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Pentecostalism is a religious movement within Christianity that places special emphasis on the direct personal experience of God through the Baptism of the Holy Spirit, as shown in the Biblical account of the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2). The term charismatic movement describes the adoption from the early twentieth century onwards of certain beliefs typical of those held by Pentecostal Christians — specifically Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings According to the New Testament, the Baptism in the Holy Spirit is an experience sent by Jesus Christ. Pentecost (πεντηκοστή, pentekostē, "the fiftieth day" is one of the prominent feasts in the Christian Liturgical year, celebrated the
Within Pentecostalism there are two major groups, Trinitarian Pentecostals and Oneness Pentecostals. Overview Although both Oneness and Trinitarian denominations acknowledge the God of the Bible as the only God in existence and that Jesus was However, many Pentecostals also consider themselves part of broader Christian groups. For example, Pentecostals often identify as Evangelicals. Evangelicalism is a theological movement tradition and system of beliefs most closely associated with Protestant Christianity, which identifies with the Gospel Furthermore, many embrace the term Protestant, while others the term Restorationist. Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. For other usages see Restoration (general disambiguation Apokatastasis (universal restoration Christian Zionism (restoration of Israel and Pentecostalism is also theologically and historically close to the Charismatic Movement, and some Pentecostals use the two terms interchangeably. The term charismatic movement describes the adoption from the early twentieth century onwards of certain beliefs typical of those held by Pentecostal Christians — specifically Examples of some Trinitarian Pentecostal denominations include the Church of God in Christ (COGIC), the Assemblies of God, Assemblies of Christian Churches(AIC) and the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel. The Church of God in Christ Incorporated is a Christian church in the Pentecostal tradition The World Assemblies of God Fellowship, or Assemblies of God for short is the world's largest Pentecostal denomination with over 283413 churches and outstations The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel is an evangelical Pentecostal Christian denomination Examples of Oneness Pentecostal groups include the United Pentecostal Church International (UPCI) and the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World (P. The United Pentecostal Church International (UPCI is a multicultural Christian religious organization formed in 1945 by a merger of the Pentecostal Church Incorporated and The Pentecostal Assemblies of The World Inc ( PAW) claims to be the oldest Oneness Pentecostal organization in existence founded in 1906 and formally organized A. W).
Pentecostals believe that in order to receive salvation and enter Heaven one must accept the teachings of Jesus Christ as described in the Bible. In Theology, salvation can mean three related things being saved from or Liberation from something such as Suffering or the punishment of Heaven may refer to the physical heavens the sky or the seemingly endless expanse of the Universe beyond Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin This includes the doctrine of the death and crucifixion of Jesus, the resurrection of Jesus and the repentance from sin. The crucifixion of Jesus is an event recorded in all four Gospels (;;) which takes place after his arrest and trial and includes his scourging Within the body of Christian beliefs the resurrection of Jesus is a core event on which much of Christian doctrine and theology depend Repentance is a change of thought and action to correct a wrong and gain Forgiveness from the one wronged Most Pentecostals also believe that salvation is a gift earned by grace through faith in Jesus Christ, and cannot be earned through good deeds alone (e. Faith is a Belief in the trustworthiness of an Idea. Formal usage of the word "faith" is usually reserved for concepts of Religion, as in g. penance). Penance is repentance of Sins as well as the proper name of the Catholic and Orthodox Christian Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation/Confession Likewise, Pentecostals typically believe that the Bible has definitive authority in matters of faith, adopting a more literal approach in its interpretation. True Pentecostal Apostolic believers believe that the only way to be saved is through the baptism in Jesus Name (Acts 2:38), and the infilling of the Holy Ghost with the evidence of speaking in tongues as the Spirit of God giveth utterance, (Acts 2, Acts 10).
Pentecostals emphasize a salvation message based on Acts 2:38 which says Then Peter said unto them,Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. John 3:3,5 Jesus answered unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again he cannot see the kingdom of God. Verse 5 Jesus answered Verily, verily I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. Says and in this he is referencing to water baptism and baptism of the Holy Ghost. To Pentecostals, receiving the Holy Ghost is necessary for salvation and is accompanied by speaking in tongues. In mainstream Christianity, the Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost is one of the three entities of the Holy Trinity which make up the single substance In these churches, it shows that a person who has not spoken in tongues is unsaved. Acts 1:8
Most Pentecostals believe that speaking in tongues serves two distinct functions. Glossolalia is commonly called "speaking in tongues" For other uses of "speaking in tongues" see Speaking in Tongues (disambiguation. The first belief relates specifically to prayer and occurs on a more personal level. Prayer is the act of attempting to communicate with a Deity or spirit In this case, the person communicates to God in a language that they have no understanding of. God is the principal or sole Deity in Religions and other belief systems that worship one deity. This language may not necessarily be a language spoken on earth, as it is a more personal worship between the individual and God. Consequently it is usually categorized as Glossolalia. Glossolalia is commonly called "speaking in tongues" For other uses of "speaking in tongues" see Speaking in Tongues (disambiguation. Pentecostals draw this belief from their interpretations of 1Corinthians 14:2. The second belief concerning speaking in tongues relates to its role inside the church community. Pentecostals believe that God can communicate to the church through the Holy Spirit. This is not limited to speaking in tongues, but can also include other means of communication such as prophecy. Prophecy, generally describes the disclosing of Information that is not known to the Prophet by any ordinary means Pentecostals refer to these as spiritual gifts. Spiritual gifts (or Charismata, according to some Christian denominations such as Pentecostal, are gifts that are bestowed on Christians each having his or her When an individual speaks in tongues publicly to the church congregation, an interpretation (or translation) must be given by the speaker or another member of the congregation. Pentecostals also hold that the speaker may speak in a foreign language that they have not learned, but that is understood clearly by other individuals who speak that language. This may occur while the speaker is praying in tongues or it may occur in the church setting. This phenomenon is more specifically called Xenoglossy, however there is some controversy surrounding the authenticity of this form of tongues. Xenoglossy (from Greek ξενογλωσσία - xenoglossia, from ξένος - xenos, "foreign" + γλώσσα
There are two views on spiritual gifts held by Pentecostals. Spiritual gifts (or Charismata, according to some Christian denominations such as Pentecostal, are gifts that are bestowed on Christians each having his or her These views are based on their interpretations of salvation as it relates to spiritual gifts (see Salvation beliefs). The first view is held mainly by the group which believes that evidence of the baptism of the Holy Spirit is not necessary for salvation. In Theology, salvation can mean three related things being saved from or Liberation from something such as Suffering or the punishment of This group believes that each church member receives different gifts from the Holy Spirit. For example the Holy Spirit may give one person the ability to speak in tongues but grant another person the ability to interpret tongues. These are considered as two separate gifts given to different people. One may be able to speak in a tongues (unknown language) but lack the ability to interpret another tongue as they have not been gifted with the understanding to interpret. The second view is held mainly by Pentecostals who hold that speaking in tongues is necessary for salvation. These Pentecostals believe that everyone who receives the gift of the Holy Spirit receives all the different spiritual gifts at the same time. Spiritual gifts (or Charismata, according to some Christian denominations such as Pentecostal, are gifts that are bestowed on Christians each having his or her These experiences are required for an individual to become born again. Therefore it is considered that the only difference in operating any of the gifts comes down to desire, willingness and group encouragement of the person.
While speaking in tongues frequently receives emphasis in Pentecostalism, most Pentecostals also acknowledge other supernatural gifts of the Holy Spirit. Most acknowledge that not all Christians receive all of these gifts. A frequently cited list includes words of wisdom (the ability to provide supernatural guidance in decisions) , words of knowledge (impartation of factual information from the Spirit), faith, healing, miracle-working, prophecy (the pronouncement of a message from God, not necessarily involving knowledge of the future), distinguishing of spirits (the ability to tell evil from good spirits), tongues, and interpretation of tongues.  Some Pentecostals believe that the gift of tongues is different than tongues as a prayer language (the unknown tongue). The gift of tongues is believed to the ability to speak in a foreign language that the speaker does not speak. Other Pentecostals believe they are one and the same in which the gift of tongues is combining words from different languages (including Angelic) into a prayer language expressing the mysteries of God to the utmost of the desires of the person. Pentecostals consider that "gift of tongues" and "speaking in tongues" refers as using the same context and are not separate from each other. (see Theology below for further explanation)
Because many Pentecostal denominations are descended from Methodism and the Methodist Holiness Movement, Pentecostal soteriology is generally Arminian rather than Calvinist. Methodism is a movement within Protestant Christianity represented by a number of denominations and organizations The Holiness movement in Christianity is composed of people who believe and propagate the belief that the carnal nature of humanity can be cleansed through Faith Soteriology is the branch of theology that deals with Salvation. Arminianism is a school of soteriological thought within Protestant Christianity based on the theological ideas of the Dutch Calvinism (sometimes called the Reformed tradition, the Reformed faith, or Reformed theology) is a theological system and an approach to the
Pentecostals often point to the events described in Acts 2 as the starting point of their beliefs. Here, on what is now known as the day of Pentecost, the Holy Ghost, granted the Eleven disciples and Mary and her friends along with 2000 others the ability to speak in tongues as the Spirit of God gave them utterance. Pentecost (πεντηκοστή, pentekostē, "the fiftieth day" is one of the prominent feasts in the Christian Liturgical year, celebrated the Pentecostals believe they are modern version of that early church in the book of Acts. However, some of todays Pentecostal movement traces its community's growth to a prayer meeting at Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas on January 1, 1901. Bethel Bible College aka Bethel Gospel School. Founded by Charles Parham in Topeka Kansas, October 1900 But most refer to Acts chapter 2 to say when it all began. Here, through careful study of scripture, many came to the conclusion that speaking in tongues was the biblical sign of the Holy Ghost's baptism. Charles Parham, the founder of this school would later move to Houston, Texas, where in spite of segregation, William J. Seymour, a (literally) one-eyed African-American preacher was allowed to listen in to the Bible classes. Charles Fox Parham (4 June 1873 - c 29 January 1929 was an American preacher who was instrumental in the formation of Pentecostalism. William Joseph Seymour ( May 2, 1870 - September 28, 1922) was an African American minister, and an initiator of the Seymore traveled to Los Angeles, where his preaching sparked the Azusa Street Revival. The Azusa Street Revival was a historic Pentecostal Revival meeting that took place in Los Angeles, California and was led by William J This was one of the first newsworthy outpourings of the Holy Ghost, despite records of earlier occurrences, and attracted people from all around the world. Consequently, this event is regarded, as the actual revival of the Pentecostal movement because of the impact it had on the world. The Los Angeles Press gave close attention to the Azusa Street Revival, which helped fuel its growth. A number of new smaller groups started up, inspired by the events of this revival. International visitors and Pentecostal missionaries would eventually bring these teachings to other nations.
Oneness Pentecostalism traces its roots to the day of Pentecost. The events are described in Acts chapter two.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s Christians from mainline churches in the United States, Europe, and other parts of the world began to accept the teaching that the baptism of the Holy Spirit is available for Christians today. Charismatic movements began to grow in mainline denominations. There were Charismatic Episcopalians, Lutherans, Catholics, and Methodists. During that time period, 'Charismatic' was used to refer to these movements that existed within mainline denominations. Pentecostal was used to refer to those who were a part of the churches and denominations that grew out of the earlier Azusa Street revival. However in recent decades many independent Charismatic churches and ministries have formed or have developed their own denominations and church associations. In the 1960s and still today, many Pentecostal churches were still strict with dress codes and forbidding certain forms of entertainment, creating a cultural distinction between Charismatics and Pentecostals. There is a great deal of overlap now between the Charismatic and Pentecostal movements. Charismatic Roman Catholics have accepted the teachings of the Holy Spirit partially, as they still turn to other Roman Catholics (deceased or living)for advise regarding the truth. One feature of Pentecostalism is a total reliance on God, a trust in Jesus and the Holy Spirit and not in an organisation or church.
Theologically, some Pentecostal denominations are aligned with Evangelicalism in that they emphasize the reliability of the Bible and the need for the transformation of an individual's life with faith in Jesus. Evangelicalism is a theological movement tradition and system of beliefs most closely associated with Protestant Christianity, which identifies with the Gospel Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin Pentecostals also adhere to the doctrine of Biblical inerrancy. Biblical inerrancy is the conservative evangelical doctrinal position that in its original form the Bible is totally without error and free from all contradiction Pentecostals differ from fundamentalists by placing less emphasis on personal spiritual experience and more emphasis on the Holy Ghost's work within a person than other Protestants. Fundamentalist Christianity, also known as Christian Fundamentalism or Fundamentalist Evangelicalism, is a movement that arose mainly within British and
One of the most prominent distinguishing characteristics of Pentecostalism from the rest of Evangelicalism is its emphasis on the work of the Holy Spirit. Evangelicalism is a theological movement tradition and system of beliefs most closely associated with Protestant Christianity, which identifies with the Gospel In mainstream Christianity, the Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost is one of the three entities of the Holy Trinity which make up the single substance Most Pentecostals believe that everyone who is genuinely saved has the Holy Spirit. But unlike most other Christians, they believe that there is a second work of the Holy Spirit called the baptism of the Holy Spirit, in which the Holy Spirit dwells more fully in them, and which opens a believer up to a closer fellowship with God and empowers them for Christian service. According to the New Testament, the Baptism in the Holy Spirit is an experience sent by Jesus Christ. Some Pentecostals have modified the view teaching that Spirit baptism is not considered a second chronological work of grace, but a second aspect of the Holy Spirit's ministry. His first ministry is to save and sanctify the believer by working in them, His second ministry is to empower the believer for service by working through them. Most Pentecostals cite speaking in tongues, also known as glossolalia, as the normative proof and evidence of the Holy Spirit baptism. Glossolalia is commonly called "speaking in tongues" For other uses of "speaking in tongues" see Speaking in Tongues (disambiguation. Some Pentecostals have adopted a more liberal view claiming that there are other evidences of Holy Spirit baptism. The doctrine of tongues as the initial evidence of receiving the Holy Spirit is uniquely Pentecostal and is one of the few differences from Charismatic theology which generally claims diverse evidences.
Pentecostals believe it is essential to repent of their sins and believe in Jesus Christ as Savior in order to obtain salvation, and in the infilling of the Holy Spirit. Many believe that the baptism of the Holy Spirit is an additional gift that is bestowed on believers, generally subsequent to an intermediate step termed sanctification, Sanctification refers to a work of grace wherein the effects of past sins are ameliorated and the natural tendency toward a sinful nature is likewise set aside through the working of the Holy Spirit. The word sanctification (see -ification) refers to the act or Process Other Pentecostals believe that Holy Spirit Baptism is a necessary step in God's plan of salvation, citing Peter's answer to the crowd on the Day of Pentecost. The crowd asked Peter what they must do to be saved and Peter told them to repent, be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and that they would receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 
Pentecostals vary in their beliefs of the types of speaking in tongues. Glossolalia is commonly called "speaking in tongues" For other uses of "speaking in tongues" see Speaking in Tongues (disambiguation. Following are some possible distinctions. First there is the evidence at the baptism of the Holy Spirit. This is when a believer speaks in tongues when they are baptized with the Holy Spirit. This may or may not be the only time an individual ever speaks in tongues. Secondly, there is the gift of tongues. This is when a person is moved by God to speak in tongues at any time. The gift of tongues may be exercised anywhere, but many denominations believe that it must only be exercised with a person who has the gift of "interpretation of tongues" present (whether that be another person or the one who gives the tongue). The interpreter may interpret the tongue into the language of the gathered Christians so that they can understand the message. 
Many Pentecostals, particularly after the growth and influence of the charismatic movement, believe that speaking in tongues can be used as a prayer language at anytime one chooses, provided he has been baptized in the Holy Spirit. The term charismatic movement describes the adoption from the early twentieth century onwards of certain beliefs typical of those held by Pentecostal Christians — specifically Certain groups of Pentecostals emphasize the idea of speaking in tongues only when the Holy Spirit comes upon an individual, and have a problem with the idea of speaking in tongues 'at will. ' God gives a wide variety of spiritual gifts. It may be that these doctrinal differences resulted from certain church leaders taking their own experiences and making doctrines out of them.
Early in the twentieth century the majority of the Pentecostal missionaries, along with prominent Pentecostal leaders, maintained that speaking in tongues was a form of xenoglossia in which the Holy Spirit enabled them to speak in other languages. Xenoglossy (from Greek ξενογλωσσία - xenoglossia, from ξένος - xenos, "foreign" + γλώσσα As continued investigations repeatedly concluded that speaking in tongues was a form of ecstatic utterance that lacked all syntactical structure and almost always consisted of syllables taken from the speaker's native language, Pentecostal theologians started to redefine their beliefs.  Most now preach that speaking in tongues is a personal prayer language, glossolalia, and is not xenoglossia. Glossolalia is commonly called "speaking in tongues" For other uses of "speaking in tongues" see Speaking in Tongues (disambiguation. Numerous churches draw a distinction between "speaking in tongues," which is an ecstatic utterance granted by God for prayer, and "the gift of tongues," which is a rare miracle in which God enables a Christian to speak in a foreign language he has not previously studied in order to proclaim the Gospel.
Other Pentecostal churches don't believe that the purpose of tongues is for preaching in another country, and the account in Acts 2 only indicates that some words were recognized from some languages and may not have fully understood in its entirety by the hearers. A sermon is an oration by a Prophet or member of the Clergy. Sermons address a Biblical, theological, or religious topic They still believe it is for personal prayer and as a sign of a believer to unbelievers in the operation of the spiritual gifts in a meeting. However they still maintain that a person who "speaks in tongues" is also having "the gift of tongues", and that when a person "speaks in tongues" the language is not specific to one language but a combination of different words from different languages of which some are human and others are angelic. They point mainly to the biblical scripture of "Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, . . . . "  which indirectly refers to the Apostle Paul's ability to speak in "tongues" been written in plural and not singular as well as indicating the diverse nature of the tongues as being from different languages including angelic languages.
Justin Martyr (100-165), in his Dialogue with Trypho, argues with a Jew that the Christian church had prophets, while the Jews no longer had them. Saint Justin Martyr (also Justin the Martyr, Justin of Caesarea, Justin the Philosopher, Latin Iustinus Martyr or Flavius The Second Century document The Shepherd of Hermas recounts visions and revelations and affirms the role of the gift of prophecy in the church. The Shepherd of Hermas (sometimes just called The Shepherd) is a Christian work of the second century considered a valuable book by many Christians The popularity of this book in churches of the second century is strong evidence that the gift of prophecy was still widely accepted as being legitimate.
Some critics of spiritual gifts argue that these spiritual gifts died out and were only claimed by heretical groups. Usually they mention the 'new prophecy' of the Montanists around the turn of the second century to prove their claims. A careful study of history, however, shows that the gift of prophecy was generally accepted by the church in that day. Criticism of the Montanists had initially to deal with the ecstatic manner in which Montanus, Priscilla, Maximilla and others prophesied. After these three had died and prophecy had apparently ceased among the Montanists, Eusebius records a debate between an Orthodox believer and a Montanist. The Orthodox believer pointed out that the Montanists no longer had prophecy, though the apostle (Paul) affirmed that the gift would continue until the Lord returned.  It is clear that the church accepted the continuing of the gift of prophecy.
The Church of God (Cleveland TN) is second largest denomination in the world. The movement's origins can be traced back to 1886 with a small meeting of Christians at the Barney Creek Meeting House on the Tennessee/North Carolina border, making it the oldest Pentecostal Christian denomination in the United States. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings Tennessee ( is a state located in the Southern United States. North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States Pentecostalism is a renewalist religious movement within Christianity that places special emphasis on the direct personal experience of God through the Baptism A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth Church (disambiguation A religious denomination is a subgroup within a Religion that operates under a common name tradition and identity The largest denomination is the Assemblies of God, holds to the belief in Trinitarian theology in accordance with mainstream Protestantism as does the Elim Pentecostal Church, Church of God, the Church of God in Christ, The Apostolic Church, and the Foursquare Church. The World Assemblies of God Fellowship, or Assemblies of God for short is the world's largest Pentecostal denomination with over 283413 churches and outstations The Elim Pentecostal Church (EPC is a UK-based Pentecostal Christian denomination (not to be confused with the U The Church of God in Christ Incorporated is a Christian church in the Pentecostal tradition The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel is an evangelical Pentecostal Christian denomination
Most Pentecostal churches hold the belief that preaching the Gospel to unbelievers is extremely important. This article is about the canonical books of the New Testament The Great Commission to spread the "Good News of the Kingdom of God", spoken by Jesus directly before his Ascension, is perceived as one of the most important commands that Jesus gave. The Great Commission, in Christian tradition is the instruction of the resurrected Jesus Christ to his disciples, that they spread his teachings
According to a 2006 survey by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, in 6 out of 10 countries, 40% or more of Pentecostals did not speak or pray in tongues. 
Trinitarian Pentecostals typically believe in water baptism as an outward sign of conversion and that the baptism in the Holy Spirit is a distinct spiritual experience that all who have belief in Jesus should receive. Most classical Pentecostals believe that the baptism in the Holy Spirit is always companied initially by the outward evidence of speaking in tongues according to the biblical passage in Mark 16:17 and in the book of the Acts of the Apostles. It is considered a liberalizing tendency to teach contrary to this historic position. This is another major difference between Pentecostal and Charismatic Christians, who believe that a Christian baptized in the Holy Spirit may exhibit certain supernatural biblical signs, including speaking in- and interpretation of tongues, prophecy (i. e. , a vision or a word of God, spoken or felt in the spirit), miraculous healings, miraculous signs, etc. Charismatic groups will point to 1 Corinthians chapters 12-14 to substantiate their claim.
Some Pentecostal churches, hold to Oneness theology, which decries the traditional doctrine of the Trinity. SSC RF "Troitsk Institute of Innovative and Termonuclear Research" or TRINITY for shprt Троицкий Институт инновационных и термоядерных Oneness doctrine holds that God is absolutely and indivisibly one, and that Jesus was the one God manifested in the flesh, and the division of Father, Son and Holy Spirit are some of God's titles or manifestations rather than persons. Oneness believers view the Godhead as being One Person whose name is Jesus, in contrast to the three persons in one trinitarian teaching.
Therefore, Oneness Pentecostals baptize believers "in Jesus' name" rather than what they refer to as the titles: "in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. " The largest Oneness Pentecostal denominations are the United Pentecostal Church International, Pentecostal Assemblies of the World, Apostolic Assembly of the Faith in Christ Jesus and the Apostolic Church of the Faith in Christ Jesus, but there are many smaller Oneness Pentecostal organizations and independent churches such as the Assemblies of the Lord Jesus Christ, the True Jesus Church, the Pentecostal Followers of Jesus Christ International Ministries, Iglesia del Dios Vivo, the Pentecostal Churches of the Apostolic Faith, Bible Way, Apostolic Assemblies of Christ and independent or nondenominational churches. The United Pentecostal Church International (UPCI is a multicultural Christian religious organization formed in 1945 by a merger of the Pentecostal Church Incorporated and The Pentecostal Assemblies of The World Inc ( PAW) claims to be the oldest Oneness Pentecostal organization in existence founded in 1906 and formally organized The majority, if not all, of Oneness Pentecostals also refer to themselves as Apostolics.
Major Trinitarian Pentecostal organizations, including the Pentecostal World Conference and the Fellowship of Pentecostal and Charismatic Churches of North America, have condemned Oneness theology as a heresy and refuse membership to churches holding this belief. The Pentecostal World Conference or Pentecostal World Fellowship is a fellowship of Pentecostal believers and denominations from across the world The Pentecostal/Charismatic Churches of North America is an interdenominational fellowship of Pentecostal and charismatic churches in North America, existing Heresy, as a blanket term describes a practice or belief that is labeled as unorthodox This same holds true for some Oneness Pentecostals towards Trinitarian churches.
Some Pentecostal and Charismatic assemblies believe that they have spiritual experiences besides speaking in tongues: hysterical laughter or holy laughter, physical spasms or jerks, dancing or shouting, jumping, running, excessive crying or weeping, falling to the floor under the Holy Spirit's power (slain in the Spirit) or rolling across the floor. Being slain in the Spirit is a term related to the Charismatic movement and Pentecostalism which describes a religious behaviour in which a person enters losses
According to Pentecostals, being slain in the spirit or falling to the floor happens because the body can withstand only so much of the power of God before it goes limp. Pentecostals who fall to the ground and roll across the floor are sometimes derisively called Holy Rollers. Holy Roller is a term in American English used to describe Pentecostal Christian churchgoers Instances in the Bible of such falls include the infilling of the temple in the Old Testament and Saul was on the road to Damascus in the New Testament. In Western Christianity, the Old Testament refers to the books that form the first of the two-part Christian Biblical canon. The Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul is a feast celebrated during the Liturgical year on January 25, recounting the Conversion of Saul of Tarsus, who People who came into God's presence and fell to the ground include Daniel, three disciples at the transfiguration of Jesus and John of Patmos. Daniel (; Persian: دانيال, Dâniyal or Danial, also Dani, داني; Arabic: دانيال The Transfiguration of Jesus is an event reported by the Synoptic Gospels in which Jesus is transfigured upon a mountain (,) John of Patmos is the name given to the author of the Book of Revelation (or Book of the Apocalypse) in the New Testament. 
Holy laughter and other manifestations of the Holy Spirit are explained as wonders of God related to a prophecy about the outpouring of the Holy Spirit where God said "…I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth…" Other Pentecostals disagree with this application of scripture citing "…some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; … But refuse profane and old wives' fables, and exercise thyself rather unto godliness. For bodily exercise (Greek-gumnasia) profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, … This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation. "  They also refer to 1 Corinthian 14 "And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets. For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints. " which explains that church members have full subjective control of themselves and that the all churches must be in the state of peace and not in a state of confusion.  They believe that any biblical accounts of people falling down to God's power, it was out of fear and respect from a sudden recognition of divine authority and relates to a significant biblical event. Typical examples are when the third captain of the fifty fell to the ground to Elijah to spare his life and his men's lives from the heavenly fire that slain the other captains and their men and when Judas and the soldiers came to get Jesus, they "drew back" and "fell" to the ground when Jesus said "I am He". 
Some Pentecostals believe they can be "drunk in the spirit" Some relate this behavior to the "stammering lips" of speaking in tongues that appears similar to a drunkard speaking and not the behavior of a drunkard itself. They believed that the context of Ephesians 5:18 was referring to being filled with the spirit as explained in the next two verses in "Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord; Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ;…" which is believed as nothing to do with being spiritually drunk or physically rolling on the ground or even raising their hands.
Each Pentecostal church's behavior vary. Worshipers may raise their hands in the orant style common in classical artistic impressions of the early church. For the village in Azerbaijan see Orand. Orant is a type of gesture during Prayer in which the hands are raised set apart and the Art refers to a diverse range of Human activities creations and expressions that are appealing to the Senses or Emotions of a human individual Early Christianity is commonly defined as the Christianity of the three centuries between the Crucifixion of Jesus ( c Some services include long periods of excitement that are viewed as the moving of the Holy Spirit. Pentecostal churches in the Southern United States, or churches with a southern influence, tend to be livelier, while others are more reserved, with no physical action. Hispanic and African-American Pentecostal churches tend to be the most lively with dancing and hand waving. Hispanic (hispano hispánico hispânico Hispānus adjective from ''Hispānia'', the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa Revival Centres International in Australia avoids dancing and hand waving behavior but moderates the extent of their liveliness to clapping hands (labeled as "happy clappers" by some) occasionally during their singing and keeping the operation of the spiritual gifts in it's purity. The Revival Centres International is a Pentecostal Church, with its headquarters in Melbourne, Australia, it has approximately 300 centres in 14 countries
Some Pentecostals explain these behaviors simply as signs and wonders of God. Others believe that such behavior is optional and outside of the Bible. Others criticize physical behaviors as excessive and detractions from the purity of the spiritual gifts as outlined in 1 Corinthians 14 and therefore counterproductive and potentially offensive. Hence the majority of the Pentecostal churches do not prescribe this as being part of their church doctrine because of the lack of biblical references justifying the behaviors. Doctrine (Latin doctrina) is a codification of beliefs or "a body of teachings quot or "instructions" taught principles or positions as the
The Pentecostal justification of the decent and orderly behavior of the operation of the spiritual gifts expected in a church meeting are outlined by Apostle Paul in 1 Corinthians 14. Paul the apostle (שאול התרסי Šaʾul HaTarsi, meaning " Saul of Tarsus " Σαούλ Saul and Σαῦλος Saulos and
Pentecostal Christians trace the history of the movement to the day of Pentecost when a week after Jesus ascended into Heaven, there were 120 believers waiting for the promise of the Father, that is the Holy Spirit. In Acts 2:4, when the Holy Spirit came upon the believers they all spoke in tongues (other languages). The practice of speaking in tongues has been reported and documented throughout Christian history. Dr. Curtis Ward proposes the existence of an unbroken Pentecostal lineage from the early church to the present, with glossolalia and gifts following, which can be chronologically charted, though his view is not shared by all Pentecostals. Most Pentecostals do not feel church perpetuity is a necessity and acknowledge various bursts of revival throughout history in which glossolalia was present.
One such revival began with a Prussian Guards officer, Gustav von Below, in 1817. Gustav von Below ( 18 July 1790 &ndash 19 November 1843) was the son of Karl Gustav von Below (1759-1840 and Charlotte Wilhelmine von Woedtke He and his brothers started holding charismatic meetings on his estates in Pomerania. A Lutheran commission sent to investigate was at first suspicious but found the phenomenon to be "of God. " This led to a growth in charismatic meetings across Germany which quickly crossed the Atlantic during the great German migrations of the nineteenth century. The Pentecostal movement also became prominent in the Holiness movement, which was the first to begin making numerous references to the term "Pentecostal", such as in 1867 when the movement established The National Camp Meeting Association for the Promotion of Christian Holiness with a notice that said: "[We are summoning,] irrespective of denominational tie. The Holiness movement in Christianity is composed of people who believe and propagate the belief that the carnal nature of humanity can be cleansed through Faith . . those who feel themselves comparatively isolated in their profession of holiness…that all would realize together a Pentecostal baptism of the Holy Ghost. In mainstream Christianity, the Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost is one of the three entities of the Holy Trinity which make up the single substance . . "
England and parts of Europe experienced another Charismatic- or Pentecostal-type movement before the Pentecostal movement started in the United States. In the 1830s, in England, a church under the leadership of Edward Irving began to experience manifestations of tongues and prophecy. Edward Irving ( August 4, 1792 &ndash December 7, 1834) Scottish clergyman generally regarded as the main figure behind the foundation Through prophecy, certain men were appointed as apostles. Certain apostles were appointed by these apostles until the number reached 12. Irving passed away, but the movement developed into what would be called the Catholic Apostolic Church, taken from the Nicene Creed. The term Catholic Apostolic Church belongs to the entire community of Christians (cf Catholic) quoting the last sentence of the Nicene Creed. Henry Drummond was, perhaps, the most influential man in the movement at its beginnings. He was quite fond of the writings of the early church fathers, and the movement took on a highly liturgical flair, including influences from Eastern Orthodoxy liturgy. The movement grew to several hundred thousand in England, Germany, and some other parts of Europe. Though a splinter group in Germany did appoint new apostles and continue on, the English group did not. The last 'apostle', Francis Woodhouse, of the Catholic Apostolic Church died in 1901, just a few months after Agnes Ozman spoke in tongues in the United States.
In the United Kingdom, the first Pentecostal church to be formed was the Apostolic Church. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located This was later followed by the Elim Foursquare Gospel Alliance, later to be known as the Elim Pentecostal Church, founded in 1914 by George Jeffreys. The Elim Pentecostal Church (EPC is a UK-based Pentecostal Christian denomination (not to be confused with the U The Elim Pentecostal Church (EPC is a UK-based Pentecostal Christian denomination (not to be confused with the U George Jeffreys may be George Jeffreys (composer (c 1610 -1685 English organ composer George Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem (1645-1689
In Sweden, the first Pentecostal church was the Filadelfia Church in Stockholm. "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. ('stɔkhɔlm is Sweden 's Capital and its largest City. It is the site of the national Swedish government, the parliament, and the Pastored by Lewi Pethrus, this congregation, originally Baptist, was expelled from the Baptist Union of Sweden in 1913 for doctrinal differences. Petrus Lewi Pethrus ( 11 March 1884 - 4 September 1974 was a Swedish Pentecostal minister who played a Baptist is a term describing individuals belonging to a Baptist church or a Baptist denomination. Today this congregation has about 7000 members and is the biggest Pentecostal congregation in northern Europe. As of 2005 the Swedish pentecostal movement has approximately 90,000 members in nearly 500 congregations. These congregations are all independent but cooperate on a large scale. Swedish Pentecostals have been very missionary-minded and have established churches in many countries. A missionary is a member of a Religion who works to convert those who do not share the missionary's faith someone who proselytizes. In Brazil, for example, churches founded by the Swedish Pentecostal mission claim several million members. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld
The history of Pentecostalism in Australia has been documented by Dr Barry Chant in Heart of Fire (1984, Adelaide: Tabor). For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Barry Chant (born 1938 is the author of Heart of Fire The story of Australian Pentecostalism (the first history of Australian Pentecostalism) and a co-founder
In East-Europe, mainly post-soviet territory, the gospel was brought by Ukraine. Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe. The roots of Pentecostalism here was in the shtundist, molokan and dukhobor movements on their basis faith made stronger by Ivan Voronaev (a Baptist preacher than was a missionary from Ukraine to Siberia and emigrated to USA who was influenced by Kathryn Kuhlman, than he came back to Ukraine 20th years of XX century, where his church in some years growth to 25000, but he was arrested by soviet powers) in east Ukraine, the same time also there was a nee 20000 church in west Ukraine that also went to underground in soviet time. The Molokans (Молока́не are a religious sect among Russian peasants ( Serfs) who broke away from the Russian Orthodox Church in the 1550s The Doukhobors or Doukhabors (Духоборы Dukhobory) earlier Dukhobortsy (Духоборцы are a Christian group of Russian Ivan Timofeevitch Voronaev (Nikita Petrovitch Tcherkasov - leader and founder of Pentecostal movement in Russia Ukraine and the former USSR Kathryn Johanna Kuhlman ( May 9, 1907 - February 20, 1976) was a 20th Century American Faith healer. From Ukraine the gospel and Pentecostalism was brought to all Russia and other Soviet Union, many believers where killed by totalitarianism power but now their gospel gave over 3 million. Believers in post-soviet countries and this church is extremely growing.
The Pentecostal Movement in North America developed from the Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles. Before this, however, a few Christian revivals occurred which are worth noting because they manifested signs of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, the foremost feature of Pentecostal worship. In the summer of 1799, the church of Red River (near the Tennessee-Kentucky border) in connection with the Gasper and Muddy river congregations of the Methodist and Presbyterians backgrounds had a charged meeting. Methodism is a movement within Protestant Christianity represented by a number of denominations and organizations Presbyterianism is a family of Christian denominations within the Reformed branch of Protestant Western Christianity Every settlement along the Green river and the Cumberland was full of religious fervor. The first regular general camp meeting was held at the Gasper River Church, in July, 1800. The Gasper River is a river in southwestern Kentucky, USA. It flows into northeasternly into the Barren River. Spread of the revival began in Christian and Logan Co. , Kentucky and in the Spring of 1801, had reached Mason Co. The Commonwealth of Kentucky ( is a state located in the East Central United States of America. , Kentucky. Beginning at Flemingsburgh in April, moving to Cabin Creek, where a camp meeting was held, then Concord, in Bourbon County, by the last of May and Eagle Creek in Adams County, Ohio in the beginning of June. Bourbon County is a County located in the US state of Kentucky. Ohio ( is a Midwestern state of the United States. As part of the Great Lakes region, Ohio has long been a cultural and geographical crossroads There were meetings in quick succession at Pleasant Point, Kentucky; Indian Creek, in Harrison county (July); Cane Ridge, near Paris, Bourbon county (August). Pleasant Point can refer to several different locations Also consult Point Pleasant for other variations Cane Ridge, Kentucky, USA was the site in 1801 of a large Camp meeting which drew thousands of people and had a lasting influence as one of the landmark When there was a huge manifestation and outpouring of the Holy Spirit in the Cane Ridge Revival in Kentucky back in 1801. It was observed by military personnel that a range of 20,000 to 30,000 of people of different ages from mainly Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists denominations gathered in the Cane Ridge area to experience this outpouring. Baptist is a term describing individuals belonging to a Baptist church or a Baptist denomination. 
As early as the 1870s there were Christians known as Gift People or Gift Adventists numbering in the thousands who were known for spiritual gifts such as speaking in tongues. One preacher from the Gift People influenced A. J. Tomlinson, who would later lead the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee), a major Pentecostal denomination that came about during the Azusa Street Revival.
Though some have considered the 1896 Shearer Schoolhouse Revival in Cherokee County, North Carolina as the beginning of the modern pentecostal movement, the remoteness of the region very likely kept it as a localized event and thereby limited any possibility it may have had to impact the movement that came out of the Azusa Street revival. The Shearer Schoolhouse Revival was a religious phenomenon that occurred during a series of meetings conducted in the summer of 1896 in Cherokee County, North Carolina Cherokee County is a County located in the US state of North Carolina.
Thus, while Pentecostal Christians point to a number of Pentecostal-like revivals throughout history and in various countries, the Pentecostal movement exists today because of the powerful revival that took place on Azusa Street in Los Angeles in 1906. William J. Seymour and others, like Lucy Farrow, led the movement, after having been sent to Los Angeles as evangelists by Charles Fox Parham from his Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas. William Joseph Seymour ( May 2, 1870 - September 28, 1922) was an African American minister, and an initiator of the Charles Fox Parham (4 June 1873 - c 29 January 1929 was an American preacher who was instrumental in the formation of Pentecostalism. Bethel Bible College aka Bethel Gospel School. Founded by Charles Parham in Topeka Kansas, October 1900 Topeka ( Kansa: Tó Ppí Kˀé ˌto ˈpːi ˌkˀeɪ Ioway: Dó Pí Kˀé ˌto ˈpʰi ˌkˀeɪ A Methodist Minister, Parham established his Bible School to “fit men and women to go to the ends of the Earth to preach. ” Parham himself taught at the school, and here he advanced the belief that speaking in tongues was the outward manifestation of the baptism of the Holy Spirit. According to the New Testament, the Baptism in the Holy Spirit is an experience sent by Jesus Christ. Parham and his followers looked to the early church experience of the Pentecost as detailed in Acts 2, in which the followers of Jesus gather to pray and the Holy Spirit comes upon them as tongues of fire and enables them to speak in tongues. On January 1, 1901, during a prayer meeting at the College, Agnes Ozman asked for hands to be laid upon her for the baptism of the Holy Spirit, and she began to speak in tongues. Agnes Ozman (1870-1937 was a female student at Charles Fox Parham 's Bethel Bible School in Topeka, Kansas. After Ozman, the experience of speaking in tongues spread to others and Parham left Topeka and began evangelical ministries with his students throughout Kansas, Missouri, Texas and Zion City, Illinois. 
The most successful of these ministries took place in an abandoned Methodist church on Azusa Street in Los Angeles. Lucy Farrow, who had introduced Seymour to the experience of speaking in tongues as the sign of the baptism of the Holy Spirit, was sent by Parham to assist Seymour and eleven other elders who led the Azusa Street Revival. The Azusa Street Revival was a historic Pentecostal Revival meeting that took place in Los Angeles, California and was led by William J On April 9, 1906, Seymour and Farrow baptized Edward Lee and he dropped to the floor and began to speak in tongues. Events 193 - Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans) Year 1906 ( MCMVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting  Nine days later, the Los Angeles Times ran a front page story on the revival entitled “Weird Babel of Tongues, New Sect of fanatics is breaking loose, Wild scene last night on Azusa Street, gurgle of wordless talk by a sister”. The Los Angeles Times (also known as the LA Times) is a daily Newspaper published in Los Angeles California and distributed By the third week in April, 1906, the small but growing congregation rented an abandoned African Methodist Episcopal Church at 312 Azusa Street and subsequently became organized as the Azusa Street Mission. The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the " AME Church " is a Christian denomination founded by Bishop Richard Allen in Philadelphia The Azusa Street Revival was a historic Pentecostal Revival meeting that took place in Los Angeles, California and was led by William J  Almost all mainline Pentecostal denominations today trace their historical roots to the Azusa Street Revival.
The early adherents of Pentecostalism were fueled by the understanding that all God’s people would prophesy in the last days, which are the final days before Christ’s second coming. They looked to the Biblical passage of the Pentecost in Acts, in which Peter cited the prophecy in Joel 2, “In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams. ”(NIV) Thus, when the experience of speaking in tongues spread among the men and women of Azusa Street, a sense of immediacy took hold as they began to look to the time when Christ would come again. Early Pentecostals also saw themselves as outsiders from mainstream society, dedicated solely to preparing the way for Christ’s return. 
Pentecostalism, like any other major movement, has given birth to a large number of organizations and denominations with political, social and theological differences. The early movement was countercultural, and African-Americans and women were important leaders in the Azusa Revival and helped spread the Pentecostal message beyond Los Angeles. As the Azusa Revival began to wane, however, doctrinal differences began to surface as pressure from social, cultural and political developments from the time began to affect the church. As a result, major divisions, isolationism, sectarianism and even the increase of extremism were apparent.
African-Americans played an important role in the early Pentecostal movement. The first decade of Pentecostalism was marked by interracial assemblies, "…Whites and blacks mix in a religious frenzy, …" according to a local newspaper account, at a time when government facilities were racially separate, and the Jim Crow laws were about to be codified. While the interracial assemblies that characterized Azusa Street continued for a number of years even in the segregated South, the enthusiasm and support for such assemblies eventually waned. After a while, the interracial assemblies were nearly non-existent in many Pentecostal churches. For example, although the Church of God, Cleveland, Tennessee made significant inroads across racial divides, after 1923 the bulk of the black membership followed Overseer A. J. Tomlinson into the Church of God of Prophecy. Also, when a group of ministers from predominantly white churches wished to disaffiliate from the Assemblies of God, they formed the Pentecostal Church of God in Chicago, Illinois in 1919. In urban African-American communities of the 1940s, there were Father Divine with his Peace Mission and Daddy Grace, both claiming divinity, encouraging their followers to practice the estaticism of Pentecostalism.
The early Pentecostal movement invited women in large numbers and enabled them to participate in all areas of the church. Since they believed in the presence and interaction of the Holy Spirit in their assemblies, and since these gifts came to men and women, the use of spiritual gifts such as speaking in tongues, interpreting tongues, the laying on of hands and healing were all encouraged. The unconventionally intense and emotional environment dually promoted and was itself created by other forms of participation, such as personal testimony and spontaneous prayer and singing. Women did not shy away from engaging in this setting and in the early movement the majority of converts and church-goers were female. 
Since the movement relied on the efforts and participation of lay members, both in the church and outside, women gained great cultural influence and helped shape Pentecostalism. Women wrote religious songs, edited Pentecostal papers and taught and ran Bible schools.  The availability of these opportunities to women from the start of the movement may explain the preponderance of female adherents in the movement. In addition, evidence from three of the oldest and largest Pentecostal groups - Assemblies of God, the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) and the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel – shows the numbers of women in clergy and missionary positions. The World Assemblies of God Fellowship, or Assemblies of God for short is the world's largest Pentecostal denomination with over 283413 churches and outstations The Church of God (Cleveland is a Pentecostal Christian denomination, with headquarters in Cleveland Tennessee. The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel is an evangelical Pentecostal Christian denomination Shortly after the Assemblies of God formed in 1914, clergy rolls show that one-third of its ministers were women, and by 1925, though the number of female ministers had dropped significantly, still two-thirds of its overseas missionaries were women. The World Assemblies of God Fellowship, or Assemblies of God for short is the world's largest Pentecostal denomination with over 283413 churches and outstations When the Church of God was formed in 1906, one-third of its founders were women. When Aimee Semple McPherson started the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel in 1927, single woman were serving one-third of the church branches as pastors and married couples served as copastors to another sixteen congregations. Aimee Semple McPherson ( October 9, 1890 &ndash September 27, 1944) also known as "Sister Aimee" or "Sister" was a 
Other aspects of Pentecostalism also promoted the participation of women. Pointing to Peter’s proclamation of the biblical prophecy of Joel 2:28 on the day of the Pentecost, Pentecostals focused on the end days during which Christ would return. This dispensationalist thinking ascribed a purpose and immediacy to their worship. Given that the baptism of the Holy Spirit led to speaking in tongues, whoever was blessed with this gift would have the responsibility to use it towards the preparation for Christ’s second coming.  Due to this responsibility, any restrictions that culture or other denominations placed on women were often disregarded in the early part of the movement. Joel 2:28 also specifically included females, saying that both sons and daughters and male and female servants will receive the Holy Spirit and prophecy in the end days. Thus, the focus on spiritual gifts, the nature of the worship environment, and dispensationalist thinking all encouraged women to participate in all areas of worship.
Like African Americans, women too were actively involved in the early Pentecostal movement and served as pastors, missionaries, evangelists, and in other governance roles. Even before the Azusa Street Revival, women led their own revivals as a result of Agnes Ozman speaking in tongues at Charles F. The Azusa Street Revival was a historic Pentecostal Revival meeting that took place in Los Angeles, California and was led by William J Agnes Ozman (1870-1937 was a female student at Charles Fox Parham 's Bethel Bible School in Topeka, Kansas. Parham’s Bible College in Topeka, Kansas. Mrs. Waldron and Mrs. Hall, for example, brought the Pentecostal message from Kansas to Zion City, Illinois, where they ministered and later invited Parham to speak.  Agnes Ozman herself evangelized throughout the Midwest after leaving Kansas. Agnes Ozman (1870-1937 was a female student at Charles Fox Parham 's Bethel Bible School in Topeka, Kansas. 
When Parham moved his ministry to Houston, Texas, eight out of the fifteen workers were women. Other women who attended Bethel Bible College either invited or were sent by Parham to missions or churches to help strengthen local revivals. Anna Hall was one woman who went to Orchard, Texas to strengthen the revival taking place there. 
Furthermore, of the twelve elders whom Parham initially appointed to go to Azusa Street, six were women.  While William J. Seymour is typically regarded as the leader of the Azusa Street revival, a number of women also contributed significantly to the revival, and depending on which first hand accounts are considered, women’s leadership in the revival is either neglected or emphasized. William Joseph Seymour ( May 2, 1870 - September 28, 1922) was an African American minister, and an initiator of the More historical accounts have been available from men, and these authors tend to pose William J. Seymour as the principal leader, with other men like Charles Fox Parham and Edward Lee in important supporting roles but women like Julia Hutchins, Lucy Farrow, and Neely Terry deemphasized. William Joseph Seymour ( May 2, 1870 - September 28, 1922) was an African American minister, and an initiator of the Charles Fox Parham (4 June 1873 - c 29 January 1929 was an American preacher who was instrumental in the formation of Pentecostalism. On the other hand, the account of Mother Emma Cotton, pastor of a large Los Angeles Church of God in Christ congregation, reversed the relative importance of men with women. Regardless of who had the greatest share in leading the revival, it seems generally safe to conclude that the overall leadership at Azusa Street Revival was shared between women and men. The Azusa Street Revival was a historic Pentecostal Revival meeting that took place in Los Angeles, California and was led by William J  It is interesting to keep in mind, too, that the idea of human leadership in the Pentecostal belief system is somewhat misplaced; the Holy Spirit was considered the true leader, and humans the vessels through which he worked. 
Women, of course, also came out of the Azusa Street Revival. The Azusa Street Revival was a historic Pentecostal Revival meeting that took place in Los Angeles, California and was led by William J Florence Crawford was a prominent convert of Azusa Street. While at the Azusa Mission, she was active in The Apostolic Faith newspaper and became one the first from Azusa to evangelize, primarily through the Midwestern United States. Later, she moved to Portland where she established the Apostolic Faith Mission and ministered. Clara Lum was also a significant figure of Azusa Street. Here, she co-edited The Apostolic Faith newspaper with Seymour. Ophelia Wiley also worked for The Apostolic Faith newspaper writing articles. She preached at Azusa and then evangelized throughout the Northwestern United States. Jennie Moore was an active leader of the Azusa Street revival who married Seymour and helped lead the congregation. Abundio and Rosa Lopez were active at Azusa and later led worship in the streets of the Hispanic sections of Los Angeles. 
Other evangelists and missionaries from Azusa Street include Ivey Campbell who preached throughout Ohio and Pennsylvania; Louisa Condit went to Oakland, California, and then Jerusalem; Lucy Leatherman evangelized in Israel, Egypt, Palestine, Chile and Argentina; Julia Hutchins evangelized in Liberia; and G. W. and Daisy Batman were missionaries in Liberia. Overall, about half of the traveling evangelists and overseas missionaries were women. 
Despite the leadership of women in the early movement, many were uncertain about the roles women held in this time and wavered in their struggle to gauge the proper role and position of women within their Pentecostal churches. Edith Blumhofer summarizes well the extent to women’s participation when she explains in “Women in Pentecostalism”, “the pastorate, not the pulpit, has historically been the obstacle for Pentecostal women seeking full ministry recognition. ”
The freedom that women had in the early Pentecostal movement to hold more authoritative or official leadership positions declined for a number of reasons. During the early movement, the restorationist ideology – that is, the impulse Pentecostals had to restore Christianity to New Testament setting – suggested both liberated and restricted roles for women. While restorationism emphasized the role of the Holy Spirit and Joel’s egalitarian prophecy, it also had to consider Paul’s writings in the New Testament. In doing this, restorationism also highlighted the seemingly contradictory nature of the theology theology regarding women’s roles. On the one hand, Paul’s instructions on propriety of worship in I Corinthians 11 seemed to concede the existence of women prophesying and praying in the church. However, in other passages, namely I Timothy 2:12, he warned that “I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man; she must be silent. ”(NIV) 
Thus, while the immediacy and the fervor of the initial revival atmosphere were subsiding, questions of authority and the organization of churches arose. Institutionalism took root. While it was clear that both men and women spoke in tongues, many started to see this gift as a non-intellectual one, and that more intellectual acts such as preaching should be undertaken by women only in conditions controlled by male leaders. The subsiding of the early Pentecostal movement allowed a more socially conservative approach to women to settle in, and as a result female participation was channeled into more supportive and traditionally accepted roles. Institutionalism brought gender segregation, and the Assemblies of God along with other Pentecostal groups created auxiliary women’s organizations. At this time, women became much more likely to be evangelists and missionaries than pastors, and when they were pastors, they often co-pastored with their husbands. It also became the norm for men to hold all official positions- board members, college presidents, and national administrators. While the early movement eschewed denominationalism because of the dead spirituality they saw in other Protestant denominations, later Pentecostal churches began to mirror the more traditional Evangelical community. Thus, the more democratic way of addressing others, whether male or female, lay person or leader, as either ‘brother’ or ‘sister’, gave way to more regular titles like ‘reverend. ’
Culture also contributed to the restriction of women’s roles in Pentecostal churches. The social vision of women as the moral keepers of society began to fade as flappers in the 1920’s came on to the scene, provoking suspicions about women’s morality. Since Pentecostals wanted to distance themselves as much as possible from modernity, the ‘new woman’ was a fearful image and Pentecostals instead clung to more traditional views of women in the home and society. 
For the most part, women have been content with the restrictions or changes placed on their participation in more authoritative or ministerial offices. In many Pentecostal churches, women remain eager participants in many areas of their churches and continue to enjoy the good amount of cultural power they hold within their Pentecostal churches.
Mary Lena Lewis Tate (1871-1930), also known as Mary Magdalena Lewis Tate and Mother Tate, an African-American female, is recognized as the Mother of the doctrine of True Holiness and Sanctification.  Tate pioneered in the gender-rights movement in ecclesiology.  She founded (or "revived" pursuant to the Pauline statement found in 1 Timothy 3:15) the religious organization known as The Church of the Living God, the Pillar and Ground of the Truth, Inc. in Dickson, Tennessee in 1903.  The religious body, formally organized in 1908 at Greenville, Alabama, from its beginning ordained women preachers as reverends, elders, and bishops in formal General Assembly actions with input from both men and women. Tate was ordained to the bishopric and seated as the first Chief Overseer of the body in 1908. The organization, beset with a plethora of internal schisms subsequent to Tate’s death in 1930, has nonetheless grown to international proportions and maintains churches throughout the United States.
From the late 1950s onwards, the Modern Charismatic movement, which was to a large extent inspired and influenced by Pentecostalism, began to flourish in the mainline Protestant denominations, as well as the Anglican and Roman Catholic churches, fostered in Britain by organizations such as the Fountain Trust, founded by Michael Harper in 1964. The term charismatic movement describes the adoption from the early twentieth century onwards of certain beliefs typical of those held by Pentecostal Christians — specifically Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Anglicanism is a tradition of Christian faith Churches in this tradition either have historical connections to the Church of England or have similar beliefs The Fountain Trust was an ecumenical agency formed in the UK in 1964 to promote the charismatic renewal. Michael Harper is the name of Michael Harper (priest - English charismatic Anglican and Orthodox priest (b Year 1964 ( MCMLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the 1964 Gregorian calendar. Unlike "Classical Pentecostals," who formed strictly Pentecostal congregations or denominations, Charismatics adopted as their motto, "Bloom where God planted you. "
Some leaders who chose not to participate in the early 20th Century Pentecostal Movement remained highly respected by Pentecostal leaders of the 20th Century. Albert Benjamin Simpson became closely involved with the growing Pentecostal movement. Albert Benjamin Simpson ( December 15, 1843 – October 29, 1919) ( A It was common for Pentecostal pastors and missionaries to receive their training at the Missionary Training Institute that Simpson founded. Because of this, Simpson and the Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA) (an evangelistic movement that Simpson founded) had a great influence on Pentecostalism, in particular the Assemblies of God and the Foursquare Church. The Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA is an Evangelical Protestant denomination within Christianity. The World Assemblies of God Fellowship, or Assemblies of God for short is the world's largest Pentecostal denomination with over 283413 churches and outstations The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel is an evangelical Pentecostal Christian denomination This influence included evangelistic emphasis, C&MA doctrine, Simpson's hymns and books, and the use of the term 'Gospel Tabernacle,' which evolved into Pentecostal churches being known as 'Full Gospel Tabernacles. ' Charles Price Jones, the African-American Holiness leader and founder of the Church of Christ is another example. His hymns are widely sung at National Coventions of the Church of God in Christ and many other Pentecostal churches.
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The largest Pentecostal denominations in the Kyoto Provision are the Church of God in Christ. List of Christian denominations (or Denominations self-identified as Christian) ordered by historical and doctrinal relationships List of Christian denominations (or Denominations self-identified as Christian) ordered by historical and doctrinal relationships The Church of God in Christ Incorporated is a Christian church in the Pentecostal tradition The largest Pentecostal denomination in the world, the Assemblies of God, has over 12,311 churches in the U. The World Assemblies of God Fellowship, or Assemblies of God for short is the world's largest Pentecostal denomination with over 283413 churches and outstations S. and 283,413 churches and outstations in over 200 countries, and approximately 57 million adherents worldwide. , New Testament Church, Church of God (Cleveland), Pentecostal Assemblies of the World, Assemblies of the Lord Jesus Christ, the United Pentecostal Church, and the United Gospel Tabernacles. The Church of God (Cleveland is a Pentecostal Christian denomination, with headquarters in Cleveland Tennessee. The Pentecostal Assemblies of The World Inc ( PAW) claims to be the oldest Oneness Pentecostal organization in existence founded in 1906 and formally organized The United Pentecostal Church International (UPCI is a multicultural Christian religious organization formed in 1945 by a merger of the Pentecostal Church Incorporated and United Gospel Tabernacles is a non-denominational fellowship most closely associated with the Pentecostal faith of the Christian religion According to a Spring 1998 article in Christian History, there are about 11,000 different Pentecostal or charismatic denominations worldwide.
The size of Pentecostalism in the U. S. is estimated to be more than 20 million including approximately 918,000 (4%) of the Hispanic-American population, counting all unaffiliated congregations, although the numbers are uncertain, in part because some tenets of Pentecostalism are held by members of non-Pentecostal denominations in what has been called the charismatic movement. Hispanic and Latino Americans are Americans of Hispanic or Latino descent, which comprises ancestry or origins in Hispanic America Toronto, Canada, has a large Pentecostal population. Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The influence of immigrants from Jamaica, Africa, Latin America, Korea and elsewhere have created diverse churches throughout the city. Jamaica (ˈdʒəˈmeɪkə} is an Island nation of the Greater Antilles, in length and as much as in width situated in the Caribbean Sea. Korea is a geographic area composed of two sovereign countries a civilization and a former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia.
In Australia, Hillsong (led by Pastor Brian Houston) is the largest church, with a membership exceeding 19,000. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Hillsong Church (formerly Hills Christian Life Centre) is a Pentecostal Christian church affiliated with Australian Christian Churches, Brian Houston may refer to Brian Houston (pastor, Australian religious leader Brian Houston (musician, Northern Irish musician Many of their songs are sung across the Pentecostal churches (and other denominations). They are a member of Assemblies of God, which is one of the largest Pentecostal organizations in the world. The World Assemblies of God Fellowship, or Assemblies of God for short is the world's largest Pentecostal denomination with over 283413 churches and outstations
Pentecostalism was estimated to number around 115 million followers worldwide in 2000; The great majority of Pentecostals are to be found in Developing Countries (see #Church Growth), although much of their international leadership is still North America. Developing countries are countries that haven't reached Western-style standards of democratic government free market economy industrialization social programs and human rights guaranties Pentecostalism is sometimes referred to as the "third force of Christianity. " The largest Pentecostal Christian church in the world is the Yoido Full Gospel Church in South Korea. Yoido Full Gospel Church is a Christian church on Yeouido Island in Seoul, South Korea. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː Founded and led by David Yonggi Cho since 1958, it had 780,000 members in 2003. David Yonggi Cho is a Korean Christian minister. He is Senior Pastor and founder of the Yoido Full Gospel Church ( Assemblies of God
According to Christianity Today, Pentecostalism is "a vibrant faith among the poor; it reaches into the daily lives of believers, offering not only hope but a new way of living. " In addition, according to a 1999 U. N. report, "Pentecostal churches have been the most successful at recruiting its members from the poorest of the poor. " Brazilian Pentecostals talk of Jesus as someone real and close to them and doing things for them including providing food and shelter. - Krishneel Maharaj from India.
Pentecostal and charismatic church growth is rapid in many parts of the world. Jeffrey K. Hadden of the Department of Sociology at the University of Virginia collected statistics from the various large pentecostal organizations and from the work by David Stoll (David Stoll, "Is Latin America Turning Protestant?" published Berkeley: University of California Press. The University of Virginia (also called UVa, UVA, Mr Jefferson's University, or The University) is a highly selective public research 1990) demonstrating that the Pentecostals are experiencing very rapid growth as can be seen on his website. In Myanmar, the Assemblies of God of Myanmar is one of the largest Christian denominations. Burma, officially the Union of Myanmar ( pjìdàunzṵ mjàmmà nàinŋàndɔ̀ is the largest country by geographical area in mainland Southeast Asia. The pentecostal churches Igreja do Evangelho Completo de Deus, Assembleias de Deus, Igrejas de Cristo and the Assembleias Evangelicas de Deus Pentecostales are among the largest denominations of Mozambique. Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique, ʁɛ'publikɐ d musɐ̃'bik is a country in southeastern Africa
Pentecostal churches have seen rapid growth recently in Australia on the back of their massive popularity in the US, and increasingly prominent members making their attendance known, such as former Treasurer Peter Costello and Australian Idol contestants. In a bid to consolidate congregation numbers, the Pentecostal churches are becoming increasingly marketing savvy, with significant dollars expected to be spent on PR and newspaper, TV and radio advertising. .
According to the last census in Brazil, 25% of Brazilians are Protestants, many being Pentecostals or Charismatics (e. g. , Assemblies of God, Christian Congregation of Brazil, Foursquare Gospel, Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, Charismatics Baptists). The World Assemblies of God Fellowship, or Assemblies of God for short is the world's largest Pentecostal denomination with over 283413 churches and outstations The Christian Congregation in Brazil or Congregação Cristã no Brasil was founded by the Italian missionary Louis Francescon (1866-1964 in The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel is an evangelical Pentecostal Christian denomination Universal Church of the Kingdom of God (UCKG from Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus IURD is a rapidly growing Brazilian church. The biggest denomination is the Assemblies of God (Assembléia de Deus), which has about 10 million members. The World Assemblies of God Fellowship, or Assemblies of God for short is the world's largest Pentecostal denomination with over 283413 churches and outstations
Among the Indian charismatic denominations are the Apostolic Church of Pentecost, Apostolic Pentecostal Church, Assemblies of Christ Church, Assemblies of God, Bible Pattern Church, Church of God (Full Gospel) in India, Church of God of Prophecy, Church of the Apostolic Faith, Elim Church, Nagaland Christian Revival Church, ICOF India, New Life Fellowship, The Pentecostal Mission, Open Bible Church of God, Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church, International Pentecostal Holiness Church, Pentecostal Mission, United Pentecostal Church in India, India Pentecostal Church of God, Sharon Fellowship Church, Kerala, India (Founded by Pr. The World Assemblies of God Fellowship, or Assemblies of God for short is the world's largest Pentecostal denomination with over 283413 churches and outstations The Church of God (Full Gospel in India is the registered name of the branch in India of the Church of God (Cleveland Tennessee The Church of God of Prophecy is a holiness Pentecostal Christian denomination New Life Fellowship began in the mid-sixties as a result of missionaries (Trevor and Isabel Paterson from the New Life Churches of New Zealand who came to The Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church (PFWBC is a church group in the southern United States best thought of as Pentecostal rather than Baptist. The International Pentecostal Holiness Church (IPHC is a Pentecostal Christian body whose history name and theology bear the marks of two major American revival The Indian Pentecostal Church of God (IPC is the largest indigenous Pentecostal movement in India, with its headquarters at Hebron Kumbanad, Kerala Thomachayan) has planted numerous churches throughout the world.
Pentecostal theologians are listed in the article Renewal Theologians. Renewal theologians are those theologians who represent the Pentecostal, Charismatic and Neocharismatic movements