The Panorama opening titles, as of January 2007.
|Format||Current affairs, documentary|
|Presented by||Jeremy Vine|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|Running time||30 minutes|
|Original channel||BBC One|
|Original run||11 November 1953 – present|
Panorama is the longest-running current affairs documentary series in the world. Current affairs is a Genre of Broadcast journalism where the emphasis is on detailed analysis and discussion of News stories that have recently occurred Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt in one fashion or another to " Document " reality Jeremy Vine (born May 17, 1965, Epsom, Surrey) is a British current affairs Presenter for Radio The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Events 308 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Year 1953 ( MCMLIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Current affairs is a Genre of Broadcast journalism where the emphasis is on detailed analysis and discussion of News stories that have recently occurred Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt in one fashion or another to " Document " reality  Launched on 11 November 1953 on BBC television, it focuses on investigative journalism. Events 308 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Year 1953 ( MCMLIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Investigative journalism is a type of reporting in which reporters deeply investigate a topic of interest often involving crime Political corruption, or some other Scandal Daily Mail reporter Pat Murphy was the original presenter, only lasting one episode after accidentally broadcasting a technical mishap. The Daily Mail is a British newspaper currently published in a tabloid format Max Robertson then took over for a year. Max Robertson (born August 28, 1915) is a former sports commentator radio and television presenter and author Originally the programme was more of a magazine format and included arts features. Richard Dimbleby took over in 1955 and presented it during the 1950s and 1960s. Richard Dimbleby CBE ( May 25, 1913 &ndash December 22, 1965) was an English Journalist and broadcaster His son, David Dimbleby, went on to present the programme in later years. David Dimbleby (born October 28 1938 Surrey) is a long standing BBC TV Commentator, a presenter of current affairs and The programme is currently presented by Jeremy Vine. Jeremy Vine (born May 17, 1965, Epsom, Surrey) is a British current affairs Presenter for Radio
Panorama set an example for the German magazine show of the same name, which is produced by NDR, and broadcast on Das Erste. Das Erste ("The First" is the principal publicly owned Television channel in Germany. Panorama started there in 1961 and is one of the leading political magazine shows.
The programme was responsible for the famous Spaghetti trees hoax, broadcast on April Fool's Day, 1957. The Spaghetti tree is a fictitious Tree and the subject of a 3-minute spoof report on the Swiss spaghetti harvest beside Lake Lugano broadcast by the BBC This article is about the informal holiday For other uses see April Fool.
In 1987, the programme "Scientology: The Road to Total Freedom?" for the first time exposed on broadcast television the secret upper-level doctrines of the Church of Scientology. The Church of Scientology is the largest organization devoted to the practice and the promotion of the Scientology belief system. Copies of the portion of the programme featuring an animated retelling of the Xenu mythology widely circulated on the Internet from the mid-1990s onward. Xenu, also Xemu ( or) was according to Scientology founder (and Science fiction writer L
On 14 May 2007, an episode titled Scientology and Me was broadcast. Events 1264 - Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured in France making Simon de Montfort the Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Scientology and Me is the name of a Television documentary conducted by reporter John Sweeney, which aired on the BBC programme The journalist John Sweeney presented the edition, showing how the Church reacted to his journalistic investigations, including its reaction when he put to members that some people describe the organisation as a "cult". John Sweeney is an award-winning Journalist and Author, currently working as an Investigative journalist for the BBC 's Panorama At one point during an interview, the presenter lost his temper with a member of the Church of Scientology. Members of the BBC Trust, the Corporation's independent governors, expressed concern about this heavily criticised edition of Panorama
Arguably the most famous Panorama programme of all was the 1995 interview of Diana, Princess of Wales by Martin Bashir, which occurred after her separation in which she openly talked about the rumours surrounding her personal life. Martin Bashir (born January 19, 1963 in London) is a British Journalist of Pakistani descent
One of the most controversial broadcasts of recent time was the "Who bombed Omagh?" programme, which named those suspected of involvement in the Omagh bombing. The Omagh bombing was a Paramilitary Car bomb attack carried out by the Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA a splinter group of former Provisional Irish It is believed that the Real IRA attack on the BBC Television Centre was a revenge attack for the broadcast. The Real Irish Republican Army, otherwise known as the Real IRA (RIRA or True IRA and styling itself as Óglaigh na hÉireann (Volunteers On Sunday 4 March 2001 the Real IRA detonated a Car bomb outside the BBC's main news centre in the White City area of West London
In 1955, an edition featured Christopher Mayhew taking mescaline under medical supervision. Christopher Paget Mayhew Baron Mayhew ( June 12, 1915 &mdash January 7, 1997) was a British politician who was a Labour Mescaline or 345-trimethoxyphenethylamine is a naturally-occurring Psychedelic Alkaloid of the Phenethylamine class The resulting programme was never broadcast though the footage and transcripts were later released.
Since 2002, Panorama has made four programmes about the anti-depressant Seroxat: "The Secrets of Seroxat" (2002); "Seroxat: Emails from the Edge" (2003); "Taken on Trust" (2004) and "Secrets of the Drug Trials" (2007). Paroxetine (trade names Seroxat, Paxil, Parotin, Aropax, Xetanor, ParoMerck, Rexetin) is a Selective serotonin 
"The Secrets of Seroxat" elicited a record response from the public as 65,000 people called the BBC helpline and 1,300 people emailed Panorama directly. 
The leading mental health charity Mind collaborated with Panorama in a survey of those who emailed the programme. Mind (formally the National Association for Mental Health) is a Mental health charity in England and Wales. Anonymised findings from the 239 responses were sent to the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA is the UK government agency which is responsible for ensuring that Medicines and Medical devices 
The second Panorama programme on Seroxat, "Emails from the Edge", included a report of the survey to which the 239 people responded. It showed widespread experiences of suicidal feelings and other severe reactions, very bad withdrawal symptoms and lack of warnings from doctors. Following the broadcast users/survivors and Mind protested outside the offices of the MHRA. 
On January 29, 2007, the fourth documentary in the series about the drug Seroxat was broadcast. Events 904 - Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed Antipope Christopher. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. It focused on three GlaxoSmithKline paediatric clinical trials on depressed children and adolescents. GlaxoSmithKline plc () is a United Kingdom -based pharmaceutical, biological and Healthcare Company. Data from the trials show that Seroxat could not be proven to work for teenagers. Not only that, one clinical trial indicated that they were six times more likely to become suicidal after taking it. In the programme, Panorama revealed the secret trail of internal emails which show how GlaxoSmithKline manipulated the results of the trials for its own commercial gain. Access to the documents has been gained as GlaxoSmithKline fights a fraud trial in the US.
Some of these previously secret Glaxo documents, featured in the programme were leaked into the internet following the programme's broadcast.
On 19 September 2006 Panorama showed a documentary called "Undercover: Football's Dirty Secrets", which alleged payments in English football contrary to the rules of the Football Association, involving:
The Football Association has asked for any evidence as it tries to rid such action from football.
On October 1, 2006 Panorama did an episode on Crimen Sollicitationis, a secret document which sets out a procedure for dealing with child sex abuse scandals within the Catholic Church. Sex Crimes and the Vatican (2006 is a Documentary film (39 min filmed by Colm O'Gorman, who was raped by a Catholic priest in the diocese of Ferns Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The pontifical secret or pontifical secrecy or papal secrecy is the code of confidentiality that in accordance with the canon law of the Roman Catholic Allegations of sexual abuse of children have been made against a variety of religious groups including but not exclusively Roman Catholic priests monks and nuns It was enforced for 20 years by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger before he became the Pope. A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official usually a bishop, of the Catholic Church. Pope Benedict XVI ( Latin: Benedictus PP XVI; Italian: Benedetto XVI; German: Benedikt XVI; born Joseph Alois Ratzinger History See also History of the Papacy Catholics recognize the Pope as a successor to Saint Peter, who Jesus named as the "shepherd" and It instructs bishops on how to deal with allegations of child abuse against priests and has been seen by few outsiders. Allegations of sexual abuse of children have been made against a variety of religious groups including but not exclusively Roman Catholic priests monks and nuns Critics say the document has been used to evade prosecution for sex crimes.
Crimen Sollicitationis was written in 1962 in Latin and given to Catholic bishops worldwide who are ordered to keep it locked away in the church safe. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. It instructs them how to deal with priests who solicit sex from the confessional. It also deals with "any obscene external act . . . with youths of either sex. " It imposes an oath of secrecy on the child victim, the priest dealing with the allegation and any witnesses. Breaking that oath means excommunication from the Catholic Church. Excommunication is a religious Censure used to deprive or suspend membership in a religious community
Panorama found seven priests with child abuse allegations made against them living in and around the Vatican City. Vatican City, officially the State of the Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano is a Landlocked sovereign City-state whose territory One of the priests, Father Joseph Henn, has been indicted on 13 molestation charges brought by a grand jury in the United States. In the Common law, a grand jury is a type of Jury which determines whether there is enough evidence for a trial. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Henn is fighting extradition orders from inside the headquarters of his religious order in the Vatican. Extradition is the official process by which one nation or state requests and obtains from another nation or state the surrender of a suspected or convicted criminal The Vatican has not compelled him to return to America to face the charges against him. The Holy See is the episcopal jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome, commonly known as the Pope, and is the preeminent Episcopal see of the Roman Catholic After filming, Father Henn lost his fight against extradition but fled the Vatican and is believed to be hiding in Italy while there is an international warrant for his arrest. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest
Sex Crimes and the Vatican was filmed by Colm O'Gorman, who was raped by a Catholic priest in the diocese of Ferns in County Wexford in Ireland when he was 14 years old. Sex Crimes and the Vatican (2006 is a Documentary film (39 min filmed by Colm O'Gorman, who was raped by a Catholic priest in the diocese of Ferns Colm O'Gorman (born 1966) is an Irish victim of Clergy sexual abuse, from County Wexford, who first came to public attention by speaking Ferns ( is a small historic town in north County Wexford, Ireland with a population of about 900 County Wexford (Contae Loch Garman is a maritime county in the southeast of Ireland, in the province of Leinster. Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world Father Seán Fortune was charged with 66 counts of sexual, indecent assault and another serious sexual offence relating to eight boys but he committed suicide on the eve of his trial. Fr Seán Fortune (died March 13 1999) was an Irish Priest and child molester, who used his position to gain access to his victims Colm started an investigation with the BBC in March 2002 which led to the resignation of Dr Brendan Comiskey, the bishop leading the Ferns Diocese. Bishop Brendan Comiskey, is the former Roman Catholic Bishop of the Diocese of Ferns. Colm then pushed for a government inquiry which led to the Ferns Report. The Ferns Report (2005 was an official Irish government inquiry into the allegations of clerical sexual abuse in the Irish Catholic Diocese of Ferns in County Wexford.
In some countries this means that the Crimen Sollicitationis is the only policy followed. The Vatican has refused repeated requests from Panorama to respond to any of the cases shown in the film. 
The scheduling of Panorama has, since the 1980s, often been a subject of media debate and controversy, due to the duties of the BBC to provide both on the one hand entertaining programming that appeals to a mass audience, and on the other serious journalism that might have a narrower audience. In February 1985, with the programme being watched by an average audience of just 3. 5 million viewers, Controller of BBC One Michael Grade moved the programme from its traditional prime time 8. Michael Ian Grade CBE (born March 8, 1943) is a British Businessman and a distinguished figure in the field of Broadcasting Prime Time is the major News analysis current affairs and Politics programme broadcast on Radio Telefís Éireann in Ireland 10pm slot on Monday evenings back to 9. 30pm, following the Nine O'Clock News.  Despite many protests about this move in the media, Panorama remained in this slot until 1997, although two of Grade's successors, Alan Yentob and Michael Jackson, were known to be unhappy about running 70 continuous minutes of news from 9pm. Alan Yentob (born 11 March 1947 is a British Television executive Michael Richard Jackson (born 11 February 1958 is a British Television producer and executive  In May 1997 the Acting Controller of BBC One, Mark Thompson, did move Panorama back half an hour to 10pm, to make way for the sitcom Birds of a Feather, which opened the BBC to criticism that it was sidelining serious content in favour of lighter programming. Mark Thompson (born July 31 1957) is Director-General of the BBC, a post he has held since 2004 and a former chief executive of Birds of a Feather is a British sitcom that aired on BBC One from 1989 to 1998 
In 2000, the programme was moved again, with the 10pm timeslot no longer available due to the moving of the BBC News from 9pm to the later slot. Panorama was moved to Sunday nights, following the news, usually shown at around 10. 15pm — labelled by some critics as a "graveyard slot".  The number of editions made per year was also cut back, which attracted press criticism for the BBC in general and its Director-General Greg Dyke in particular, as Dyke was the driving force behind the schedule changes. The Director-General is chief executive and (from 1944 Editor-in-chief of the BBC. Gregory Dyke (born 20 May 1947) is a Journalist and broadcaster.  The incoming Controller of BBC One, Lorraine Heggessey, defended the move, claiming that the programme's audience would have "dwindled" had it remained on Monday nights. Lorraine Heggessey (born November 16 1956) is a British Television producer and executive currently the Chief Executive of the production company 
January 2007 Heggessey's successor, Peter Fincham, moved Panorama back from Sunday nights to a prime time Monday evening slot at 8. Peter Fincham (born 26 July, 1956) is a British Television producer and executive currently the Director of Television for the ITV 30pm, although it was now shorter than it had previously been, running to just half an hour. This decision was at least partly in response to a demand from the Board of Governors of the BBC for the channel to show more current affairs programming in prime time. The Board of Governors of the BBC was a group of twelve people who together regulated the BBC and represented the interests of the public in particular those of viewers and