely free from official or informal control, also contributes to the democratic politics of Senegal.
The image of Wade as a constitutional democrat has however been tarnished by events at the end of his mandate. When faced with internal dissent within his own party his main opponent Idrissa Seck was arrested, accused of treason. Idrissa Seck (born August 9, 1959) is a Senegalese politician who was Prime Minister of Senegal from November 2002 to April Wade currently refuses to go along with holding presidential elections in 2006, arguing that there are economic reasons for wanting to hold the presidential and parliamentary elections simultaneously in 2007. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Initially Wade's government had the support of a broad section of groups opposed to the socialist government, but gradually individual parties have disassociated themselves from the government and joined the opposition efforts led by PS.
|President||Abdoulaye Wade||PDS||1 April 2000|
|Prime Minister||Cheikh Hadjibou Soumaré||June 2007|
The president is elected by popular vote for a seven-year term. Elections Presidents of Senegal 1960-present Léopold Sédar Senghor: 6 September 1960 - 31 December 1980 Abdoulaye Wade (born May 29 1926 is the third and current President of Senegal, in office since 2000 The Senegalese Democratic Party (Parti Démocratique Sénégalais is a political party in Senegal. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. The Prime Minister of Senegal is the Head of government of Senegal. Cheikh Hadjibou Soumaré (born 1951) has been the Prime Minister of Senegal since June 2007 Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The prime minister is appointed by the president. The Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president
The National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) has 120 members, elected for a five year term, by parallel voting, with multi-seat rather than single-seat constituencies for the plurality part of the system. The National Assembly of Senegal (Assemblée nationale du Sénégal is the lower house of the country's parliament. Parallel voting describes a mixed Voting system where voters in effect participate in two separate elections using different systems and where the results in one election have A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures goals or loyalty 
|Abdoulaye Wade||Senegalese Democratic Party||Sopi 2007||1,914,403||55. Events 138 - The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. A presidential election was held in Senegal on 25 February 2007. Abdoulaye Wade (born May 29 1926 is the third and current President of Senegal, in office since 2000 The Senegalese Democratic Party (Parti Démocratique Sénégalais is a political party in Senegal. 90|
|Idrissa Seck||Rewmi party||And Liggey Sénégal||510,922||14. Idrissa Seck (born August 9, 1959) is a Senegalese politician who was Prime Minister of Senegal from November 2002 to April 92|
|Ousmane Tanor Dieng||Socialist Party of Senegal||464,287||13. Ousmane Tanor Dieng (born 1948 is the First Secretary of the Socialist Party of Senegal. The Socialist Party of Senegal ( Parti Socialiste du Sénégal, PS is a Political party in Senegal. 56|
|Moustapha Niasse||Alliance of Progress Forces||Alternance 2007||203,129||5. Moustapha Niasse (born November 4 1939) is a Senegalese politician and diplomat The Alliance of the Forces of Progress ( Alliance des forces de progrès) is a Political party in Senegal. 93|
|Robert Sagna||Takku Defaraat Sénégal||88,446||2. Robert Sagna (born April 17, 1939) is a Senegalese politician who is currently mayor of Ziguinchor. 58|
|Abdoulaye Bathily||Democratic League/Movement for the Labour Party||Jubbanti Sénégal||75,797||2. Abdoulaye Bathily (born 1947 is a Senegalese politician and the Secretary-General of the Democratic League/Movement for the Labour Party (LD/MPT Democratic League/Movement for the Labour Party ( Ligue Démocratique/Mouvement pour le Parti du Travail) is a Political party in Senegal. 21|
|Landing Savané||And-Jëf/African Party for Democracy and Socialism||70,780||2. Landing Savané (born January 10 1945) is a Senegalese politician and the secretary-general of And-Jëf/African Party for Democracy and Socialism The And-Jëf/African Party for Democracy and Socialism ( And-Jëf/Parti Africain pour la démocratie et le socialisme) is a socialist Political party in Senegal 07|
|Talla Sylla||Alliance for Progress and Justice/Jëf-Jël||18,022||0. Talla Sylla (born January 21 1966) is a Senegalese politician The Alliance for Progress and Justice/Jëf-Jël ( Alliance pour le Progrès et la Justice/Jëf-Jël) is a Political party in Senegal. 53|
|Cheikh Bamba Dièye||Front for Socialism and Democracy/Benno Jubël||17,233||0. The Front for Socialism and Democracy/Benno Jubël ( Front pour le socialisme et la démocratie) is a Political party in Senegal. 50|
|Mamadou Lamine Diallo||Tekki Taaru Sénégal||16,570||0. 48|
|Mama Adama Guèye||Sellal||13,700||0. 40|
|Doudou Ndoye||Union for Progress and Renewal||9,918||0. Doudou Ndoye (born August 4, 1944) is a Senegalese lawyer and politician 29|
|Alioune Mbaye||Independent||9,016||0. In Politics, an independent is a Politician who is not Affiliated with any Political party. 26|
|Louis Jacques Senghor||Movement for the Liberation of the Senegalese People||8,212||0. Louis Jacques Senghor (born February 24 1952)is a Senegalese politician and was a candidate in the February 2007 presidential election. 24|
|Modou Dia||Independent||4,491||0. Modou Dia (born 27 March, 1950) is a Senegalese politician and former diplomat In Politics, an independent is a Politician who is not Affiliated with any Political party. 13|
|Total (turnout: 70. 5)||3,424,926||100. 0|
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||Seats||+/–|
|Coalition for Change 2007 (Sopi 2007)||1,190,609||69. Events 350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The National Assembly of Senegal (Assemblée nationale du Sénégal is the lower house of the country's parliament. Parliamentary elections were held in Senegal on 3 June 2007. They had originally been planned to be held together with the presidential election The Sopi Coalition ( Wolof for Change) is a political alliance in Senegal. 21||131|
|Coalition Up to Rebuild Senegal (Takku Defaraat Sénégal)||86,621||5. Takku Defaraat Sénégal is a political alliance in Senegal. At the Legislative elections of 3 june 2007, the alliance 04||3|
|Coalition Unite in Building Senegal (And Defaar Sénégal)||84,998||4. And Defaar Sénégal is a political alliance in Senegal. Main member is the And-Jëf/African Party for Democracy and Socialism. 94||3|
|Coalition Call of Duty (Waar Wi)||74,919||4. Waar Wi is a political alliance in Senegal. At the Legislative elections of 3 june 2007, the alliance won 4 35||3|
|Rally for the People (Rassemblement pour le peuple)||73,083||4. The Rally for the People ( Rassemblement pour le peuple) is a Political party in Senegal. 25||2|
|Front for Socialism and Democracy/Benno Jubël (Front pour le socialisme et la démocratie)||37,427||2. The Front for Socialism and Democracy/Benno Jubël ( Front pour le socialisme et la démocratie) is a Political party in Senegal. 18||1|
|Alliance for Progress and Justice/Jëf-Jël (Alliance pour le progrès et la justice)||33,297||1. The Alliance for Progress and Justice/Jëf-Jël ( Alliance pour le Progrès et la Justice/Jëf-Jël) is a Political party in Senegal. 94||1|
|Convergence for Renewal and Citizenship (Convergence pour le renouveau et la citoyenneté)||30,658||1. The Front for Socialism and Democracy/Benno Jubël ( Convergence pour le renouveau et la citoyenneté) is a Political party in Senegal. 78||1|
|Authentic Socialist Party (Parti socialiste authentique)||26,320||1. The Authentic Socialist Party ( Parti socialiste authentique) is a Political party in Senegal. 53||1|
|National Patriotic Union/Tekki (Union nationale patriotique)||22,271||1. The National Patriotic Union/Tekki ( Union nationale patriotique) is a Political party in Senegal. 29||1|
|Reform Movement for Social Development (Mouvement de la réforme pour le développement social)||20,041||1. The Reform Movement for Social Development ( Mouvement de la réforme pour le développement social) is a Political party in Senegal. 16||1|
|Rally of the Ecologists of Senegal (Rassemblement des écologistes du Sénégal – Les Verts)||17,267||1. The Rally of the Ecologists of Senegal ( Rassemblement des écologistes du Sénégal – Les Verts) is a Political party in Senegal. 00||1|
|Social Democratic Party/Jant Bi (Parti social-démocrate)||15,968||0. The Social Democratic Party/Jant Bi ( Parti social-démocrate) is a Political party in Senegal. 93||1|
|Senegalese Patriotic Rally/Jammi Rewmi (Rassemblement patriotique sénégalais)||6,847||0. The Senegalese Patriotic Rally/Jammi Rewmi ( Rassemblement patriotique sénégalais) is a Political party in Senegal. 40||0|
|Total (turnout 34. 75%)||1,720,326||100. 0||150|
The nation's highest courts that deal with business issues are the constitutional council, and the court of justice, members of which are named by the president.
Senegal is subdivided into 11 regions (régions, singular - région):
Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaolack, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Tambacounda, Thiès, Ziguinchor. Dakar région is the smallest and most populated région of Senegal, encompassing the capital city of the country Dakar, and all Diourbel Region is a region of Senegal. The regional capital is the city of Diourbel. Fatick is the southwest region of the northern outcrop of Senegal. The Kaolack region is a region in Senegal. It borders Gambia and is a common stopping point for travel between Dakar and Banjul. Kolda is a region of Senegal (regional capitals have the same name as their respective regions Louga is a city and region of Senegal. The region is located to the northwest part of the country and Louga city is in the northwest of the region - about 50km inland Matam is a region of Senegal (regional capitals have the same name as their respective regions The Saint-Louis region ( French: Région Saint-Louis) of Senegal sits just off the border with Mauritania. Tambacounda is a crossroads in West Africa. It is a major train stop between Dakar, Senegal and Bamako, Mali. Thiès is a region of western Senegal. The capital is also called Thiès. Ziguinchor is a region of Senegal (regional capitals have the same name as their respective regions Local administrators are all appointed by and responsible to the President.
Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. The Senegambia Confederation was a loose Confederation between the West African countries of Senegal and its neighbour The Gambia, which is almost However, the envisaged integration of the two countries was never carried out, and the union was dissolved in 1989. Despite peace talks, a separatist group in the southern Casamance region has sporadically clashed with government forces since 1982. Casamance ( Casamança) is the area of Senegal south of The Gambia including the Casamance River. Senegal has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping. Peacekeeping, as defined by the United Nations, is "a way to help countries torn by conflict create conditions for sustainable peace Senegal is member of ACCT, ACP, AfDB, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, MIPONUH, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNTAET, UPU, WADB, WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrOThe Agence de coopération culturelle et technique (ACCT French for Agency of cultural and technical cooperation) is an organisation that is part of La Francophonie The ACP States are the countries that are signatories of the Lomé Convention. The African Development Bank ( ADB) is a development bank established in 1964 with the intention of promoting economic and social development in Africa. The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ( UNECA or ECA) was established in 1958 by the United Nations Economic and Social Council The Economic Community of West African States ( ECOWAS) is a regional group of fifteen West African countries founded on May 28 Frank Vincent Zappa (December 21 1940 – December 4 1993 was an American Composer, Electric guitarist Record producer and Film director The Group of 15 ( G-15) was established at the Ninth Non-Aligned Movement Summit Meeting in Belgrade, Yugoslavia in September 1989 The Group of 77 at the United Nations is a loose coalition of Developing nations designed to promote its members' collective Economic interests and create The International Atomic Energy Agency ( IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD is one of five institutions that comprise the World Bank Group. The International Civil Aviation Organization ( ICAO) an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation The International Criminal Court ( ICC or ICCt) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for Genocide, crimes against The International Chamber of Commerce is a non-profit private international organization that works to promote and support global trade and Globalization. International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an International humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers worldwide who stated The International Development Association ( IDA) created on September 24, 1960, is the part of the World Bank that helps the world’s poorest countries The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD a specialized agency of the United Nations, was established as an international financial institution in 1977 as one The International Finance Corporation (IFC promotes sustainable private sector investment in developing countries as a way to reduce poverty and improve people's lives The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an International humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers worldwide who stated The International Labour Organization The International Monetary Fund ( IMF) is an International organization that oversees the Global financial system by following the Macroeconomic The International Maritime Organization ( IMO) formerly known as the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization ( IMCO) is a late 20th century The International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO is the organization overseeing distress and safety satellite communications provided by the Inmarsat satellites Intelsat Ltd is the world’s largest commercial Satellite communications services provider The International Criminal Police Organization, better known by its telegraphic address Interpol is an organization facilitating international police cooperation The International Organization for Migration is an intergovernmental organization The Organisation of African Unity ( OAU) or Organisation de l'Unité Africaine ( OUA) was established on 25 May 1963. The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC is an International organization with a permanent delegation to the United Nations. The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW is an international agency located in The Hague, The Netherlands. The Permanent Court of Arbitration ( PCA) is an International organization based in The Hague in the Netherlands. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development ( UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16 The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO, French/Spanish acronym ONUDI, is a specialized agency in the United Nations system headquartered UNIKOM, the United Nations Iraq - Kuwait Observation Mission was established on April 9, 1991 following the Gulf War by The United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina ( UNMIBH) is an International organization formed under the United Nations Security Council The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is the interim civilian administration in Kosovo, under the authority of the United The United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET provided an interim civil administration and a peacekeeping mission in the territory of East Timor, The Universal Postal Union ( UPU, French: Union postale universelle) is an International organization that coordinates postal policies among member WADB is a sports Radio station serving the Jersey shore's Southern Monmouth and Northern Ocean county area as a Fox Sports Radio affiliate The West African Economic and Monetary Union (or UEMOA from its name in French, Union économique et monétaire ouest-africaine) is an organization The World Customs Organization ( WCO) is an Intergovernmental organization that helps Members (Governments usually represented by Customs administrations from 173 countries TemplateInfobox Union for usage -->The World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU was established in the wake of the Second The World Intellectual Property Organization ( WIPO) is one of the 16 specialized agencies of the United Nations. The United Nations World Tourism Organization ( UNWTO) headquartered in Madrid, Spain, is a United Nations agency dealing with questions relating