|Full name||Berlin Olympiastadion|
|Built||1934 to 1936|
2004 (World Cup)
|Owner||Olympiastadion Berlin GmbH|
|Construction cost||42 million RM (1936)|
€242 million (2004)
|Architect||Werner March (1936)|
Friedrich Wilhelm Krahe (1974)
Hertha BSC Berlin (Bundesliga)
The Olympiastadion (Olympic Stadium) is a sports stadium in Berlin. Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th instance of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament For a detailed discussion of the English translation of Reich, see Reich. Werner Julius March ( January 17, 1894 &ndash January 11, 1976) was a German Architect, amongst others working for The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, an International Multi-sport event which was held in 1936 in Berlin Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. Hertha BSC Berlin was a founding club of the DFB The Bundesliga is the highest level of Germany 's football league system. The Berlin Thunder were a professional American football team in NFL Europa, which was a springtime American football league serving primarily as a developmental NFL Europa was an American football league which operated in Europe from 1991 until 2007. A modern stadium (plural stadiums or stadia in English is a place or venue for (mostly outdoor Sports Concerts or other events consisting Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany. There have been two stadia on the site: the present facility, and one that was built for the aborted 1916 Summer Olympics. The anticipated 1916 Summer Olympics, which were to be officially known as the Games of the VI Olympiad, were to have been held in Berlin, Germany. Both were designed by members of the same family, the first by Otto March and the second by his son Werner March. Werner Julius March ( January 17, 1894 &ndash January 11, 1976) was a German Architect, amongst others working for
The current Olympiastadion surrounded by the massive Olympischer Platz was originally built for the 1936 Summer Olympics. The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, an International Multi-sport event which was held in 1936 in Berlin During World War II these buildings suffered little damage. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including After the war, the United Kingdom military occupation used it as its headquarters until 1994. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located
Aside from its use as an Olympic stadium, the Olympiastadion has a strong footballing tradition. The Olympic Games is an international Multi-sport event established for both summer and winter games Historically, it's the ground of club Hertha BSC of Berlin. Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. Hertha BSC Berlin was a founding club of the DFB It was also used for 3 matches in the 1974 FIFA World Cup. The 1974 FIFA World Cup, the tenth staging of the World Cup was held in West Germany from June 13 to July 7. It hosted six matches, including the final, in the 2006 FIFA World Cup and was renovated for that reason. The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th instance of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament The German Cup final match is held each year at the Olympiastadion in Berlin. The DFB-Pokal ( Deutscher Fußball-Bund-Pokal or German Football-Federation Cup is an elimination football tournament held annually Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany.
In 1912 during the 1912 Summer Olympics the city of Berlin was designated by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to host the 1916 Summer Olympics. The 1912 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1912 in Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany. The anticipated 1916 Summer Olympics, which were to be officially known as the Games of the VI Olympiad, were to have been held in Berlin, Germany. Germany's proposed stadium for this event was to be located in Charlottenburg, in the Grunewald Forest, to the west of Berlin -- thus the stadium was also known as Grunewaldstadion. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Charlottenburg is a locality of Berlin within the borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, named after Queen Sophia Charlotte (1668-1705 Grunewald (Greenwood is both a Forest in Berlin on the east side of the Havel and a locality of the Berlin borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf A horse racing-course already existed there which belonged to the Berliner Rennverein, and even today the old ticket booths survive on Jesse-Owens-Allee. This article is about the sport For other uses see Horserace (drinking game or Horse race (politics. The government of Germany decided not to build on the nearby Grunewald forest, or to renovate buildings that already existed. Because of this desire, they hired the same architect who originally had built the "Rennverein", Otto March.
March decided to bury the stadium in the ground ("Erdstadion", in German). The project became the biggest sports stadium in the world at that time with a capacity of 40,000 spectators.
However, the Olympic Games of 1916 were cancelled due to World War I. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All After this conflict, a school was founded in the vicinity of the Stadium, dedicated to the teaching of professors of physical education and the study of sport science. Sport Science is a discipline that studies the application of scientific principles and techniques with the aim of improving sporting performance From 1926 to 1929, Otto March's sons (Werner and Walter) were assigned to build an annex for these institutions: the "Deutsches Sportforum" (German Sportforum), though the construction was intermittent because the project had little financial support.
In 1931 the International Olympic Committee made Berlin the host city of the 11th Summer Olympics. The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, an International Multi-sport event which was held in 1936 in Berlin
Originally, the German government decided merely to restore the earlier Olympiastadion (German Stadium) of 1916, with Werner March again retained to do this. Werner Julius March ( January 17, 1894 &ndash January 11, 1976) was a German Architect, amongst others working for
When the Nazis came to power in Germany (1933), they decided to use the Olympic Games for propaganda purposes. The, officially National Socialist German Workers' Party, ( abbreviated NSDAP) was a Political party in Germany between 1919 and 1945 With these plans in mind, Hitler ordered the construction of a great sports complex in Grunewald named the "Reichssportfeld" with a totally new Olympiastadion. Hi and welcome to Wikipedia! Please understand that this article is frequently vandalized and vandalism is reverted immediately Architect Werner March remained in charge of the project, assisted by his brother Walter March. Walter March ( August 26, 1898 &ndash August 23, 1969) was a German architect.
Construction took place from 1934 to 1936. When the Reichssportfeld was finished, it was 1. 32 square kilometres (326 acres) and had a symmetrical layout. It consisted of (east to west): the Olympiastadion, the Maifeld (Mayfield) (capacity of 50,000) and the Waldbühne amphitheater (capacity of 25,000), in addition to 150 buildings for different sports such as swimming, equestrian events, and field hockey). Swimming is the movement by humans or animals through Water, usually without artificial assistance For the Roman class see Equestrian (Roman Equestrianism refers to the skill of riding or driving Horses This broad description Field hockey is a Team sport in which players attempt to score goals by hitting the Ball across the pitch with a stick
Over the original Deutsches Stadion, Werner March built the new Olympiastadion, once again with the lower half of the structure buried 12 meters underground.
The capacity of the Olympiastadion reached 110,000 spectators. It also possessed a VIP stand for Adolf Hitler and his political associates. A Very Important Person, or VIP is a person who is accorded special privileges due to his or her status or importance At its end, aligned with the symmetrically-designed layout of the buildings of the Olympischer Platz and toward the Maifeld, was the "Marathontor" (Marathon Arch) with a big receptacle for the Olympic Flame. The Olympic Flame or Olympic Torch is a Symbol of the Olympic Games.
Maifeld (Mayfield) was created as a huge lawn (112,000 square metres, 28 acres) for gymnastic demonstrations, specifically annual May Day celebrations by Hitler's government. May Day occurs on May 1 and refers to any of several Public holidays In many countries May Day is synonymous with International Workers' Day, or Labour
Maifeld was surrounded by 19 metres of land elevation (62 ft), even though the Olympiastadion (to the east) was only 17 metres (55 ft) high.
The total capacity was 250,000 people, with 60,000 in the large stands that extended at the west end. Also located there were the Langemarck-Halle (below) and the Glockenturm (rising high). The Bell tower of the Olympic Stadium in Berlin is a 7717 metre high observation tower that was built in 1934 after plans by Professor Werner March
The walls were built with sturdy stone from the area of the Lower Alps, and also feature equine sculptures (work of Josef Wackerle).
During the 1936 Olympics the Maifeld was used for polo events and several allegorical Nazi gymnastic demonstrations. Polo is a team sport played outdoors on Horseback in which the objective is to score goals against an opposing team
This tower crowned the western end of the Reichs Sportfield planted amid the tiers of the Maifeld stands. The swastika (from Sanskrit: svástika sa स्वस्तिक Hindu IS CORRECT if 'ि' is positioned incorrectly see -->) is It was 77 metres (247 ft) high. From its peak could be observed the whole city of Berlin. During the games it was used as observation post by administrators and police officials, doctors and the media.
In the tower was the Olympics Bell. On its surface, the Nazi regime engraved the five Olympic Rings, a motto ("I summon the youth of the world Olympic Games 1936"), the Brandenburg Gate and an Eagle. The Olympic symbols are the icons Flags and symbols used by the International Olympic Committee to promote the Olympic Games. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group The Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor is a former City gate and one of the main symbols of Berlin and Germany. Eagles are large birds of prey which are members of the Bird order Falconiformes and family Accipitridae, and belong to several genera 
This consisted of huge halls built under the stands of the Maifeld. Pillars were raised on which hung flags and shields commemorating all the forces that participated in a battle fought in Langemark (West Flanders, Belgium) on November 10, 1914, during the First World War. Langemark is a village in the Belgian province of West-Flanders, and a " Deelgemeente " of the municipality of Langemark-Poelkapelle Events 1444 - Battle of Varna: The crusading forces of King Vladislaus III of Varna (aka Ulaszlo I of Hungary and Wladyslaw Year 1914 ( MCMXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year
The Waldbühne was built by using the glacial river banks of the Berlin Urstromtal. Reproduction of the old theater of Epidaurus (3rd century BC). Epidaurus (Ἐπίδαυρος Epidavros) was a small city ( Polis) in ancient Greece, at the Saronic Gulf. The theater was then named "Dietrich-Eckart-Bühne" in homage to Dietrich Eckart. Dietrich Eckart ( 23 March 1868 - 26 December 1923) was a German politician one of the important early members of the National Socialist
Seating for 22,000 spectators goes down to a depth of 30 metres (97 ft); in the middle section once stood Adolf Hitler's box. The surroundings were decorated with statues by Adolf Wamper. During the Olympics gymnastics competitions and a myriad of cultural programs were staged in the Waldbühne. Gymnastics is a Sport involving performance of exercises requiring physical strength agility and coordination
On August 1, 1936, the Olympics were officially inaugurated by the Nazi Dictator, Adolf Hitler, and the Olympic Flame was lit by the athlete Fritz Schilgen. Nazism, which was a short name for National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus refers primarily to the Ideology and practices of the National Socialist German A dictator is an Authoritarian ruler (eg Absolutist or autocratic) who assumes sole and absolute power without hereditary ascension such as an Absolute Hi and welcome to Wikipedia! Please understand that this article is frequently vandalized and vandalism is reverted immediately Fritz Schilgen ( 8 September 1906 &ndash 12 September 2005) was a German athlete and the final torchbearer of the first
While the Olympic Flame had been used for the first time in Amsterdam 1928, in Berlin 1936 a marathon-like tour of the Olympic Torch was introduced, from Olympia in Greece, crossing six frontiers with a journey of 3000 km to Berlin, through Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Austria and Germany. Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία The state of Bulgaria (България transliterated bg-Latn ''Balgaria'' The country preserves the traditions (in ethnic name language and alphabet of the First Bulgarian See also Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian Hungary (Magyarország 'mɔɟɔrorsaːg) officially in English the Republic of Hungary ( Magyar Köztársaság, literally Magyar (Hungarian Republic Czechoslovakia may also refer to what is now the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The original idea of this Olympic torch relay was Carl Diem's, who was a notorious political advisor to Nazi Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbels, specializing in Olympic affairs. The Olympic Flame or Olympic Torch is a Symbol of the Olympic Games. Dr Carl Diem (born June 24, 1882, Würzburg &ndash December 17, 1962, Cologne) was a German sports administrator and Paul Joseph Goebbels (German pronunciation ˈɡœbəls English generally ˈɡɝbəlz (29 October 1897 1 May 1945 was a German politician and Reich Minister of Public
Four million tickets were sold for all the events of the 1936 Summer Olympics. This was also the first Olympics with television transmission (25 giant screens were scattered all over Berlin) and radio transmissions in 28 languages (with 20 radio vans and 300 microphones). Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic
Among the sport competitions one of the most memorable events was the performance of the African-American track and field athlete Jesse Owens, representing the United States of America. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens ( September 12, 1913 – March 31, 1980) was an American track and field athlete The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Owens was awarded the gold medal in 4 categories: 100 metres, 200 metres, long jump and 4 x 100 metres relay. Gold Medal is an Album by American band The Donnas, released in 2004 (see 2004 in music) A 200 metre race is a sprint running event On an outdoor 400 m track the race begins on the curve and ends on the home straight so a combination of techniques are needed to The long jump is an Athletics (track and field event in which athletes combine speed strength and agility in an attempt to leap as far from the take-off point as possible The 4 × 100 metres relay or sprint relay is an athletics track event run in lanes over one lap of the track with four runners completing 100 meters
The 1936 Olympics held in the stadium were immortalized in the film Olympia (1938) by Leni Riefenstahl. Olympia is a 1938 film by Leni Riefenstahl documenting the 1936 Summer Olympics, held in the Olympic Stadium in Berlin Helene Bertha Amalie "Leni" Riefenstahl ( August 22 1902 – September 8 2003) was a German Film director
The Olympiastadion was one of the few buildings that survived not just in a recognizable form, but almost untouched after the Second World War. It only suffered the impact of machine gun shots. For other uses of the phrase see Machine Gun (disambiguation.
The most significant battle around the Olympiastadion was in April 1945 when the Soviet army fought to capture it. This was during the great final battle of the Second World War in Europe, with the total invasion of Berlin as the Allies' target. For the bombing campaign on Berlin by the RAF from November 1943 to March 1944 see Battle of Berlin (air. The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis powers during the Second World War.
The only part of the Olympischer Platz that was destroyed was the Glockenturm Tower. The Bell tower of the Olympic Stadium in Berlin is a 7717 metre high observation tower that was built in 1934 after plans by Professor Werner March The Third Reich used this structure to store archives (such as films). Nazi Germany and the Third Reich are the common English names for Germany under the regime of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers The Soviet troops set all its contents on fire, turning the tower into a makeshift chimney. A soviet (сове́т, "council" originally was a workers' local council in late Imperial Russia. The structure emerged from the fire severely damaged and weakened.
In 1947 British engineers demolished the tower, which was however reconstructed faithfully in 1962. An engineer is a person professionally engaged in a field of Engineering. The Olympic Bell (which had survived the fire and remained in its place in the tower), fell 77 metres and cracked. In 1956 the bell was rescued in order to be used as a practice target for shooting with anti-tank ammunition and has been unable to sound since then. Anti-tank refers to any method of combating military Armored fighting vehicles notably Tanks The most common anti-tank systems The cracked bell survives to this day. 
After the war, the Olympischer Platz was used as a headquarters by the military occupation forces of the UK. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located
The British forces settled in the places built by the March siblings (back in the 1920s), which the Third Reich had used for official sport organisations like the Reichs Academy of Physical Training and the House of German Sports. Soon the Occupation started a careful reconstruction of the general facilities. From then until 1994, British forces held an annual celebration of Sovereign Day in the Maifeld with thousands of spectators from Berlin present.
During these years Bundesliga (football) matches were played in the Olympiastadion, with Hertha BSC Berlin as local team. The Bundesliga is the highest level of Germany 's football league system. Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. Hertha BSC Berlin was a founding club of the DFB In the Maifeld several competitions of football, rugby and polo were staged too. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered Overview See also Playing rugby union A rugby union match lasts for 80 minutes (plus stoppage time with a short Polo is a team sport played outdoors on Horseback in which the objective is to score goals against an opposing team In the summers the Waldbühne resumed its concerts of classical music, as well the showing movies. Classical music is a broad term that usually refers to mainstream music produced in or rooted in the traditions of Western liturgical and Secular music The theatre was also used as an improvised ring for boxing matches. A boxing ring is the space in which a Boxing match occurs A modern ring which is set on a raised platform is square with a post at each corner to which four parallel Boxing (sometimes also known as English boxing or pugilism) is a Combat sport in which two participants generally of similar weight,
The restoration of the "Glockenturm" was carried out from 1960 to 1962, once again by the architect Werner March, following the original blueprints. A blueprint is a type of paper-based reproduction usually of a Technical drawing, documenting an Architecture or an Engineering design The new tower became an important tourist destination offering a panorama of Berlin, Spandau, the Havel Valley, Potsdam, Nauen, and Hennigsdorf. For the Spandau machine gun see Maschinengewehr 08. For the 1980s New Romantic group see Spandau Ballet. Also see Potsdam New York (in the USA For the Potsdam Conference see Potsdam Conference. Nauen is a town in the Havelland district in Brandenburg, Germany. Hennigsdorf is a town in the district of Oberhavel, in Brandenburg, Germany.
In 1963 the Bundesliga was formed, and Hertha BSC participated by direct invitation, leaving its old stadium (the "Plumpe") to use the Olympiastadion. The Bundesliga is the highest level of Germany 's football league system. In August 24 it played the first local match against FC Nuremberg, with the final score 1:1. However, in 1965 the German Football Association DFB found Hertha BSC guilty of bribery and relegated them to the Regional Leagues. Bribery, a form of pecuniary corruption is an act usually implying money or gift given that alters the behaviour of the recipient in ways not consistent with the duties of that person Hertha had illegally bribed several football players in an attempt to add them to the team, following their disinterest in playing in Berlin because of the construction of the Berlin Wall (1961). The Berlin Wall (Berliner Mauer was a physical barrier separating West Berlin from the German Democratic Republic (GDR ( East Germany) including In 1968 Hertha returned to the first division, and to the Olympiastadion, and in 1971 sold "Plumpe". The second half of 1970s was quite successful for Hertha BSC Berlin. In 1979 it reached the semifinals of the UEFA Cup, but was defeated by Red Star Belgrade. The UEFA Cup is a football competition for European club teams organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA. Hertha reached the finals of the German Cup twice (1977 & 1979). The DFB-Pokal ( Deutscher Fußball-Bund-Pokal or German Football-Federation Cup is an elimination football tournament held annually
In the 1980s Hertha had a declining role in the Bundesliga, and fell to the Regional Leagues in 1986, although they later recovered reaching the Second Division (1988-1989).
With the demolition of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, a spontaneous feeling of sympathy between Hertha and FC Union from Eastern Berlin arose, which culminated in a friendly match at the Olympiastadion with 50,000 spectators (January 27, 1990). The Berlin Wall (Berliner Mauer was a physical barrier separating West Berlin from the German Democratic Republic (GDR ( East Germany) including
In 1990 Hertha returned to the first division, although it fell again to the Second League from 1991 until 1997.
Since 1997 the club has improved greatly, climbing up the Bundesliga table and qualifying for the UEFA Champions League, with matches against top European teams like Chelsea and A.C. Milan, increasing the international prestige of the club. See also List of European Cup and UEFA Champions League winners The UEFA Champions League, which evolved from the European Champion Clubs' Cup is a seasonal club Associazione Calcio Milan, commonly referred to by the abbreviation Milan, is an Italian professional football club based in Milan, Lombardy
Some matches of Group A (West Germany, Chile, East Germany and Australia) of the 1974 FIFA World Cup were played in the Olympiastadion. West Germany ( Inf German: Westdeutschland or West-Deutschland) was the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany ( Chile, officially the Republic of Chile ( Spanish:) is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow Coastal strip wedged between the The German Democratic Republic ( GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik DDR; commonly known in English as East Germany) was a Socialist state For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. The third match, Australia vs Chile, was played in torrential rain. The hosts, West Germany, won the tournament. West Germany ( Inf German: Westdeutschland or West-Deutschland) was the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (
|FIFA Day||Match||Round||Team 1||Team 2||Destination|
|June 14||Group A||East Germany 1||Vs. Events 1276 - While taking exile in Fuzhou in southern China, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the 1|-| colspan=3|1 as United Team of Germany The East Germany national football team was from 1952 to 1990 the football team of the||Chile 1||Second Round|
|June 18||Group A||West Germany 1||Vs. The Chilean national football team represents Chile in all major international football competitions Events 618 - Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries The German national football team (Die deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft From 1950 to 1990 the team was also informally called West Germany in English as since||Chile 0||Second Round|
|June 22||Group A||Australia 0||Vs. The Chilean national football team represents Chile in all major international football competitions Events 217 BC - Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom. The Australian national football team represents Australia in international association football competitions||Chile 0||Second Round|
In 1998 Berliners debated the destiny of the Olympiastadion in light of the legacy it represented for Germany. The Chilean national football team represents Chile in all major international football competitions 1|-| colspan=3|1 as United Team of Germany The East Germany national football team was from 1952 to 1990 the football team of the The German national football team (Die deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft From 1950 to 1990 the team was also informally called West Germany in English as since The Chilean national football team represents Chile in all major international football competitions The Australian national football team represents Australia in international association football competitions
Some wanted to tear the stadium down and build a new one from scratch, while others favoured letting it slowly crumble "like the Colisseum in Rome". 
Finally, it was decided to renovate the Olympiastadion. FIFA then chose it as one of the venues of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (French for International Federation of Association Football) The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th instance of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament The State of Berlin hired a consortium composed of WALTER BAU-AG and DYWIDAG that won the €45 million franchise. Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany. Please update other articles as well to avoid contradiction within Wikipedia e The consortium took charge of the operation of the facilities together with Hertha BSC and the Government of Berlin after the remodelling. Hertha BSC Berlin is a German football club based in Berlin. Hertha BSC Berlin was a founding club of the DFB
In July 3 2000, the renovation began with a ceremony presided over by the Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, accompanied by Eberhard Diepgen (Berlin Mayor), Franz Beckenbauer and Prof. Chancellor or chancellour (archaic ( Latin: cancellarius) is an official Title used in countries whose civilization has arisen ˌɡeɐ̯haɐ̯t fʁɪʦ kʊɐ̯t ˈʃʁøːdɐ (born 7 April 1944 German politician, was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005 Eberhard Diepgen (born November 13 1941 in Berlin) is a German politician of the CDU. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Franz Anton Beckenbauer (born September 11, 1945) is a German football coach manager and former player nicknamed der Kaiser Dr. Ignaz Walter.
70,000 cubic metres (2. 5 million cu. ft. ) of concrete and 20,000 cubic metres (700,000 cu. Concrete is a construction material composed of Cement (commonly Portland cement) as well as other cementitious materials such as Fly ash and Slag ft. ) of pre-cast reinforced concrete elements were used. 12,000 cubic metres (424,000 cu. ft. ) of concrete was demolished and removed and 30,000 cubic metres (1. 1 million cu. ft. ) of natural stone was refurbished. In Geology, rock is a naturally occurring aggregate of Minerals and/or Mineraloids The Earth's outer solid layer the ‘ Lithosphere
The roof was extended, to cover a total of 37,000 square metres. With 20 roof-supporting columns carrying a weight of 3,500 tons of steel. Steel is an Alloy consisting mostly of Iron, with a Carbon content between 0
With the intention to create a more intimate atmosphere for football games the playing field was lowered (even more) by 2. A playing field is a field used for playing sports or games They are generally outdoors but many large structures exist to enclose playing fields from bad weather 65 metres (9 ft); approximately 90,000 cubic metres (3. 2 million cu. ft. ) of sand was excavated. The lower tier of seating in the stadium was demolished and rebuilt at a completely different angle of inclination. Reserved and free seating Seating arrangements Reserved seating: each seat is reserved for a specific ticket holder
The conservation factor of the Olympiastadion as a historical monument was also considered, especially with respect to the preservation of the natural stone blocks. After criticisms, the colour of the athletics track around the game field was changed from red to blue.
The inauguration celebrations of the new Olympic Stadium were carried out on July 31, 2004 and August 1, 2004. Events 30 BC - Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian 's forces but most of his army subsequently "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Events 30 BC - Octavian (later known as Augustus enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " On that day, Saturday, the party began with performances from Pink, Nena (99 Red Balloons) and Daniel Barenboim. Alecia Beth Moore (born September 8 1979 known professionally as P!nk is a two-time Grammy -winning American Singer-songwriter who gained prominence Nena (born Gabriele Susanne Kerner on March 24, 1960 in Hagen, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany) is a singer and " 99 Luftballons " is a Cold War -era Protest song by the German band Nena. Daniel Barenboim (born November 15, 1942) is a pianist and conductor. It culminated at night with the opening ceremony.
On day two, friendly matches were played between different categories of the club Hertha BSC and visiting teams. On September 8, 2004 Brazil played Germany. Events 70 - Roman forces under Titus sack Jerusalem. 1264 - The Statute of Kalisz "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " The Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF or Confederação Brasileira de Futebol in Portuguese is the governing body of football in Brazil,
The new Olympic Stadium seated 76,000, second most in Germany behind Dortmund's Signal Iduna Park (formerly Westfalenstadion). Dortmund (ˈdɔʁtmʊnt is a City in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area.
The roof rises 68 metres over the seats and is made up of transparent panels that allow sunlight to stream in during the day. The western portion (on the Marathon Arch) is open to reveal the "Glockenturm" to the spectators.
The Olympiastadion was equipped with the latest technology in artificial illumination and sound equipment. It has 113 VIP stands, a set of restaurants, and two underground garages (for 630 cars).
The total cost of the remodeling and amplification was 242 million euros.
The stadium also served as home to the Berlin Thunder, an American football team in NFL Europa, until the league's operator, the U.S. National Football League, closed down the money-losing competition in 2007. The Berlin Thunder were a professional American football team in NFL Europa, which was a springtime American football league serving primarily as a developmental American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with NFL Europa was an American football league which operated in Europe from 1991 until 2007. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league.
|Date||Time (CET)||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|13 June 2006||Brazil||Croatia||72,000|
|15 June 2006||Sweden||Paraguay||72,000|
|20 June 2006||Germany||Ecuador||72,000|
|23 June 2006||Ukraine||Tunisia||72,000|
|30 June 2006||Germany||Argentina||72,000|
|9 July 2006||Italy||France||72,000|
The Olympiastadion was designated to play the final match of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. The Italian national football team is controlled by the Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio (FIGC and represents Italy in international football competition The French national football team represents the nation of France in international football. The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th instance of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th instance of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament And this has taken place exactly 70 years after the 1936 Summer Olympics. The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, an International Multi-sport event which was held in 1936 in Berlin
Peter Steinhorst, chief technician on the project, said to the BBC: "Whenever you enter, you will still know this was the site of the 1936 Games. You will pass all the old Nazi sculptures". 
"The history is there, the totality of the buildings is there. The whole Nazi landscape has not disappeared", added the sports sociologist Günther Gebauer. "There are towers like in a fortress, and people who come will always ask where the Führer sat. ". 
Germany's Interior Minister Otto Schily, who attended the opening party, concluded: "The stadium recalls the dark elements present in its creation. Otto Georg Schily ( SPD; born July 20, 1932) was Federal Minister of the Interior of Germany from 1998 to 2005 in the cabinet of former But in 2006 the world will look upon to modern, democratic, and open Germany". 
"Olympic Stadium Berlin" by Andreas Janowski. Published by Andreas Janowski Verlag under the label "sights-on-audio" www. sights-on-audio. com