This article is part of the series:
See also: Politics of Abkhazia
Other countries · Atlas
The Politics of Georgia is structured as a presidential representative democratic republic (semi-presidential system), with a multi-party system, and the President as head of government. President is a Title leaders of Organizations companies, Trade unions universities, and countries. Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principles of the people's representatives A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its The semi-presidential system is a System of government in which a prime minister and a President are both active participants in the day-to-day administration A multi-party system is a system in which three or more political parties have the capacity to gain control of government separately or in coalition The President of Georgia (საქართველოს პრეზიდენტი is the Commander-in-chief of Georgia. This article focuses on the cases where the Head of Government is a separate office from the Head of State Executive power is exercised by the government. In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. Since the Rose Revolution, the party system is dominated by the National Movement - Democrats. The "Revolution of Roses quot (often translated into English as the Rose Revolution) (ვარდების რევოლუცია - vardebis United National Movement (ერთიანი ნაციონალური მოძრაობა, Ertiani Natsionaluri Modzraoba, ENM is the largest political organisation Georgia (საქართველო (Sakartvelo) in Georgian) has been a democratic republic since the first multiparty, democratic parliamentary elections of October 28, 1990. Georgia ( საქართველო, Sakartvelo) is a Transcontinental country in the Caucasus region situated at the dividing line between Georgian (ka ქართული ენა kartuli ena) is the Official language of Georgia, a country in the Caucasus. A multi-party system is a system in which three or more political parties have the capacity to gain control of government separately or in coalition TalkParliament#Screen-size. -->A  parliament is a Legislature, especially in those Events 306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor. 312 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) The Georgian state is highly centralized, except for the autonomous regions of Abkhazia, Ajaria and South Ossetia, which are to be given autonomous status once Georgia's territorial integrity is restored. An autonomous area is an area of a Country that has a degree of Autonomy, or freedom from an external authority Abkhazia (Аҧсны Apsny აფხაზეთი Apkhazeti or Abkhazeti Абха́зия Abhazia) is a De facto South Ossetia ( or; Хуссар Ирыстон Xussar Iryston; Южная Осетия Yuzhnaya Osetiya; სამხრეთი ოსეთი Samxreti Those regions had an autonomous status within Georgian SSR during Soviet rule. The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (საქართველოს საბჭოთასოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Abkhazia and South Ossetia seceded unilaterally from Georgia.
Following a crisis involving allegations of ballot fraud in the 2003 parliamentary elections, Eduard Shevardnadze resigned as president on November 23, 2003 in the bloodless Rose Revolution. Eduard Amvrosiyevich Shevardnadze (ედუარდ შევარდნაძე ɛduɑrd ʃɛvɑrdnɑdzɛ (born 25 January 1928 in Mamati, Lanchkhuti Events 800 - Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of The "Revolution of Roses quot (often translated into English as the Rose Revolution) (ვარდების რევოლუცია - vardebis The interim president was the speaker of the outgoing parliament (whose replacement was annulled), Nino Burjanadze. Nino Burjanadze (nɪnɔ bʊrdʒanadzɛ Georgian: ნინო ბურჯანაძე (surname sometimes transliterated in English as Burdzhanadze On January 4, 2004 Mikheil Saakashvili, leader of the United National Movement won the country's presidential election and was inaugurated on January 25. Events 46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Mikheil Saakashvili (მიხეილ ნიკოლოზის ძე სააკაშვილი (born 21 December 1967, a Georgian Politician, the United National Movement (ერთიანი ნაციონალური მოძრაობა, Ertiani Natsionaluri Modzraoba, ENM is the largest political organisation Events 41 - After a night of negotiation Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate
Fresh parliamentary elections were held on March 28 where NMD secured the vast majority of the seats (with ca. Events 37 - Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate. 75% of the votes) with only one other party reaching the 7% threshold (the Rightist Opposition with ca. The Right Opposition (Georgian მემარჯვენე ოპოზიცია, Memarjvene Opozitsia) is an alliance of Georgia 's New Rights 7. 5%). The vote is believed to have been one of the freest ever held in independent Georgia although an upsurge of tension between the central government and the Ajarian leader Aslan Abashidze affected the elections in this region. Aslan Abashidze (ასლან აბაშიძე (born Batumi, July 20, 1938) was the leader of the Ajarian Autonomous Republic in western
The tension between the Georgian government and that of Ajaria grew increasingly after the elections until late April. Climaxing on May 1 when Abashidze responded to military maneuvers held by Georgia near the region with having the three bridges connecting Ajaria and the rest of Georgia over the Choloki River blown up. Events 305 - Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor. The Choloki River (in Georgian ჩოლოქი in Georgia forms the border between the autonomous province of Ajaria and the province of Guria. On May 5, Abashidze was forced to flee Georgia as mass demonstrations in Batumi called for his resignation and Russia increased their pressure by deploying Security Council secretary Igor Ivanov. Events 553 - The Second Council of Constantinople begins 1215 - Rebel Barons renounce their allegiance to King John Batumi (ბათუმი formerly Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and Capital of Adjara, an Autonomous Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Igor Sergeyevich Ivanov (И́горь Серге́евич Ивано́в (b
On February 3, 2005, Prime Minister Zurab Zhvania allegedly died of carbon monoxide poisoning in an apparent gas leak at the home of Raul Usupov, deputy governor of Kvemo Kartli region. Events 1112 - Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona and Douce I of Provence marry uniting the fortunes of those two states Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Zurab Zhvania ( Georgian: ზურაბ ჟვანია ( December 9[[ 963]] &ndash February 3 2005) was a prominent Georgian politician Carbon monoxide, with the chemical formula CO is a colorless odorless tasteless yet highly toxic Gas. Raul Usupov ( Georgian: რაულ უსუფოვი / Raul Usupovi; Azeri: Raul Yusupov) (1980 – February 3, Later, Zhvania's close friend and a long-time ally, Finance Minister Zurab Nogaideli was appointed for the vacant post by President Saakashvili. Zurab Noghaideli (ზურაბ ნოღაიდელი (born 22 October 1964) is a Georgian businessman and a retired politician who served
In January 2006 a new party, Georgia's Way, was created. Georgia's Way is a Political party in Georgia. It was registered on March 11 2006. The movement is led by former Foreign Minister Salome Zourabichvili, and appears to be relatively popular. Salomé Zourabichvili (სალომე ზურაბიშვილი (born March 18 1952) is a Georgian Politician, former Foreign An opinion poll conducted by the Georgian weekly Kviris Palitra and published on April 10, 2006 suggested that Salome Zourabichvili would garner 23. Events 879 - Louis III becomes King of the Western Franks. 1407 - the lama Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. 1% of votes if a presidential election were held today. President Saakashvili ranked first with 33% - an all-time low for the Georgian President - whilst no other individual managed to surpass double-digit levels of support. Georgia's Way has said it intends to have candidates for all the seats in Georgia's upcoming local elections, with Zourabichvili hoping to become Tbilisi Mayor.
After the Rose Revolution Georgia started looking westwards. The "Revolution of Roses quot (often translated into English as the Rose Revolution) (ვარდების რევოლუცია - vardebis The government — with strong public support — aims at EU- and NATO-membership, and has created an own Department of Euro-integration. The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in The North Atlantic Treaty In NATO-context Georgia is currently an IPAP-country (and will probably become a MAP-country in November 2006), while membership in the EU is a more distant project. Membership Action Plan (MAP is a term for countries that are in a stage of becoming members of NATO. The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in These moves are supported by the most popular of the opposition parties - Georgia's Way and the Rightist Opposition. Georgia's Way is a Political party in Georgia. It was registered on March 11 2006. The Right Opposition (Georgian მემარჯვენე ოპოზიცია, Memarjvene Opozitsia) is an alliance of Georgia 's New Rights
The Abkhaz separatist dispute absorbs much of the government's attention. While a cease-fire is in effect about 250,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) who were driven from their homes during the conflict, constitute a vocal lobby. A ceasefire (or truce) is a temporary stoppage of a War or any Armed conflict, where each side of the conflict agrees Internally displaced persons (IDPs are people forced to flee their homes but who unlike refugees remain within their country's borders Lobbying includes all attempts to influence Legislators and officials whether by other legislators constituents or organized groups The government has offered the region considerable autonomy in order to encourage a settlement that would allow the IDPs (mainly ethnic Georgians from the Gali district) to return home, however the Abkhaz side refused to accept it.
Currently, Russian peacekeepers are stationed in Abkhazia under the authority of the Commonwealth of Independent States, along with UN observers but both groups have recently had to restrict their activities due to increased mining and guerrilla. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Peacekeeping, as defined by the United Nations, is "a way to help countries torn by conflict create conditions for sustainable peace The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security A land mine is an Explosive device designed to be placed on or in the ground to explode when triggered by an operator or the Proximity of a vehicle person Guerrilla warfare is the unconventional warfare and combat with which a small group of combatants use mobile tactics (ambushes raids etc So far (by 2007) the negotiations have not resulted in any settlement. France, United Kingdom, Germany, Russia and the United States (who act as the members of the United Nations and the OSCE) continue to encourage a comprehensive settlement consistent with Georgian independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The UN observer force and other organizations are quietly encouraging grassroots cooperative and confidence-building measures in the region. For other meanings see Grass roots (disambiguation. A grassroots movement (often referenced in the context of a Political movement
The parliament has instituted wideranging political reforms supportive of higher human rights standards, because between 1992 and 2003 (before the Rose Revolution of November 23, 2003) the Georgian human rights situation had been complicated. Human rights refers to the "basic Rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled The "Revolution of Roses quot (often translated into English as the Rose Revolution) (ვარდების რევოლუცია - vardebis Events 800 - Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Despite the reforms by the new government, there are still numerous problems concerning respect for human rights in the country. Prisoners are frequently maltreated, journalists are intimidated by the authorities and much of the mainstream media is owned by government supporters. The police are often accused of planting evidence, beatings and the unnecessary killing of suspects.
The head of the Cabinet of Georgia is the President, who is elected for a term of five years. The Cabinet of Georgia is an Executive council of Government ministers in Georgia. The President of Georgia (საქართველოს პრეზიდენტი is the Commander-in-chief of Georgia. His constitutional successor is the Chairman of the Parliament. The president appoints a Prime Minister. This article is about the government position For other uses see Prime Minister (disambiguation.
|President||Mikheil Saakashvili||NM-D||20 January 2008|
|Prime Minister||Lado Gurgenidze||None||22 November 2007|
See also the List of Georgian rulers
The Parliament of Georgia (Sak'art'velos Parlamenti), also know as the Umaghlesi Sabcho (Supreme Council) has 235 members, elected for a four year term - 150 seats by proportional representation, 75 in single-seat constituencies and 10 given to the representatives of the displaced persons from the separatist region of Abkhazia. The President of Georgia (საქართველოს პრეზიდენტი is the Commander-in-chief of Georgia. Mikheil Saakashvili (მიხეილ ნიკოლოზის ძე სააკაშვილი (born 21 December 1967, a Georgian Politician, the United National Movement (ერთიანი ნაციონალური მოძრაობა, Ertiani Natsionaluri Modzraoba, ENM is the largest political organisation Events 250 - Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common The Prime Minister of Georgia is the most senior minister within the Cabinet of Georgia of the Republic of Georgia, appointed by the President of Georgia Vladimer "Lado" Gurgenidze (ვლადიმერ (ლადო გურგენიძე (born December 17, 1970) is a Georgian Politician Events 498 - Kofi Aseidu- After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected Pope in the Lateran Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia was the first National Parliament of the Republic of Georgia in the post-Soviet era (in 1990 - 1992) Proportional representation (sometimes referred to as full representation or PR is a category of electoral formula aiming at a close match between the percentage of votes However this situation will change when the next elections are held (likely to be 2008). According to the constitutional amendments passed in 2003 the parliament will consist of only 150 members elected with the proportional representation system and will be fully refurbished. The Speaker of Parliament is Nino Burjanadze. The term speaker is a title often given to the presiding officer of a legislative body Nino Burjanadze (nɪnɔ bʊrdʒanadzɛ Georgian: ნინო ბურჯანაძე (surname sometimes transliterated in English as Burdzhanadze
|Candidates and nominating parties||Votes||%|
|Mikheil Saakashvili - National Movement - Democrats (Natshhionakhuri Modraoba – Demokrathebi)||1,692,728||96. A presidential election was held in the Republic of Georgia on January 4, 2004. Mikheil Saakashvili (მიხეილ ნიკოლოზის ძე სააკაშვილი (born 21 December 1967, a Georgian Politician, the United National Movement (ერთიანი ნაციონალური მოძრაობა, Ertiani Natsionaluri Modzraoba, ENM is the largest political organisation 0|
|Teimuraz Shashiashvili||33,868||1. 9|
|Roin Liparteliani||4,248||0. 2|
|Zaza Sikharulidze||4,098||0. 2|
|Kartlos Garibashvili||3,582||0. 2|
|Zurab Kelekhsashvili||1,631||0. 1|
|Against all||22,817||1. 3|
|Total 82. 8 % turnout, 1,762,972 registered voters||1,762,972||100. 0|
|Parties and alliances||Votes||%||Seats|
|National Movement – Democrats (Nats'ionaluri Modzraoba – Demokratebi, ერთიანი ნაციონალური მოძრაობა)||1,027,070||67. A presidential election was held in the Republic of Georgia on January 4, 2004. Legislative elections were held in the Georgia on March 28 2004. United National Movement (ერთიანი ნაციონალური მოძრაობა, Ertiani Natsionaluri Modzraoba, ENM is the largest political organisation 0||135|
|Rightist Opposition (Memarjvene Opozits'ia, მემარჯვენე ოპოზიცია)||116,282||7. The Right Opposition (Georgian მემარჯვენე ოპოზიცია, Memarjvene Opozitsia) is an alliance of Georgia 's New Rights The New Rights Party of Georgia ( Akhali Memarjveneebi, ახალი მემარჯვენეები) also rendered as New Conservative Party The Industry Will Save Georgia ( Mretsveloba Gadaarchens Sak'art'velos, მრეწველობა გადაარჩენს საქართველოს is a 6||15|
|Democratic Union for Revival (Demokratiuli Aghordzinebis kavshiri, დემოკრატიული აღორძინების პავშირი)||6. The Democratic Union for Revival ( Demokratiuli Aghordzinebis Pavshiri, დემოკრატიული აღორძინების პავშირი is a 0||-|
|Georgian Labour Party (Sakartvelos Leiboristuli Partia, საქართველოს ლეიბორისტული პარტია)||5. The Georgian Labour Party ( Sakartvelos Leoboristuli Partia, საქართველოს ლეიბორისტული პარტია is a Political party 8||-|
|Freedom Movement (Tavisupleba, თავისუფლება)||4. The Freedom Movement ( Tavisupleba, თავისუფლება is a Political party in Georgia. 2||-|
|National Democratic Alliance (Erovnul Demokratiuli Aliansi)||2. The National-Democratic Alliance ( Erovnul Demokratiuli Aliansi) is an electoral alliance in Georgia, formed by the National Democratic Party The National Democratic Party ( Erovnul Demokratiuli Partia)is a Political party in Georgia. Union of Georgian Traditionalists (ქართველ ტრადიციონალისტთა კავშირი in Georgian) was a national political organization 5||-|
|Jumber Patiashvili – Unity||2. The Jumber Patiashvili – Unity is an electoral alliance in Georgia, formed by Unity and the Intellectuals League of Georgia. Unity ( Ertoba) is a left-wing Political party in Georgia. At the last Legislative elections, 28 march 2004 the party was part of The Intellectuals League of Georgia is a left-wing Political party in Georgia. 4||-|
|Members elected in single-seat constituencies (November 2003)||75|
|members representing displaced persons from the separatist region of Abkhazia||10|
|Source: German Wikipedia and Civil.ge. Abkhazia (Аҧсны Apsny აფხაზეთი Apkhazeti or Abkhazeti Абха́зия Abhazia) is a De facto|
Georgia has a Supreme Court, with judges elected by the Parliament on the president's recommendation, and a Constitutional Court. A presidential election was held in the Republic of Georgia on January 4, 2004.
Georgia is divided into 53 districts (raions), 11 cities*, and 2 autonomous republics** (avtonomiuri respublika). | See also ISO 3166-2 codes for regions and autonomous republics of Georgia
BSEC, Council of Europe, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, FAO, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, International Chamber of Commerce, International Criminal Court (ICC), ITUC, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, International Maritime Organization, Inmarsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO