Part of a series on the
– a discipline of Islamic studies
- Mahr (cf. Fiqh ( Arabic: فقه, fɪqəh is Islamic Jurisprudence. Fiqh is an expansion of the Sharia Islamic law—based directly on the An academic discipline or field of study is a branch of Knowledge which is taught or Researched at the college or university level This is a sub-article to Religious education, Academic discipline, and Islam. This is a sub-article of Fiqh and Law and economics. Islamic economics is Economics in accordance with Islamic law See also Modern Islamic philosophy, Islamism, Islamic terrorism Political aspects of Islam are derived from the Quran, the Sunna In Islamic law Marriage ("ʿurs" عرس is a legal bond and Social contract between a man and a woman as prompted by the Shari'a. In Islam, there are several reasons to marry, and also several things to observe if one is not able to marry. An Islamic marriage contract is a formal binding contract drawn up by parties involved in marriage proceedings Mahr (مهر also transliterated mehr, meher, or mahrieh) is gift mandatory in Islam given by the groom to Dower)
- Rights and Obligations
- Nikah Mut‘ah
- Ma Malakat Aymanukum
Nikāḥu’l-Mut‘ah,(Arabic: نكاح المتعة, also Nikah Mut‘ah literally, marriage for pleasure), or sigheh, is a time-delimited marriage contract according to the Usuli Shia schools of Shari‘a (Islamic law). Not to be confused with Dowry, or with Dour. Dower or morning gift ( Latin doarium, or Latinized Islam advocates a subservient relationship between husband and wife Nikah, or nikkah, ( النكاح) is the contract between a Bride and Bridegroom and part of an Islamic marriage, a strong covenant Nikah Misyar or " travellers' marriage " ( Arabic: ar '''نكاح المسيار''' is the Sunni Muslim Nikah ( Marriage Shia and much Sunni jurisprudence of Sharia disallows a couple remarrying after having been through three divorces Nikah urfi is a kind of Marriage. Etymology 'Urfi (Arabic عرفي comes from the Arabic word 'Urf which means custom convention or a customary act Khula is the right of women in Islam to give divorce or get separation from her husband Nikāḥu l-Mut‘ah (نكاح المتعة marriage for pleasure) or sigheh, is a time-delimited Marriage contract according to the Usuli This is a sub-article of Islamic marital jurisprudence and Human sexuality. This is a sub-article of Sexuality in Islam. Mutual masturbation Muslim jurists state that Mutual masturbation that culminates in This is a sub-article of Sexuality in Islam and Islamic cleanliness. This is a sub-article of Sexuality in Islam and Masturbation. Zina (الزناء in Islam is Extramarital sex and premarital sex The Arabic word haram means something forbidden It has also been incorporated into Urdu and Persian. This is a sub-article to Polygyny and Islamic marital jurisprudence In Islam, Polygamy is allowed and practised under certain restricted A Talaq ( الطلاق) is the Islamic term for Divorce and is used to end a marriage or Nikāħ (النكاح In Islam, iddah or iddat ( Arabic: العدة period of waiting) is a period after a Divorce, during which a In Islamic Divine law, Ma malakat aymanukum is the term for slaves which may be captives of war This is a sub-article to Islamic marital jurisprudence and Adoption. This is a sub-article of Fiqh and Criminal law. Islamic criminal law (فقه العقوبات is Criminal law in accordance This is a sub-article of Islamic jurisprudence and Etiquette. This is a sub-article to Islamic jurisprudence and Islamic theology. This is a sub-article to Fiqh and Hygiene Hygiene is a prominent topic in Islam. Islamic military jurisprudence consists of the basic laws governing the conduct of the military aspects of Jihad (also known as "lesser Jihad " The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing several languages of Asia and Africa such as Arabic, Persian, and Urdu. Nikah, or nikkah, ( النكاح) is the contract between a Bride and Bridegroom and part of an Islamic marriage, a strong covenant NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** Usulis ( are the majority Twelver Shi'a Muslim group They differ from their now much smaller rival Akhbari group in favoring the use of Madhhab or Mazhab ( Arabic مذهب mæðhæb pl مذاهب mæðæːhıb) is an Islamic school of thought, or Sharia ( Arabic: ar شريعة) is the body of Islamic Religious law. The duration of this type of marriage is fixed at its inception and is then automatically dissolved upon completion of its term.
According to Dr. Gabriele Marranci, lecturer in the Anthropology of Islam at the University of Aberdeen, niqah mut'ah as a time-fixed marriage is not mentioned in the Qur'an. The only mention of Islamic marriage is that of niqah itself. But it is surprising that such a learned scholar failed to notice that it is mentioned in Qur'an in surah-e-nisa. (4th sorah of quran).
Allah, to whom belong Might and Majesty, said: (. . . Except the forbidden women) the rest are lawful unto you to seek them with gifts from your property (i. e. , dowry), provided that you desire protection (from sin), not fornication. So for whatever you have had of pleasure (Istamta'tum) with them by the contract, give unto them their appointed wages as a duty. And there is no sin for you in what you both agree (in extending the contract) after fulfilling the (first) duty. Lo! Allah is ever Knower, Wise. (Quran 4:24)
In the above verse, the Arabic equivalent of the word "marriage" or any of its derivatives has NOT been used. Rather the derivative of word "Mut'a" (pleasure/temporary marriage) has been used, i. e. , "Istamta'tum". The word Istamta'a is the tenth verbal form of the root m-t-a. As we will show shortly, the word Istamta'a has also been widely used in the authentic Sunni collections for Temporary Marriage. Of course, Mut'a is one type of marriage, but some of it's regulations are different than the permanent marriage, including the fact that the couple can extend this contract by mutual agreement as the end of verse specifies.
The Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah is used in Shi'ism in various ways:
- It is specially useful in the modern times when many people move from one place to another, like from one country to another. Thus students, workers, scholars are allowed to fulfil their sexual and emotional needs if they are in another country. It may lead to permanent marriage afterwards.
- It may be used to satisfy one's sexual needs. Human sexual behavior or different human sexual practices encompass a wide range of activities such as strategies to find or attract partners ( Mating and display  There are no requirements of having a witness, a written contract or permission from authorities (Although some people might prefer to have complete the contract in the presence of a learned Muslim. ).
- May be used to become Mahram (unmarriable) with somebody they do not intend to cohabit with or have a married relationship with, but with whom they spend a lot of time (for example share a house). In Islamic Sharia legal terminology a mahram ( Arabic محرم also Transliterated mahrim or maharem) is an In order to ease the Hijab (modest dress) rules, they engage in a Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah, writing in the marriage contract that no physical contact is allowed. Islam and clothing Hijab or ħijāb ( ar حجاب, pronounced) is the Arabic term for "cover" (noun based on the root حجب meaning "to
- Two people who live in the same house but are not mahram (un-marriable) and must observe hijab may engage in a symbolic Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah with the others' offspring for a minimal amount of time (two minutes or less). In Islamic Sharia legal terminology a mahram ( Arabic محرم also Transliterated mahrim or maharem) is an Islam and clothing Hijab or ħijāb ( ar حجاب, pronounced) is the Arabic term for "cover" (noun based on the root حجب meaning "to The Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah does not need to have any practical consequence, but it will make the parent and the offsprings husband or wife permanently mahram to each other, and thus no longer obliged to observe hijab rules.
- Young unmarried couples may decide to use Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah as an allowable alternative to Zina. Zina (الزناء in Islam is Extramarital sex and premarital sex Thus in practice they engage in something very similar to western relations (that is, there is the potential of permanent marriage), but it differs in that there is a specified time as to how long the relationship is to last, with the possibility to prolong that period.
- Some divorced men and women, disillusioned with permanent marriage, prefer to only commit for a few years at a time.
- In 2001, journalist Camelia Entekhabi-Fard claimed that some women earn money in Qom, Iran, by engaging in temporary marriage with pilgrims and religious scholars, in what she claimed was "a thinly veiled form of prostitution". Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Camelia Entekhabifard (also Camelia E Fard or Camelia Entekhabi-Fard,, born 1973 in Tehran) is an Iranian For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. Prostitution is the act of performing Sexual activity in exchange for Money. 
- The 2004 documentary Prostitution Behind the Veil depicts women in Iran who engage in temporary marriages, which the film terms "Sighe. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " "
Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah resembles a Nikah ("permanent marriage") in many, but not all, aspects. Nikah, or nikkah, ( النكاح) is the contract between a Bride and Bridegroom and part of an Islamic marriage, a strong covenant It commences in the same way as a Nikah except that for some, a date of expiration for the marriage is added to the marriage contract. The duration is decided by the couple involved. There are no restrictions about minimum and maximum duration. If the period is longer than what can be reasonably expected to be a lifetime, it will transform into a Nikah.
During the period of the marriage, the couple are considered husband and wife, just as in a permanent marriage. At the expiration, the marriage is voided without undergoing a talaq (divorce). In case of sexual intercourse, the woman must observe iddah (a waiting period) before she can marry anyone else. Sexual intercourse, in its biological sense is the act in which the male reproductive organ (in humans and other higher animals enters the female reproductive tract In Islam, iddah or iddat ( Arabic: العدة period of waiting) is a period after a Divorce, during which a Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah is considered mustahab (recommended) by the Shia. Mustahabb (Arabic مستحبّ literally "recommended" is an Islamic term referring to recommended favored or virtuous actions  The Shia also regard it as mustahab (recommended) to extend the marriage or to transform it into a permanent one. Mustahabb (Arabic مستحبّ literally "recommended" is an Islamic term referring to recommended favored or virtuous actions
Differences from permanent marriage
Nikah Mut'a is a marriage with a pre-set time. It is important to note that different Marja "authorities" may give different fatwa "legal rulings" on some issues. Marja ( Arabic / Persian: مرجع also appearing as Marja Taqlid or Marja Dini ( Arabic / Persian: مرجع تقليد A fatwā (فتوى plural fatāwā فتاوى in the Islamic faith is a religious opinion on Islamic law issued by an Many of the following rules may be changed in the Islamic marriage contract. In Islamic law Marriage ("ʿurs" عرس is a legal bond and Social contract between a man and a woman as prompted by the Shari'a.
- The marriage is agreed upon to be voided after a pre-set time. This permits the couple to expect and prepare emotionally for the end of the marriage.
- No divorce is necessary. In Shi‘a fiqh ("jurisprudence"), a divorce is viewed as a complex process involving mediators and a period aimed at giving the couple the chance to reconcile. Fiqh ( Arabic: فقه, fɪqəh is Islamic Jurisprudence. Fiqh is an expansion of the Sharia Islamic law—based directly on the This is not necessary in Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah, since the marriage does not end due to disharmony but due to the preset time being reached.
- The husband may void the Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah earlier than agreed. If he does and they have had sexual intercourse, he must give her full Mahr "bride price". Mahr (مهر also transliterated mehr, meher, or mahrieh) is gift mandatory in Islam given by the groom to If they have not had intercourse, he must give her half that amount, though the recommended precaution is that he should give her full mahr. Recommended precaution (احتياط مستحب / Ihtiyat Mustahabb) is a Fiqh term prominently used by Shi'a Marjas when giving A distinction between a talaq "divorce" in a Nikah and voiding a Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah is made in a conversation reported in a hadith collection. Nikah, or nikkah, ( النكاح) is the contract between a Bride and Bridegroom and part of an Islamic marriage, a strong covenant (Muwatta 28.6.16).
- The couple do not inherit from each other. Since the marriage is not permanent, the couple is not considered a single, merged unit.
- The husband is financially responsible for any children resulting from the marriage. As it is believed that a woman should not be burdened with the responsibility of providing for a family, she is allowed to work and spend her money as she chooses.
- The wife may leave her house against her husband's will.
- The husband need not pay for the wife's expenses. This complements the above point.
- It is permitted to marry a woman from Ahl al-Kitab "People of the Book" (followers of monotheistic religions). This article is about the theological concept in Islam. For the novel by Geraldine Brooks see People of the Book (novel. For the Celtic Frost album see Monotheist (album In Theology, monotheism (from Greek grc [[wiktμόνος μόνος]] The difference in jurisprudence between different religions is overcome by this rule. It is understood that the Muslim Nikah does not have an equivalent form among the People of the Book. Nikah, or nikkah, ( النكاح) is the contract between a Bride and Bridegroom and part of an Islamic marriage, a strong covenant Therefore, women who are of the People of the Book are unaccustomed to the special rules of Nikaħ, for example, the husband's responsibility for the wife's expenses or the wife's not leaving her house against the husband's wishes. These difference in religious laws make it desirable to wait with the higher level of commitment that Nikaħ requires until they are overcome, in order to minimize potential friction in family life.
- The wives are not counted toward the maximum of four. Since the husband is not required to support the wife, and the marriage is not permanent, the circumstances leading to the restriction of having no more than four wives does not apply. However, many Shi‘a scholars have ruled that one cannot take more than four temporary wives.
- The Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah can be used exclusively for the aim of having sex. 
Similarities between nikahu’l-mut‘ah and nikah
- The woman might require the consent of her wali ("Legal Guardian") if she is a virgin. Wali (Arabic ولي, plural Awliya ' أولياء) is an Arabic word meaning trusted one or friend generally denoting However, there is no consensus among the Grand Ayatollahs on this issue. This article provides the list of marja taqlid (supreme legal authorities since 1900 both current and deceased followed by Usuli Twelver Shi'a Muslims Some like Ali Sistani require father's permission, to prevent someone taking advantage of her inexperience; while others like Sadeq Rohani, Mohammad Shahroudi and Mohammad Ebrahim Jannaati do not require guardian's permission. Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Husaini al-Sistani Arabic: السيد علي الحسيني السيستاني Persian: سید علی Grand Ayatollah Sadeq Rohani (born 1926 in Qom, Iran) is an Iranian Marja. Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Shahroudi (born in 1925 was born in Najaf, Iraq. Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Ebrahim Jannaati ( born 1933 in Shahrood, Iran) is an Iranian Twelver Shia Marja. 
- A contract is engaged when entering the marriage. Shi‘a believe that the marriage contract does not require having witnesses, a written contract or permission from authorities.
- The woman observes iddah at the end of the marriage That is, she must wait before remarrying - but only if she had sexual intercourse. In Islam, iddah or iddat ( Arabic: العدة period of waiting) is a period after a Divorce, during which a Sexual intercourse, in its biological sense is the act in which the male reproductive organ (in humans and other higher animals enters the female reproductive tract 
- Shias requires no witnesses, or permission from authorities to enter a marriage ref.
- Men are not allowed to marry women of non-Monotheistic religions.
Differences from "modern dating"
Although Nikah Mut'ah is usually portrayed in the western media as a form of "Islamic dating", there are a few differences between Nikah Mut'ah and modern western dating, mainly:
- A woman is required to observe an iddah (waiting period) after their breakup, if they have consummated their relationship. In Islam, iddah or iddat ( Arabic: العدة period of waiting) is a period after a Divorce, during which a As a Verb, consummate means to bring something to its completion such as a transaction concept plan or action
- It is forbidden for women to "date" non-Muslims, and men are not permitted to "date" women of non-monotheistic religions. For the Celtic Frost album see Monotheist (album In Theology, monotheism (from Greek grc [[wiktμόνος μόνος]]
- The two parties must have a verbal consent, although some Shias believe that implicit consent is also acceptable.
Difference of opinion
This topic is controversial in the Muslim world. Twelver Shia deem it as a blessing revealed in the Qur'an intended to make everyday life easier, while Sunnis and other Shia condemn the practice, disputing its presence in the Qur'an, and adducing that Muhammad never prescribed it and he himself never practiced it. Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam. Sunni Islam is also referred to as Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘h (Arabic
Although this is the main fiqh difference between Twelver Shia and Sunnis, it is still merely a fiqh issue and not relevant to the core beliefs. Fiqh ( Arabic: فقه, fɪqəh is Islamic Jurisprudence. Fiqh is an expansion of the Sharia Islamic law—based directly on the The question is whether Muhammad or Umar abolished it, it does not define whether one is Shi'a or Sunni. IMPORTANT PLEASE READ ##### For all questions relating to the addition of (pbuh peace be upon him or other honorifics Umar (a=عمر بن الخطاب|t=`Umar ibn al-Khattāb c 581-83 CE &ndash 7 November, 644) also known as Umar the Great or Omar the Great
To see the hadith that Shi'a and Sunni use to support their arguments, see Hadiths related to Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah. Hadith ( ar الحديث, pl aḥadīth; lit. "narrative" are oral Traditions relating to the words and deeds of the Islamic There are several recorded oral traditions (Arabic Hadith) from Muhammad used either to prove or to disprove the legality of Nikah Mut'ah, an Islamic marriage
Sunni view (allowed)
Sunnis are allowed to perform a type of Nikah Mutah called Misyar. Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam. Sunni Islam is also referred to as Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘h (Arabic Nikāḥu l-Mut‘ah (نكاح المتعة marriage for pleasure) or sigheh, is a time-delimited Marriage contract according to the Usuli Nikah Misyar or " travellers' marriage " ( Arabic: ar '''نكاح المسيار''' is the Sunni Muslim Nikah ( Marriage While majority of Sunni's do not believe Misyar is comparable to Nikah Mutah because the difference is that the Shia Mut'ah marriage is based on a contract with a fixed date of expiry. In contrast, the Sunni misyar marriage has no fixed duration. Also Shia Mut'ah does not require any witness, but Misyar does.
Sunni view (forbidden)
Sunnis believe this type of marriage was practised before Islam and during the time of Muhammad. IMPORTANT PLEASE READ ##### For all questions relating to the addition of (pbuh peace be upon him or other honorifics In the hadith below, Muhammad told Sahaba to "do it" since it was made acceptable. In Islam, the Ṣaḥābah (الصحابة "Companions" were the companions of the Islamic prophet Muḥammad. However, within the same Hadith, Muhammad clearly mentions that this form of marriage was to be banned.
- Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah and Salama bin Al-Akwa:
- While we were in an army, Allah's Apostle came to us and said, "You have been allowed to do the Mut'a (marriage), so do it. " Salama bin Al-Akwa' said: Allah's Apostle's said, "If a man and a woman agree (to marry temporarily), their marriage should last for three nights, and if they like to continue, they can do so; and if they want to separate, they can do so. " I do not know whether that was only for us or for all the people in general. Abu Abdullah (Al-Bukhari) said: 'Ali made it clear that the Prophet said, "The Mut'a marriage has been cancelled (made unlawful). "bukhari 062.052.
But Sahih Muslim mentions some Sahaba benefited from this type of marriage during the time of both ‘Umar and Abu Bakr Muslim 3248. The reason for Mut'a is explained in sahih bukhari as only when it is very badly needed
- Narrated Abu Jamra:
- I heard Ibn Abbas (giving a verdict) when he was asked about the Mut'a with the women, and he permitted it (Nikah-al-Mut'a). On that a freed slave of his said to him, "That is only when it is very badly needed and women are scarce. " On that, Ibn 'Abbas said, "Yes. " bukhari 062.051.
Thus according to Sunni Scholars This type of marriage used to be allowed and then was banned permanently like many other banned things in Islam such as consuming of alcohol which was allowed in the beginning and banned later on in steps . To be easy on those who converted to Islam so they would not have to let go of everything the instant they became Muslims. And so dictates human nature that habits good or bad do not change over night.
It was banned by Muhammad at Khaibar along with eating of Donkey meatbukhari 059.527. another Hadith by a different Narrator is
The complete Hadith:
- Narrated Muhammad bin 'Ali:
- 'Ali was told that Ibn 'Abbas did not see any harm in the Mut'a marriage. 'Ali said, "Allah's Apostle forbade the Mut'a marriage on the Day of the battle of Khaibar and he forbade the eating of donkey's meat. "Some people said, "If one, by a tricky way, marries temporarily, his marriage is illegal. " Others said, "The marriage is valid but its condition is illegal. " bukhari 086.091
According to Usuli Shia scholars Mut'a is a valid marriage. Muslims in countries that permit Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah, such as Iran, have varying views on this form of marriage, depending on how it is used. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. Some practices are viewed as being more legitimate, while others are viewed as irresponsible.
Some Muslims believe that this institution was established by God through Muhammad in the Qur'an. IMPORTANT PLEASE READ ##### For all questions relating to the addition of (pbuh peace be upon him or other honorifics The Qur’an ( القرآن, literally "the recitation" also sometimes transliterated as Qur’ān, Koran, Alcoran Its single mention in the Qur'an is verse 4:24.
The prominent Sunni exeges ibn Kathir states in his Tafsir:
- Arabic: فَمَا اسْتَمْتَعْتُمْ بِهِ مِنْهُنَّ فَـَاتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ فَرِيضَةً
- "('So with those among them whom you have enjoyed, give them their required due') was revealed on the subject of the Mut‘ah marriage. Ismail ibn Kathir (ابن كثير (1301&ndash1373 was an Islamic scholar and renowned commentator on the Qur'an. Tafsir ( Arabic: تفسير, tafsīr, "interpretation" is the Arabic word for Exegesis The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing several languages of Asia and Africa such as Arabic, Persian, and Urdu. A Mut‘ah marriage is a marriage that ends upon a predetermined date. " Tafsir ibn Kathir Sunni site. Tafsir al-Qur'an al-Azim, popularly Tafsir ibn Kathir, is a classic Sunni Islam
The event of revelation was during the battle of Hunayn in 9 ah (631 CE) Muslim 3432. This is a sub-article to Muhammad after the conquest of Mecca.
Tabari in his Tafsir writes under this verse a hadith from Mujahid:
- "The phrase 'So for whatever you have had of pleasure (Istamta'tum) with them by the contract [4:24]' means the Temporary Marriage (Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah). Tafsir ( Arabic: تفسير, tafsīr, "interpretation" is the Arabic word for Exegesis Hadith ( ar الحديث, pl aḥadīth; lit. "narrative" are oral Traditions relating to the words and deeds of the Islamic " ref
Sunni Scholars, however, say 4:24 does not permit temporary marriage. The refutation of this is the fact that prior to this Allah mentions the women whom a man is forbidden to marry, then he mentions what is permissible for him, and He commands the man to give to the woman he marries her mahr. - Shaykh Munnajjid (1) Shi'a scholars argue that is not relevant because the individual verse permits Istamta'tum by means of contract. The preceding and anteceding verses give the guidelines as to whom is permissible to marry. The full verse is:
- (Shakir): "And all married women except those whom your right hands possess (this is) God's ordinance to you, and lawful for you are (all women) besides those, provided that you seek (them) with your property, taking (them) in marriage not committing fornication. Then as to those whom you profit by, give them their dowries as appointed; and there is no blame on you about what you mutually agree after what is appointed; surely God is Knowing, Wise. "
The word "istamtaˤtum"
The phrase those whom you profit by, in Arabic istamtaˤtum bihi, has the same root as Mut‘ah, that is, MTĦ. The word is usually translated in its general meaning as "those whom ye seek content" or "they whom you have enjoyed". If the word was translated as an Islamic term, the translation would be: "They with whom you have made Mutˤāħ", or "They whom you have married for a fixed time". The following list consists of Concepts that are derived from both Islamic and Arab tradition which are expressed as words in the Arabic language.
Tabari in his Tafsir al-Kabir under the verse 4:24 mentioned a Tafsir Qudsi:
- Abu Nadhra said: Ibn Abbas recited the verse 4:24 with the addition of "to an appointed time". Tafsir Qudsi ( تفسير قدسي) (or Sacred Tafsir) are a form of Tafsir, or Qur'anic commentary Abd-Allah ibn Abbas (عبد الله ابن عباس) was a cousin of Muhammad. I said to him: "I did not read it this way. " Ibn Abbas replied: "I swear by God, this is how God revealed it," and Ibn Abbas repeated this statement three times. Abd-Allah ibn Abbas (عبد الله ابن عباس) was a cousin of Muhammad. "
Al-Tha'labi in his Tafsir al-Kabir, under commentary of verse 4:24 narrated a similar tradition from Sa'id bin Jubayr. Sa'id bin Jubayr (665-714 (سعيد بن جبير also known as Abū Muhammad was originally from Kufa, in modern-day Iraq. Tabari continued:
- Abu Nadhra said: I asked Ibn Abbas about temporary marriage (Mutˤāħ of women). Abd-Allah ibn Abbas (عبد الله ابن عباس) was a cousin of Muhammad. Ibn Abbās said: "Do you not read 'For whatever you enjoyed (Istamtaˤtum) them by the contract to an appointed time?" I said: "If I would have read it this way, I wouldn't ask you (about temporary marriage)!" He replied: "Certainly the verse is about it. "
Tabari continues to say that Ubay Ibn Ka'ab also knew that tafsir ref. Ubay ibn Ka'b (d 649 also known as Abu Mundhir (the father of Mundhir was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a person of high esteem in the early
The phrase "give them their dowries as appointed" is "bihi minhunna fātūhunna ujūrahunna farīdatan". "'Ujūrahunna" is derived from ajr "compensation"/"payment". This is in contrast to the verse on the subject of Nikah, verse 4:4. Nikah, or nikkah, ( النكاح) is the contract between a Bride and Bridegroom and part of an Islamic marriage, a strong covenant It states:
- (Shakir): "And give women their dowries as a free gift. . . "
The word translated in 4:4 as "dowries" is "saduqātihinna". It is not the same word as used in 4:24, although it is often translated as such. In fact, 4:4 refers to "dowries" while 4:24 refers to "compensation"/"payment". Furthermore, 4:4 says "dowries as a free gift", while 4:24 says "dowries as appointed". However, this should only be taken as a difference between the Nikah vers of 4:4 and the Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah verse of 4:24 and it does not constitute a proof that "ujūrahunna" refers to only Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah, since the same word is used in verse 33:50 when referring to Nikah. Nikah, or nikkah, ( النكاح) is the contract between a Bride and Bridegroom and part of an Islamic marriage, a strong covenant Nikah, or nikkah, ( النكاح) is the contract between a Bride and Bridegroom and part of an Islamic marriage, a strong covenant
"After what is appointed"
The section "and there is no blame on you about what you mutually agree after what is appointed" refers to prolonging the marriage or making it permanent, something which is mustahab "recommended". If this doesn't occur, the wife must observe the Iddah, making it impossible for a woman to engage in a Nikahu’l-Mut‘ah, and have sexual intercourse with more than six partners per year, assuming a menstruation cycle of 20 days. In Islam, iddah or iddat ( Arabic: العدة period of waiting) is a period after a Divorce, during which a Sexual intercourse, in its biological sense is the act in which the male reproductive organ (in humans and other higher animals enters the female reproductive tract
- ^ http://www.sensagent.com/dictionnaires/ar-en/نكاح/ALEXMN/
- ^ http://www.sensagent.com/dictionnaires/ar-en/متعة/ALEXMN/
- ^ a b c See website of a Grand Ayatollah, and refer to temporal marriage fatwas. There are several recorded oral traditions (Arabic Hadith) from Muhammad used either to prove or to disprove the legality of Nikah Mut'ah, an Islamic marriage This article tries to represent the Shi'a and Sunni views regarding Muslim controversies related to Nikah Mut'ah, or temporary marriage In Islamic law Marriage ("ʿurs" عرس is a legal bond and Social contract between a man and a woman as prompted by the Shari'a. Nikah Misyar or " travellers' marriage " ( Arabic: ar '''نكاح المسيار''' is the Sunni Muslim Nikah ( Marriage
- ^ Camelia E. Fard. Unveiled Threats. Village Voice, 28 March 2001
- ^ “Prostitution Behind the Veil”, Film (no. This article is about a New York newspaper For the Ottawa Hills Ohio magazine see The Village Voice of Ottawa Hills. 39), November 2004, <http://www.dfi.dk/tidsskriftetfilm/39/prostitutionbehind.htm> .
- ^ Prostitution Behind the Veil at the Internet Movie Database
- ^ http://photo-origin.tickle.com/image/135/0/2/O/135028214O971296222.jpg
- ^ (پايگاه اطلاع رسانى حضرت آية الله العظمى جناتى (مد ظله العالى
- ^ a b http://photo-origin.tickle.com/image/100/3/7/O/100375044O531984102.jpg
- ^ The rules mentioned here are common amongst all marjas, refer to their websites
8 - "mutah. Marja ( Arabic / Persian: مرجع also appearing as Marja Taqlid or Marja Dini ( Arabic / Persian: مرجع تقليد " Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2006.
Fatāwa from different marja:
Sunni links A fatwā (فتوى plural fatāwā فتاوى in the Islamic faith is a religious opinion on Islamic law issued by an Marja ( Arabic / Persian: مرجع also appearing as Marja Taqlid or Marja Dini ( Arabic / Persian: مرجع تقليد Nikah Misyar or " travellers' marriage " ( Arabic: ar '''نكاح المسيار''' is the Sunni Muslim Nikah ( Marriage
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