Piero di Cosimo (also known as Piero di Lorenzo) (January 2, 1462 – April 12, 1522) was an Florentine painter. Events 366 - The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers invading the Roman Empire. Events 467 - Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Florence ( Italian: Firenze Florentia and Fiorenza) is the Capital City of the Italian region of Tuscany Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e
The son of a Florentine goldsmith, Piero was born in Florence and apprenticed under the artist Cosimo Rosseli, from whom he derived his popular name and whom he assisted in the painting of the Sistine Chapel in 1481. Cosimo Rosselli (1439 &ndash after 1506 was an Italian painter of the Quattrocento, active mainly in his birthplace of Florence. Sistine Chapel (Cappella Sistina is the best-known Chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope in Vatican City.
In the first phase of his career, Piero was influenced by the Netherlandish naturalism of Hugo van der Goes, whose Portinari Triptych (now at the Spedale of Santa Maria Novella in Florence) helped to lead the whole of Florentine painting into new channels. Hugo van der Goes ( Ghent, ?c 1440 – Oudergem, near Brussels, 1482 or 1483 was a Flemish painter The Portinari Triptych (c 1475) is an oil on wood painting by the Flemish painter Hugo van der Goes representing the Adoration of the shepherds Santa Maria Novella is a church in Florence, Italy situated just across the main railway station which shares its name From him, most probably, Cosimo acquired the love of landscape and the intimate knowledge of the growth of flowers and of animal life. The manner of Hugo van der Goes is especially apparent in the Adoration of the Shepherds, at the Berlin Museum. Museum Island (Museumsinsel in Berlin, Germany is the name of the northern half of the Spreeinsel, an island in the Spree river in the
He journeyed to Rome in 1482 with his master, Rosselli. He proves himself a true child of the Renaissance by depicting subjects of Classical mythology in such pictures as the Venus, Mars, and Cupid, The Death of Procris, the Perseus and Andromeda series, at the Uffizi, and many others. The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere Inspired to the Vitruvius' account of the evolution of man, Piero's mythical compositions show the bizarre presence of hybrid forms of men and animals, or the man learning to use fire and tools. Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (born c 80–70 BC died after c 15 BC was a Roman Writer, Architect and Engineer (possibly praefectus fabrum The multitudes of nudes in these works shows the influence of Luca Signorelli on Piero's art. Luca Signorelli (c 1445 - October 16, 1523) was an Italian Renaissance painter who was noted in particular for his ability as a draughtsman
During his lifetime, Cosimo acquired a reputation for eccentricity—a reputation enhanced and exaggerated by later commentators.  Reportedly, he was frightened of thunderstorms, and so pyrophobic that he rarely cooked his food; he lived largely on hard-boiled eggs, which he prepared 50 at a time while boiling glue for his artworks. He also resisted any cleaning of his studio, or trimming of the fruit trees of his orchard; he lived, wrote Vasari, "more like a beast than a man. "
If, as Vasari asserts, he spent the last years of his life in gloomy retirement, the change was probably due to Savonarola, under whose influence he turned his attention once more to religious art. Girolamo Savonarola ( September 21, 1452 &ndash May 23, 1498) was an Italian Dominican priest and leader of Florence from The death of his master Roselli may also have had an impact on Piero's morose elder years. The Immaculate Conception with Saints, at the Uffizi, and the Holy Family, at Dresden, best illustrate the religious fervour to which he was stimulated by the stern preacher. The Uffizi Gallery (Galleria degli Uffizi one of the oldest and most famous Art Museums in the world is housed in the Palazzo degli Uffizi, a Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Drježdźany is the Capital city of the German
With the exception of the landscape background in Rosselli's fresco of the Sermon on the Mount, in the Sistine Chapel, we have no record of any fresco work from his brush. On the other hand, Piero enjoyed a great reputation as a portrait painter: the most famous of his work is in fact the portrait of a Florentine noblewoman, Simonetta Vespucci, mistress of Giuliano de Medici. Florence ( Italian: Firenze Florentia and Fiorenza) is the Capital City of the Italian region of Tuscany The Portrait of Simonetta Vespucci is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Piero di Cosimo, c According to Vasari Piero excelled in designing pageants and triumphal processions for the pleasure-loving youths of Florence, and gives a vivid description of one such procession at the end of the carnival of 1507, which illustrated the triumph of death. Giorgio Vasari ( 30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter and Architect, who is today famous Piero di Cosimo exercised considerable influence upon his fellow pupils Albertinelli and Bartolomeo della Porta, and was the master of Andrea del Sarto. Mariotto di Bigio di Bindo Albertinelli ( October 13, 1474 - November 5, 1515) was a High Renaissance Italian painter Fra Bartolomeo or Fra Bartolommeo ( di Pagholo) ( March 28, 1472 &ndash October 6, 1517) also known as Baccio della Andrea del Sarto (1486 &ndash 1531 was an Italian painter from Florence, whose career flourished during the High Renaissance and early- Mannerism
Giorgio Vasari includes a biography of Piero di Cosimo in his Lives of the Artists. Giorgio Vasari ( 30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter and Architect, who is today famous The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters Sculptors and Architects, or Le Vite delle più eccellenti pittori scultori ed architettori as it was originally known
Vasari gave Piero's date of death as 1521, and this date is still repeated by many sources, including the Encyclopedia Britannica.  However, contemporary documents reveal that he died of plague on April 12, 1522. Events 467 - Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.