Pelagio Galvani (b. ca. 1165, Guimaraes, d. Guimarães (gimɐˈɾɐ̃j̃ʃ is a city and municipality in northwestern Portugal in the province of Minho and in the district of Braga January 29, 1240, Montecassino) was a Portuguese Benedictine, Cardinal, and canon lawyer. Events 904 - Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed Antipope Christopher. For information about the World War II battle see the Battle of Monte Cassino. Benedictine refers to the Spirituality and Consecrated life in accordance with the Rule of St Benedict, written by Benedict of Nursia in A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official usually a bishop, of the Catholic Church. Canon law is internal ecclesiastical law governing the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox churches and the Anglican Communion of churches  He became a papal legate and leader of the Fifth Crusade. A Papal Legate – from the Latin authentic Roman title Legatus – is a personal representative of the Pope to Foreign nations or to some part of the Catholic The Fifth Crusade ( 1217 &ndash 1221) was an attempt to take back Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful
He entered the Order of Benedictines in 1178 and studied theology in Paris. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Pope Innocent III created him Cardinal-Deacon of S. Pope Innocent III ( February 22, 1161 &ndash June 16, 1216) born Lotario de' Conti di Segni, was Pope from January Lucia in Septisolio in 1205 (or in March 1206). Later, he was promoted to the rank of Cardinal-Priest of S. Cecilia (1210), and finally opted for the suburbicarian see of Albano in 1212 (or 1213). He was sent on a diplomatic mission to Constantinople in 1213. Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis, or gr ἡ Πόλις hē Polis, Latin: la CONSTANTINOPOLIS Dispatched by Pope Honorius III to lead the Fifth Crusade at Damietta in Egypt, he made a poor strategic decision in turning down peace offers made by Al-Kamil. Pope Honorius III (1148 &ndash March 18 1227) born Cencio, was Pope from 1216 to 1227 The Fifth Crusade ( 1217 &ndash 1221) was an attempt to take back Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Damietta, Damiata, or Domyat (دمياط is a port and the capital of the governorate of Domyat, Egypt. Al-Kamil (الكامل ( epithet: al-Malik al-Kamel Naser al-Din Abu al-Ma'ali Muhammed) (1180-1238 was an Ayyubid Sultan of Kurdish He became dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals at the election to the papacy of Cardinal Ugolino Conti (Pope Gregory IX) on March 19, 1227. The Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals is the President of the College of Cardinals in the Roman Catholic Church, and as such always holds the rank Pope Gregory IX, born Ugolino di Conti, was Pope from March 19, 1227 to August Events 1279 - A Mongolian victory in the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China. He died at Montecassino, most probably on January 29, 1240, although some sources indicate that he died in the early 1230s. For information about the World War II battle see the Battle of Monte Cassino. Events 904 - Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed Antipope Christopher.