"The House that Harley built"
|Location||411 Woody Hayes Dr|
Columbus, OH 43210
|Broke ground||August 3, 1921|
|Opened||October 7, 1922|
|Owner||The Ohio State University|
|Operator||The Ohio State University Department of Athletics|
|Construction cost||$1. Columbus is the Capital and the largest city of the US state of Ohio. The Ohio State University ( OSU) is a Coeducational public Research university in the state of Ohio. FieldTurf Tarkett, a division of Tarkett Inc is a Peachtree City GA -based company that manufactures and installs Artificial turf playing surfaces identified 34 million USD|
|Architect||Howard Dwight Smith, Class of 1907|
|Tenants||Ohio State Buckeyes (NCAA) (1922-Present)|
Columbus Crew (MLS) (1996-1999)
Ohio Glory (WLAF) (1992)
|U.S. National Register of Historic Places|
|Added to NRHP:||March 22, 1974|
|NRHP Reference#:||74001494 |
Ohio Stadium (also known as The Horseshoe, simply The ’Shoe and The House Harley Built), is the home of the Buckeyes football team at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Howard Dwight Smith ( February 21, 1886 - April 27, 1958) was an architect most Year 1907 ( MCMVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year The Ohio State University 's intercollegiate sports teams and players are called the "Buckeyes" (after the state tree the Buckeye) and participate in the NCAA The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations The Columbus Crew is a professional soccer club based in Columbus Ohio that participates in Major League Soccer. Major League Soccer ( MLS) is the top-flight professional Soccer league in the United States and Canada with 14 teams 13 in the U The Ohio Glory played one season ( 1992) in the World League of American Football, which would later become NFL Europe. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of Columbus is the Capital and the largest city of the US state of Ohio. The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of Events 238 - Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperor. Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. Charles Wesley "Chic" Harley ( September 15, 1895 - April 21, 1974) was one of the outstanding American football players The Ohio State Buckeyes football team is an intercollegiate varsity sports team of The Ohio State University. The Ohio State University ( OSU) is a Coeducational public Research university in the state of Ohio. Columbus is the Capital and the largest city of the US state of Ohio. The stadium was added to the National Register of Historic Places by the National Park Service on March 22, 1974. The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of The National Park Service ( NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation Events 238 - Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperor. Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. 
Ohio Stadium also provided a home to Major League Soccer's Columbus Crew from the league's inception in 1996 until soccer-specific Columbus Crew Stadium opened in 1999. Major League Soccer ( MLS) is the top-flight professional Soccer league in the United States and Canada with 14 teams 13 in the U The Columbus Crew is a professional soccer club based in Columbus Ohio that participates in Major League Soccer. Soccer-specific stadium (or football-specific stadium) is a term used mainly in the United States and Canada, coined by Lamar Hunt, to refer Columbus Crew Stadium is a Soccer-specific stadium in Columbus Ohio. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Ohio Stadium is also Columbus' largest concert venue, with seating for up to 110,000; U2, Rolling Stones, Pink Floyd and Metallica are among the many acts who have played in Ohio Stadium over the years. A concert is a live Performance, usually of Music, before an Audience. Pink Floyd are Metallica is an American heavy metal band that formed in 1981 in.
The stadium does not have field lights and when night events do occur special lights must be temporarily installed usually by Musco Lighting (as happened in the 2005 game against Texas and the 2006 nationally televised game with Michigan). Musco Lighting is an American privately owned company based out of Oskaloosa Iowa that is noted for providing permanent or temporary lighting at major sports
As early as 1913, Ohio Field at High Street and Woodruff Avenue was unable to contain the crowds attracted to many Buckeye home football games, leading to faculty discussion of moving the site elsewhere and building a new facility. Year 1913 ( MCMXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The growing popularity of football in Ohio led to the design of a horseshoe-shaped stadium, conceptualized and designed by architect Howard Dwight Smith in 1918. Ohio ( is a Midwestern state of the United States. As part of the Great Lakes region, Ohio has long been a cultural and geographical crossroads Howard Dwight Smith ( February 21, 1886 - April 27, 1958) was an architect most A public-subscription Stadium Campaign to fund the project was begun in October 1920 and raised over $1 million in pledges by January 1921, of which $975,000 was actually honored. 
The stadium was completed in 1922 by E. Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. H. Latham Company of Columbus with materials and labor from the Marble Cliff Quarry Co. at a construction cost of $1. The Marble Cliff Quarry Co, headquartered in Upper Arlington Ohio, operated the country's largest Limestone Quarry from its opening in the mid-1800s until 34 million and a total cost of $1. 49 million. The stadium's original capacity was 66,210, astronomical in size at the time. Many university officials feared that the stadium would never be filled to capacity. 
Smith employed numerous revolutionary architectural techniques during the building of the stadium. At the base is a slurry wall, to keep out the waters from the Olentangy River. A slurry wall is a reinforced-concrete diaphragm wall used to build Tunnels to open cuts and to lay foundations in areas of soft earth close to open water or The Olentangy River (oʊlənˈtænʤi is a Tributary of the Scioto River in Ohio. The stadium sits on the flood plain, giving it a precarious, but beautiful setting. Instead of building a large bowl, like the previously constructed Yale Bowl or later at Michigan Stadium, Ohio Stadium was designed to have an upper deck that would hang over part of the lower deck, giving Ohio Stadium its "A", "B", and "C" decks. The Yale Bowl is a football Stadium in New Haven Connecticut on the border of West Haven, about 1-1/2 miles west of Yale's main campus Michigan Stadium, nicknamed The Big House, is the football stadium for the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Instead of employing numerous columns like those at Harvard Stadium, Smith designed double columns that allow for more space between columns. Harvard Stadium is a Horseshoe -shaped football Stadium in the Allston neighborhood of Boston Massachusetts, in the United States The rotunda at the north end of the stadium, which is now adorned with stained glass murals of the offensive and defensive squads that comprise the Buckeye football team, was designed to look like the dome at the Pantheon in Rome. The rotunda also features yellow flowers on a blue background which according to legend is due to the outcome of the dedication game against the University of Michigan in 1922 . The University of Michigan Ann Arbor ( U of M, U-M, UM or simply Michigan) is a top-ranked Coeducational public research
The first game in the stadium was against Ohio Wesleyan University on October 7, 1922, and brought a crowd of around 25,000, which left people concerned because the stadium was half empty. Events 3761 BC - The epoch (origin of the modern Hebrew calendar ( Proleptic Julian calendar) Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. This concern was put to rest at the stadium's formal dedication against Michigan on October 21. Events 1512 - Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg. The crowd was announced at the game to be 72,000, but no one is really sure how many people made it into the stadium. This attendance mark was broken in a game against Michigan in 1925 when 90,411 came out to support the Buckeyes; this is also the last time standing-room-only tickets were sold for a game. 
The stadium itself did not regularly sell out until after WWII, in the 20s and 30s most games only drew in 20,000 or 30,000 fans, with many more attending the annual game against Michigan. The 1935 contest with Notre Dame was a sellout, with over 81,000 in attendance.
As time passed, minor adjustments raised the seating capacity to more than 90,000. Seating capacity refers to the number In 1984, a new $2. 1 million scoreboard was installed. The stadium was heavily renovated from 1999 to 2000 -- the press box was replaced, additional seating was installed above the existing upper deck and 81 luxury suites and 2,500 club seats were added. The track and field-specific Jesse Owens Memorial Stadium had been built by the university nearby, thus the track at Ohio Stadium was no longer needed. Description Jesse Owens Memorial Stadium is a 10000-capacity Stadium located in Columbus Ohio. The track was removed and the field of play was lowered by 14. 5 feet to add additional seating closer to the field. The temporary bleachers in the south end zone were replaced with permanent seating. However, the south end of the stadium remains partially open, thus allowing the stadium to maintain its noted Horseshoe configuration. 
General improvements were also made in the seating and concourse areas. The result of the $194 million renovation was a capacity that rose to 101,568. Eighty percent of the cost of the renovation was funded by the sale of leases on the suites and club seats, with the remaining 20 percent funded by donations and the sale of naming rights for portions of the stadium. No public or university money was spent in the renovation process. 
In 1970, the natural grass field was removed, and AstroTurf was installed, complements of a generous donation. AstroTurf is a brand of Artificial turf. Though the term is a Registered trademark, it is sometimes used as a generic description of any kind In 1979, the surface was replaced with Superturf. In 1990, natural grass made its return to the Horseshoe, a special grass called "Prescription Athletic Turf. " New field designs were put in place for the 1992 season and existed through the 2006 season. During that last season problems with the natural grass began to arise. After serious damage to the field during use in the spring of 2006 the field never recovered and had to be resodded. That grass never took root due to bad weather and The Ohio State University was forced to resod the field again only three weeks after the old sod was laid. The University spent approximately $150,000 to perform both soddings. Due to poor field quality, along with maintenance expense and the ability to use the field year-round, OSU decided to replace the natural grass with FieldTurf for the 2007 season. FieldTurf Tarkett, a division of Tarkett Inc is a Peachtree City GA -based company that manufactures and installs Artificial turf playing surfaces identified This new artificial turf looks and feels like real grass but only requires very minimal upkeep. As far as lighting is concerned, special light structures are still necessary during night games, as the stadium lacks a basic field lighting infrastructure. 
Ohio Stadium saw its largest crowd on November 18, 2006, with 105,708 fans in attendance for the Buckeyes' matchup against their arch rival, the Michigan Wolverines. Events 326 - The old St Peter's Basilica is consecrated 1302 - Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The Michigan Wolverines football program represents the University of Michigan.  The game broke an attendance record set in a 2005 contest with Texas.  Mel Kiper has stated that Ohio Stadium has the second-best atmosphere of any college venue, and Beano Cook said, "There is nothing better than when the Ohio State Marching Band and the sousaphone player dots the 'i' for Script Ohio. Mel Kiper Jr (born July 25, 1960 in Baltimore Maryland) is an American football analyst for the ESPN television channel Carroll Hoff "Beano" Cook (born September 1, 1931) is an ESPN College football historian and Commentator. The Ohio State University Marching Band (often called The Best Damn Band in the Land or TBDBITL by fans is one of the few all-brass "
The crowd attending these home games is known for creating harsh and difficult environments for opponents. University of Iowa coach Hayden Fry complained after a 1985 loss that the fans were too loud for his quarterback, Chuck Long, to call plays and suggested sound meters be used to gauge the noise level, penalizing home teams if there was too much noise. The University of Iowa, is a major teaching service and Research university located on a campus in Iowa City Iowa, on the banks of the Iowa River John Hayden Fry (born February 28, 1929) was a National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I-A College football coach from 1962 to Chuck Long (born February 18, 1963 in Wheaton Illinois) is the head football coach at San Diego State University. He said, "It's a realistic fact that happened. He became mentally disturbed for the first time since he's been a starter for us because of his inability to communicate. "
According to a study performed by researchers at SportsLibrary. net in 2006, Ohio State's 13-7 win over Penn State in 2002 registered the loudest crowd noise ever at the stadium.
MLS games were held at Ohio Stadium between 1996 and 1999. The home opener was held on April 13, 1996 against D.C. United before 25,266 fans. DC United is a professional soccer club located in Washington D Star player Brian McBride scored 2 goals and had an assist in a 4–0 rout. Brian McBride (born June 19, 1972) is an American soccer Striker who has appeared in three World Cups for the United The field at Ohio Stadium was the smallest in the MLS, measuring only 62 yards wide by 106 yards long, limited by the track surrounding it.  Because of the smaller market for soccer than Ohio State football, B Deck, C Deck, and the South end zone seats were closed, leading to a capacity of 25,234. 
Attendance stayed strong through the first season, seeing a record audience of 31,550 September 15, 1996 win over the MetroStars, 2–0. Red Bull New York is an American professional soccer organization based in New Jersey that fields a team in Major League Soccer called the  Despite the facility's size, problems like field dimensions and the lack of lighting pushed the Crew to find a new home. Jamey Rootes, Crew President and General Manager stated, 'We prefer a smaller, more intimate environment (than Ohio Stadium). . . . We've got to create a major league environment. Ohio Stadium is a great stadium, but we cannot create a major league environment in a facility that is way too big for us. " The Crew finished their tenure at Ohio Stadium 30–18.
|Home of the|
Ohio State Buckeyes
1922 – present