Northampton, Massachusetts Main Street
|Nickname: Hamp, NoHo|
|Motto: caritas, educatio, justitia|
Location in Hampshire County in Massachusetts
|Settled and Charter granted||1654|
|Incorporated as a city||1884|
|- Type||Mayor-council city|
|- Mayor||Mary Clare Higgins|
|- Total||35. A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The political units and divisions of the United States include The 50 states (four of these being officially styled as Commonwealths) which are typically The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties Hampshire County is a non-governmental County located in the U The Mayor-Council government system sometimes called the Mayor-Commission government system is one of two variations of Government used for the most part in modern A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 6 sq mi (92. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 2 km²)|
|- Land||34. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 5 sq mi (89. 3 km²)|
|- Water||1. 1 sq mi (3. 0 km²)|
|Elevation||140 ft (43 m)|
|- Density||841. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 0/sq mi (324. 7/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|- Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0606674|
Northampton is a city in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−5 is the Time offset used in the North American Eastern Time Zone during Standard time and in the North American Central Time Zone during Daylight saving time ( DST The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−4 is the Time offset used in the Atlantic Standard Time Zone in Canada in winter and the North American Eastern Time Zone during A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks Area code 413 is the area code for Western Massachusetts. It is the largest area code by land area covered in the state extending from the western state line to the Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout Hampshire County is a non-governmental County located in the U The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The population was 28,978 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Hampshire County. A county seat is a term for an Administrative center for a County, primarily used in the United States.
Northampton is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. Springfield is a City in and the County seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The Springfield Metropolitan Area is the region that is socio-economically tied to the city of Springfield Massachusetts.
The area now known as Northampton was named Norwottuck, or Nonotuck, meaning "the mist of the river" by Native Americans. In 1653, land was purchased from the native inhabitants making up the bulk of modern Northampton.  Colonial Northampton was founded in 1654 by settlers from Springfield, Massachusetts. Springfield is a City in and the County seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. 
Northampton's territory would be enlarged beyond the original settlement, but later the outer portions would be carved up into separate cities and towns. Southampton was incorporated in 1775, including parts of the modern territories of Montgomery (which was itself incorporated in 1780) and Easthampton. Southampton is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. Montgomery is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States.  Westhampton was incorporated in 1778, and Easthampton in 1809. Westhampton is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. The Town of Easthampton is a city in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States.  A part of Northampton known as Smiths Ferry was separated from the rest of the town by Easthampton, and the shortest path to downtown was on a road near the Connecticut River oxbow, which was subject to frequent flooding. The neighborhood was ceded to Holyoke, Massachusetts in 1909. 
Initial cooperation between the settlers and the Natives gave way to conflict, evidence of which can today be seen most clearly in nearby Historic Deerfield. Historic Deerfield is an open-air museum dedicated to the heritage and preservation of Deerfield Massachusetts and the Connecticut River Valley with museums and programs that provide Northampton hosted its own witch trials in the 18th century, although no (accused) witches were executed. The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings before local magistrates followed by county court Trials to prosecute people accused of Witchcraft in Essex The 18th century lasted from 1701 to 1800 in the Gregorian calendar, in accordance with the Anno Domini / Common Era numbering system Members of the community were present at the Constitutional Convention. The Philadelphia Convention (now also known as the Constitutional Convention, the Federal Convention, or the " Grand Convention at Philadelphia
On August 29, 1786, Daniel Shays and a group of Revolutionary War Veterans called the Shaysites, or "Regulators," stopped the civil court from sitting in Northampton. Daniel Shays c1741 - September 29 1825) is mostly known for leading an army of farmers in Shays' Rebellion, which was a revolt against the state government The Shaysites, who called themselves Regulators, were the group of rebels that followed Daniel Shays and Luke Day during Shays' Rebellion in This article is about Northampton in England for other places of the same name see Northampton (disambiguation Northampton ( is a large Market
Northampton was linked to the sea by the Hampshire and Hampden Canal in 1835, but the canal enterprise foundered and after about a decade was replaced by a railroad running along the same route. The Hampshire and Hampden Canal was the Massachusetts segment of an canal that once connected New Haven Connecticut to the Connecticut River north  A flood on the Mill River on May 16, 1874, destroyed almost the entire village of Leeds in the township of Northampton. A flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that submerges land a deluge The Mill River is a tributary of the Connecticut River arising in the Berkshires in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. Events 1204 - Baldwin IX Count of Flanders is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire. Year 1874 ( MDCCCLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Leeds is a neighborhood in the western portion of the city of Northampton, Massachusetts, United States, bordering Williamsburg along the Mill 
Northampton, which was incorporated as a city in 1883, developed into a thriving community and a local center for commerce, education, and the arts, even supporting a still-extant opera house, the Academy of Music, which functioned as an independent movie house until recently. Year 1883 ( MDCCCLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common  However, the 800 seat theatre now operates as a venue for rent for local and other productions. In 1851, opera singer Jenny Lind, the "Swedish Nightingale," declared Northampton to be the "Paradise of America. 1851 ( MDCCCLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year Autograf Jenny Lind Goldschmidt Nordisk familjebokpng|thumb|left|Autograph of Jenny Lind after her February 5 1852 marriage to Otto Goldschmidt "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. " The first game of women's basketball was played in 1892 at Smith College. Year 1892 ( MDCCCXCII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Smith College is a private, independent women's liberal arts college located in Northampton Massachusetts. Immigrant groups that settled here in large numbers included Irish, Polish, and French-Canadian. Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland
Northampton today is a popular destination for tourists, who come to sample the city's shopping and restaurants. Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel A restaurant is a retail establishment that serves prepared Food to Customers. Since 1995 the city has been home to the biannual Paradise City Arts Festival, held at the Three County Fairgrounds on Memorial Day Weekend and Columbus Day Weekend. Memorial Day is a United States Federal holiday observed on the last Monday of May (on May in) The Festival is ranked the #1 arts fair in America, and is a national juried showcase for contemporary craft and fine art. It is an open and tolerant community, and is home to a sizable lesbian community. A lesbian is a Woman who is romantically or sexually attracted only to other women The town has ties to the ground-breaking and controversial children's book, "Heather Has Two Mommies. Heather Has Two Mommies is a Children's book written by Lesléa Newman with Diana Souza 's illustrations first published in 1989 "
Northampton is also home to a vibrant music scene. This is the result of music venues such as the Calvin Theater, Pines Theater, Iron Horse Music Hall, and The Academy of Music. Musicians and bands that refer to the Northampton area as "home" include Sonic Youth, The Mobius Band, Alchamystics, The Primate Fiasco, Eric McKeown, Amity Front, The Neilds, The Young@Heart Chorus and Rusty Belle.
Northampton sits on the banks of the Connecticut River, in the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts. The Connecticut River is the largest River in New England, flowing south from the Connecticut Lakes in northern New Hampshire, along the border Pioneer Valley is a region consisting of the three counties that the Connecticut River passes through in Western Massachusetts, and especially those towns Western Massachusetts is a loosely defined geographical region of the U It is located at Coordinates: (42. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. 327389, -72. 657677). 
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 6 square miles (92. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 2 km²), of which, 34. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 5 square miles (89. 3 km²) of it is land and 1. 1 square miles (3. 0 km²) of it (3. 20%) is water.
Inclusive within the city limits are the villages of Florence and Leeds. Florence is a neighborhood in the northwestern portion of the city of Northampton, near Westhampton and Williamsburg in the U Leeds is a neighborhood in the western portion of the city of Northampton, Massachusetts, United States, bordering Williamsburg along the Mill It is bordered to the north by the towns of Hatfield and Williamsburg, to the west by Westhampton, to the east by Hadley (across the Connecticut River), and to the south by Easthampton. Hatfield is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. Williamsburg is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. Westhampton is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. Hadley is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. The Connecticut River is the largest River in New England, flowing south from the Connecticut Lakes in northern New Hampshire, along the border The Town of Easthampton is a city in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States.
As of the census of 2000, there were 28,978 people, 11,880 households, and 5,880 families residing in the city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population Northampton has the most lesbians per capita of any city. The population density was 841. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 0 people per square mile (324. 7/km²). There were 12,405 housing units at an average density of 360. 0/sq mi (139. 0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90. 01% White, 2. 08% African American, 0. 30% Native American, 3. 13% Asian, 0. 05% Pacific Islander, 2. 41% from other races, and 2. 03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5. 24% of the population.
There were 11,880 households out of which 22. 9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36. 7% were married couples living together, 10. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50. 5% were non-families. 37. 3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10. 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 14 and the average family size was 2. 87.
In the city the population was spread out with 17. 0% under the age of 18, 15. 4% from 18 to 24, 29. 9% from 25 to 44, 23. 9% from 45 to 64, and 13. 8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 75. 6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71. 1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,808, and the median income for a family was $56,844. Males had a median income of $37,264 versus $30,728 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,022. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 5. 7% of families and 9. 8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 4% of those under age 18 and 9. 1% of those age 65 or over.
Northampton's public schools include four elementary schools (kindergarten through 5th grade), one middle school (6th to 8th grade), one high school (9th to 12th grade), and one vocational-agricultural high school (9th to 12th grade). See also Primary education An elementary school is an institution where children receive the first stage of Compulsory education known as elementary Middle school or Junior High School serves as a "bridge" between the Elementary School and the High School High school is the name used in some parts of the world (in particular Scotland, North America and Australia) to describe an institution ATTENTION *** This article is not "Vocational education in the United States" There are a few charter schools and several private schools in Northampton and surrounding towns.
Northampton is also considered by many as something of a liberal mecca, due in part to the five colleges in the area and the city's large LGBT community. Modern liberalism in the United States, also referred to as American liberalism, is a political ideology that seeks to use the power of the state to effect change upon society The Five Colleges comprises four liberal arts colleges and one University in the Connecticut River Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts LGBT (also GLBT) is an initialism referring collectively to Lesbian, Gay, bisexual, and Transgender / transsexual Smith College, which has an active and progressive lesbian community and a number of female-to-male transgendered students, is part of the center of the city's activities. Smith College is a private, independent women's liberal arts college located in Northampton Massachusetts. The city has a non-discrimination ordinance in place which protects individuals from discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity and expression.
Smith College has also been at odds with the community from time-to-time, most recently with the construction of its new engineering and molecular sciences complex, which may cause many low-income residents to be displaced. Smith College is a private, independent women's liberal arts college located in Northampton Massachusetts. 
The city is home to the national office of the Bill of Rights Defense Committee, a civil liberties advocacy group; Free Press, a non-profit advocating media reform and citizen involvement in media public policy; The Freedom Center, an antipsychiatry community and advocacy group; and the National Priorities Project, a non-profit group that tracks federal spending, most notably by maintaining a web-based counter calculating the cost of the war in Iraq. The national Bill of Rights Defense Committee ( BORDC) is a nonpartisan nonprofit organization which encourages local communities to take an active role in the ongoing national The Freedom Center is a Northampton Massachusetts -based activist support and advocacy group run by and for people diagnosed with severe mental illness such as schizophrenia bipolar See also Psychiatry See also Biopsychiatry controversy Anti-psychiatry refers to a post-1960s configuration of groups and theoretical constructs
As of 2007, Mary Clare Higgins is the Mayor. Clare Higgins may refer to Clare Higgins (actress, an English actress Clare Higgins (politician, an American politician  Previous mayors include James "Big Jim" Cahillane who served from 1954 to 1960. One of the duties he performed while in office was to present his son, Stephen, with his high school diploma in 1954. He also awarded his future daughter-in-law, Rita Menard, with her diploma as well.
The Paradise City Forum was founded November, 2001 to provide a nonpartisan discussion tool for the community.
The Pioneer Valley Transit Authority operates several local passenger buses which originate in Northampton, with service to local towns such as Amherst and Holyoke, and nearby universities, such as Amherst College, the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, and Hampshire College. Northampton Public Schools is a School district in Northampton Massachusetts. The Pioneer Valley Transit Authority ( PVTA) oversees and coordinates public transportation in the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts. Amherst is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States in the Connecticut River valley Amherst College is a private liberal arts college in Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. The University of Massachusetts Amherst (otherwise known as UMass Amherst, Massachusetts, or UMass) is a research and Land-grant university in Hampshire College is a private liberal arts college located in Amherst, Massachusetts. The Franklin Regional Transit Authority also operates a bus to Greenfield, Massachusetts, north of Northampton. Greenfield is a city in Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States. There is a Peter Pan Bus terminal with services to Springfield, Boston, and other locations in New England. Peter Pan Bus Lines is a long-distance Bus carrier that operates in the northeastern states of the United States. Springfield is a City in and the County seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The Vermont Transit Lines bus also serves this terminal. Greyhound Lines is an intercity Common carrier of passengers by Bus serving over 3700 destinations in the United States.
Passenger railway service to the Northampton area is provided by Amtrak via the Amherst Train Station, about 20 a minute drive east of downtown Northampton. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 Amherst is an Amtrak station in Amherst Massachusetts on the Vermonter. Additionally, at the bus terminal in Springfield, passengers can connect to buses to many other Northeast cities. The Springfield Amtrak station is a short walk from the Springfield bus depot. Springfield Union Station is an Amtrak train station in Springfield, Massachusetts.
Major domestic and limited international service is available through Bradley International Airport (BDL) in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. BDL redirects here For the beer distributor see Brewers' Distributor Ltd BDL redirects here For the beer distributor see Brewers' Distributor Ltd Windsor Locks is a town located in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. It is located about 35 miles south of Northampton.
The only active train line through Northampton is operated by a Class 2 railroad regional railway, PanAm Railways (formerly known as Guilford Rail System). A Class II railroad in the United States is a mid-sized freight-hauling railroad in terms of its operating revenue Pan Am Railways (PAR known as Guilford Rail System (GRS before March 2006 is a Class 2 railroad covering northern New England from Mattawamkeag The Montrealer was the last passenger train to run through Northampton. History Montrealer The Montrealer was originally a service of the Boston and Maine Railroad (BM running between Montreal and Washington
Northampton is home to WXOJ-LP, a low power community radio station owned and operated by Valley Free Radio. Low-power broadcasting is the concept of Broadcasting at very low power and low cost to a small community area Community radio is a type of Radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more The station was built by more than 400 volunteers from Northampton and around the country in August 2005 at the eighth Prometheus Radio Project barnraising, in conjunction with the tenth annual Grassroots Radio Coalition conference. The Prometheus Radio Project is a non-profit advocacy and community organizing group committed to building an inclusive and representative media landscape in the United States and around Grassroots Radio Coalition is a loose coalition of community media activists WXOJ broadcasts music, news, and public affairs to listeners at 103. 3FM.