In Ancient Rome, the plebs were the general body of Roman citizens, distinct from the privileged class of the patricians. Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC The term " patrician " originally referred to a group of elite families in Ancient Rome, including both their natural and A member of the plebs was known as a plebeian (Latin: plebeius). Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. The term is used more commonly today to refer to one who is in the middle or lower class, or who appears to be; however, in Rome, plebeians could become quite wealthy and influential.
The true origin of the distinction between plebeians and patricians is unknown; there is little evidence for any sort of ethnic basis, nor many signs of a distinction during the time of the kings. The term " patrician " originally referred to a group of elite families in Ancient Rome, including both their natural and The Roman Kingdom ( Latin: Regnum Romanum) was the monarchical Government of the city of Rome However, the populace of the city of Rome during the reigns of Romulus, Numa Pompilius, and Tullus Hostilius were all called patrician as they were the only inhabitants of Rome. Romulus (c 771 BC– c 717 BC and Remus (c 771 BC–c 753 BC are the traditional founders of Rome, appearing in Roman mythology Numa Pompilius, according to Legend, was the second King of Rome, succeeding Romulus. Tullus Hostilius (r 673 BC &ndash 641 BC was the third of the legendary Kings of Rome. It is during the reign of Ancus Marcius that the plebeians came to Rome from diplomatic alliances as secondary citizens. Ancus Marcius (r 640 BC &ndash 616 BC fourth of the Kings of Rome, and possibly legendary In any case, around the time of the foundation of the Roman Republic, the plebeians were excluded from religious colleges and magistracies, and the law of the Twelve Tables disallowed intermarriage (which was finally allowed by the Lex Canuleia). The Roman Republic was the phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by a Republican form of government a period which began with the overthrow of the The Law of the Twelve Tables ( Lex Duodecim Tabularum, more informally simply Duodecim Tabulae) was the ancient Legislation that stood at the foundation The Lex Canuleia is a law of the Roman Republic passed in the year 445 BC. At the same time, plebeians were enrolled in the gentes and tribes, served in the army, and could become military tribunes. In Ancient Rome, a gens (pl gentes) was a Clan, Caste, or group of Families, that shared a common name (the Tribune (from the Latin: tribunus; Byzantine Greek form τριβούνος) was a title shared by 2–3 elected magistracies in the
Even so, the "Conflict of the Orders" over the political status of the plebeians went on for the first two centuries of the Republic, ending with the formal equality of plebeians and patricians in 287 BC. The Conflict of the Orders, also referred to as the Struggle of the Orders, was a political struggle between the Plebeians (commoners and Patricians Events By place Roman Republic A new law Lex Hortensia, gives much greater power to the Plebeian Assembly compared to the Senate The plebeians achieved this by developing their own organizations (the concilium plebis), leaders (the tribunes and plebeian aediles), and as the ultimate weapon used the secessio, by which the plebeians would literally leave Rome, effectively boycotting the city. The Plebeian Council ( Latin: concilium plebis) was the principal popular assembly of the ancient Roman Republic. Tribune (from the Latin: tribunus; Byzantine Greek form τριβούνος) was a title shared by 2–3 elected magistracies in the Aedile ( Aedilis, from aedes aedis "temple" "building" was an office of the Roman Republic. Secessio plebis ( withdrawal of the commoners, or Secession of the Plebs) was an informal exercise of power by Rome's Plebeian citizens similar to a general This is recorded to have happened five times, although only the last (in 287) is believed to be accurately documented.
After this period, the plebeians were gradually incorporated into the Senatorial elite. The distinction between members of patrician families and members of wealthy senatorial plebeian families became essentially a legal, rather than a social one — at least one consul each year had to be a plebeian, and only plebeians had the right to act as Tribune of the People and to vote in the Plebeian Council. Tribune (from the Latin: tribunus; Byzantine Greek form τριβούνος) was a title shared by 2–3 elected magistracies in the The Plebeian Council ( Latin: concilium plebis) was the principal popular assembly of the ancient Roman Republic. By the first century BC, many of the wealthiest and most prominent senatorial figures were actually plebeians, as many of the old patrician families died out.
Still later, during the Empire the term was often used of anyone not in the senatorial or equestrian orders. The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial
In British, Irish and Australian English pleb is a derogatory term for someone thought of as inferior, common or ignorant. A pleb is seen as the lowest form of society and the highest form of loser. In Dutch it is used literally; someone may be part of the Plebeians. Dutch ( is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people 22 million of which are from the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname See also: prole. The proletariat (from Latin la ''proles'' "offspring" is a term used to identify a lower Social class; a member of such a class is proletarian
Plebes, are freshmen at the U.S. Military Academy, U.S. Naval Academy, The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, Valley Forge Military Academy, The Marine Military Academy and the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy. A freshman, fresher, fish, or frosh is a first-year student in an educational institution "USMA" redirects here For other uses see USMA (disambiguation The United States Military Academy (also known as USMA, The United States Naval Academy is an undergraduate college in Annapolis, Maryland, United States that educates and commissions officers of the United States History On December 20, 1842, the South Carolina Legislature passed an act establishing the South Carolina Military Academy with the original mission Valley Forge Military Academy & College is a Boarding school for men grades seven through twelve and a Coeducational two-year Junior college. Marine Military Academy, a Private college preparatory academy located in Harlingen, Texas, offers a college preparatory curriculum for boys in grades The United States Merchant Marine Academy is one of the five United States service academies.