Ordine Nuovo (Italian for "New Order"), complete name Centro Studi Ordine Nuovo, "New Order Scholarship Center") was an Italian far right cultural and extraparliamentary political organization founded by Pino Rauti in 1956. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Far right, extreme right, ultra-right, or radical right are terms used to discuss the qualitative or quantitative position a group Giuseppe Umberto "Pino" Rauti (born November 19, 1926) has been a leading figure on the Italian Far right for many years It had been the most important extraparliamentary far right organization of the post-war Italian republic. A significant number of Ordine Nuovo followers and leaders, including Rauti himself, were also implicated in terrorist attacks. Terrorism is the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion
The organization was born as an internal current and then a schism from Movimento Sociale Italiano (MSI). The Italian Social Movement, later Italian Social Movement–National Right ( Movimento Sociale Italiano–Destra Nazionale, MSI-DN was a neo-fascist In 1954 Arturo Michelini, a moderate wanting to ally with the Italian Monarchic Party even if not with Christian Democracy, became General Secretary of MSI. The Monarchist National Party ( Partito Nazionale Monarchico) was an Italian political party founded in 1946 uniting conservatives liberal-conservatives conservative liberals Christian democracy is a political ideology that seeks to apply Christian (and often specifically Catholic) principles to public policy This leads to the schism of the most intransigent and spiritualist, Evolian current (Nazism was also a reference) led by Pino Rauti, Lello Graziani e Sergio Baldassini. Nazism, which was a short name for National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus refers primarily to the Ideology and practices of the National Socialist German They refused any compromise that brought the party apart from aristocratic principles. The intransigent and spiritualist Ordine Nuovo is then founded in Rome, but still inside the MSI.
The real break with MSI happened at the MSI congress in Milan in 1956. Pino Rauti then declared that, being disappointed to the moderate drift of MSI, his movement would have abandoned the political scene, creating the Centro Studi Ordine Nuovo, an association dedicated to political studies and analysis. This wanted to be a literal application of the thesis of Julius Evola, that is an aristocratic refusal of contemporary, materialist society. Julius Evola, also known as Baron Giulio Cesare Evola, ( May 19, 1898 &ndash June 11, 1974) was an Italian Philosopher Ordine Nuovo nonetheless had a capillary and hierarchical organization in the Italian territory, and often behaved more like an extraparliamentary political organization than a simple "scholarship center".
In the '70s Rauti, along with most of Ordine Nuovo, came back in the MSI party now led by Giorgio Almirante. Giorgio Almirante ( June 27, 1914 - May 22, 1988) was an Italian politician the founder and leader of the Italian Social Movement The remaining hard-line members founded Movimento Politico Ordine Nuovo ("New Order Political Movement").
The motto of Ordine Nuovo was Il nostro onore si chiama fedeltà - that is: "Our honour is called loyalty", also the motto of the Waffen SS (Meine Ehre heißt Treue). A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group The Waffen-SS ( German for "Armed SS" literally "Weapons SS" was the Combat arm of the Schutzstaffel ("Protective Squadron" The symbol of the organization was a doublehead axe. The axe, or ax, is an implement that has been used for millennia to shape split and cut Wood, Harvest timber, as a Weapon
Historians have credited Ordine Nuovo with creating a strategy of tension in the years between 1960 and 1980. A strategy of tension (strategia della tensione is an alleged way used by world powers to divide manipulate and control Public opinion using Fear, Propaganda
A significant number of Ordine Nuovo followers and leaders, including Rauti himself, were also implicated or at least suspected of terrorist attacks. Terrorism is the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion
On 12 December 1969, people belonging to or sympathizing for Ordine Nuovo bombed the Piazza Fontana in Milan, killing 16 and wounding 90. Events 627 - Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II 's Persian Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Piazza Fontana bombing (strage di Piazza Fontana identifies the massacre that was a result of a serious terrorist attack occurred on December 12 1969 when This bombing marked the beginning of the "strategy of tension" in the Italian peninsula. A strategy of tension (strategia della tensione is an alleged way used by world powers to divide manipulate and control Public opinion using Fear, Propaganda Ordine Nuovo member Delfo Zorzi was among those convicted for the crime on June 20, 2001, together with Carlo Maria Maggi and Giancarlo Rognoni. Delfo Zorzi (now Roi Hagen is an Italian-born Japanese citizen accused of terrorism in his country of origin Events 451 - Battle of Chalons: Flavius Aetius ' defeats Attila the Hun. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar.
In July 1970 people belonging to Ordine Nuovo bombed the Rome-Messina train, killing 6 and wounding 100.
In May 1974 eight activists were killed in Brescia when an anti-fascist march was hand-grenaded by Ordine Nuovo. The Piazza della Loggia bombing was a bombing that took place on the morning of May 28, 1974, in Brescia, Italy during a anti-fascist Anti-fascism is the opposition to fascist ideologies organizations governments and people On May 19, 2005, the Court of Cassation confirmed the arrest warrant against Delfo Zorzi, a former Ordine Nuovo member, whom was also suspected of being the material executor of the 1969 Piazza Fontana bombing. Events 1535 - French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with three ships 110 men and Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Delfo Zorzi (now Roi Hagen is an Italian-born Japanese citizen accused of terrorism in his country of origin Alongside Delfo Zorzi, his neo-fascist comrades Carlo Maria Maggi and Maurizio Tramonte, all members of Ordine Nuovo, are also suspected of having organized the Piazza della Loggia bombing in Brescia.