|— City —|
|The City of Philadelphia|
Philadelphia skyline, August 2007
|Nickname: "City of Brotherly Love", "The City that Loves you Back", "Cradle of Liberty", "The Quaker City", "The Birthplace of America", "Philly"|
|Motto: "Philadelphia maneto" - "Let brotherly love endure"|
Location in Pennsylvania
|Founded||October 27, 1682|
|Incorporated||October 25, 1701|
|- Mayor||Michael Nutter (D)|
|- City||135 sq mi (349. The Flag of Philadelphia Pennsylvania consists of three vertical stripes (blue yellow blue with the city coat of arms across the center of the A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The political units and divisions of the United States include The 50 states (four of these being officially styled as Commonwealths) which are typically The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern The following is a list of the sixty-seven counties of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States of America. Philadelphia County is a County located in the US State of Pennsylvania. Events 312 - Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to cities, counties, Towns Events 1147 - The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a The Mayor of Philadelphia is the chief executive of the government of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as stipulated by the Charter of the City of Philadelphia Michael Anthony "Mike" Nutter (born June 29, 1957) is the Mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 6 km²)|
|- Water||7. To help compare different Orders of magnitude and geographical regions we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km² 6 sq mi (19. 6 km²)|
|- Urban||1,799. 5 sq mi (4,660. 7 km²)|
|- Metro||4,629 sq mi (11,989 km²)|
|Elevation||39 ft (12 m)|
|- City||1,448,394 (6th)|
|- Density||10,882. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International The Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 8/sq mi (4,201. 8/km²)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|- Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||215, 267|
Philadelphia (pronounced /ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə/), commonly referred to as Philly and The City of Brotherly Love, is the largest city in Pennsylvania and the sixth most populous city in the United States. A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−5 is the Time offset used in the North American Eastern Time Zone during Standard time and in the North American Central Time Zone during Daylight saving time ( DST The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−4 is the Time offset used in the Atlantic Standard Time Zone in Canada in winter and the North American Eastern Time Zone during A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks Area codes 215 and 267 are Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Telephone Area codes which serve the Southeast corner of the state including the city Area codes 215 and 267 are Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Telephone Area codes which serve the Southeast corner of the state including the city The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern The The United States of America —commonly referred to as the It is the fifth largest metropolitan area by population in the United States, and the nation's fourth largest consumer media market as ranked by the Nielsen Media Research. Nielsen Media Research ( NMR) is an American firm that measures media Audiences including Television, Radio It is the county seat of Philadelphia County, with which it is coterminous. Philadelphia County is a County located in the US State of Pennsylvania. Its name literally means "the City of Brotherly Love" (from Greek: Φιλαδέλφεια, [pʰi. Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly la. ˈdel. pʰeː. a], Modern Greek: [fi. la'ðɛl. fi. a], "brotherly love" from philos "love" and adelphos "brother"). Love is any of a number of Emotions and experiences related to a sense of strong Affection. The city is recognized as a strong candidate global city.
In 2005, the population of the city proper was estimated to be over 1. 4 million, while the Delaware Valley metropolitan area, with a population of 5. The Delaware Valley is a term used widely to refer to the metropolitan area centered on the city of Philadelphia in the United States. A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central 8 million, was the fifth-largest in the United States. A commercial, educational, and cultural center, the city was once the second-largest in the British Empire, (after London) and the social and geographical center of the original 13 American colonies. The British Empire was the largest empire in history and for over a century was the foremost global power. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. During the 18th century, it eclipsed New York City in political and social importance, with Benjamin Franklin taking a large role in Philadelphia's early rise to prominence. The City of New York Benjamin Franklin ( April 17 1790 was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. It was in this city that some of the ideas, and subsequent actions, gave birth to the American Revolution and American independence, making Philadelphia a centerpiece of early American history. In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" It was the most populous city of the young United States and served as the the nation's first capital in the 1790s. Washington DC has been the capital of the United States since 1800
Prior to the arrival of Europeans the Philadelphia area was the location of the Lenape (Delaware) Indians village Shackamaxon. The history of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, goes back to 1682 when the city was founded by William Penn. The shannon (later named Delaware Indians by Europeans were in the 17th century organized bands of Native American peoples with shared cultural and linguistic Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States Shackamaxon or Shakamaxon was a village inhabited by Delaware (Lenape Indians, located in what are now the borders of the city of Philadelphia Europeans arrived in the Delaware Valley in the early 1600s, with the first settlements being founded by the Dutch, British and Swedish. The Delaware Valley is a term used widely to refer to the metropolitan area centered on the city of Philadelphia in the United States. The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation.
The Swedes sought to expand their influence by creating an agricultural (tobacco) and fur-trading colony to bypass French and British merchants. The New Sweden Company was chartered and included Swedish, Dutch and German stockholders. New Sweden ( Nya Sverige in Swedish and Uusi-Ruotsi in Finnish) was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River The first Swedish expedition to North America embarked from the port of Gothenburg in late 1637. Gothenburg ( Swedish:) /jœte'bɔrj/ is a city, a municipality, and an urban area on the west-coast of Sweden. It was organized and overseen by Clas Fleming, a Swedish Admiral from Finland. Klas Fleming may refer to Klaus Fleming (1535–1597 Finnish-Swedish admiral Claes Larsson Fleming (1592–1644 Over-Governor Finland, officially the Republic of Finland ( is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of northern Europe. Part of this colony, called New Sweden or Nya Sverige eventually included land on the west side of the Delaware River from just below the Schuylkill River; in other words, today's Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, southeast Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland. New Sweden ( Nya Sverige in Swedish and Uusi-Ruotsi in Finnish) was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River New Sweden ( Nya Sverige in Swedish and Uusi-Ruotsi in Finnish) was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. The Schuylkill River, most often ˈskuːkəl ("SKOO-kull" is a river in the U Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern Delaware ( is a state located on the Atlantic Coast in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States.
In 1644, New Sweden supported the Susquehannocks in their victory in a war against the English Province of Maryland. New Sweden ( Nya Sverige in Swedish and Uusi-Ruotsi in Finnish) was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River The Susquehannock people were natives of areas adjacent to the Susquehanna River and its Tributaries from the southern part of what is now New York A series of events led the Dutch — led by governor Peter Stuyvesant — to move an army to the Delaware River in the late summer of 1655. Peter Stuyvesant (originally Pieter or Petrus, Peter is never mentioned in historical records (c The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. Though New Netherland now nominally controlled the colony, the Swedish and Finnish settlers continued to enjoy a degree of local autonomy, having their own militia, religion, court, and lands. New Netherland (Dutch Nieuw-Nederland, Latin Novum Belgium or Nova Belgica) 1614–1674 is the name of the former Dutch territory on the eastern coast This status lasted officially until the English conquest of the New Netherland colony, in October 1663-1664, and continued unofficially until the area was included in William Penn's charter for Pennsylvania, in 1682. William Penn ( October 14, 1644 – July 30, 1718) was founder and "Absolute Proprietor" of the Province of Pennsylvania, The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern
In 1681, as part of a repayment of a debt, Charles II of England granted William Penn a charter for what would become the Pennsylvania colony. Charles II (Charles Stuart 29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685 was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. William Penn ( October 14, 1644 – July 30, 1718) was founder and "Absolute Proprietor" of the Province of Pennsylvania, A charter is the grant of authority or rights stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as Pennsylvania Colony, was a North American colony granted to William Penn on March 4, 1681 Part of Penn's plan for the colony was to create a city on the Delaware River to serve as a port and place for government. The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. Despite already having been given the land by Charles II, Penn bought the land from the local Lenape to be on good terms with the Native Americans and ensure peace for his colony.  According to legend Penn made a treaty of friendship with Lenape chief Tammany under an elm tree at Shackamaxon, in what is now the city's Kensington section. A legend ( Latin, legenda, "things to be read" is a Narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to Shackamaxon or Shakamaxon was a village inhabited by Delaware (Lenape Indians, located in what are now the borders of the city of Philadelphia Kensington is a neighborhood located in the United States city of Philadelphia Pennsylvania.  As a Quaker, Penn had experienced religious persecution and wanted his colony to be a place where anyone could worship freely despite their religion. Penn named the city Philadelphia, which is Greek for brotherly love (philos, "love" or "friendship", and adelphos, "brother"). Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly 
Penn's plan was that Philadelphia would be like an English rural town instead of a city. The city's roads were designed with a grid plan with the idea that houses and businesses would be spread far apart and surrounded by gardens and orchards. The grid plan or gridiron plan is a type of City plan in which Streets run at right angles to each other forming a grid. The city's inhabitants didn't follow Penn's plans and crowded by the Delaware River and subdivided and resold their lots.  Before Penn left Philadelphia for the last time, he issued the Charter of 1701 establishing Philadelphia as a city. The city soon grew and established itself as an important trading center. Conditions in the city were poor at first, but by the 1750s living conditions had improved. A significant contributor to Philadelphia at the time was Benjamin Franklin. Benjamin Franklin ( April 17 1790 was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. Franklin helped improve city services and founded new ones, such as the American Colonies' first hospital. Pennsylvania Hospital ("Pennsy" is a Hospital in Center City Philadelphia currently affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania Health System  Due to Philadelphia's central location in the colonies, during the American Revolution the city was used as the location for the First Continental Congress before the war, the Second Continental Congress, which signed the United States Declaration of Independence, during the war, and the Constitutional Convention after the war. In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" The First Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from twelve of the thirteen British North American colonies that met on September 5 1774 in The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that met beginning in May 10 1775 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The United States Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4 1776 announcing that the thirteen American colonies then The Philadelphia Convention (now also known as the Constitutional Convention, the Federal Convention, or the " Grand Convention at Philadelphia A number of battles during the war were fought in Philadelphia and its environs as well. The Philadelphia campaign (1777&ndash1778 was a British initiative in the American Revolutionary War. Unsuccessful lobbying after the war to make Philadelphia the United States capital helped make the city the temporary U. S. capital in the 1790s. 
The state government left Philadelphia in 1799 and the federal government left soon after in 1800. However Philadelphia was still the largest city in the United States and a financial and cultural center. New York City soon surpassed Philadelphia in population, but construction of roads, canals, and railroads helped turn Philadelphia into the United States' first major industrial city. Canals are artificial channels for water There are two types of canals water conveyance canals which are used for the conveyance and delivery of water and Waterways Throughout the 19th century Philadelphia had a large variety of industries and businesses, the largest being textiles. A textile is a flexible material comprised of a network of natural or artificial Fibres often referred to as thread or Yarn. Major corporations in the 19th and early 20th centuries included the Baldwin Locomotive Works, William Cramp and Sons Ship and Engine Building Company, and the Pennsylvania Railroad. The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American builder of Railroad Locomotives It was located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania originally and later William Cramp & Sons Shipbuilding Company of Philadelphia was founded in 1825 by William Cramp and was the preeminent U The Pennsylvania Railroad was an American Railroad, founded in 1846  Industry, along with the U.S. Centennial, was celebrated in 1876 with the Centennial Exposition, the first official World's Fair in the United States. The Centennial International Exhibition of 1876 the first official World's Fair in the United States, was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The Centennial International Exhibition of 1876 the first official World's Fair in the United States, was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Expo (short for "exposition" and also known as World Fair and World's Fair) is the name given to various large public exhibitions held since the Immigrants, mostly German and Irish, settled in Philadelphia and the surrounding districts. Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world The rise in population of the surrounding districts helped lead to the Act of Consolidation of 1854 which extended the city of Philadelphia to include all of Philadelphia County. The Act of Consolidation, passed on February 2, 1854 in the U Philadelphia County is a County located in the US State of Pennsylvania.  In the later half of the century immigrants from Russia, Eastern Europe and Italy and African Americans from the southern U.S. settled in the city. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Eastern Europe is a general term that refers to the Geopolitical region encompassing the easternmost part of the European continent. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa The Southern United States &mdashcommonly referred to as the American South, Dixie, or simply the South &mdashconstitutes a large distinctive 
By the 20th century Philadelphia had become known as "corrupt and contented. " Philadelphians were content with the city's lack of change or excitement, and single-party politics, centered around the city's entrenched Republican political machine, allowed corruption to flourish. A political machine is an unofficial system of a political organization based on Patronage, the Spoils system, "behind-the-scenes" control and longstanding The machine and corruption permeated in all parts of city government and reformers had little success.  The first major success in reform came in 1917 when outrage over the murder of a police officer during that year's election led to the shrinking of the Philadelphia City Council from two houses to just one. The Philadelphia City Council, the legislative body of Philadelphia Pennsylvania, consists of ten members elected by district and seven members elected at-large  In the 1920s the public flouting of Prohibition laws, mob violence, and police involvement in illegal activities led to the appointment of Brigadier General Smedley Butler of the U.S. Marine Corps as director of public safety, but political pressure prevented any long term success in fighting crime and corruption. In the United States, the term Prohibition refers to the period from 1920 to 1933 during which the sale manufacture and transportation of alcohol for consumption The Mafia (also known as Cosa Nostra) is a Sicilian Criminal Secret society which is believed to have first developed in the mid-19th century Brigadier General is the lowest ranking General Officer in some countries usually sitting between the ranks of Colonel and Major General. Smedley Darlington Butler (July 30 1881 &ndash June 21 1940 Nicknamed " The Fighting Quaker " and " Old Gimlet Eye " was a Major 
After struggling through the Great Depression, World War II created jobs and brought the city out of the Depression. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including However, after the war there was a severe housing shortage with about half the city's housing being built in the 19th century, many of which lacked proper facilities. Adding to housing problem was white flight, as African Americans and Puerto Ricans moved into new neighborhoods resulting in racial tension. White flight is a term for the demographic trend in which working and Middle-class White people move away from Suburbs A Puerto Rican ('puertorriqueño' ( Taíno term boricua) is a person who was born in Puerto Rico.  After a population peak of over two million residents in 1950 the city's population declined while the suburban neighboring counties grew. After a five year investigation into corruption into city government, the outcry with what the investigation found led the drafting of a new city charter in 1950. The city charter strengthened the position of the mayor and weakened the city council among other changes to help prevent the corruption of the past. The first Democratic mayor since the first half of the 19th century was elected in 1951. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. However, after two early reform mayors, a Democratic political organization had established itself replacing the old Republican one. 
Protests, riots and racial tensions were common in the 1960s and 70s. Mostly drug related gang violence plagued the city. In the mid 1980s, crack houses invaded the city's slums. In the United States crack house is a term used to describe an old often abandoned or burnt-out building often in an inner-city neighborhood where drug dealers and drug users buy Confrontations between police and the radical group MOVE culminated when the police dropped a satchel bomb on their headquarters starting a fire that killed eleven MOVE members and destroyed sixty-two neighboring houses. MOVE is an organization formed in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, in 1972 by John Africa and Donald Glassey Revitalization and gentrification of neighborhoods began in the 1960s and continues into the 21st century, with much of the development in the Center City and University City areas of the city. Gentrification, or urban gentrification, is the change in an Urban area associated with the movement of more affluent individuals into a lower-class Center City is the " Downtown " and Central Business District of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA University City is the name given to an area of campuses and neighborhoods in West Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After many of the old manufacturers and businesses had left Philadelphia or shut down, the city started attracting service businesses and began to more aggressively market itself as a tourist destination. Glass and granite skyscrapers were built in Center City. Historic areas such as Independence National Historical Park located in Society Hill were resuscitated during the reformist mayoral era of the 1950s through the 1980s and are now among the most desirable living areas of Center City. Independence National Historical Park preserves several sites associated with the American This has slowed the city's forty-year population decline after losing nearly a quarter of its population. 
Philadelphia is located at 40° 00′ north latitude and 75° 09′ west longitude. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 142. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 6 square miles (369. 3 km²), of which 135. 1 square miles (349. 9 km²) is land and 7. 6 square miles (19. 7 km²), or 5. 29%, is water. Bodies of water include the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, and Cobbs, Wissahickon, and Pennypack Creeks. The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. The Schuylkill River, most often ˈskuːkəl ("SKOO-kull" is a river in the U Cobbs Creek is a Tributary of Darby Creek in Delaware County, Pennsylvania in the United States. Wissahickon Creek is a Stream in southeastern Pennsylvania. Rising in Montgomery County Pennsylvania, it runs about 23 miles (37 km passing Pennypack Creek is a creek that runs southwest through eastern Montgomery County Pennsylvania, United States lower Bucks County, and the northeast section of
The lowest point is sea level, while the highest point is in Chestnut Hill, at approximately 445 feet (136 m) above sea level (near the intersection of Germantown Avenue and Bethlehem Pike). Chestnut Hill is an affluent neighborhood in the Northwest Philadelphia section of the United States city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
Philadelphia is located on the Fall Line separating the Atlantic Coastal Plain from the Piedmont. In Geomorphology, a fall line (at times referred to as a fall zone) marks the area where an upland region (continental Bedrock) and a Coastal plain The Atlantic Coastal Plain is the flat stretch of land that borders the Atlantic Ocean (including the Gulf of Mexico) Piedmont is a plateau region located in the eastern United States between the Atlantic Coastal Plain and the main Appalachian Mountains, stretching  The rapids on the Schuylkill River at East Falls disappeared after the completion of the Fairmount Dam. The Schuylkill River, most often ˈskuːkəl ("SKOO-kull" is a river in the U East Falls is a neighborhood in the Northwest section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. 
The city is the seat of its own county. Philadelphia County is a County located in the US State of Pennsylvania. The adjacent counties are Montgomery to the north; Bucks to the northeast; Burlington County, New Jersey to the east; Camden County, New Jersey to the southeast; Gloucester County, New Jersey to the south; and Delaware County to the west. Montgomery County is a County located in the US state of Pennsylvania, in the United States. Bucks County is a County located in the US state of Pennsylvania. Burlington County is a County located in the US state of New Jersey. Camden County is a County located in the US state of New Jersey. Gloucester County is a County located in the US state of New Jersey. Delaware County (known colloquially as "Delco" is a County located in the U
Philadelphia falls in the humid subtropical climate zone. Humid subtropical climate ( Köppen Cfa or Cwa) is a climate zone characterized by hot humid summers and chilly to mild winters Summers are typically hot and muggy, fall and spring are generally mild, and winter is cold. Snowfall is variable, with some winters bringing moderate snow and others bringing some significant snowstorms. Annual snowfall averages 21 inches (534 mm). Precipitation is generally spread throughout the year, with eight to eleven wet days per month, at an average annual rate of 42 inches (1068 mm).
January lows average 23 °F (−5 °C) and highs average 38 °F (3 °C). The lowest officially recorded temperature was −11 °F (−24 °C) on February 9, 1934, but temperatures below 0 °F (−18 °C) occur only a few times a decade. Events 474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Year 1934 ( MCMXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. July lows average 67 °F (20 °C) and highs average 87 °F (30. 5 °C), although heat waves accompanied by high humidity are frequent with highs above 95 °F (35 °C) and the heat index running as high as 110 °F (43 °C). The heat index ( HI) is an index that combines Air Temperature and Relative humidity in an attempt to determine the human-perceived equivalent The highest recorded temperature was 106 °F (41 °C) on August 7, 1918. Events 322 BC - Battle of Crannon between Athens and Macedon following the death of Alexander the Great. Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common  Early fall and late winter are generally driest, with February being the driest month, averaging only 2. 74 inches (69. 8 mm) of precipitation.
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Philadelphia has many neighborhoods, each with its own identity. The following is a list of Neighborhoods districts, and other places located in the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. The large Philadelphia sections, North, Northeast, Northwest, West, South and Southwest Philadelphia surround Center City, which falls within the original city limits prior to consolidation in 1854. North Philadelphia is a section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. Northeast Philadelphia ("the Northeast" is a section of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Northwest Philadelphia ("Uptown Philly" is a section of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. West Philadelphia is a section of the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. South Philadelphia Nicknamed "South Philly" is the section of Philadelphia bounded by South Street to the north the Delaware River Southwest Philadelphia is a section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Center City is the " Downtown " and Central Business District of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA Numerous smaller neighborhoods within the areas coincide with the boroughs, townships, and other communities that made up Philadelphia County before their absorption by the city. Other neighborhoods formed based on ethnicity, religion, culture, and commercial reasons. 
Philadelphia's architectural history dates back to Colonial times and includes a wide range of styles. The buildings and architecture of Philadelphia are a mix of historic and modern styles that reflect the city's history This list of tallest buildings in Philadelphia ranks Skyscrapers in the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by height The term colonial history of the United States refers to the history of the land that would become the United States from the start of European settlement to the time of independence The earliest structures were constructed with logs, but brick structures were common by 1700. A log home (or log house) is technically the same thing as a Log cabin, a House typically made from Logs that have not been milled During the 18th century, the cityscape was dominated by Georgian architecture, including Independence Hall. A cityscape is the urban equivalent of a Landscape. Townscape is roughly synonymous with cityscape though it of course implies the same difference in urban Georgian architecture is the name given in most English -speaking countries to the set of Architectural styles current between 1720 and 1840 Independence In the first decades of the 19th century, Federal architecture and Greek Revival architecture were popular. Chester TownshipJPG|thumb|right|A federal style colonial home in Chester Township New Jersey]] Federal-style architecture occurred in the United States between 1780 The Greek Revival was an architectural movement of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries predominantly in northern Europe and the United States  In the second half of the 19th century, Victorian architecture was common. The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of Architectural styles predominantly employed during the Victorian era. In 1871, construction began on the Second Empire-style Philadelphia City Hall. This article is about the Second Empire architectural style For France during the reign of Napoleon III of France, see Second French Empire Philadelphia City Hall is the seat of government for the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Despite the construction of steel and concrete skyscrapers in the 1910s, '20s and '30s, the 548 ft (167 m) City Hall remained the tallest building in the city until 1987 when One Liberty Place was constructed. A skyscraper is a tall continuously habitable Building. There is no official definition or a precise cutoff height above which a building may clearly be classified as a skyscraper The One Liberty Place Building is currently the second tallest Building and Skyscraper in the City of Philadelphia and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Numerous glass and granite skyscrapers were built from the late 1980s onwards. In 2007, the Comcast Center surpassed One Liberty Place to become the city's tallest building. Comcast Center is a Skyscraper in Center City, Philadelphia. The building officially opened for business on June 8 2008 and its primary tenant is 
For much of Philadelphia's history, the typical Philadelphia home has been the row house. In Architecture and City planning, a terrace(d or row house or townhouse (though the latter term can also refer to Patio houses The row house was introduced to the United States via Philadelphia in the early 1800s and, for a time, row houses built elsewhere in the United States were known as "Philadelphia rows".  There is a variety of row houses throughout the city from Victorian-style homes in North Philadelphia to twin row houses in West Philadelphia. While newer homes are scattered throughout the city, much of Philadelphia's housing is from the early 20th century or older. The age of the city's homes has created numerous problems which has led to blight and vacant lots in many parts of the city, while other neighborhoods such as Society Hill, which has the largest concentration of 18th-century architecture in the United States, have been rehabilitated and gentrified. Society Hill is a Neighborhood in the Center City section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. 
Philadelphia contains many national historical sites that relate to the founding of the United States. The culture of Philadelphia goes back to 1682 when Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn. The following is a list of notable residents natives and persons generally associated with the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the sixth largest city in the United Independence A National Historical Park, National Historic Park, and National Historic Site are designations for Protected areas of national Independence National Historical Park is the center of these historical landmarks. Independence National Historical Park preserves several sites associated with the American Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence was signed, and the Liberty Bell are the city's most famous attractions. Independence The United States Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4 1776 announcing that the thirteen American colonies then The Liberty Bell, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is a bell that has served as one of the most prominent symbols of the American Revolutionary Other historic sites include homes for Edgar Allan Poe, Betsy Ross, and Thaddeus Kosciuszko, early government buildings like the First and Second Banks of the United States, and the Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site. The Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site is a preserved home once rented by American author Edgar Allan Poe, located in the Spring Garden neighborhood of The Betsy Ross House is generally recognized as the place where Betsy Ross lived when she may have made the first American Flag. Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial, at 301 Pine Street in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, preserves the home of Thaddeus Kosciuszko. The First Bank of the United States was a Bank chartered by the United States Congress on February 25, 1791. The Second Bank of the United States was a bank chartered in 1816 five years after the expiration of the First Bank of the United States. Gloria Dei (Old Swedes' Church National Historic Site preserves the second oldest Swedish 
Philadelphia's major science museums include the Franklin Institute, which contains the Benjamin Franklin National Memorial, the Academy of Natural Sciences, and the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. This article is about the science museum in Philadelphia For the Boston school see Benjamin Franklin Institute of Technology. Benjamin Franklin National Memorial, located in the rotunda of the Franklin Institute The Academy of Natural Sciences is the oldest Natural science research institution and museum in the United States The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology is an Archaeology and Anthropology museum that is part of the University of Pennsylvania History museums include the National Constitution Center, the Atwater Kent Museum of Philadelphia History, the National Museum of American Jewish History, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons in the state of Pennsylvania and The Masonic Library and Museum of Pennsylvania and Eastern State Penitentiary. The National Constitution Center is a history museum on Independence Mall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, just two blocks from the Liberty Bell The Atwater Kent Museum (also known as the Atwater Kent Museum of Philadelphia) was founded in 1938 as Philadelphia 's city history museum The National Museum of American Jewish History is a museum in Center City Philadelphia, located just nearby the city's main historical attractions Independence Historical Society of Pennsylvania is an historical library and archive founded in Philadelphia in 1824. The Eastern State Penitentiary is a former state Prison in the United States. Philadelphia is home to the United States' first zoo and hospital. The Philadelphia Zoo, located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania on the west bank of the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia, was the first Zoo in the United Pennsylvania Hospital ("Pennsy" is a Hospital in Center City Philadelphia currently affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania Health System
The city contains many art museums such as the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Rodin Museum, the largest collection of work by Auguste Rodin outside of France. A museum is a "permanent institution in the service of society and of its development open to the public which acquires conserves researches communicates and exhibits the The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts was founded in 1805 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by painter and scientist Charles Willson Peale, sculptor The Rodin Museum is a museum located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania which contains the largest collection of sculptor Auguste Rodin 's works outside The city’s major art museum, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, is one of the largest art museums in the United States and features the steps made popular by the film Rocky. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, located at the west end of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphia 's Fairmount Park, was established in 1876 The Rocky Steps is the nickname given to the front steps of the Philadelphia Museum of Art in Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Rocky is a 1976 Film written by and starring Sylvester Stallone and directed by John G 
The city is home to many art galleries, many of which participate in the First Friday event. First Friday is a city-wide public event that occurs on the first Friday of every month The first Friday of every month galleries in Old City are open late. Annual events include film festivals and parades, the most famous being the New Year's Day Mummers Parade. New Year's Day is the first day of the Year. On the modern Gregorian calendar, it is celebrated on January 1, as it was also in ancient Rome (though The Mummers Parade is held each New Year's Day in Philadelphia Pennsylvania.
Areas such as South Street and Old City have a vibrant night life. Old City (sometimes spelled "Olde City" is a neighborhood in Center City Philadelphia located in the area near the Delaware River where The Avenue of the Arts in Center City contains many restaurants and theaters, such as the Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts, which is home to the Philadelphia Orchestra, and the Academy of Music, the nation's oldest continually operating venue, home to the Opera Company of Philadelphia. The Avenue of the Arts is a segment of Broad Street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that includes many of the city's cultural institutions most notably Theatre (or theater, see spelling differences) is the branch of the Performing arts defined by Bernard Beckerman as what "occurs when one The Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts is a large Performing arts venue located on Broad Street, along the stretch known as the "Avenue of the Arts" The Philadelphia Orchestra is an Orchestra based in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, in the United States. The Academy of Music, also known as American Academy of Music, in Philadelphia Pennsylvania is the oldest opera house in the United States that is still The Opera Company of Philadelphia is an Opera company in Philadelphia Pennsylvania. 
Philadelphia has more public art than any other American city. The term public art properly refers to works of Art in any media that has been planned and executed with the specific intention of being sited  In 1872, the Fairmount Park Art Association was created, the first private association in the United States dedicated to integrating public art and urban planning. . In 1959, lobbying by the Artists Equity Association helped create the Percent for Art ordinance, the first for a U. The term "percent for art" refers to a program often a city ordinance where a fee usually some percentage of the project cost is placed on large scale development projects in order to Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society S. city.  The program, which has funded more than 200 pieces of public art, is administered by the Philadelphia Office of Arts and Culture, the city's art agency. 
In particular, Philadelphia has more murals than any other U. S. city, thanks in part to the 1984 creation of the Department of Recreation's Mural Arts Program, which seeks to beautify neighborhoods and provide an outlet for graffiti artists. Philadelphia 's Mural Arts Program (MAP was founded in 1986 as a sub division of the Philadelphia Anti-Graffiti Network (PAGN led by Jane Golden Graffiti (singular graffito; the plural is used as a Mass noun) is the name for images or lettering scratched scrawled painted or marked in any manner on property The program has funded more than 2,700 murals by professional, staff and volunteer artists. A mural is a Painting on a wall ceiling or other large permanent surface 
Philadelphia has had a prominent role in music. The city of Philadelphia Pennsylvania is home to a vibrant and well-documented musical heritage stretching back to colonial times In the 1970s, Philadelphia soul influenced the music of that and later eras. For the American arena football team see Philadelphia Soul. Philadelphia (or Philly soul, sometimes called the Philadelphia Sound or Sweet Philly On July 13, 1985, Philadelphia hosted the American end of the Live Aid concert at John F. Kennedy Stadium. Events 1174 - William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) Live Aid was a multi-venue rock music concert held on. The event was organized by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise funds for famine relief in Ethiopia John F Kennedy Stadium (or JFK Stadium) was an open-air stadium in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that stood from 1925 to 1992 The city reprised this role for the Live 8 concert, bringing some 700,000 people to the Ben Franklin Parkway on July 2, 2005. Live 8 was a string of Benefit concerts that took place on 2 July, 2005, in the G8 states and in South Africa. Benjamin Franklin Parkway is a scenic avenue that runs through the cultural heart of the U Events 310 - Pope Miltiades is elected 626 - In fear of assassination Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
The city is known for its hoagies, soft pretzels, water ice, and is home to the cheesesteak. The cuisine of Philadelphia was shaped largely by Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 's mixture of ethnicities available foodstuffs and history A hoagie is a style of sandwich popular in Philadelphia and the surrounding region A pretzel is a bread pastry of German origin that has the shape of a three looped Knot or twisted braid Italian ice is a frozen Dessert made from either concentrated syrup flavoring or fruit purees. The cheesesteak, known outside the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania area as the Philadelphia cheesesteak, Philly cheesesteak, or simply a Its high-end restaurants include Morimoto, run by chef Masaharu Morimoto, who rose to prominence on the Iron Chef television show. is a well-known Japanese chef best-known as the third Iron Chef Japanese on the TV cooking show Iron Chef, and an Iron Chef on its spinoff Iron Chef America Iron Chef is a Japanese television program produced by FujiTV.
|Philadelphia Eagles||NFL||American Football||Lincoln Financial Field||1933||1948, 1949, 1960|
|Philadelphia Flyers||NHL||Hockey||Wachovia Center||1967||1973-74, 1974-75|
|Philadelphia Phillies||MLB||Baseball||Citizens Bank Park||1883||1980|
|Philadelphia 76ers||NBA||Basketball||Wachovia Center||1963||1966-67, 1982-83|
|Philadelphia Wings||NLL||Lacrosse (Indoor)||Wachovia Center||1987||1989, 1990, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2001|
|Philadelphia MLS team||MLS||Soccer||Chester Stadium||2010||none|
|Philadelphia Phantoms||AHL||Hockey||Wachovia Spectrum||1996||1997-98, 2004-05|
|Philadelphia Soul||AFL||Arena Football||Wachovia Center & Spectrum||2004||none|
|Philadelphia Barrage||MLL||Lacrosse (Outdoor)||N/A||2001||2004, 2006, 2007|
|Philadelphia KiXX||MISL||Soccer (Indoor)||Wachovia Spectrum||1995||2001-02, 2006-07|
|Philadelphia Fight||AMNRL||Rugby League||Farrell Stadium (West Chester University)||1998||none|
Philadelphia has a long history of professional sports teams, and is one of thirteen U. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania has a rich tradition of sports, from club sports in the mid-nineteenth century to the professional teams and events of today There are 13 US cities with teams from four major sports where "city" is defined as the entire metropolitan area and " Major professional sports leagues The Philadelphia Eagles are a professional American football team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. Lincoln Financial Field, familiarly known as " The Linc " is the home Stadium of the National Football League 's Philadelphia Eagles The 1948 NFL season was the 29th Regular season of the National Football League. The 1949 NFL season was the 30th Regular season of the National Football League. The 1960 NFL season was the 41st Regular season of the National Football League. The Philadelphia Flyers are a professional Ice hockey team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The National Hockey League ( NHL) is a professional Ice hockey league composed of 30 teams in North America The Wachovia Center, formerly known as the CoreStates Center and the First Union Center, is an indoor arena located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania The 1973–74 NHL season was the 57th season of the National Hockey League. The 1974–75 NHL season was the 58th season of the National Hockey League. The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. Citizens Bank Park is a 43647-seat Baseball -only Stadium in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that opened on April 3, 2004 The 1980 World Series matched the Philadelphia Phillies against the Kansas City Royals, with the Phillies winning in six games to capture the only World Series title The Philadelphia 76ers (also known as the Sixers for short are a professional Basketball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The Wachovia Center, formerly known as the CoreStates Center and the First Union Center, is an indoor arena located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania The 1966–67 NBA Season was the 21st season of the National Basketball Association. The 1982–83 NBA season was the 37th season of the National Basketball Association. The Philadelphia Wings are a member of the National Lacrosse League, a professional Box lacrosse league in North America The National Lacrosse League (NLL is the league of men's indoor lacrosse in North America. The Wachovia Center, formerly known as the CoreStates Center and the First Union Center, is an indoor arena located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania Major League Soccer ( MLS) is the top-flight professional Soccer league in the United States and Canada with 14 teams 13 in the U Chester Stadium is a proposed Soccer-specific stadium in Chester Pennsylvania, which is the planned home of Major League Soccer Philadelphia 2010 The Philadelphia Phantoms are a minor professional Ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. American Hockey Association (1926–1942The American Hockey League (AHL is a Professional Ice hockey league in North America that serves as the primary The Wachovia Spectrum (formerly known as the Spectrum (1967–1994 CoreStates Spectrum (1994–1998 and First Union Spectrum (1998–2003 is an For the American arena football team see Philadelphia Soul. Philadelphia (or Philly soul, sometimes called the Philadelphia Sound or Sweet Philly The Arena Football League (AFL was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. The Wachovia Center, formerly known as the CoreStates Center and the First Union Center, is an indoor arena located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania The Wachovia Spectrum (formerly known as the Spectrum (1967–1994 CoreStates Spectrum (1994–1998 and First Union Spectrum (1998–2003 is an The Philadelphia Barrage is a Lacrosse team that was based in Philadelphia Pennsylvania from the 2004 season until the 2008 season Major League Lacrosse is a professional outdoor Lacrosse league that is made up of teams within the United States. The 2001 Major League Lacrosse season was the 1st season of the league 2004 Major League Lacrosse season was the 4th season of the league 2006 Major League Lacrosse season was the 6th season of the league 2007 Major League Lacrosse season was the 7th season of the league The Philadelphia KiXX is an indoor soccer team founded in 1995 as an NPSL expansion franchise that plays its games at the Wachovia Spectrum in Philadelphia The Major Indoor Soccer League was the top professional Indoor soccer league in the USA. The Wachovia Spectrum (formerly known as the Spectrum (1967–1994 CoreStates Spectrum (1994–1998 and First Union Spectrum (1998–2003 is an Philadelphia FIGHT (FIGHT is a comprehensive AIDS service organization that provides primary care consumer education advocacy and research on potential treatments and vaccines The American National Rugby League (sometimes referred to as the AMNRL) is the major Rugby league tournament for semi-professional clubs in the United States History See also History of rugby league The grass roots of rugby league can be traced to early football history, through the playing of ball games West Chester University of Pennsylvania, is a public University located in West Chester Pennsylvania, United States 34 miles (54 km west by north of Philadelphia S. cities to have all four major sports: the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League, the Philadelphia Flyers of the National Hockey League, the Philadelphia Phillies in the National League of Major League Baseball, and the Philadelphia 76ers in the National Basketball Association. There are 13 US cities with teams from four major sports where "city" is defined as the entire metropolitan area and " Major professional sports leagues The Philadelphia Eagles are a professional American football team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. The Philadelphia Flyers are a professional Ice hockey team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The National Hockey League ( NHL) is a professional Ice hockey league composed of 30 teams in North America The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the National League ( NL) is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball The Philadelphia 76ers (also known as the Sixers for short are a professional Basketball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The last major professional sport team to win a championship was the 76ers, which won the NBA Championship in 1983. The 1982–83 NBA season was the 37th season of the National Basketball Association. Due to the length of this streak without winning a sports championship, in 2004 ESPN ranked Philadelphia as number two in its list of The Fifteen Most Tortured Sports Cities. ESPN, originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American Cable television network dedicated to  The failure of Philadelphia's major professional sports teams to win championships since that date is sometimes attributed, in jest, to the so-called "Curse of Billy Penn". The Curse of William Penn is an alleged Curse, sometimes used to explain the failure of professional sports teams based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The Oakland Athletics and Golden State Warriors were originally from Philadelphia. The Oakland Athletics are a professional baseball team based in Oakland, California. The Golden State Warriors are an American professional Basketball team based in Oakland, California.
Philadelphia also is home to professional, semi-professional and elite amateur teams in other sports, including cricket. Cricket is a bat-and-ball team Sport that originated in England and is now played in more than 100 countries Philadelphia also hosts major amateur sporting events, including the Penn Relays, Stotesbury Cup, Philadelphia Marathon, and Philadelphia International Championship bicycle race, and the Dad Vail Regatta. Amateurism (from Fr amateur "lover of" from OFr from L Penn Relays (also Penn Relays Carnival) is the oldest and largest Track and field competition in the United States hosted annually since April 21 1895 The Stotesbury Cup Regatta, sponsored by the Schuylkill Navy, is "the world's oldest and largest high school rowing competition The Philadelphia Marathon (aka the Philadelphia Independence Marathon) founded in 1954 is an annual Marathon sporting event hosted by the City of Philadelphia International Championship is the current name given to an annual Bicycle race held in the city of Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Bicycle racing encompasses many forms in which Bicycles are used for competition The Dad Vail Regatta, held annually on the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the largest regular
In February 2008, Philadelphia beat out competition from several other cities, namely St. Louis, to be awarded the 16th Major League Soccer franchise. Major League Soccer ( MLS) is the top-flight professional Soccer league in the United States and Canada with 14 teams 13 in the U They will enter the league in 2010 calling Chester Stadium their home (a soccer specific stadium) in Chester, PA. Chester Stadium is a proposed Soccer-specific stadium in Chester Pennsylvania, which is the planned home of Major League Soccer Philadelphia 2010 Soccer-specific stadium (or football-specific stadium) is a term used mainly in the United States and Canada, coined by Lamar Hunt, to refer Chester is a city in Delaware County Pennsylvania, with a population of 36854 at the 2000 Census.
Philadelphia's economy is relatively diversified, with meaningful portions of its total output derived from manufacturing, oil refining, food processing, health care and biotechnology, tourism and financial services. Comcast Center is a Skyscraper in Center City, Philadelphia. The building officially opened for business on June 8 2008 and its primary tenant is According to a study prepared by PricewaterhouseCoopers, Philadelphia and its surrounding region had the fourth highest GDP among American cities, with a total "city GDP" of $312 billion in 2005 . Only New York, Los Angeles and Chicago had higher total economic output levels.
The city is home to the Philadelphia Stock Exchange and several Fortune 500 companies, including cable television and internet provider Comcast, insurance companies CIGNA and Lincoln Financial Group, energy company Sunoco, food services company Aramark, Crown Holdings Incorporated, chemical makers Rohm and Haas Company and FMC Corporation, pharmaceutical companies Wyeth and GlaxoSmithKline, Boeing helicopters division, and automotive parts retailer Pep Boys. Philadelphia Stock Exchange (PHLX was the oldest Stock exchange in the United States, founded in 1790. Please do not add the complete list of fortune 500 companies The list is copyrighted by Fortune which makes money by selling the content Comcast Corporation ( is the largest Cable television company the second largest Internet service provider and (according to the company the fourth largest telephone Insurance, in Law and Economics, is a form of Risk management primarily used to hedge against the Risk of a contingent loss CIGNA Corporation ( is a Philadelphia-based health service company Lincoln National Corporation ( is a Holding company, which operates multiple Insurance and investment management businesses through subsidiary companies Sunoco ( is an American Petroleum and Petrochemical manufacturer headquartered in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, formerly known as Sun Company Aramark Limited is a food and apparel service partner to organizations across a range of sectors including business and industry judicial education health care offshore and defense Crown Holdings Incorporated ( (formerly Crown Cork & Seal Company) founded in 1892 by William Painter is a Fortune 500 company based in Philadelphia Rohm and Haas Company ( a Philadelphia Pennsylvania based company manufactures miscellaneous materials FMC Corporation is a Chemical manufacturing company headquartered in Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Wyeth, formerly known as American Home Products (AHP is one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world GlaxoSmithKline plc () is a United Kingdom -based pharmaceutical, biological and Healthcare Company. The Boeing Company is a major Aerospace and defense corporation originally founded by William E History Since 400 AD Chinese children have played with bamboo flying toys. Pep Boys Manny Moe & Jack ( is a full-service automotive aftermarket chain Early in the 20th Century, it was also home to the pioneering brass era automobile company Biddle. The automotive Brass Era is the first period of automotive manufacturing named for the prominent Brass Fittings used during this time for such things as lights and "Information rather than Persuasive Sales Talk" was the advertising slogan of the Philadelphia Pennsylvania based Biddle Motor Car Company. 
The federal government has several facilities in Philadelphia as well. The city served as the capital city of the United States, before the construction of Washington, D.C. Today, the East Coast operations of the United States Mint are based near the historic district, and the Federal Reserve Bank's Philadelphia division is based there as well. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D The United States Mint primarily produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its Trade and Commerce. Philadelphia is also home to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania is one of the original 13 federal judiciary districts created by the Judiciary Act of 1789. The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit is a federal court with Appellate jurisdiction over the district courts for the following
Partly because of the historical presence of the Pennsylvania Railroad, and the large ridership at 30th Street Station, Amtrak also maintains a significant presence in the city. The Pennsylvania Railroad was an American Railroad, founded in 1846 30th Street Station is the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 These jobs include customer service representatives and ticket processing and other behind-the-scenes personnel, in addition to the normal functions of the railroad.
The city is also a national center of law because of the University of Pennsylvania Law School, Temple University Beasley School of Law, Villanova University School of Law, Widener University School of Law, and Earle Mack School of Law. The University of Pennsylvania Law School is the law school of the University of Pennsylvania, located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Located at the Main Campus of Temple University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the Temple University James E Villanova University School of Law is a private American law school located in Villanova Pennsylvania, just outside Philadelphia Pennsylvania, adjacent to the main The Widener University School of Law is an ABA accredited program which operates on two campuses one in Wilmington, Delaware, and the other in The Earle Mack School of Law is the law school of Drexel University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Additionally, the headquarters of the American Law Institute is located in the city. The American Law Institute ( ALI) was established in 1923 to promote the clarification and simplification of American Common law and its adaptation to changing social
Philadelphia is also an important center for medicine, a distinction that it has held since the colonial period, when Pennsylvania Hospital was the first hospital in the British North American colonies. Pennsylvania Hospital ("Pennsy" is a Hospital in Center City Philadelphia currently affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania Health System The University of Pennsylvania, the city's largest private employer, runs an extensive medical system. The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn) is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. There are also major hospitals affiliated with Temple University School of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, and Thomas Jefferson University. Temple University is a state-related public research University in Philadelphia. Drexel University College of Medicine is the Medical school of Drexel University. Thomas Jefferson University is a private health sciences university located in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States. Philadelphia also has three distinguished children's hospitals: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (located adjacent to the Hospitals of the University of Pennsylvania), St. The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is one of the largest and oldest Children's hospitals in the world Christopher's Hospital, and the Shriners' Hospital. In the city's nortwest section are Albert Einstein Hospital and in the northeast section Fox Chase Cancer Center. The Fox Chase Cancer Center is a National Cancer Institute -designated Comprehensive Cancer Center research facility and hospital located in the Fox Chase Together, health care is the largest sector of employment in the city. Several medical professional associations are headquartered in Philadelphia.
In part because of Philadelphia's long-running importance as a center for medical research, the region is a major center for the pharmaceutical industry. GlaxoSmithKline, AstraZeneca, Wyeth, Merck, GE Healthcare, Johnson and Johnson and Siemens Medical Solutions are just some of the large pharmaceutical companies with operations in the region. GlaxoSmithKline plc () is a United Kingdom -based pharmaceutical, biological and Healthcare Company. AstraZeneca PLC (,) is a large Anglo-Swedish Pharmaceutical company formed on 6 April 1999 by the remerger of Swedish Astra AB Wyeth, formerly known as American Home Products (AHP is one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world Merck & Co Inc ( also known as Merck Sharp & Dohme or MSD outside the USA and Canada, is one of the largest Pharmaceutical companies GE Healthcare is a unit of GE Technology Infrastructure, which is a unit of General Electric (GE Johnson & Johnson ( is a global American Pharmaceutical, Medical devices and consumer packaged goods Manufacturer founded in 1886 Siemens Healthcare (formerly Siemens Medical Solutions formerly Siemens Medical Systems internally within Siemens known as "Med" is a supplier to the healthcare industry and The city is also home to the nation's first school of pharmacy, the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, now called the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia.
Center City is home to The Gallery at Market East, The Shops at Liberty Place and The Shops at the Bellevue, and a variety of standalone retail stores. This is a list of companies either based or with large operations in the Philadelphia / Delaware Valley area of the United States. Center City is the " Downtown " and Central Business District of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA The Gallery at Market East, or more commonly The Gallery, is an urban mall in downtown Philadelphia Pennsylvania, United States with over 170 stores and Rittenhouse Row, a section of Walnut Street in Center City, has higher-end stores and boutiques. Walnut Street is located in downtown Philadelphia and extends from the city's Delaware River waterfront through Center City and West Philadelphia Old City and Society Hill, as well, feature upscale boutiques and retailers from local and international merchandisers. Philadelphia also has several neighborhood shopping districts, including Manayunk and Chestnut Hill. Manayunk is a neighborhood in the northwestern section of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States. Chestnut Hill is an affluent neighborhood in the Northwest Philadelphia section of the United States city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Also noteworthy is South Street with blocks of inexpensive boutiques. South Street is an east-west street in the Center City neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Italian Market in South Philadelphia offers groceries, meats, cheeses and housewares from Italy and other countries. The Italian Market is the popular name for the South 9th Street Curb Market an area of Philadelphia featuring many grocery shops cafes restaurants bakeries cheese shops Geno's and Pat's, two famed cheesesteak outlets, are located here. Geno's Steaks is a Philadelphia Restaurant specializing in Cheesesteaks founded in 1966 by Joe Vento Pat's King of Steaks (also known as Pat's Steaks) is a Philadelphia Restaurant located at the intersection of 9th Street Wharton & Passyunk Avenues in The cheesesteak, known outside the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania area as the Philadelphia cheesesteak, Philly cheesesteak, or simply a The Reading Terminal Market in Center City includes dozens of restaurants, farm stalls, and shops, many run by Amish farmers from Lancaster County. Reading Terminal Market is an enclosed Public market found at 12th and Arch Streets in downtown Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. There are also neighborhood farmers' markets throughout the city. There are also several large outlet malls in the region, including Franklin Mills in Northeast Philadelphia. Franklin Mills is an enclosed Shopping mall located in northeast Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, bordering Bensalem in Bucks County Northeast Philadelphia ("the Northeast" is a section of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Philadelphia is the birthplace of the secondary ticket marketplace. Wanamaker Ticket Office, located in Center City, is among the nation's oldest ticket agencies.
Philadelphia's two major daily newspapers are The Philadelphia Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News, both of which are owned by Philadelphia Media Holdings L. A newspaper is a written Publication containing News, information and Advertising, usually printed on low-cost paper called Newsprint. The Philadelphia Inquirer is a morning daily Newspaper that serves the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, metropolitan area of the United The Philadelphia Daily News is a Tabloid newspaper that began publishing on March 31, 1925, under founding editor Lee Ellmaker L. C. The Philadelphia Inquirer, founded in 1829, is the third-oldest surviving daily newspaper in the United States.  The Bulletin, another newspaper that operates in Philadelphia, traces its history back to The Philadelphia Bulletin that went defunct in 1982. The Bulletin is a morning daily newspaper that serves the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, metropolitan area of the United States The Philadelphia Bulletin was a daily evening Newspaper published from 1847 to 1982 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Bulletin is locally owned by The Bulletin, Inc.
The first experimental radio license was issued in Philadelphia in August, 1912 to St. Joseph's College. Radio is the transmission of signals by Modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of visible Light. Saint Joseph's University (also called SJU or St Joe's) is a private Coeducational Roman Catholic University located The first commercial radio stations appeared in 1922. WIP, then owned by Gimbel's department store, became the first on March 17 of that year. WIP is a Philadelphia Radio station with an all-sports format. Gimbel Brothers (Gimbels was an iconic major American Department store corporation from 1887 through the late 20th century Events 45 BC - In his last victory Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger Also launched that year were WFIL, WOO, WCAU and WDAS. WFIL is the name of a radio station and also the former name of a television station serving the city of Philadelphia Pennsylvania. WoO (abbreviation from German ' Werke ohne Opuszahl ' in English ' Works without Opus number ' is a catalogue prepared in WPHT is a CBS Radio station located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania broadcasting on 1210 kHz  The highest-rated stations in Philadelphia include soft rock WBEB, KYW Newsradio, and urban adult contemporary WDAS-FM. Soft rock, also referred to as light rock or easy rock, is a style of Music which uses the techniques of Rock and roll to compose a softer WBEB, known as B101, is a Soft Rock / Adult Contemporary radio station which is broadcast in the Philadelphia area KYW is a class A AM Radio station on 1060 kHz licensed to Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Urban adult contemporary is the name for a format of radio music similar to an Urban contemporary format WDAS-FM is an Urban Adult Contemporary radio station that features R&B and Classic Soul, and is licensed to the city of Philadelphia
During the 1930s, the experimental station W3XE, which was owned by Philco Corp, became the first television station in Philadelphia. A television station is a type of broadcast station that broadcasts both audio and Video to Television receivers in a particular area The station, which would later become KYW-TV (CBS), became NBC's first affiliate in 1939. KYW-TV, channel 3 is a television station in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, owned by the CBS Corporation and affiliated with the CBS Television Network. CBS Broadcasting Inc ( CBS) is an American radio and Television network. The National Broadcasting Company ( NBC) is an American Television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's By the 1970s WCAU-TV, WPVI-TV, WHYY-TV, WPHL-TV, and WTXF-TV were founded. For broadcast stations that previously used the WCAU call sign see WCAU (disambiguation WCAU, channel 10 is the NBC owned-and-operated WPVI-TV, channel 6 is an owned-and-operated station of the Walt Disney Company -owned American Broadcasting Company, located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania For the former channel 12 in Wilmington see WVUE (Delaware. WHYY-TV, channel 12 is a Non-commercial, PBS member station licensed WPHL-TV, channel 17 is a television station in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, owned by the Tribune Company and currently affiliated with News Corporation -owned WTXF-TV, channel 29 is an owned-and-operated station of the News Corporation -owned Fox Broadcasting Company, based in Philadelphia Pennsylvania  In 1952 WFIL (now WPVI), premiered the television show Bandstand, which later became the nationally broadcast show American Bandstand hosted by Dick Clark. American Bandstand was a Television show that aired in various versions from 1952 to 1989 hosted from 1957 until its final season by Dick Clark Richard Wagstaff "Dick" Clark (born November 30, 1929) is an American Television, Radio personality, Game show host  Today, as in many large metropolitan areas, each of the commercial networks has an affiliate, and call letters have been replaced by corporate IDs: CBS3, 6ABC, NBC10, FOX29, Telefutura28, Telemundo62, Univision65, plus My PHL 17 and CW Philly 57. WPSG, channel 57 is a Philadelphia CW television station which is owned by the CBS Corporation (which owns 50 percent of the CW Network and is a sister station On the public media side, the Philadelphia region is served by WYBE-TV (Philadelphia), WHYY-TV (Wilmington, Delaware and Philadelphia), WLVT-TV (Lehigh Valley), and New Jersey Network. WYBE is also the callsign of low-power station WYBE-CA of Pinehurst North Carolina. WLVT-TV is a PBS television station serving the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania in the United States. The New Jersey Network, or NJN, is a state-wide Public television and radio network serving the U In September, 2007, Philadelphia approved a public access cable channel. On the radio side, Philadelphia is served by three large public radio stations, plus several smaller ones; the larger ones are WHYY-FM (NPR), WRTI (jazz, classical), and WXPN-FM (adult alternative music). WHYY-FM is a National Public Radio member on 909 MHz, and serves the Delaware Valley area which is the metro area of Philadelphia WRTI is a member-supported Radio service of Temple University in Philadelphia. WXPN (885 FM) is a non-commercial public Radio station operated by the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia that broadcasts
Philadelphia has a competitive rock radio market, especially between WMMR and WYSP, which both specialize in playing modern and classic rock. WMMR is a rock Radio station in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, broadcasting at 93 WYSP is a Radio station broadcasting a Classic rock format Referred to on-air as " 94 WYSP " the station broadcasts on the 94 The two stations enjoy a very intense rivalry. Since 2005, WMMR now plays more music due to a shift in WYSP's programming from a rock station (which also carried controversial shock jock Howard Stern) to a Free FM station (which now carries the Kidd Chris morning show). Shock Jock was an Australian television comedy series broadcast on TV1. Howard Allan Stern (born January 12 1954 is an American radio host and Television personality. This article describes the network and branding For the lone station remaining that uses it see KLSX. The Kidd Chris Show was an American Radio show hosted by Shock jock Chris Foley, most recently airing on rock station WYSP in WYSP also carries live radio broadcasts of all Philadelphia Eagles home and road games. The Philadelphia Eagles are a professional American football team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. WMMR has the top rated morning show in the Philadelphia area, The Preston and Steve Show, which has been at the top of the ratings since Howard Stern left for Sirius Radio. The Preston and Steve show is a morning radio comedy and variety broadcast on Philadelphia Active Rock station 93 Howard Allan Stern (born January 12 1954 is an American radio host and Television personality.
Philadelphia's four urban stations (WUSL ("Power 99"), WPHI ("100. Urban contemporary is a music Radio format. The term was coined by the late New York DJ Frankie Crocker in the mid 1970s WUSL, known as "Power 99 FM ", is a mainstream urban radio station owned by Clear Channel Communications and licensed WPHI-FM, also known as 1003 The Beat, is a Urban Contemporary Station owned by Radio One. 3 The Beat"), WDAS and WRNB) are popular choices on the FM dial. WDAS-FM is an Urban Adult Contemporary radio station that features R&B and Classic Soul, and is licensed to the city of Philadelphia WRNB is an Urban Adult Contemporary station broadcasting at 107 WJJZ is the city's "smooth jazz" station. Smooth jazz, also sometimes referred to as new adult contemporary music is generally described as a genre of music that utilizes instruments (and at times improvisation When WJJZ was discontinued in August 2006, it caused an uproar among listeners, but it was revived three months later, under new ownership (Greater Media) from Burlington, NJ radio station WJJZ, on a new frequency (97. Greater Media Inc, known as Greater Media, is an American media company that specializes in radio stations 5). The former WJJZ is now WISX, "Philly's 106. WISX ("My 1061" and formerly "Philly's 1061" is a Hot Adult Contemporary radio station licensed to Philadelphia Pennsylvania. 1".
|Census||Pop. Property insurance provides protection against most risks to Property, such as fire theft and some weather damage Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of Plants primarily to categorize and document for scientific purposes A public library (also called circulating library) is a Library which is accessible by the Public and is generally funded from public sources (such Pennsylvania Hospital ("Pennsy" is a Hospital in Center City Philadelphia currently affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania Health System A fire apparatus, fire engine, fire truck, or fire appliance is a vehicle designed to assist in fighting Fires by transporting Firefighters Firefighters are rescuers extensively trained primarily to put out hazardous Fires that threaten civilian populations and property to rescue people from car accidents collapsed The Academy and College of Philadelphia in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, USA, is considered by many to have been the first American Academy. A children's hospital is a Hospital which offers its services exclusively to children. Cancer (medical term Malignant Neoplasm) is a class of Diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn) is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts was founded in 1805 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by painter and scientist Charles Willson Peale, sculptor The First Bank of the United States was a Bank chartered by the United States Congress on February 25, 1791. Philadelphia Stock Exchange (PHLX was the oldest Stock exchange in the United States, founded in 1790. The Philadelphia Mint was created from the need to establish a national identity and the needs of commerce in the United States. The Philadelphia Zoo, located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania on the west bank of the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia, was the first Zoo in the United ENIAC, short for Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer, was the first general-purpose electronic Computer. PSFS, or the Philadelphia Saving Fund Society, was founded on December 20 1816, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. As of the Census of 2000 there were 1517550 people, 590071 households and 352272 families residing in Philadelphia Pennsylvania.||%±|
|Est. 2006||1,448,394||−4. 6%|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,517,550 people, 590,071 households, and 352,272 families residing in the city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 11,233. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 6/square mile (4,337. 3/km²). There were 661,958 housing units at an average density of 4,900. 1/sq mi (1,891. 9/km²). As of the 2004 Census estimations, there were 1,463,281 people, 658,799 housing units, and the racial makeup of the city was 45. 0% White, 43. 2% African American, 5. 5% Asian, 0. 3% Native American, 0. 1% Pacific Islander, 5. 8% from other races, and 2. 2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8. 5% of the population. The top 5 largest ancestries include Irish (13. Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánach are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in Ireland. 6%), Italian (9. An Italian American is an American of Italian descent and/or dual citizenship 2%), German (8. German Americans ( German: Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States of Ethnic German ancestry 1%), Polish (4. A Polish American is an American citizen of Polish descent There are an estimated 10 million Americans of Polish descent 3%), and English (2. English Americans (occasionally known as Anglo -Americans although this may have a wider cultural meaning are Citizens of the United States whose ancestry 9%). 
Of the 590,071 households, 27. 6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 32. 1% were married couples living together, 22. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40. 3% were non-families. 33. 8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 48 and the average family size was 3. 22.
In the city the population was spread out with 25. 3% under the age of 18, 11. 1% from 18 to 24, 29. 3% from 25 to 44, 20. 3% from 45 to 64, and 14. 1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 86. 8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81. 8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,746, and the median income for a family was $37,036. Males had a median income of $34,199 versus $28,477 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,509. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 18. 4% of families and 22. 9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 3% of those under age 18 and 16. 9% of those age 65 or over.
Philadelphia has the second largest Irish, Italian, and Jamaican populations and the fourth largest African American population in the nation. The Irish people ( Irish: Muintir na hÉireann, na hÉireannaigh, na Gaeil) are a Western European Ethnic group who originate The' Italian people' are a Southern European Ethnic group located primarily in Italy, Switzerland, France and by virtue of a wide-ranging Jamaica (ˈdʒəˈmeɪkə} is an Island nation of the Greater Antilles, in length and as much as in width situated in the Caribbean Sea. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa Philadelphia also has the fourth largest population of Polish residents. The Polish people, or Poles, (Polacy) are a Western Slavic Ethnic group of Central Europe, living predominantly in Poland. In recent years, the Hispanic and Asian American populations have significantly increased. Hispanic (hispano hispánico hispânico Hispānus adjective from ''Hispānia'', the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically Asian Americans are Americans of Asian ancestry. They include sub-ethnic groups such as Chinese Americans Filipino Americans Indian Hispanics have settled throughout the city, especially around El Centro de Oro, and the city now has the third largest Puerto Rican population in the continental United States. El Centro de Oro (Center of Gold is a vibrant Latino area in the east side of North Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Asian population was once concentrated in the city's thriving Chinatown, but now Korean Americans have come to Olney, and Vietnamese have forged bazaars next to the Italian Market in South Philadelphia. Asian or Asiatic is a Demonym for people from Asia. However the use of the term varies by country and person often referring to people from a particular A Chinatown is a section of an urban area with a large number of Chinese outside the majority-Chinese countries of Greater China. Korean Americans ( Korean: ko 한국계 미국인 Hanja: ko 韓國系美國人 hangukgye migugin) are Americans of Korean origin Vietnam (ˌviːɛtˈnɑːm Việt Nam) officially The Italian Market is the popular name for the South 9th Street Curb Market an area of Philadelphia featuring many grocery shops cafes restaurants bakeries cheese shops South Philadelphia Nicknamed "South Philly" is the section of Philadelphia bounded by South Street to the north the Delaware River Concentrations of Cambodian American neighborhoods can be found in North and South Philadelphia. A Cambodian American is an American who is of ethnic Khmer descent or more broadly having ancestors from Cambodia. Indians and Arabs have come to Northeast Philadelphia along with Russian and Ukrainian immigrants. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country The araB gene Promoter is a bacterial promoter activated by e L-arabinose binding Northeast Philadelphia ("the Northeast" is a section of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This large influx of Asians has given Philadelphia one of the largest populations of Vietnamese, Cambodians, Chinese, and Koreans in United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Philadelphia region also has the fourth largest population of Indian Americans. The West Indian population is concentrated in Cedar Park. The Caribbean (ˌkærəˡbiən kæ'rəbiən Cariben|Caraïben or Caraïben; Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Caribe is a Region consisting Cedar Park is a neighborhood located in the West Philadelphia section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Germans, Greeks, Chinese, Japanese, English, Pakistanis, Iranians, and also immigrants from the former Yugoslavia along with other ethnic groups can be found throughout the city. The German people (Deutsche are an Ethnic group, in the sense of sharing a common German culture, descent and speaking the German language as The Greeks ( Greek: Έλληνες) are a Nation and Ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus and neighbouring regions Han Chinese ( are an Ethnic group native to China and by most modern definitions the largest single Ethnic group in the world. The are the dominant Ethnic group of Japan. Worldwide approximately 130 million people are of Japanese descent of these approximately 127 million are residents of Japan The English people (from the adjective in Englisc) are a Nation and Ethnic group native to England who predominantly speak English Pakistan 's estimated population was 172800000 in July 2008 During 1950-2008 Pakistan's urban population expanded over sevenfold while the total population increased by over fourfold See also Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian
From a governmental perspective, Philadelphia County is a legal nullity, as all county functions were assumed by the city in 1952, which has been coterminous with the county since 1854. Legal nullity is a phrase used to refer to any entity which might theoretically be of some legal significance but in fact possesses no identity or distinct structure of its own
The city uses the "strong-mayor" version of the mayor-council form of government, which is headed by one mayor, in whom executive authority is vested. The Mayor-Council government system sometimes called the Mayor-Commission government system is one of two variations of Government used for the most part in modern A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Elected "at-large," the mayor is limited to two consecutive four-year terms under the city's home rule charter, but can run for the position again after an intervening term. At-Large is a designation for representative members of a governing body who are Elected or appointed to represent the whole membership of the body (for example a city state Home rule refers to a demand that constituent parts of a state be given greater self-government within the greater administrative purview of the central government The current city mayor, having taken office in January 2008, is Michael Nutter, replacing John F. Street who served two terms from 1999 to the end of 2007. Michael Anthony "Mike" Nutter (born June 29, 1957) is the Mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. John Franklin Street (born October 15 1943) was the 97th Mayor of the City of Philadelphia. Nutter, as all Philadelphia mayors have been since 1952, is a member of the Democratic Party, which tends to dominate local politics so thoroughly that the Democratic primary for mayor is often more noticeable than the general mayoral election. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The legislative branch, the Philadelphia City Council, consists of ten council members representing individual districts and seven members elected at large. The current council president is Anna C. Verna. Honorable Anna Cibotti Verna is President ( 2000 -present of the Philadelphia City Council on which she has served since 1975 as the representative
The Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas, also known as the Court of Common Pleas for the First Judicial District of Pennsylvania, is the trial court of general jurisdiction for Philadelphia. In United States Jurisprudence, Court of Common Pleas is a Court of certain jurisdiction A trial court or court of first instance is the Court in which most civil or criminal cases begin It is funded and operated largely by city resources and employees. The Philadelphia Municipal Court handles matters of limited jurisdiction as well as landlord-tenant disputes, appeals from traffic court, preliminary hearings for felony-level offenses, and the like. Traffic Court is a court of special jurisdiction that hears violations of traffic laws. Traffic court is a term that refers to a Municipality 's specialized judicial process for handling Traffic ticket cases
Pennsylvania's three appellate courts also have sittings in Philadelphia. Court of Appeal, Court of Appeals, and Appellate Division redirect here for a list of specific courts using those titles see Court of Appeal The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, the court of last resort in the state, regularly hears arguments in Philadelphia City Hall. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania is the court of last resort for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia City Hall is the seat of government for the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Also, the Superior Court of Pennsylvania and the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania sit in Philadelphia several times a year. The Superior Court of Pennsylvania is the intermediate court of appeal in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, between the Trial court of general jurisdiction -- called The Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania is one of two Pennsylvania intermediate appellate courts Judges for these courts are elected at large. Each court has a prothonotary's office in Philadelphia as well. The word prothonotary is recorded in English since 1447 as "principal clerk of a court" from L
The Philadelphia Historical Commission was created in 1955 to preserve the cultural, social, political, economic and architectural history of the city. Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə The commission maintains the Philadelphia Register of Historic Places, adding historic buildings, structures, sites, objects and districts as it sees fit. Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə 
The Philadelphia Housing Authority is the largest landlord in the entire Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The Philadelphia Housing Authority, also known as PHA is the biggest landlord in Pennsylvania Established in 1937, it is the nation’s fourth-largest housing authority, housing approximately 84,000 people and employing 1,250. In 2006, its budget was $313 million. 
|2004||19. The Mayor of Philadelphia is the chief executive of the government of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as stipulated by the Charter of the City of Philadelphia The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The United States presidential election of 2004 was held on Tuesday November 2, 2004, to elect the President of the United States. 3% 130,099||80. 4% 542,205|
|2000||18. The United States presidential election of 2000 was a contest between Democratic candidate Al Gore, then Vice President, and Republican 0% 100,959||80. 0% 449,182|
|1996||16. The United States presidential election of 1996 was a contest between the Democratic national ticket of President Bill Clinton of Arkansas and Vice 0% 85,345||77. 5% 412,988|
|1992||20. The United States presidential elections of 1992 featured a battle between incumbent President, Republican George H 9% 133,328||68. 2% 434,904|
|1988||32. -->The United States presidential election of 1988 featured an open primary for both major parties 5% 219,053||66. 6% 449,566|
|1984||34. The United States presidential election of 1984 was a contest between the incumbent President Ronald Reagan, the Republican candidate and former Vice President 6% 267,178||64. 9% 501,369|
|1980||34. The United States presidential election of 1980 featured a contest between incumbent Democrat Jimmy Carter and his Republican opponent Ronald Reagan 0% 244,108||58. 7% 421,253|
|1976||32. The United States presidential election of 1976 followed the resignation of President Richard M 0% 239,000||66. 3% 494,579|
|1972||43. The United States presidential election of 1972 was waged on the issues of radicalism and the Vietnam War. 4% 340,096||55. 1% 431,736|
|1968||30. Please DO NOT flip the colors -->The United States presidential election of 1968 was a wrenching national experience and included the assassination of Democratic candidate 0% 254,153||61. 8% 525,768|
|1964||26. Please DO NOT flip the colors -->The United States presidential election of 1964 was one of the most lopsided presidential elections in the history of the United States 2% 239,733||73. 4% 670,645|
|1960||31. The United States presidential election of 1960 marked the end of Dwight D 8% 291,000||68. 0% 622,544|
As of November 2007, there are 992,696 registered voters in Philadelphia. 
From the American Civil War until the mid-20th century, Philadelphia was a bastion of the Republican Party, which arose from the staunch pro-Northern views of Philadelphia residents during and after the war. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South After the Great Depression, Democratic registrations increased, but the city was not carried by Democratic Franklin D. Roosevelt in his landslide victory of 1932 (in which Pennsylvania was one of the few states won by Republican Herbert Hoover). Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10 1874 &ndash October 20 1964 was the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933 While other Northern industrial cities were electing Democratic mayors in the 1930s and 1940s, Philadelphia did not follow suit until 1951. That is, Philadelphia never had a "New Deal" coalition.
The city is now one of the most Democratic in the country, despite the frequent election of Republicans to statewide offices since the 1930s; in 2004, Democrat John Kerry drew 80% of the city's vote. } John Forbes Kerry (born December 11 1943 is an American Politician who is currently serving his fourth term as the junior United States Senator
Philadelphia once comprised six congressional districts. A congressional district is an electoral Constituency that elects a single member of a Congress. However, as a result of the city's declining population, it now has only four: the 1st district, represented by Bob Brady; the 2nd, represented by Chaka Fattah; the 8th, represented by Patrick Murphy; and the 13th, represented by Allyson Schwartz. Pennsylvania's first congressional district includes primarily central and South Philadelphia, the City of Chester, the Philadelphia International Airport Robert A "Bob" Brady (born April 7 1945) is a Politician from the U Pennsylvania's second district includes West Philadelphia, North Philadelphia, Northwest Philadelphia and Cheltenham Township in Montgomery County Chaka Fattah (born Arthur Davenport on November 21 1956 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania) has served as a Democratic member of the Pennsylvania District 8 of the United States House of Representatives is a Congressional district that serves Bucks County, along with a small portion of Also see Patrick Murphy (disambiguation Patrick Joseph Murphy (born October 19 1973) is the Congressman from Pennsylvania's The 13th Congressional District of Pennsylvania is located in Southeastern Pennsylvania covering eastern Montgomery County and Northeast Allyson Young Schwartz (born October 3, 1948) is an American Politician and Democratic member of the United States House All four are Democrats; no Republican has represented a significant portion of Philadelphia since 1983. However, Pennsylvania's Republican Senator, Arlen Specter, is from Philadelphia. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Arlen Specter (born February 12 1930) is the senior United States Senator from Pennsylvania and a member of the Republican Party
Like many American cities, Philadelphia saw a gradual yet pronounced rise in crime in the years following World War II. As with all large cities Philadelphia has its share of crime Some aspects of crime in Philadelphia have achieved national attention World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Murders peaked in 1990 at 525, for a rate of 31. 5 per 100,000. There were an average of about 400 murders a year for most of the 1990s. The murder count dropped in 2002 to 288, then surged four years later to 406.  Out of the ten most populous cities in the United States in 2006, Philadelphia had the highest homicide rate at 28 per 100,000 people, though the number of murders decreased to 392 in 2007. 
In 2004, there were 5,513. 5 crimes per 100,000 people in Philadelphia.  In 2005, Philadelphia was ranked by Morgan Quitno as the sixth-most dangerous among 32 American cities with populations over 500,000. Morgan Quitno Press is a research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. Among its neighboring Mid-Atlantic cities in the same population group, Baltimore and Washington, D.C. were ranked second- and third-most dangerous cities in the United States, respectively, and Camden, New Jersey, a suburb across the Delaware River from Philadelphia, was ranked as the most dangerous city in the United States. Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D The City of Camden is the County seat of Camden County, New Jersey, in the United States. New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. 
In 2006, Camden was the fifth-most dangerous city in the country, lower than its 2004 ranking, but still high for a city its size, while Philadelphia was ranked 29th. 
On September 12, 2007, police commissioner Sylvester Johnson called on 10,000 African American men to patrol the streets to lessen crime. Events 1213 - Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon at the Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa Johnson, who is black, set up "Call to Action: 10,000 Men, It's a New Day" in response to the city's disproportionate homicide rate of young African Americans. Dennis Muhammad, Nation of Islam official, and Mayor John F. The Nation of Islam ( NOI) (أمة الإسلام Ummah al-Islāmu) is a group founded in Detroit, Michigan, Street supported the project. The program was to begin on October 21. Events 1512 - Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg.  The call was seen as a response to a widespread refusal by many African-Americans in Philadelphia to cooperate in police investigations.
Education in Philadelphia is provided by many private and public institutions. Education in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania has a rich and storied history The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn) is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Saint Joseph's University (also called SJU or St Joe's) is a private Coeducational Roman Catholic University located Education encompasses both the Teaching and Learning of Knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency The School District of Philadelphia runs the city's public schools. The School District of Philadelphia is a School district based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that includes all public schools in the city of Philadelphia The term public school has two distinct (and virtually opposite meanings depending on the location of usage in the United States, Australia and The Philadelphia School District is the eighth largest school district in the United States with 210,432 students in 346 public and charter schools. School districts are a form of Special-purpose district which serves to operate the local public primary and secondary schools 
Philadelphia is one of the largest college towns in the United States and has the second-largest student concentration on the East Coast with over 120,000 college and university students enrolled within the city and nearly 300,000 in the metropolitan area. A college town or university town is a community (often literally a Town, but possibly a small or medium sized City, or in some cases a Neighborhood There are over 80 colleges, universities, trade, and specialty schools in the Philadelphia region. Schools within the city's borders include University of Pennsylvania, Drexel University, Temple University, Saint Joseph's University, Peirce College, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, The University of the Arts, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Thomas Jefferson University, Moore College of Art and Design, The Art Institute of Philadelphia, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, La Salle University, Philadelphia University, Chestnut Hill College, Holy Family University, and Community College of Philadelphia. The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn) is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Drexel University is a private Coeducational University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Temple University is a state-related public research University in Philadelphia. Saint Joseph's University (also called SJU or St Joe's) is a private Coeducational Roman Catholic University located Peirce College is an educational institution of higher learning located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania which caters primarily to working adults The University of the Sciences in Philadelphia (USP located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, offers bachelor's master's and doctoral degrees in Pharmacy The University of the Arts (UArts is one of the nation’s oldest universities dedicated to the arts The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts was founded in 1805 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by painter and scientist Charles Willson Peale, sculptor Thomas Jefferson University is a private health sciences university located in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States. Moore College of Art and Design is an art and design women's college located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania. The Art Institute of Philadelphia is a private for-profit school of art History The Philadelphia College and Infirmary of Osteopathy (PCIO was founded on January 24 1899 by the Rev For the university in Manila Philippines see De La Salle University. Philadelphia University, founded in 1884 is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Chestnut Hill College is a Coeducational Roman Catholic college in the Chestnut Hill section of Philadelphia Pennsylvania, USA. Holy Family University may refer to Holy Family University Pennsylvania Holy Family University Durban About CCP Community College of Philadelphia is a Community college in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Philadelphia is served by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, or SEPTA, which operates buses, trains, rapid transit, trolleys, and trackless trolleys throughout Philadelphia, the four Pennsylvania suburban counties of Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery, in addition to service to Mercer County, New Jersey and New Castle County, Delaware. The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority ( SEPTA) is a regional public authority that operates various forms of public transit &mdash bus A train is a connected series of vehicles that move along a track ( Permanent way) to transport freight or passengers from one place to another A rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated railway or metro(politan system is an electric passenger railway A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train South San Jose (cropjpg||thumb|A suburban development in San Jose California. Bucks County is a County located in the US state of Pennsylvania. Chester County (known colloquially as "Chesco" is a County located in the U Delaware County (known colloquially as "Delco" is a County located in the U Montgomery County is a County located in the US state of Pennsylvania, in the United States. Mercer County is a County located in the US state of New Jersey. New Castle County is the northernmost of the three counties of the U The city's subway system, first opened in 1907, is the third oldest in America.
One of the seven SEPTA Regional Rail lines, Route R-1, offers direct service to the Philadelphia International Airport.
Philadelphia's 30th Street Station is a major railroad station on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, which offers access to Amtrak, SEPTA, and New Jersey Transit lines. 30th Street Station is the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 The Northeast Corridor ( NEC) is the busiest passenger rail line in the United States by ridership and service frequency The New Jersey Transit Corporation (usually shortened to New Jersey Transit, NJ Transit or NJT) is a statewide Public transportation system serving
The PATCO provides rapid transit service to Camden, Collingswood, Westmont, Haddonfield, Woodcrest (Cherry Hill), Ashland (Voorhees), and Lindenwold, New Jersey, from stations on Locust Street between 16th and 15th, 13th and 12th, and 10th and 9th Streets, and on Market Street at 8th Street. The PATCO Speedline is a Rapid transit system operated by the Port Authority Transit Corporation, which runs between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania A rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated railway or metro(politan system is an electric passenger railway The City of Camden is the County seat of Camden County, New Jersey, in the United States. Collingswood is a Borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. Haddon Township is a Township in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. Cherry Hill Township is a township in Camden County, New Jersey, in the United States. Voorhees Township is a township in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. Lindenwold is a Borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States.
In addition, China Airlines provides a private bus service to John F. Kennedy International Airport from the Holy Redeemer Church in the Philadelphia Chinatown to feed its flight to Taipei, Taiwan. China Airlines Limited ( Chinese: 中華航空公司 ( Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Hángkōng gōngsī commonly abbreviated 華航 is the Flag carrier John F Kennedy International Airport is an International airport located in Queens County on Long Island in southeastern New York City about 12 miles (19 Philadelphia's Chinatown is an average predominantly Asian neighborhood located within the Center City district Taipei ( Taiwanese Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-pak-chhī Jhuyin Fuhao: ㄊㄞˊ ㄅㄟˇ ㄕˋ Hakka: Thòi-pet-sṳ has been the capital of Taiwan ( Taiwanese: Tâi-oân/Tāi-oân (historically 大灣/台員/大員/台圓/大圓/台窩灣 is an Island in East Asia. .
Two airports serve Philadelphia: the Philadelphia International Airport (PHL), straddling the southern boundary of the city, and the Northeast Philadelphia Airport (PNE), a general aviation reliever airport in Northeast Philadelphia. Northeast Philadelphia Airport is a public Airport located just north of the intersection of Grant Avenue and Ashton Road in the Ashton-Woodenbridge neighborhood Northeast Philadelphia ("the Northeast" is a section of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia International Airport provides scheduled domestic and international air service, while Northeast Philadelphia Airport serves general and corporate aviation. As of March 2006, Philadelphia International Airport was the 10th largest airport measured by "traffic movements" (i. e. takeoffs and landings), and was also a primary hub for US Airways. US Airways Inc is the fifth largest Airline in the United States. 
Interstate 95 runs through the city along the Delaware River as a main north-south artery. Interstate 95 in the state of Pennsylvania, officially known as the Delaware Expressway and locally known as "95" runs for 51 miles The city is also served by the Schuylkill Expressway, a portion of Interstate 76 that runs along the Schuylkill River. The Schuylkill Expressway, locally known simply as the Schuylkill, is a Freeway through southeastern Montgomery County and the city of Philadelphia Interstate 76 (abbreviated I-76) is an Interstate Highway in the United States, running 435 miles (700 km from an interchange with Interstate 71 The Schuylkill River, most often ˈskuːkəl ("SKOO-kull" is a river in the U It meets the Pennsylvania Turnpike at King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, providing access to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and points west. The Pennsylvania Turnpike is a toll highway system operated by the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission in the state of Pennsylvania, United States. King of Prussia is an Unincorporated community in Upper Merion Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States. Harrisburg is the Capital of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in the United States of America Interstate 676, the Vine Street Expressway, was completed in 1991 after years of planning. Interstate 676 (abbreviated I-676) is an Interstate highway that serves as a major thoroughfare through Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where it Interstate 676 (abbreviated I-676) is an Interstate highway that serves as a major thoroughfare through Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where it A link between I-95 and I-76, it runs below street level through Center City, connecting to the Ben Franklin Bridge at its eastern end. The Benjamin Franklin Bridge (also known as the Ben Franklin Bridge) originally named the Delaware River Bridge, is a Suspension bridge across the
Roosevelt Boulevard and the Roosevelt Expressway (U.S. Route 1) connect Northeast Philadelphia with Center City. Roosevelt Boulevard (official name Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Boulevard often referred to simply as "the Boulevard" is a major traffic artery through Roosevelt Boulevard (official name Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Boulevard often referred to simply as "the Boulevard" is a major traffic artery through US Route 1 (US 1 is a major north-south US Highway that serves the East Coast of the United States. Northeast Philadelphia ("the Northeast" is a section of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Woodhaven Road (PA Route 63), built in 1966, serves the neighborhoods of Northeast Philadelphia, running between Interstate 95 and the Roosevelt Boulevard (U.S. Route 1). Route description Montgomery County 63 begins at a "T" intersection with PA 29 in Green Lane. Northeast Philadelphia ("the Northeast" is a section of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Interstate 95 in the state of Pennsylvania, officially known as the Delaware Expressway and locally known as "95" runs for 51 miles US Route 1 (US 1 is a major north-south US Highway that serves the East Coast of the United States. The Fort Washington Expressway (Pennsylvania Route 309) extends north from the city's northern border, serving Montgomery County and Bucks County
Interstate 476, commonly nicknamed the "Blue Route" through Delaware County, Pennsylvania, bypasses the city to the west, serving the city's western suburbs, as well as providing a link to Allentown and points north. Pennsylvania Route 309 sometimes known locally simply as "309", is a major highway which runs for 134 Miles (216 Km) through Pennsylvania Montgomery County is a County located in the US state of Pennsylvania, in the United States. Bucks County is a County located in the US state of Pennsylvania. Route description Blue Route portion of Interstate 476 between Interstate 95 and Interstate 276, going north-south through Delaware Delaware County is the name of six counties in the United States of America: Delaware County Indiana Delaware County For the song by Billy Joel, see " Allentown (song." For the neighborhood in Pittsburgh Similarly, Interstate 276, the Pennsylvania Turnpike's Delaware River Extension, acts as a bypass and commuter route to the north of the city as well as a link to the New Jersey Turnpike to New York. Route description 276 begins at Valley Forge, exit 326 of the Pennsylvania Turnpike when I-276 meets I-76 near the King of Prussia Mall at a The New Jersey Turnpike (or simply The Turnpike as it is known to New Jersey residents is a Toll road in New Jersey and is one of the most heavily traveled New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous
However, other planned freeways have been canceled, such as an Interstate 695 running southwest from downtown, two freeways connecting Interstate 95 to Interstate 76 that would have replaced Girard Avenue and South Street and a freeway upgrade of Roosevelt Boulevard. Interstate 695 was a proposed three-digit Interstate Highway that would connect Interstate 95 in Southwest Philadelphia at the Philadelphia International Airport Interstate 95 in the state of Pennsylvania, officially known as the Delaware Expressway and locally known as "95" runs for 51 miles Interstate 76 (abbreviated I-76) is an Interstate Highway in the United States, running 435 miles (700 km from an interchange with Interstate 71 The following roads are called Roosevelt Boulevard: Roosevelt Boulevard (Jacksonville in Jacksonville Florida Roosevelt Boulevard
The Delaware River Port Authority operates four bridges in the Philadelphia area across the Delaware River to New Jersey: the Walt Whitman Bridge (I-76), the Benjamin Franklin Bridge (I-676 and US 30), the Betsy Ross Bridge (Route 90), and the Commodore Barry Bridge (US 322). The Delaware River Port Authority or DRPA is a bi-state Port district located within the State of New Jersey and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. The Walt Whitman Bridge is a Suspension bridge spanning the Delaware River from Philadelphia to Gloucester City New Jersey. The Benjamin Franklin Bridge (also known as the Ben Franklin Bridge) originally named the Delaware River Bridge, is a Suspension bridge across the In the US state of Pennsylvania, US Route 30 runs east-west across the southern part of the state passing through Pittsburgh and Philadelphia The Betsy Ross Bridge is a Continuous truss bridge spanning the Delaware River from Philadelphia to Pennsauken New Jersey. Route 90 is a State highway in the US state of New Jersey. It runs 3 The Commodore Barry Bridge is a Cantilever bridge that spans the Delaware River from Chester, Pennsylvania to Bridgeport, in US Route 322 is a long east-west United States Highway, traversing Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. The Tacony-Palmyra Bridge connects PA Route 73 in the Tacony section of Northeast Philadelphia with New Jersey's Route 73 in Palmyra, Camden County, and is maintained by the Burlington County Bridge Commission. The Tacony-Palmyra Bridge is a combination steel arch double-leaf Bascule bridge across the Delaware River, connecting New Jersey Route 73 in Palmyra Route description Berks County 73 begins at an intersection with Pennsylvania Route 61 in Leesport, north of Reading. Northeast Philadelphia ("the Northeast" is a section of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Route 73 is a State highway in the US state of New Jersey. It runs 34 Palmyra is a Borough in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. Camden County is a County located in the US state of New Jersey. The Burlington County Bridge Commission is a public agency responsible for the operation and maintenance of several bridges in Burlington County, New Jersey across
Philadelphia is also a major hub for Greyhound Lines, which operates 24-hour service to points east of the Mississippi River. Greyhound Lines is an intercity Common carrier of passengers by Bus serving over 3700 destinations in the United States. The Mississippi River is the second longest River in the United States, with a length of from its source in Lake Itasca in Minnesota to Most of Greyhound's services in Philadelphia operate to/from the Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal, located at 1001 Filbert Street in Center City Philadelphia. The Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal is the primary intercity Bus station in Philadelphia Pennsylvania. In 2006, the Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal was the second busiest Greyhound terminal in the United States, after the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York. The Port Authority Bus Terminal is the main gateway for interstate buses into Manhattan in New York City. Besides Greyhound, six other bus operators provide service to the Center City Greyhound terminal. These are Bieber Tourways, Capitol Trailways, Martz Trailways, Peter Pan Bus Lines, Susquehanna Trailways, and the bus division for New Jersey Transit. Peter Pan Bus Lines is a long-distance Bus carrier that operates in the northeastern states of the United States. New Jersey Transit Bus Operations is the bus division of New Jersey Transit, providing bus service throughout New Jersey along with service along one light rail
Since the early days of rail transport in the United States, Philadelphia has served as hub for several major rail companies, especially the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Reading Railroad. Philadelphia was an early railroad hub with lines from all over meeting in Philadelphia This article is part of the History of rail transport by country series The Pennsylvania Railroad was an American Railroad, founded in 1846 The Reading Company, usually called the Reading Railroad ( and officially known as the Philadelphia and Reading Rail Road and then the Philadelphia and The Pennsylvania Railroad first operated Broad Street Station, then 30th Street Station and Suburban Station, and the Reading Railroad operated out of Reading Terminal, now part of the Pennsylvania Convention Center. Broad Street Station was a railroad station built in 1881 and served as Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 's primary rail hub until the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR 30th Street Station is the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Suburban Station is an underground Commuter rail station in the Penn Center district of Center City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The Reading Terminal is a complex located in the Market East section of Center City in the city of Philadelphia Pennsylvania, United States. The Pennsylvania Convention Center is a multi-use public facility in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania which is designed to accommodate conventions exhibitions conferences The two companies also operated competing commuter rail systems in the area, known collectively as the Regional Rail system. The two systems today, for the most part still intact but now connected, operate as a single system under the control of the SEPTA, the regional transit authority. The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority ( SEPTA) is a regional public authority that operates various forms of public transit &mdash bus Additionally, Philadelphia is linked to Southern New Jersey via the Port Authority Transit Company subway system. New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States.
Philadelphia is one of the few North American cities to maintain streetcar lines. A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train In addition to "subway-surface" trolleys, which are so called because during the years when the city was served by over 2000 trolleys and more than 65 lines, these were the "surface" cars that ran also in the streetcar subway, the city recently reintroduced trolley service to the Girard Avenue Line, Route 15, considered by some a "heritage" line, although the use of rebuilt 1947 PCC streetcars was primarily for budgetary reasons, rather than as a historic tribute. Route 15 is a Heritage streetcar line operated by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA along Girard Avenue through North The PCC ( Presidents' Conference Committee) streetcar ( Tram) design was first built in the United States in the 1930s
Today Philadelphia is a hub of the semi-nationalized Amtrak system, with 30th Street Station being a primary stop on the Washington-Boston Northeast Corridor and the Keystone Corridor to Harrisburg and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 The Northeast Corridor ( NEC) is the busiest passenger rail line in the United States by ridership and service frequency The Keystone Corridor is a Federal Railroad Administration (FRA "designated high speed corridor" with a 349-mile (562 km railroad line between Philadelphia Harrisburg is the Capital of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in the United States of America The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern 30th Street also serves as a major station for services via the Pennsylvania Railroad's former Pennsylvania Main Line to Chicago. The Main Line is a collection of affluent towns in the western suburbs of Philadelphia named after the Main Line of the Pennsylvania Railroad (currently Amtrak's Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. 30th Street is Amtrak's third-busiest station in numbers of passengers as of fiscal year 2003. A fiscal year (or financial year, or sometimes budget year) is a period used for calculating annual ("yearly" Financial statements in Businesses It is also a terminus of New Jersey Transit's Atlantic City Line. The New Jersey Transit Corporation (usually shortened to New Jersey Transit, NJ Transit or NJT) is a statewide Public transportation system serving History In the 19th and early 20th century Atlantic City was the major seaside vacation destination for the Philadelphia area for both wealthy and working class alike 
Southeastern Pennsylvania was once served only by the 215 area code, beginning in 1947 when the North American Numbering Plan of the "Bell System" went into effect. Area codes 215 and 267 are Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Telephone Area codes which serve the Southeast corner of the state including the city A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks The Bell System which was named for Alexander Graham Bell, the technologist popularly credited with the invention of the Telephone, was a Trademark and The area covered by the code was severely truncated when area code 610 was split from 215. Area codes 484 610 and 835 are Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Telephone Area codes which serve the Southeast region of the state including the Today only the city and its northern suburbs are covered by 215. An overlay area code, 267, was added to the 215 service area in 1997. In Telephony, especially in North America, an overlay plan is the practice of introducing a new Area code by applying it onto a geographic area A plan to introduce area code 445 as an additional overlay in 2001 was delayed and later rescinded. Area code 445 is a proposed Telephone Area code for Pennsylvania. 
Philadelphia is now also served by Wireless Philadelphia, a citywide initiative to provide Wi-Fi service. Wi-Fi (ˈwaɪfaɪ is the trade name for the popular wireless technology used The Proof of Concept area was approved on May 23, 2007, and service is now available in many areas of the city. Events 1430 - Siege of Compiègne: Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.
Philadelphia has ten sister cities, as designated by the International Visitors Council of Philadelphia (IVC):
Philadelphia has dedicated landmarks to its sister cities. South Street is an east-west street in the Center City neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Florence ( Italian: Firenze Florentia and Fiorenza) is the Capital City of the Italian region of Tuscany Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Tel Aviv-Yafo (תֵּל ־אָבִיב-יָפוֹ تل أبيب Tal ʾAbīb) (usually Tel Aviv) is the second-largest city in Israel For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. Toruń Lublin Voivodeship Toruń (Thorn Torń Thorunium see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River with population Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland ( Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is the second largest city in northern coastal China. Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES Incheon is a metropolitan city and a major seaport on the west coast of South Korea, near Seoul. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː Douala is the largest city in Cameroon and the capital of Cameroon's Littoral Province. The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central and western Africa. is the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture and a prominent port city in Japan with a population of about 1 For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Nizhny Novgorod (Ни́жний Но́вгород Nižnij Novgorod) colloquially shortened as Nizhny, is the fourth largest city in Russia Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Aix (ɛks or Aix-en-Provence ( Provençal Occitan: Ais de Provença in classical norm or Ais de Prouvènço in Mistralian norm to distinguish This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Dedicated in June 1976, the Sister Cities Plaza, a one-half-acre site located at 18th and Benjamin Franklin Parkway, honors Philadelphia's relationships with Tel Aviv and Florence which were its first Sister Cities. Tel Aviv-Yafo (תֵּל ־אָבִיב-יָפוֹ تل أبيب Tal ʾAbīb) (usually Tel Aviv) is the second-largest city in Israel Florence ( Italian: Firenze Florentia and Fiorenza) is the Capital City of the Italian region of Tuscany Another landmark, the Torun Triangle, honoring the Sister City relationship with Toruń, Poland, was constructed in 1976, west of the United Way building at 18th Street and the Benjamin Franklin Parkway. Toruń Lublin Voivodeship Toruń (Thorn Torń Thorunium see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River with population Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland United Way of America, based in Alexandria Virginia, is a Non-profit organization that works with nearly 1300 local United Way offices throughout the country in The Triangle contains the Copernicus monument. The Chinatown Gate, erected in 1984 and crafted by artisans of Tianjin, China, stands astride the intersection of 10th and Arch Streets as an elaborate and colorful symbol of the Sister City relationship. ( Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is the second largest city in northern coastal China.
Wikitravel is a Web -based project "to create a free, complete up-to-date and reliable worldwide travel guide. The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn) is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.