The Oberste Heeresleitung or OHL (Supreme Army Command) was Germany's highest echelon of command of the German Army (Heer) in World War I, while the Navy was led by the Seekriegsleitung or SKL (Naval Warfare Command). Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The German Army (Deutsches Heer heɐ) is the land component of the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All The German Navy ( Deutsche Marine ( is the Navy of Germany and part of the Bundeswehr (German Armed Forces The Seekriegsleitung or SKL (Naval Warfare Command was the high command of the Kaiserliche Marine and the Kriegsmarine of Germany during the
The law made Emperor Wilhelm II the Supreme Commander of the German Army, but the generals at the OHL made decisions largely on their own. This article lists the German monarchs, ruling over the territory of Germany from the creation of a separate Eastern Frankish Kingdom in 843 until the end of monarchy At the end of the war they had practically superseded the government as the center of political power. Co-ordination was poor at the beginning of the war between the OHL and the SKL: for instance the Imperial navy did not know about the Schlieffen plan, which planned an attack on France through Belgium. The Kaiserliche Marine or Imperial Navy was the German Navy created by the formation of the German Empire. For the French counter-plan see Plan XVII The Schlieffen Plan was the German General Staff 's early 20th century overall strategic This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those
At the start of the First World War, the Chief of the OHL was Helmuth von Moltke. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Helmuth Johann Ludwig von Moltke ( May 25 1848 &ndash June 18 1916) also known as Moltke the Younger, was a nephew of He then had to resign after the failure of the Marne offensive. Marne is a department in north-eastern France named after the Marne River which flows through the department The Prussian War minister Erich von Falkenhayn was appointed as his successor. Erich von Falkenhayn ( 11 September 1861 &ndash 8 April 1922) was a German Soldier and Chief of the General Staff He advocated a "war of attrition" (Abnutzungsschlacht) which showed its limitations at Verdun. Verdun (medieval Wirten official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a city and commune
The Third supreme command is the name sometimes given to the OHL when led by Hindenburg and Ludendorff after August 1916. Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (sometimes given incorrectly as von Ludendorff) (9 April 1865–20 December 1937 was a German Army officer, Generalquartiermeister Year 1916 ( MCMXVI) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year In August of 1916, Erich Ludendorff had been appointed Generalquartiermeister, deputy chief of the OHL under Paul von Hindenburg, with whom he had worked in the same relative position in East Prussia, securing notably the victories of Tannenberg and the Masurian Lakes. Year 1916 ( MCMXVI) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (sometimes given incorrectly as von Ludendorff) (9 April 1865–20 December 1937 was a German Army officer, Generalquartiermeister A Quartermaster general is the Staff officer in charge of supplies for a whole Army. Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg ( known universally as Paul von Hindenburg ( ( October 2, 1847 &ndash August 2 East Prussia (Ostpreußen; Rytų Prūsija or Rytprūsiai; Prusy Wschodnie Восточная Пруссия or Vostochnaya Prussiya) refers to the main part The Battle of Tannenberg was a decisive engagement between the Russian Empire and the German Empire in the first days of World War I, fought by the The pair created what was effectively a military-industrial dictatorship, which largely relegated Kaiser Wilhelm II to the periphery. A dictatorship is usually defined as an autocratic Form of government in which the Government is ruled by a Dictator. Ludendorff was the chief manager of the German war effort throughout this time, with Hindenburg his pliant front man. Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (sometimes given incorrectly as von Ludendorff) (9 April 1865–20 December 1937 was a German Army officer, Generalquartiermeister
The third OHL made political and strategic mistakes. While the public wanted peace, the OHL sought victory at all costs, ensuring for instance safe passage for Lenin and his accomplices from Switzerland to Russia. Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation It only negotiated the peace of Brest-Litovsk to be able to win on the Western front. Not to be confused with the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (February 9 1918, a similar treaty involving Ukraine and the Central Powers.
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