|Nickname: The Cockade City|
Location in the State of Virginia
|Founded||December 17, 1748|
|- Mayor||Annie M. A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name. The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The political units and divisions of the United States include The 50 states (four of these being officially styled as Commonwealths) which are typically The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state Events 546 - Gothic War (535–554: The Ostrogoths of King Totila Year 1748 ( MDCCXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Mickens|
|- City||23. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status 2 sq mi (60. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 1 km²)|
|- Land||22. To help compare sizes of different geographic regions we list here Areas between 10 km² (1000 Hectares and 100 km² (10000 hectares 9 sq mi (59. 3 km²)|
|- Water||0. 3 sq mi (0. 8 km²)|
|Elevation||134 ft (40 m)|
|- Density||697. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 3/sq mi (269. 2/km²)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|- Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature pee||1497087|
Petersburg is an independent city in Virginia, United States located on the Appomattox River. A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−5 is the Time offset used in the North American Eastern Time Zone during Standard time and in the North American Central Time Zone during Daylight saving time ( DST The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−4 is the Time offset used in the Atlantic Standard Time Zone in Canada in winter and the North American Eastern Time Zone during The ZIP code is the system of Postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks ImageArea code 804png|right|500px|The area colored red indicates the eastern region of Virginia served by area code 804poly 391 103 368 103 343 148 324 152 325 160 317 164 Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout An independent city is a City that does not form part of another general-purpose Local government entity The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Appomattox River is a tributary of the James River, approximately 137 miles (220 km in central and eastern Virginia in the United States, named for The population was 33,740 at the 2000 census. It is in Tri-Cities area of the Richmond-Petersburg region and is a portion of the Richmond Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). The Tri-Cities of Virginia (also known as the Tri-City area or the Appomatox Basin) is an area in the Greater Richmond Region which includes the three See also Richmond Virginia Richmond-Petersburg (also known as the Greater Richmond Region) is a region located in a central part of the state Table of United States Metropolitan Statistical Areas|Table of United States Core Based Statistical AreasIn the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB has produced The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Petersburg (along with Colonial Heights) with neighboring Dinwiddie County for statistical purposes. The Bureau of Economic Analysis ( BEA) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides important economic statistics including the Colonial Heights is an Independent city in Virginia, United States. Dinwiddie County is a county located in the US state &mdash officially " Commonwealth " &mdash of Virginia.
At the time the English arrived in Virginia in the early 1600s, the site was occupied by a significant Powhatan settlement, shown on Captain John Smith's map as Appamatuck. The Powhatan (also spelled Powatan and Powhaten) or Powhatan Renape (literally the "Powhatan Human Beings" is the name of a Captain Sir John Smith (c January 1580– June 21 1631) Admiral of New England was an English Soldier, Sailor It was the seat of a sub-tribe of Native Americans of the same name, and governed by a "queen" who was affiliated with Chief Powhatan and the Powhatan Confederacy. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States Chief Powhatan (c June 17, 1547 &ndash c 1618 whose proper name was Wahunsenacawh or (in seventeenth century English spelling Wahunsunacock The Powhatan (also spelled Powatan and Powhaten) or Powhatan Renape (literally the "Powhatan Human Beings" is the name of a
Petersburg grew from the former Fort Henry, established by the English on the south bank of the Appomattox River in 1645. The city developed rapidly. The Virginia General Assembly formally organized it in 1748. The Virginia General Assembly is the legislative body of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Year 1748 ( MDCCXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The Battle of Petersburg in 1781 was a part of the British attempt to regain control of Virginia. Year 1781 ( MDCCLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
The Port of Petersburg became renowned as a commercial center for transporting and processing cotton, tobacco and metal, produced and shipped from the region. Cotton is a soft staple Fibre that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant ( Gossypium sp Tobacco is an Agricultural product recognized as an addictive drug processed from the fresh Leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. As travel technology developed, Petersburg became established as a railroad center, with links completed to Richmond to the north, Farmville and Lynchburg to the west, and Weldon, North Carolina to the south. Weldon is a town in Halifax County, North Carolina, United States. The last major line was to the east, when the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad was completed in 1858. The Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad was built between Norfolk and Petersburg Virginia and was completed by 1858.
Paved streets began to appear in 1813, soon followed by a canal bypassing the Appomattox Falls. Year 1813 ( MDCCCXIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Railroad lines linking the city to all points of the compass came next, gaslights were introduced in 1851, and a new municipal water system was installed by 1857. All these civic improvements helped attract and hold a substantial business community, based on manufacture of tobacco products, but also including cotton and flour mills and banking.
Petersburg's 1860 population was 18,266, half of whom were black. Nearly one-third of them were free blacks. Petersburg had the highest percentage of free African American men and women in the slave-holding states of the Confederacy and the Union. Ninety percent of the white half were native Virginians. Their devotion to the cause during the War of 1812 inspired the nickname "Cockade City" in honor of the rosette they wore on their caps. The War of 1812 was fought between the United States of America and the British Empire, particularly Great Britain and her North American colonies
When the Civil War started in 1861, Petersburg's men again responded. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South They provided the South several infantry companies and artillery units, as well as three troops of cavalry. In 1864, Petersburg was a significant target during the Overland Campaign of Union General Ulysses S. Grant. The Overland Campaign, also known as Grant's Overland Campaign and the Wilderness Campaign, was a series of battles fought in Virginia during May and Ulysses S Grant, born Hiram Ulysses Grant (April 27 1822 &ndash July 23 1885 was an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States Because of its railroads, Petersburg was the lifeline to Richmond, the Capital of the Confederacy. This article is about the city of Richmond the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
After the Battle of Cold Harbor, Grant stayed east of Richmond and headed south to Petersburg. The Battle of Cold Harbor, the final battle of Union Lt Gen Ulysses S Grant decided to cut off the rail lines into Petersburg, and thus Richmond's supplies. On June 9, troops under William F. "Baldy" Smith, of the 18th Corps, attacked the Dimmock Line, a set of defensive breastworks originally constructed in 1861 and 1862 to protect Petersburg against the Army of the Potomac under General George McClellan during the Peninsula Campaign. Events 53 - Roman Emperor Nero marries Claudia Octavia 62 - Claudia Octavia commits William F Smith may refer to William Farrar Smith (1824-1903 a Union Army General William French Smith (1917-1990 a U XVIII Corps was a Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. The Army of the Potomac was the major Union Army in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. George Brinton McClellan ( December 3 1826 October 29 1885) was a major general during the American Civil War. The Peninsula Campaign (also known as the Peninsular Campaign) of the American Civil War was a major Union operation launched in southeastern in early April 1865 The Confederate troops numbered around 2,000. The lines could have easily been taken, but with the memory of Cold Harbor still fresh, Generals Smith and Hancock were reluctant to attack a fortified line. Winfield Scott Hancock ( February 14 1824 &ndash February 9 1886) was a career U Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard alerted Lee that he was facing the Army of the Potomac at Petersburg. Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (ˈboʊrɪgɑrd ( May 28, 1818 &ndash February 20, 1893) was a Louisiana -born author civil servant Lee later arrived, and the 292-day Siege of Petersburg began. The Richmond-Petersburg Campaign was a series of battles around Petersburg Virginia, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865
On the Eastern Front, the trench lines were very close together. One soldier in the 48th Pennsylvania, a coal miner in civilian life, remarked aloud, "We could blow that battery into oblivion if we could dig a mine underneath it. " Colonel Henry Pleasants, division commander, took this idea seriously and moved it up the chain of command. For the English music critic Henry Pleasants see Henry Pleasants (music critic. The plan was given the go ahead. On July 30, the mine was exploded. Events 1419 - First Defenestration of Prague. 1502 - Christopher Columbus lands at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off Due to poor Union leadership and the timely arrival of Confederate General William Mahone, the Union lost the Battle of the Crater. William Mahone (December 1 1826 &ndash October 8 1895 of Southampton County Virginia, was a Civil engineer, Teacher, Soldier, Railroad The Battle of the Crater was a battle of the American Civil War, part of the Siege of Petersburg. They suffered more than 4,000 casualties. This famous battle was portrayed in the motion picture Cold Mountain. Cold Mountain is a 2003 film written and directed by Anthony Minghella, and stars Jude Law, Nicole Kidman, Renée Zellweger,
In early April 1865, the Siege of Petersburg ended. It preceded Robert E. Lee's surrender and the end of the war. Confederate General Ambrose P. (A.P.) Hill died on the last day the Confederates occupied the Petersburg trenches. Ambrose Powell Hill (November 9 1825 &ndash April 2 1865 was a Confederate general in the American Civil War. The use of an extended network of fortified entrenchments around Petersburg established a warfare precedent. Trenches would be used extensively in Europe during World War I (qv. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Trench warfare). Trench warfare is a form of warfare where both combatants have fortified positions and fighting lines are static
The city was ringed with a series of fortifications during the years of "Reconstruction" following the war. Many of these have been preserved in Pamplin Park.
In 1874 during Reconstruction, James M. Wilkerson, Sr. founded a business named the Wilkerson Undertaking Company. It continues to operate as the James M. Wilkerson Funeral Establishment, Inc.  and is one of the oldest black-owned firms in the United States. Central State (psychiatric) Hospital and Fort Lee, housing the U. Fort Lee is a Census-designated place (CDP in Petersburg and Prince George County, Virginia, United States. S. Army Quartermaster Corps Center and School, are also located nearby.
The Petersburg area is home to Virginia State University, founded in 1882 (in Ettrick). For the previously named Virginia State University see Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. It was one of the first fully state-supported four-year institutions of higher learning for African Americans. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa In 1888 John Mercer Langston became the first African American to be elected to the United States Congress from Virginia. John Mercer Langston ( December 14 1829 &ndash November 15 1897) was an American Abolitionist and U
Following school integration in the 1960s, many white families moved to suburban Colonial Heights, Virginia. Colonial Heights is an Independent city in Virginia, United States.
As of 2007, Petersburg is an evolving small city. The former downtown area, once vibrant near the north end of Sycamore Street, had declined into desolation by the late 20th century because suburban development drew off retail. Structural changes caused loss of local jobs.
Like some other old, East Coast small downtowns, lately Petersburg has been having a rebirth. Many restaurants, specialty shops, and up-scale apartments and condos have been developed, with more underway. Southern Living magazine recently featured this area, as did HGTV's "What You Get For The Money". Southern Living is a widely-read lifestyle Magazine aimed at readers in the Southern United States featuring recipes house plans and information about Home & Garden Television ( HGTV) is a cable TV network in the US that carries a variety of Home and Garden improvement maintenance The area has also become a booming arts center. It has both an area Arts League as well as a Performing Arts Center and restaurant, the Sycamore Rouge. The city celebrates a "Friday of the Arts" on the second Friday of each month, in which many locations feature local artwork and live music.
Wellotson Holdings, LLC, an investment firm based in Petersburg, has purchased many buildings in the area. It has renovated several into stores, restaurants, and a large antique mall, called The Oak Antique Mall. Wellotson Holdings is renovating other buildings in Old Towne for both housing and commercial development.
Located along the eastern seaboard, approximately halfway between New York and Florida, Petersburg is at the juncture of Interstates 95 and 85, just 23 miles south of Virginia's state capital, Richmond. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the This article is about the city of Richmond the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The city is one of 13 jurisdictions that comprise the Richmond-Petersburg Metropolitan Statistical Area. See also Richmond Virginia Richmond-Petersburg (also known as the Greater Richmond Region) is a region located in a central part of the state Petersburg is a part of the Tri-cities, Virginia regional economy known as the "Appomattox Basin" that includes the counties of Dinwiddie and Prince George, the southern part of Chesterfield County, and the cities of Hopewell and Colonial Heights. The Tri-Cities of Virginia (also known as the Tri-City area or the Appomatox Basin) is an area in the Greater Richmond Region which includes the three
Petersburg has a long history as an industrial center for Virginia. Though tobacco giant Brown & Williamson left the town, firms like Remmie Arnold Pen Co. Brown & Williamson was an American Tobacco company and subsidiary of the giant British American Tobacco, that produced several popular Cigarette , Seward Trunk Co. and Titmus Optical are well known brand names associated with the town. Founded in 1878 by Simon Seward the Petersburg Virginia -based Seward Trunk Co
Since the departure of Brown & Williamson,Petersburg has invested heavily in historic preservation of architecture, as the city has a large inventory of 18th, 19th and 20th century structures in its historic neighborhoods. Historic preservation or heritage conservation is a professional endeavor that seeks to preserve the ability of older (e Groups like Historic Petersburg Foundation and Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities have worked to restore many of the city's buildings. Founded in 1889, the Richmond, Virginia -based Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities was the United States ' first statewide
Petersburg is located at .(37. 21295, -77. 400417)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 2 square miles (60. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 1 km²), of which, 22. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 9 square miles (59. 3 km²) of it is land and 0. 3 square miles (0. 8 km²) of it (1. 29%) is water.
Petersburg is located on the Appomattox River at the fall line, which marks the area where an upland region (continental bedrock) and a coastal plain (coastal alluvia) meet. The Appomattox River is a tributary of the James River, approximately 137 miles (220 km in central and eastern Virginia in the United States, named for In Geomorphology, a fall line (at times referred to as a fall zone) marks the area where an upland region (continental Bedrock) and a Coastal plain Bedrock is the native consolidated rock underlying the surface of a terrestrial planet usually the Earth. A coastal plain is an area of flat low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features Alluvium (from the Latin, alluvius, from alluere, "to wash against" is Soil or Sediments deposited by a river or other running The fall line is typically prominent where a river crosses its rocky boundary as there are rapids or waterfalls. River boats could not travel any farther inland, making the location the head of navigation. The need of a port and abundant supply of water power causes settlements to develop where a river crosses the fall line.
The most prominent example of fall line settlement was the establishment of the cities along the eastern coast of the United States where the Appalachian Rise and the coastal plains meet. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Appalachian Mountains ( often called the Appalachians, are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America.
As of the census of 2000, there were 33,740 people, 13,799 households, and 8,513 families residing in the city. Chesterfield County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. Colonial Heights is an Independent city in Virginia, United States. Dinwiddie County is a county located in the US state &mdash officially " Commonwealth " &mdash of Virginia. Prince George County is a county located in the US state &mdash officially " Commonwealth " &mdash of Virginia. Protected areas are locations which receive protection because of their environmental cultural or similar value Petersburg National Battlefield is a National Park Service unit preserving sites related to the American Civil War Siege of Petersburg. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 1,474. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 6 people per square mile (569. 4/km²). There were 15,955 housing units at an average density of 697. 3/sq mi (269. 2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 18. 52% White, 78. 97% African American, 0. 20% Native American, 0. 70% Asian, 0. 03% Pacific Islander, 0. 59% from other races, and 1. 00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1. 37% of the population.
In 2005 Petersburg's population was 18. 4% non-Hispanic whites. African-Americans were a slightly smaller percentage of the city's total population, now only numbering 78. 6% of the total. 0. 9% of the population was Asian and 2. 1% were Latino.
There were 13,799 households out of which 27. 6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30. 1% were married couples living together, 26. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38. 3% were non-families. 32. 2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 38 and the average family size was 2. 98.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25. 1% under the age of 18, 8. 9% from 18 to 24, 27. 5% from 25 to 44, 22. 9% from 45 to 64, and 15. 6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 84. 2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78. 7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,851, and the median income for a family was $33,955. Males had a median income of $27,859 versus $21,882 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,989. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 16. 7% of families and 19. 6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 1% of those under age 18 and 15. 8% of those age 65 or over.