|City of Palmdale|
|Motto: Aerospace Capital of America|
Location of Palmdale in Los Angeles County, California
|- Mayor||James C. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The US state of California is divided into fifty-eight counties. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Ledford Jr. |
|- Mayor Pro Tem||Steve Knight|
|- City Manager||Steve Williams|
|- City||104. A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a City, in a council-manager form of city government Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status 59 sq mi (272. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 2 km²)|
|- Land||104. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 59 sq mi (271. 8 km²)|
|- Water||0. 1 sq mi (0. 4 km²) 0. 13%|
|Elevation||2,657 ft (810 m)|
|- Density||1,111. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 6/sq mi (429. 2/km²)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|- Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP code||93536, 93543, 93550-93553, 93590-93592|
|GNIS feature ID||1652769|
|Website: Official City of Palmdale Web Site|
Palmdale, the first community within the Antelope Valley to incorporate as a city (on August 24, 1962), is located in the northeast reaches of Los Angeles County, California, United States, separated from Los Angeles by the San Gabriel Mountain range. The Antelope Valley in California, United States is located in northern Los Angeles County and the southeastern portion of Kern County Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar 's General Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West The San Gabriel Mountains are located in northern Los Angeles County and western San Bernardino County California, USA. As of the 2000 US census, the city had a total population of 116,670. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the As of January 1, 2008, the city proper has a total population estimate of 147,897 according to California state department of finance. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common  As of the 2007 population estimate, the Palmdale / Lancaster, CA Urbanized Area (a US Census Bureau defined term) has a population of 462,272 according to the Greater Antelope Valley Economic Alliance report. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Lancaster is the eighth-largest city in Los Angeles County and the 9th fastest growing city in the United States 
|City of Palmdale|
Population by year
Over the last 25 years this city has consistently been ranked in the top 25 fastest growing cities in the United States (based on percentage change). As of January 1, 2008, the population was estimated at nearly 147,897 according to the state department of finance (which issues the population number on May 1 of each year) making Palmdale the seventh largest city in Los Angeles County. For most of its existence it has had a small population; however it now is arguably the largest "desert city" (from an Angeleno viewpoint) in California. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West With 104. 59 square miles (272 km²) of land in its incorporated boundaries, the city is in the top 100 largest cities in the United States in geographic area. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Palmdale is also one of the largest cities in the United States that is not currently served by either an Interstate Freeway nor a U.S. Highway. The system of United States Numbered Highways (often called U
The city is known as a family-oriented community with a high quality of life. A first-class medical campus called Palmdale Regional Medical Center is under construction (expected to open in 2009), which will include the region's largest emergency department, a helipad, medical office towers, and a senior housing complex. Palmdale Regional Medical Center also known as Palmdale Hospital (PMC is a private hospital that is under construction and located in Palmdale, California A new multimodal transportation center, serving local and commuter bus and train services, opened in 2005. A voter-initiated and approved bond has funded major park and recreation expansions, including an earthen outdoor amphitheater (capacity 10,000), two new pools, other recreation buildings and a water park. Downtown revitalization includes hundreds of new senior housing units, a new senior center, which will break ground soon, and expanded open space. A new 48,000 sq ft (4,500 m²). sheriff station opened in July 2006, the largest in Los Angeles County. Two new fire stations are being built, one on the east side and one on the west side.
While Palmdale is still a part of Los Angeles County, the urbanized centers of Palmdale and Los Angeles are separated by the San Gabriel mountain range, which is about 40 miles (60 km) wide. This range forms the southern edge of the Antelope Valley portion of the Mojave Desert. For the indigenous American tribe see Mohave. The Mojave Desert (moʊˈhɑːvi or /məˈhɑːvi/ ( Hayikwiir Mat'aar in Mojave Palmdale is the largest and principal city of the Antelope Valley, and the fourth largest city overall in the Mojave Desert by population, outstripped only by Las Vegas, Henderson, and North Las Vegas, Nevada. Las Vegas ( Spanish: "The Meadows" is the most populous City in the state of Nevada, the seat of Clark County, and an internationally Henderson is a city in Clark County, Nevada, United States adjacent to the Las Vegas metropolitan area; it is located mainly to the southeast North Las Vegas is a city in Clark County, Nevada, United States, located in the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Nevada ( is a state located in the western region of the United States of America.
Palmenthal, the first European settlement within the limits of Palmdale, was established as a village in 1886 by westward travelers from the American Midwest, mostly of German and Swiss descent. A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet, but smaller than a Town or City. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation According to area folklore, the travelers had been told they would know they were close to the ocean when they saw palm trees. History The concept of folklore developed as part of the 19th century ideology of Romantic nationalism, leading to the reshaping of oral traditions to serve modern ideological An ocean (from Greek, ''Okeanos'' (Oceanus) is a major body of saline water, and a principal component of the Hydrosphere. Arecaceae or Palmae (also known by the name Palmaceae, which is taxonomically invalid or commonly palm tree) the palm family is a family of Flowering Never actually having seen palm trees before, they mistook the local Joshua trees for palms and so named their settlement after them. The Joshua tree ( Yucca brevifolia) is a Monocotyledonous Tree native to southwestern North America, in the states of California (Palmenthal is German for Palms Valley. ) The village was officially established upon the arrival of a post office on June 17, 1888. A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet, but smaller than a Town or City. A post office is a facility authorized by a Postal system for the posting receipt sorting handling transmission or delivery of Mail. Events 1462 - Vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II ( The Night Attack) forcing him to retreat Year 1888 ( MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a
By the 1890s (soon after the last of the indigenous antelopes, which the valley was named after, had died) farming families continued to migrate to Palmenthal and nearby Harold to grow grain and fruit. Year 1890 ( MDCCCXC) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Antelope are Ruminant hoofed Mammals of the family Bovidae in the order of Even-toed ungulates. Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture The term fruit has different meanings dependent on context and the term is not synonymous in Food preparation and Biology. However, most of these settlers were unfamiliar with farming in a desert climate, so when the drought years occurred, most abandoned their settlement. A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and established permanent residence there often to colonize the area Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture A desert is a Landscape or region that receives very little precipitation. A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply By 1899, only one family was left in the original village. Year 1899 ( MDCCCXCIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The rest of the settlers, including the post office, moved closer to the Southern Pacific railroad tracks. This new community was renamed Palmdale and was located where the present day civic center is. A civic center or civic centre (see " American and British English spelling differences " is a prominent land area within a Community A railroad station was built along the tracks there. |}A train station, railway station, railroad station, or station yard is a facility at which Passengers may board and alight from Trains This railroad was operated by Southern Pacific and traveled between Los Angeles and San Francisco. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city There was also the Wells Fargo stagecoach line that ran between San Francisco and New Orleans that stopped there as well. Wells Fargo & Co ( is a diversified Financial services company headquartered in San Francisco California, United States with operations around the New Orleans (nʲuːˈɔrliənz nʲuːˈɔrlənz French: La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port city and the largest city in Louisiana  The only remaining pieces of evidence of the original settlements of Palmenthal and Harold are the old cemetery located on the northeast corner of Avenue S and 20th Street East, and the old schoolhouse now relocated to McAdam Park. A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried.
As the population of Palmdale began to increase after relocation, water became scarce, until November 5, 1913 when the California – Los Angeles Aqueduct system was completed finally by William Mulholland, bringing water from the Owens Valley into Los Angeles County. The California Aqueduct is a 444  Mile  (715  km)-long Aqueduct in the United States During this period, crops of apples, pears, and alfalfa became plentiful. The apple is the pomaceous Fruit of the apple tree Species Malus domestica in the Rose family Rosaceae. A pear is a pomaceous Fruit produced by a tree of Genus Pyrus. Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa) is a flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae cultivated as an important forage crop 
In 1915, Palmdale’s first newspaper, the Palmdale Post, was published. Today it is called the Antelope Valley Press. The Antelope Valley Press colloquially referred to as the Valley Press by its staff and Antelope Valley residents is a daily Newspaper
In 1921, the first major link between Palmdale and Los Angeles was completed, Mint Canyon/Lancaster Road, later designated U.S. Route 6. In the US state of California, US Route 6 is a short segment in the state from Bishop to the Nevada state Line Completion of this road caused the local agricultural industry to flourish and was the first major step towards defining the metropolis that exists today. Presently this road is known as Sierra Highway. Sierra Highway is a road in Southern California, United States. 
In 1924, the Littlerock Dam and the Harold Reservoir, present day Lake Palmdale, were constructed to assist the agricultural industry and have enough water to serve the growing communities. Lake Palmdale, is a man-made Freshwater Reservoir that was completed in 1924 along with the nearby Littlerock Reservoir and the Littlerock Dam 
Agriculture continued to be the foremost industry for Palmdale and its northern neighbor Lancaster until the outbreak of World War II. Lancaster is the eighth-largest city in Los Angeles County and the 9th fastest growing city in the United States World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including In 1933, the United States government established Muroc Air Base (from an original founder name, Effie Corum, spelled backwards) six miles (10 km) north of Lancaster in Kern County, now known as Edwards Air Force Base. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Edwards Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located on the border of Kern County and Los Angeles County California in the Antelope Kern County is a County located in the southern Central Valley of the U Edwards Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located on the border of Kern County and Los Angeles County California in the Antelope They also bought Palmdale Airport in 1952 and established an aerospace development and testing facility called United States Air Force Plant 42. United States Air Force Plant 42 (AFP 42 is a federally owned military Aerospace facility under the control of the Air Force Material Command One year later, in 1953, Lockheed established a facility at the airport. The Lockheed Corporation (originally Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company was an American aerospace company founded in 1912 which merged with Martin Marietta After this point in time, the aerospace industry took over as the primary local source of employment, where it has remained ever since. Today the city is even referred to as the “Aerospace Capital of America” because of its rich heritage in being the home of many of the aircraft used in the United States military. A military is an Organization authorized by its Nation to use force usually including use of Weapons in defending its Country (or by attacking 
In 1957, Palmdale’s first high school, Palmdale High School, was established, making it easier for youths to not have to travel to Antelope Valley High School in nearby Lancaster. Antelope Valley High School is located in Lancaster California and is part of the Antelope Valley Union High School District, in northernmost Los Angeles County 
In August 1962, the township of Palmdale officially became the city of Palmdale with the incorporation of 2 square miles (5 km²) of land around the present day civic center. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status 
In 1964, the Antelope Valley Freeway, or State Highway 14, was completed as a link between Palmdale and Los Angeles. State Route 14 is a north-south State highway largely in the Mojave Desert of the U The freeway at this time ran all the way to present day Technology Drive. It was at this time that talk about the future Palmdale Intercontinental Airport was seen as the way of the future. By 1965 the new city had annexed an additional 20 square miles (52 km²) of land and industry was thriving. Talk of the future commercial airport had many investors buying up large quantities of land. An airport is a location where Aircraft such as airplanes, Helicopters and blimps take off and land 
In 1970, the City of Los Angeles went forward with buying 17,750 acres (71 km²) of land east of the city for its proposed intercontinental commercial airport. However, the United States Air Force desired to put a hold on the construction of this new facility until the existing airport reached its commercial capacity. So under a joint use agreement with the military, the Los Angeles Department of Airports, now called Los Angeles World Airports, built a 9,000 square foot (800 m²) terminal on leased land that opened in 1971, creating present day LA/Palmdale Regional Airport which now offers twice daily flights to San Francisco on United Airlines. Los Angeles World Airports or LAWA is the airport Oversight and operations department for the city of Los Angeles, California. LA/Palmdale Regional Airport, also '''United States Air Force Plant 42''', is an airport in the city of Palmdale in Los Angeles County, 
By 1974, the Antelope Valley Freeway construction ended at the southern border of Mojave in Kern County. Mojave is a Census-designated place (CDP in Kern County, California, United States. In 1977, Palmdale built its first municipal building, the Palmdale City Library. This was the same year that its northern neighbor Lancaster incorporated itself into a city. Since the 1920s, Lancaster had been the much larger and principal community of the Antelope Valley, as well as the rest of California's Mojave Desert. The Antelope Valley in California, United States is located in northern Los Angeles County and the southeastern portion of Kern County For the indigenous American tribe see Mohave. The Mojave Desert (moʊˈhɑːvi or /məˈhɑːvi/ ( Hayikwiir Mat'aar in Mojave 
The 1980s and 1990s were the decades that really started to define the two Antelope Valley cities. Affordable housing in the area caused a dramatic spike in the population. Affordable housing is a term used to describe dwelling units whose total housing costs are deemed " affordable " to a group of people within a specified In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology The city became a bedroom community for those employed in Los Angeles. Palmdale's population continued to approach Lancaster's. Throughout the eighties and even the nineties, Palmdale was the fastest growing city in California and second fastest growing city in the nation. In 1980, Palmdale's population was 12,227. 
By 1990, it had soared to 68,842. During that same year the Antelope Valley Mall opened at Avenue P (present day Rancho Vista Blvd. The Antelope Valley Mall is an enclosed shopping mall in Palmdale, California. ) and 10th Street West, presently the busiest intersection in the entire Mojave Desert. In 1991, the Palmdale Auto Center complex opened. Throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, central Palmdale has become the commercial center of the California High Desert. In 2000, the city's population was 116,670. In 2002, Palmdale's population finally eclipsed its northern neighbor Lancaster. With over 145,000 residents today, the City Planning Commission continues to attempt a form of managed growth in the early part of 21st century. There's a growing perception is that the seemingly endless supply of clean fresh water from the north to residential, commercial and agricultural customers is slowly becoming a pressing problem. The recent subprime mortgage crisis is also beginning to affect the city with a rising number of foreclosures, much like other cities in California. 
The City of Palmdale has three separate elementary school districts and one high school district:
Palmdale is a general law City governed under the council / manager form of local government. Mountain High resort is a winter resort in the San Gabriel Mountains in Los Angeles County in California. Wrightwood is a Census-designated place located in San Bernardino County, California. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. United States Air Force Plant 42 (AFP 42 is a federally owned military Aerospace facility under the control of the Air Force Material Command Nathalie Kay 'Tippi' Hedren (born January 19, 1930) is an American actress with a career spanning six decades Shambala Preserve is wild animal preserve established in 1972 and located in Acton California, a Desert community 10 miles southwest of Palmdale Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a State. ManaGeR ( MGR) is a graphical Window system. The MGR server provides a builtin Window manager and windowed graphics Terminal emulation on color For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. The mayor is elected every two years for a two-year term. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Also every two years, two of the four council members are elected to serve four-year terms. A councillor or councilor ( Cllr, Coun, Clr or Cr for short is a member of a Local government council such as a Palmdale has term limits for council and mayor. The current mayor James C. Ledford is serving his ninth and final term in office.
The city also has an appointed Planning Commission divided into four separate districts. The Planning Commission was organized to help with the planning, zoning, and development of various city areas in different districts and to give the residents of those particular districts a greater voice in what is built on that land.
The city provides a number of municipal services, including a Parks and Recreation Department, a Film Convention and Visitors Bureau, Public Library System that includes a Youth Library, Senior Citizens Center, Larry Chimbole Cultural Center, Palmdale Playhouse, South Antelope Valley Emergency Services, Dry Town Water Park, Palmdale Amphitheater, Best of the West Softball Complex, Hammack Activity Center, Palmdale Oasis Park Recreation Center, Marie Kerr Park Recreation Center, Joe Davies Heritage Airpark at Palmdale Plant 42, the Palmdale Transportation Center and four swimming pools. Dry Town Water Park is a Water park operated by the city of Palmdale, California opened in 2006 Dry Town Water Park is a Water park operated by the city of Palmdale, California opened in 2006
The city is policed by the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department under a formal contract with the County of Los Angeles and has its municipal judicial system intertwined with the Los Angeles County Superior Court. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. The Superior Courts of California are the Superior courts in the U Palmdale has the largest Sheriff's Station in Los Angeles County.
The city is served by the Los Angeles County Fire Department for its fire and paramedic services through the Fire District. The Los Angeles County Fire Department (LACoFD serves unincorporated parts of Los Angeles County, as well as 58 cities and towns that choose to have the county provide fire Palmdale downtown Station #37 is one of the busiest fire stations in the United States. Two new fire stations are under construction on the east and west sides of Palmdale.
Utility services within the city are provided by several public and private agencies. Water service is primarily provided by Palmdale Water District (separate public agency) and Los Angeles County Waterworks (part of the County Public Works); sewer service is provided by the County Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County (separate public agency); electrical service is provided by Southern California Edison; natural gas service is provided by Southern California Gas; cable television service is provided by Time Warner Cable; telephone service is provided by AT&T and Verizon; refuse pickup and disposal service is provided by Waste Management, Inc of the Antelope Valley under a franchise agreement with the city. Southern California Edison (or SCE Corp the largest subsidiary of Edison International ( is the primary electricity supply company for much of Southern California Southern California Gas Company is the primary provider of Natural gas to the southern portion of California which is commonly known as Southern California Time Warner Cable ( (formerly Warner Cable Communications) is an American national cable television company that operates in 27 states and has 31 operating divisions Before proposing a merge request please see Talk and see if the merger you propose has recently been made and "Verizon" redirects here this article is about the corporation see also Verizon Wireless, Verizon Online DSL and Verizon FiOS. Waste Management Inc ( is a Waste management, comprehensive waste and environmental services company in North America.
In the state legislature Palmdale is located in the 17th Senate District, represented by Republican George Runner, and in the 36th Assembly District, represented by Republican Sharon Runner. The California State Legislature is the state legislature of the U The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature. George C Runner Jr (born March 25 1952) is a Republican California State Senator, who represents the 17th Senate District, The California State Assembly is the Lower house of the California State Legislature. Sharon Runner (born May 17 1954, Los Angeles) is a Californian politician Federally, Palmdale is located in California's 25th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +7 and is represented by Republican Buck McKeon. California's 25th congressional district covers part of Los Angeles County and extends out to broad stretches of interior California along the Nevada border The Cook Partisan Voting Index ( CPVI) sometimes referred to as simply the Partisan Voting Index ( PVI) is a measurement of how strongly an American Howard Philip "Buck" McKeon (born September 9 1938) an American politician has been a Republican member of the United
Palmdale is located at  It has an elevation of 2,655 feet (809 m) above sea level.(34. 581005, -118. 100603).
According to the United States Census Bureau the city has a total area of 104. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 59 square miles (272. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 2 km²), of which, 105. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 0 square miles (271. 8 km²) of it is land and 0. 1 square miles (0. 4 km²) of it is water (the size of man-made Lake Palmdale, the most visible and scenic part of the municipal water supply system) . The total area is 0. 13% water.
The city lies in close proximity to the San Andreas Fault, making it, like many other regions of California, prone to strong earthquakes. The San Andreas Fault is a geologic Transform fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1300 km through California in the United States. This faultline cuts across the Antelope Valley Freeway just north of the Avenue S off-ramp; running westward along the old Butterfield Stage Line (now Elizabeth Lake Road) into Leona Valley. State Route 14 is a north-south State highway largely in the Mojave Desert of the U
The Palmdale vicinity currently has a total of ten ZIP codes:
Other cities and towns in the Palmdale vicinity include:
The area in and around Palmdale is unofficially divided up into 11 separate areas: Downtown or Old Town Palmdale (civic center), Trade & Commerce Center (the main shopping district near where the Antelope Valley Mall is located), Desert-View Highlands (old county area), Anaverde (west end-formerly City Ranch), Rancho Vista (old Bolz Ranch), Ritter Ranch (far west end),Sun Village (far east end-part County), Harold (old settlement near Lake Palmdale-part County),Quartz Hill (northwest end-part County), Lake Los Angeles (farthest east end-part County), and Leona Valley (farthest west end-part County). Acton is an unincorporated Census-designated place in Los Angeles County, California near the Antelope Valley. Adelanto is a city in San Bernardino County, California about 9 miles northwest of Victorville. Agua Dulce ( Spanish for Freshwater, literally sweet water) is an unincorporated community located in Los Angeles County California Antelope Acres is an unincorporated community located in the Antelope Valley high desert of northern Los Angeles County California. The Town of Apple Valley is located in the Victor Valley of San Bernardino County, in the U Barstow is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States. Boron is a Census-designated place (CDP in Kern County, California, United States. California City incorporated in 1965 is a city located in the northern Antelope Valley in Kern County in the U Daggett is an unincorporated town located in San Bernardino County California. Del Sur is an unincorporated community in Los Angeles County California. Elizabeth Lake is a Lake located in Los Angeles County, California. Helendale is an Unincorporated community located in San Bernardino County, California, on historic Route 66 west of the Mojave Freeway The City of Hesperia is part of San Bernardino County California located in the Mojave Desert northeast of Los Angeles Hinkley is an unincorporated community in the Mojave Desert in California, U Kramer Junction (also known as "Four Corners" is a small community in the Mojave Desert at the intersection of U Lake Hughes is an Unincorporated area located in Los Angeles County, California next to a small lake with the same name Lake Los Angeles is a Census-designated place (CDP in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Lancaster is the eighth-largest city in Los Angeles County and the 9th fastest growing city in the United States Lenwood is a Census-designated place (CDP in San Bernardino County, California, United States. Leona Valley is an unincorporated town located in the geographic Leona Valley of Los Angeles County California, just west of Palmdale. Littlerock is a Census-designated place (CDP in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Llano is an unincorporated town located in Los Angeles County California. Mojave is a Census-designated place (CDP in Kern County, California, United States. Neenach is an unincorporated town located in northern Los Angeles County California. North Edwards is a Census-designated place (CDP in Kern County, California, United States. Oro Grande is an unincorporated community in the Mojave Desert of San Bernardino County, California, United States. Pearblossom (pronounced "Pear-a-blossom" by natives and longtime locals is an unincorporated town located in Los Angeles County California. Phelan is a small unincorporated town located in San Bernardino County California just south of SR 18. Pinon Hills is an unincorporated town in San Bernardino County California. Quartz Hill is a Census-designated place (CDP in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Randsburg is a Census-designated place (CDP in Kern County, California, United States. Ridgecrest was incorporated as a city in 1963 Formerly known as Crumville. Rosamond is a Census-designated place (CDP in Kern County, California, USA, North of Palmdale, in the Antelope Valley Tehachapi (təˈhætʃəpi is a city incorporated in 1909 located in its namesake Tehachapi Mountains between Bakersfield Valyermo is an unincorporated town located in Los Angeles County California. Victorville is a city located in the Victor Valley of western San Bernardino County, California, US Yermo is a town in San Bernardino County California. It is located 10 miles east of Barstow on Interstate 15, just south of the Calico Mountains
Unlike nearby Santa Clarita or Los Angeles, the residents of Palmdale usually do not use the name of their particular areas to have their mail addressed to for the most part. Santa Clarita is the fourth largest city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West This is mostly due to the very easily navigated local street system, which is almost completely alphabetized and numeric.
The street system is set out in a grid. Each lettered east-westbound avenue is one mile (1. 6 km) from the next letter. (Example: Avenue R is one mile (1. 6 km) north from Avenue S. ) In between each whole letter avenue, there are 15 sub avenues labeled -1 through -15. Along with the whole letter avenues, the -8 avenues are also major thoroughfares. (Example: Avenue R-8 is a major road just like Avenue R and Avenue S). Sometimes the -8 avenues are renamed to other names (Example: Avenue Q-8 has been renamed Palmdale Boulevard and Avenue P-8 has been renamed Technology Drive or Bulldog Avenue depending on which stretch you're on. ) The city is essentially on a perfect grid, and the traffic signals are coordinated by a central processing facilty at the Civic Center.
Major streets which run north to south are numbered inside their direction i. e. 10th Street West and 10th Street East. Each 0 and 5 street is a major thoroughfare with each 0 street being 1 mile from the previous 0 street. (Example: 40th Street East is one mile east of 30th Street East. ) The east-west dividing line is Division Street in downtown, which would be the equivalent of 0th Street East/West.
All the addresses on east-west street correspond to this numbering system. For instance, 6066 West Avenue M-2 is at the second street between Avenues M and N just past 60th Street. Avenue M, is the general border of the connected population between Palmdale and Lancaster. Avenue L is actually the longer border between the two cities, east of Challenger Way, but is not as heavily populated. Avenue M has recently been named Columbia Way out of respect for the astronauts onboard the Space Shuttle Columbia that disintegrated on re-entry in 2003. Space Shuttle Columbia ( NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-102) was the first spaceworthy Space shuttle in NASA 's 10th Street East north of Columbia Way was renamed Challenger Way in 1987, in honor of those lost in the Challenger Disaster. The Space Shuttle Challenger disaster took place on January 28 1986 when ''Challenger'', a Space Shuttle operated by NASA, broke apart All of the shuttles were built in Palmdale.
Palmdale is located in the high (altitude) desert, where the summers are very hot and dry, and winters are cold and windy. Altitude is the Elevation of a point or object from a known level or datum (plural data Palmdale has over 300 days of sunshine per year. The same weather pattern that brings the marine layer stratus and afternoon sea breeze to the Los Angeles Basin brings gusty winds to Palmdale, especially near the foothills on the south side. Except during Santa Ana (northeast) wind events (usually fall and winter), gusty southwest winds blow over Palmdale almost every afternoon and evening all year round. The wind is so reliable that wind turbines are used to generate electricity. A wind turbine is a rotating machine which converts the Kinetic energy in Wind into Mechanical energy.
Winter – Relatively cold, wet, and windy. Temperatures have gone into the single-digits at times. The wind chill factor can be below zero. This page is for the movie "Wind Chill" For the term see Wind chill. This is Palmdale's rainy season and is prone to flash flooding during this time. On occasion, it will snow. Average day time highs are in the upper 50s to low 60s while being in the low to mid 30s overnight.
Spring – Moderate temperatures. Still occasionally wet. Very windy. Transitional period from winter to summer temperatures is very short. Average daytime highs are in the upper 70s to low 80s while being in the upper 40s to low 50s overnight.
Summer – Very hot, dry heat with little or no precipitation. Temperatures frequently soar into triple-digits. However, the high desert where Palmdale is located allows for the temperatures to cool down somewhat at night, unlike the low desert cities of Palm Springs and Blythe. Palm Springs is a desert city in Riverside County, California, approximately 111 miles (177 km east of Los Angeles and 136 miles (225 km northeast of Blythe is a city in Riverside County, California, United States, in the Colorado River Valley (in California the "Palo Verde Valley" Average day time highs are in the upper 90s while dropping into the mid to upper 70s after midnight. Local electrical bills spike during this period with air-conditioning units running day and night, until early October. Despite the hot temperature, it is very common to experience "summer storms" in which temperatures are consistent but there is heavy rain and thunderstorms.
Fall – Moderate temperatures with little or no precipitation. Transitional period from summer to winter temperatures is very short. As a result, the deciduous trees in Palmdale will lose their leaves very rapidly, seemingly overnight, with a short color change. Botany Autumn leaf color. See --> In Botany and Horticulture, deciduous Plants, including In Botany, a leaf is an above-ground Plant organ specialized for Photosynthesis. Average day time highs are in the upper 70s and low 80s while dropping into the mid 40s to mid 50s overnight.
|Weather averages for Palmdale, California|
|Record high °F (°C)||81 (27)||84 (29)||91 (33)||98 (37)||107 (42)||112 (44)||113 (45)||112 (44)||111 (44)||105 (41)||93 (34)||84 (29)||113 (45)|
|Average high °F (°C)||59 (15)||63 (17)||68 (20)||75 (24)||83 (28)||92 (33)||97 (36)||97 (36)||91 (33)||80 (27)||67 (19)||59 (15)||78 (26)|
|Average low °F (°C)||34 (1)||37 (3)||40 (4)||45 (7)||53 (12)||60 (16)||66 (19)||65 (18)||59 (15)||50 (10)||39 (4)||33 (1)||48 (9)|
|Record low °F (°C)||6 (-14)||15 (-9)||14 (-10)||20 (-7)||28 (-2)||35 (2)||43 (6)||38 (3)||34 (1)||23 (-5)||14 (-10)||9 (-13)||6 (-14)|
|Precipitation inches (cm)||1. In Meteorology, precipitation (also known as one class of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric 6 (4. 0)||1. 7 (4. 3)||1. 4 (3. 5)||0. 3 (0. 8)||0. 2 (0. 4)||0. 1 (0. 2)||0. 1 (0. 2)||0. 1 (0. 3)||0. 2 (0. 6)||0. 2 (0. 6)||0. 4 (1. 1)||1. 1 (2. 8)||7. 4 (18. 8)|
|Source: weather. com Aug 2007|
The most important industry for Palmdale is the aerospace industry. This article is about the field of research and industry for the corporation see The Aerospace Corporation Aerospace comprises the However in recent times, other manufacturing companies have relocated to Palmdale seeking more affordable land, close proximity to Palmdale Airport, and special tax breaks. Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, "making by hand" is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale LA/Palmdale Regional Airport, also '''United States Air Force Plant 42''', is an airport in the city of Palmdale in Los Angeles County,
The special tax breaks granted for companies that relocate to Palmdale is due to the city having the Antelope Valley Enterprise Zone and the Palmdale Federal Foreign Trade Zone. Urban Enterprise Zones ( UEZ s also known as Enterprise Zones encourage development in blighted neighborhoods by offering entrepreneurs and investors tax and regulatory A free port ( porto franco) or free zone (US Foreign-Trade Zone is a port or area with relaxed jurisdiction with respect to the country of location These are special zoning areas within the city that are given various state and federal tax breaks and municipal grant incentives to relocate their business there. These zones were put in effect to help Palmdale and nearby Lancaster draw more jobs to the area so that they would be less dependent on the Los Angeles Basin area for employment, thus relieving pollution and traffic congestion, and stabilizing the local economy on several industries instead of just aerospace which is known for its “feast or famine” seasons.
Palmdale refers to itself with the nickname the "aerospace capital of the United States", and has been the site of research, development, final assembly, flight testing and/or servicing/modifications of the Space Shuttle, X-15, B-2 Spirit & F-117 Nighthawk, F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, SR-71 Blackbird, Lockheed L-1011 Tristar, and many other aircraft that have been used in the United States Air Force, NASA and air forces and airlines around the world. This article is about the field of research and industry for the corporation see The Aerospace Corporation Aerospace comprises the NASA 's Space Shuttle, officially called the Space Transportation System ( STS) is the Spacecraft currently used by the United States WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA, ˈnæsə is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nation's public space program USAF Plant 42, where the aforementioned aerospace projects occurred / occur is home to major operations of the following aerospace companies: Boeing, Lockheed Martin and its famed Skunk Works, and Northrop Grumman. United States Air Force Plant 42 (AFP 42 is a federally owned military Aerospace facility under the control of the Air Force Material Command The Boeing Company is a major Aerospace and defense corporation originally founded by William E Lockheed Martin ( is a large multinational Aerospace manufacturer and advanced technology Company formed in 1995 by the merger of Northrop Grumman Corporation ( is an Aerospace and defense technology company formed by the 1994 purchase of Grumman by Northrop. The Los Angeles World Airports owns the former Boeing hangar (formerly North American Rockwell) at Plant 42 near LA/Palmdale Regional Airport which is one of the largest buildings in the world. LA/Palmdale Regional Airport, also '''United States Air Force Plant 42''', is an airport in the city of Palmdale in Los Angeles County, It was used in the Tom Hanks movie The Terminal to house the duplicate JFK terminal set since it was the only building in the Southland area large enough to house it. Thomas Jeffrey "Tom" Hanks (born July 9 1956 is an two-time Academy award and Emmy winning American Film actor, director The Terminal is a 2004 Comedy-drama Film written by Andrew Niccol and Sacha Gervasi. Southern California, or So Cal, is defined as the southern portion of the U NASA's SOFIA program will relocate its operation to this hangar at Site 9 from Edwards Air Force Base.
The following companies also have a large employee base in Palmdale but do not release official figures for their numbers:
The following companies are headquartered in Palmdale:
The Antelope Valley Freeway (SR 14) is the major North-South highway connecting Palmdale to Los Angeles and Mojave. State Route 14 is a north-south State highway largely in the Mojave Desert of the U Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West
State Route 138 (SR 138) is the major east-west highway connecting Palmdale to the Inland Empire and Frazier Park. The Inland Empire is a region mainly located in the Riverside and San Bernardino counties of Southern California and generally encompasses the Frazier Park is an Unincorporated area in Kern County, California.
State Route 18 (SR 18) heads eastward out of the Antelope Valley connecting it to Victorville and via I-15 the Barstow area. State Route 18 in the US state of California runs from State Route 210 in San Bernardino to State Route 138 near Adelanto Victorville is a city located in the Victor Valley of western San Bernardino County, California, US In the US state of California, Interstate 15 is a major north-south route through the San Bernardino, Riverside, and San Diego Barstow is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States. This road is commonly used as a route to Las Vegas, Nevada. Las Vegas ( Spanish: "The Meadows" is the most populous City in the state of Nevada, the seat of Clark County, and an internationally
Cash-strapped Caltrans, which to date has not yet upgraded SR 138 (nicknamed "Blood Alley") or SR 18 between Palmdale and I-15 into an east / west freeway, has had plans on the table for several years. See also State highways in California The following State highways in the U The California Department of Transportation ( Caltrans) is a Government department in the U Due to State funding constraints, this expressway will probably not be completed until near 2020 as the planning, design and construction process can take as many as 10-15 years. There is also a plan to continue the freeway from Palmdale along the southern foothills of the Antelope Valley to I-5 in Gorman.
State Route 48 (SR 48) is a planned east / west freeway connecting from the Antelope Valley Freeway (SR 14) at Avenue D, the current segment terminus for the western SR 138 branch, to Interstate 5 in Gorman. See also State highways in California The following State highways in the U Route description Southern California See also San Diego Freeway, Santa Ana Freeway, Golden State Freeway Interstate 5 starts Gorman California is an Unincorporated community in northwestern Los Angeles County, where three Mountain ranges meet — the Sierra Pelonas This freeway is planned to come after SR 138 has its new southern realignment through Palmdale completed, and will follow the existing SR 138 right of way.
State Route 122 (SR 122) is a planned north / south freeway from eastern Palmdale, passing east of Edwards Air Force Base to SR 58 near California City. See also State highways in California The following State highways in the U Edwards Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located on the border of Kern County and Los Angeles County California in the Antelope California City incorporated in 1965 is a city located in the northern Antelope Valley in Kern County in the U
State Route 249 (SR 249) is a planned north / south freeway from southern Palmdale to I-210 in La Canada Flintridge, near Glendale. See also State highways in California The following State highways in the U Route 210, marked partially as Interstate 210 (I-210 and as State Route 210 (SR 210 and named the Foothill Freeway, is a State highway in La Cañada Flintridge is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Glendale ( is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States.
The Palmdale Transportation Center, recently completed in March 2005, is the central mass transit center for the Antelope Valley. The Palmdale Transportation Center is a multi-modal transportation center featuring a Metrolink rail station, a local Bus hub and Commuter The Antelope Valley in California, United States is located in northern Los Angeles County and the southeastern portion of Kern County It serves as the transit hub for the Antelope Valley Transit Authority, the city's public bus system, as well as an Amtrak, Greyhound Bus, and commuter rail Metrolink station. Antelope Valley Transit Authority is the transit agency serving the cities of Palmdale and Lancaster and their suburbs The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 Greyhound Lines is an intercity Common carrier of passengers by Bus serving over 3700 destinations in the United States. Metrolink is a Regional rail system that serves Southern California. The station is also designated a stop on the proposed California High Speed Rail System and the proposed Orangeline Maglev rail from Irvine. The California High-Speed Rail project is a proposed High-speed rail system in the state of California. Irvine ( is an incorporated city in Orange County California, United States
The LA/Palmdale Regional Airport is one of the largest in the world (geographically). The airport has two runways, each over 2. 25 miles (3. 5 km) in length. LA/Palmdale Regional Airport (PMD) has a commercial air terminal owned and operated by Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA), a City of Los Angeles municipal department, on leased land from the U. LA/Palmdale Regional Airport, also '''United States Air Force Plant 42''', is an airport in the city of Palmdale in Los Angeles County, Los Angeles World Airports or LAWA is the airport Oversight and operations department for the city of Los Angeles, California. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West S. Air Force. Twice daily flights to San Francisco from LA/Palmdale Regional Airport are offered by United Airlines. United Air Lines Inc, trading as United Airlines ( is a major airline of the United States.
The airport district also owns 17,500 acres (71 km²) of land adjacent to the existing airport. This was originally acquired by LAWA in 1966 to be developed into "Palmdale Intercontinental Airport", intended to surpass the air traffic of LAX. Los Angeles International Airport is the primary Airport serving Los Angeles, California, the second-most populated metropolitan area of LAWA has since over the decades not developed its Palmdale airport lands to these claims. However, LAWA has worked with the City of Palmdale to promote the new United Airlines service from LA/Palmdale Regional Airport which began offering two flights a day to San Francisco on June 7, 2007. Considering automobile travel time on congested freeways and streets, as well as LAX passenger unloading/parking difficulties, Palmdale offers the airline passenger a quicker ground transportation travel time from Sherman Oaks than the standard LAX airport car trip down the San Diego 405 freeway and free parking. Sherman Oaks is an 81-square-mile district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles California.
The movie "The Terminal" was filmed in a hangar at Site 9 owned by Los Angeles World Airports and close to LA/Palmdale Regional Airport. The Terminal is a 2004 Comedy-drama Film written by Andrew Niccol and Sacha Gervasi.
Los Angeles Air Route Traffic Control Center is located on the airport grounds. Los Angeles Air Route Traffic Control Center is an air traffic control center located in Palmdale, California, United States.
As of the census of 2000, there were 116,670 people, 34,285 households, and 28,113 families residing in the city. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 1,111. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 6 people per square mile (429. 2/km²). There were 37,096 housing units at an average density of 353. 4/sq mi (136. 5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 54. 77% White, 14. 50% African American, 1. 03% Native American, 3. 83% Asian, 0. 19% Pacific Islander, 20. 45% from other races, and 5. 23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 37. 71% of the population.
There were 34,285 households out of which 54. 6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59. 8% were married couples living together, 16. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18. 0% were non-families. 13. 9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3. 40 and the average family size was 3. 72.
In the city the population was spread out with 38. 0% under the age of 18, 8. 5% from 18 to 24, 31. 1% from 25 to 44, 16. 8% from 45 to 64, and 5. 6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 96. 6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92. 4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,941, and the median income for a family was $49,293. Income, refers to consumption opportunity gained by an entity within a specified time frame which is generally expressed in monetary terms Males had a median income of $42,190 versus $29,401 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,384. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 12. 9% of families and 15. 8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 1% of those under age 18 and 8. 7% of those age 65 or over.