Pilsner or pilsener is a pale lager, developed in the 19th century in the city of Pilsen, Bohemia (Plzeň in the Czech Republic). Pale lager is a very pale to golden -coloured Beer with a well attenuated body and noble hop bitterness Bohemia (Čechy; Bohemia Czechy is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western two-thirds of the traditional Czech Lands, currently the The Czech Republic ( ˈt͡ʃɛskaː ˈrɛpuˌblɪka short form in Česko ˈt͡ʃɛskɔ also called Czechia,
Until the 1840s, most Bohemian beers were top-fermented, dark and cloudy. Events and trends Technology First use of General anesthesia in an operation by Crawford Long. Fermentation in Food processing typically refers to the conversion of Sugar to Alcohol using Yeast under Anaerobic conditions The taste and standards of quality often varied to the worse, and in 1838, consumers even dumped whole barrels to show their dissatisfaction. The citizens of Pilsen decided in 1839 to found and build a brewery of their own, called Bürger Brauerei (Citizens' Brewery)   (now Plzeňský Prazdroj), which should brew beer according to the Bavarian style of brewing. This article is for the brewery for the famous beer it produces see Pilsner Urquell Plzeňský Prazdroj a Bavarian brewers had begun experiments with the storage (German: Lager) of beer in cool caves using bottom-fermenting yeasts, which improved the beer's clarity, flavour, and shelf-life. Bavaria ( German:, with an area of 70553 Km² (27241 square miles and almost 12 The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. A cave is a natural underground void large enough for a human to enter Yeasts are a growth form of eukaryotic Microorganisms classified in the kingdom Fungi, with about 1500 Species currently described Flavor or flavour is the sensory impression of a Food or other substance, and is determined Shelf life is that length of time that Food, drink Medicine and other perishable items are given before they are considered unsuitable for sale or Most of this research benefited from the knowledge already expounded on in a German book (printed since 1794, in Czech since 1801), written by František Ondřej Poupě (1753–1805) from Brno. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Year 1794 ( MDCCXCIV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Czech (ˈʧɛk čeština ˈʧɛʃcɪna in Czech is a West Slavic language with about 12 million native speakers it is the majority language in the Year 1801 ( MDCCCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Tuesday Brno ( IPA:; Brünn is the second-largest City in the Czech Republic. 
The Bürger Brauerei recruited the Bavarian brewer Josef Groll (1813 – 1887) who, using new techniques and the newly available paler malts, presented his first batch of modern Pilsner on 5 October 1842. This article is for the brewery for the famous beer it produces see Pilsner Urquell Plzeňský Prazdroj a Josef Groll (born in Vilshofen on 21 August 1813, died in Vilshofen on 22 October 1887) was a Bavarian Brewer Year 1813 ( MDCCCXIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1887 ( MDCCCLXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Malting is a process applied to Cereal grains in which the grains are made to Germinate by soaking in water and are then quickly halted from germinating further Events 869 - The Fourth Council of Constantinople is convened to decide about what to do about Patriarch Photius of Constantinople Year 1842 ( MDCCCXLII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common The combination of pale colour from the new malts, Pilsen's remarkably soft water, noble hops from nearby Saaz and Bavarian-style lagering produced a clear, golden beer which was regarded as a sensation. Hops are the female Flower cones of the hop plant ( Humulus lupulus) Žatec (ˈʒatɛts Saaz is an old town in the Czech Republic, in the Ústí nad Labem Region.
Improving transport and communications also meant that this new beer was soon available throughout Central Europe, and the Pilsner Brauart style of brewing was soon widely imitated. Central Europe is the Region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and In 1859, “Pilsner Bier” was registered as a brand name at the Chamber of Commerce and Trade in Pilsen. In 1898, the Pilsner Urquell trade mark was created to put emphasis on being the original brewery. This article is for the beer for the brewery that produces it see Plzeňský Prazdroj Pilsner Urquell (international title in German
The introduction to Germany of modern refrigeration by Carl von Linde in the late 19th century removed the need for caves in which to store the beer and thus allowed many places to brew bottom-fermenting beer which were unable to do so before; however, even until recently the Pilsner Urquell brewery still fermented its beer using open barrels in the cellars underneath their brewery. Professor Doctor Carl Paul Gottfried von Linde ( 11 June, 1842 - 16 November 1934) was a German engineer who developed Refrigeration This article is for the beer for the brewery that produces it see Plzeňský Prazdroj Pilsner Urquell (international title in German A barrel or cask is a hollow cylindrical container traditionally made of Wood Staves and bound with Iron Hoops The A basement is one or more floors of a building that are either completely or partially below the Ground floor. This technology was changed in 1993 with the use of large cylindrical tanks; however, small samples are still brewed in a traditional way for taste comparisons. Year 1993 ( MCMXCIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar) Pilsner also has the unique claim to being "the world's first golden beer. "
A modern Pilsner has a very light, clear colour from pale, really pale up to a golden yellow, and a distinct hop aroma and flavour. Czech Pilsners tend toward a lighter flavour with good examples being Pilsner Urquell and Staropramen, while those in a German style can be more bitter (particularly in the north, e. Staropramen Brewery (Pivovary Staropramen as is the second largest Brewery in the Czech Republic, situated in the Smíchov district of Prague g. Jever) or even "earthy" in flavour. Jever is a German Beer brand named after the town of Jever where it is brewed Distinctive examples of German Pilsners are Flensburger Brauerei's Flensburger Pilsener, Beck's, Bitburger, Fürstenberg, Veltins, König Pilsner, Krombacher, Radeberger, Holsten, Warsteiner, Henninger's Kaiser Pilsner, Brauerei Schwelm's Schwelmer Pils, Augustiner Bräu's Augustiner Pils, Aktienbrauerei Kaufbeuren Jubiläums Pils and Wernesgrüner. Flensburger Brauerei is a brewery located in Flensburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. Beck's is a brand of the Brewery Brauerei Beck & Co in the north German city of Bremen. Bitburger brewery (Bitburger Brauerei Th Simon GmbH is a large German Brewery founded in 1817 by Johann Wallenborn See also Heineken International Heineken International is a group which owns a worldwide portfolio of over 170 beer brands mainly Pale lager, though some other Brauerei C & A Veltins, is a German Brewery in the west German city of Meschede-Grevenstein. König Brauerei, is a German Beer Brewery in the west German city of Duisburg. Holsten-Brauerei AG (Holsten Brewery plc is a Beer Brewery founded in 1879 in what is now Hamburg 's Altona-Nord quarter Warsteiner Beer is brewed in the Arnsberger Forestpark outside of Warstein, Germany Augustiner Bräu is a Brewery located in Munich, Germany Established in 1328 it is Munich's oldest brewery and produces some of Munich's most popular brands of The Wernesgrüner Brewery or Wernesgrüner Brauerei GmbH is a brewery in Steinberg-Wernesgrün, Saxony, Germany. On the other hand, Dutch (Heineken, Amstel) and Belgian Pilsners (Jupiler, Stella Artois) have a slight sweet taste. Heineken is a Dutch 5% abv Pale lager, made by Heineken International since 1873 See also Heineken International Amstel Brewery (Amstelbrouwerij was a Brewery founded in 1870 on the Mauritskade in Amsterdam, The Netherlands Jupiler is a Belgian Pilsener brewed by InBev. Its producer claims it to be the number 1 selling beer in Belgium. Stella Artois (ˈstɛlə ɑrˈtwɑː is a 52% ABV global Lager first brewed in Leuven, Belgium in 1926 as a Christmas brew
While Pilsner is best defined in terms of its characteristics and heritage, the term is also used by some brewers (particularly in North America) to indicate their "premium" beer, whether or not it has a particular hop character. It is generally regarded as being different from other pale lagers by a more prominent hop character, particularly from the use of Saaz noble hops. Pale lager is a very pale to golden -coloured Beer with a well attenuated body and noble hop bitterness Hops are the female Flower cones of the hop plant ( Humulus lupulus)