|President (regent)||Ignazio La Russa|
|Founded||27 January 1995|
|Headquarters||Via della Scrofa, 43|
|Newspaper||Il Secolo d'Italia|
with national-conservative, liberal-conservative and Christian-democratic factions
|Coalition||The People of Freedom|
|European party||Alliance for Europe of the Nations|
|European Parliament Group||Union for Europe of the Nations|
National Alliance (Alleanza Nazionale, AN) is a conservative Italian political party. Ignazio La Russa (born in Paternò, near Catania, Sicily 18 July 1947) is an Italian Politician ( PdL Events 98 - Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva. Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favour Tradition, where tradition refers to various religious cultural or nationally defined National conservatism is a political term used to describe a variant of Conservatism which concentrates more on "national interests and traditional social/ethical Liberal conservatism is a variant of Conservatism which combines conservative and liberal values and positions Christian democracy is a political ideology that seeks to apply Christian (and often specifically Catholic) principles to public policy The People of Freedom ( Il Popolo della Libertà, PdL is a liberal-conservative History Premises Following the run-up to the The Alliance for Europe of the Nations is a pan-European political party that gathers conservative and national-conservative parties from across the Union for Europe of the Nations is a political group of the European Parliament formed on 20 July 1999) Self-Defense of the Republic Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favour Tradition, where tradition refers to various religious cultural or nationally defined Several Political parties operate in Italy, and historically they have been even more than today Gianfranco Fini has been the leader of the party since its foundation in 1995. Gianfranco Fini (born January 3 1952 is an Italian Politician, President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies and current leader of National Alliance Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995
National Alliance was formed by current secretary Gianfranco Fini from the Italian Social Movement (MSI), the ex-neo-fascist party, which was declared dissolved in January 1995, and conservative elements of the former Christian Democracy, which had disbanded in 1994 after two years of scandals and various splits due to corruption at its highest levels, exposed by the Mani Pulite investigation, and the Italian Liberal Party, disbanded in the same year. Gianfranco Fini (born January 3 1952 is an Italian Politician, President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies and current leader of National Alliance The Italian Social Movement, later Italian Social Movement–National Right ( Movimento Sociale Italiano–Destra Nazionale, MSI-DN was a neo-fascist This page specifically pertains to fascism after World War II Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 Christian Democracy ( Democrazia Cristiana, DC the Christian democratic party of Italy, dominated government for nearly half a century until its demise Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) Political corruption is the use of governmental powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain Mani pulite ( Italian for clean hands) was a nationwide Italian judicial investigation into Political corruption held in the 1990s following The Italian Liberal Party ( Partito Liberale Italiano, PLI was a liberal Italian political party. Former MSI members were however still the bulk of the new party.
The logo followed a template very similar to the Democratic Party of the Left, with the previous logo in a small circle (as a means of legally preventing others from using it). The Democratic Party of the Left ( Partito Democratico della Sinistra, PDS was a post- communist democratic-socialist political party in Italy The name was suggested by an article on the Italian newspaper Il Tempo written in 1992 by Domenico Fisichella, a prominent conservative academic. Il Tempo is a Thoroughbred racehorse by Time and Again out of Timing Year 1992 ( MCMXCII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar) In January 1995 a party congress officially proclaimed the dissolution of MSI, the rejection of most MSI's ideological stances and the establishment of National Alliance.
The party was part of all three House of Freedoms coalition governments led by Silvio Berlusconi. Casa delle Libertà ( CDL; Italian for House of Freedoms) was a major Italian Center-right Political alliance led by (born 29 September 1936 is an Italian politician, Entrepreneur, Real estate and Insurance Tycoon, Bank and Media proprietor Gianfranco Fini was notably nominated Deputy Prime Minister after the 2001 general election and was Foreign Minister from November 2004 to May 2006. A national general election was held in Italy on May 13, 2001 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
When Gianfranco Fini visited Israel in late November 2003 in the function of Italian Deputy Prime Minister, he labeled the racial laws issued by the fascist regime in 1938 as "infamous", as also Giorgio Almirante, historic leader of MSI, had done before. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1938 ( MCMXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Giorgio Almirante ( June 27, 1914 - May 22, 1988) was an Italian politician the founder and leader of the Italian Social Movement He also referred to the Italian Social Republic as belonging to the most shameful pages of the past, and considered fascism part of an era of "absolute evil", something which was hrdly acceptable to the few remaining hardliners of the party. The Italian Social Republic ( Italian: Repubblica Sociale Italiana or RSI) was a Puppet state of Nazi Germany led by the "Duce of the As a result, Alessandra Mussolini, the granddaughter of the former fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, who had been at odds with the party on a number of issues for a long-time, and some hardliners left the party and formed Social Action. Alessandra Mussolini (born December 30 1962 is an Italian Conservative Politician, previously an Actress and model. Social Action ( Azione Sociale, AS previously known as Freedom of Action ( Libertà d'Azione, LdA is a national-conservative political
In occasion of the 2006 general election, AN ran within the House of Freedoms (with new allies). In the Italian general election 2006 for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy held on April 9 and April 10, 2006 Surprisingly the centre-right lost by just 24,000 votes in favor of the centre-left The Union. The Union ( Italian: L'Unione) was an Italian Centre-left Political party coalition led by Romano Prodi, the Individually AN received nearly 5 million votes, amounting to 12. 3%. On 27 July 2007, a group of splinters, led by Francesco Storace, formed The Right party, which was officially founded on 10 November. Events 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Francesco Storace ( Cassino, 25 January 1959) is an Italian politician The Right ( La Destra) is a national-conservative Italian political party. Events 1444 - Battle of Varna: The crusading forces of King Vladislaus III of Varna (aka Ulaszlo I of Hungary and Wladyslaw Seven MPs of AN, including Teodoro Buontempo and Daniela Santanchè, joined the new party. Daniela Garnero Santanchè (born 7 April 1961) is an Italian Entrepreneur and a Politician.
On 18 November, after that Forza Italia collected the signatures of more than 7 million Italians (including Umberto Bossi) against the Romano Prodi's government and in order to ask to the President of the Republic Giorgio Napolitano to call a fresh election, Silvio Berlusconi announced that Forza Italia would have soon merged or transformed into the The People of Freedom party. Events 326 - The old St Peter's Basilica is consecrated 1302 - Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Forza Italia (Forward Italy FI is a Christian-democratic, liberal and liberal-conservative Italian political party led by Silvio Umberto Bossi (born September 19, 1941) is an Italian politician leader of the Northern League, a party seeking autonomy or The Prodi II Cabinet was the Cabinet of the government of Italy from 17 May 2006 to 8 May 2008. The President of the Italian Republic (Presidente della Repubblica Italiana is the Head of State of Italy, and as such is intended to represent national unity Giorgio Napolitano (born June 29 1925) is an Italian Politician and former lifetime senator, the eleventh and current President of the Italian (born 29 September 1936 is an Italian politician, Entrepreneur, Real estate and Insurance Tycoon, Bank and Media proprietor The People of Freedom ( Il Popolo della Libertà, PdL is a liberal-conservative History Premises Following the run-up to the 
After the sudden fall of Prodi II Cabinet on 24 January, the break up of The Union coalition and the subsequent political crisis which lead to a fresh general election, Berlusconi hinted on 25 January that Forza Italia would have probably contested its last election and the new party will be officially founded only after that election. The Prodi II Cabinet was the Cabinet of the government of Italy from 17 May 2006 to 8 May 2008. Events 41 - Gaius Caesar (Caligula, known for his eccentricity and cruel Despotism, is Assassinated by his disgruntled The Union ( Italian: L'Unione) was an Italian Centre-left Political party coalition led by Romano Prodi, the A snap general election was held in Italy on 13 April and 14 April 2008. Events 41 - After a night of negotiation Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate In an atmosphere of reconciliation with Gianfranco Fini, Berlusconi also stated that the new party could see the participation of other parties.  Finally, on 8 February, Berlusconi and Fini agreed to form a joint list under the banner of the "The People of Freedom", allied with Lega Nord. Events 421 - Constantius III becomes co- Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. 
National Alliance's political program emphasizes:
Distinguishing itself from the MSI, the party has distanced itself from Benito Mussolini and Fascism and made efforts to improve relations with Jewish groups. The term Italian Fascism denotes the totalitarian Fascismo political movement that ruled Italy from 1922 until 1943 under leader Benito Mussolini PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ With most hardliners leaving the party, it seeks to present itself as a respectable conservative party and to join forces with Forza Italia in the European People's Party and, eventually, in a united party of the centre-right. Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favour Tradition, where tradition refers to various religious cultural or nationally defined Forza Italia (Forward Italy FI is a Christian-democratic, liberal and liberal-conservative Italian political party led by Silvio The European People's Party (EPP is a Christian democratic and Liberal conservative European political party.
Although the party approves market economy and hold favourable views on liberalizations and the privatization of state industries, however AN is more to the left than Forza Italia on economic issues and sometimes supports statist policies. A market economy is a realized Social system based on the Division of labour in which the prices of Goods and Services are determined in a In general liberalization (or liberalisation) refers to a relaxation of previous government restrictions usually in areas of social or economic policy Privatization is the incidence or process of transferring ownership of business from the Public sector (government to the Private sector (business Public ownership (also called government ownership, state ownership or state property) refers to Government Ownership of any Statism (or Etatism) is a very loose and often Derogatory term that is used to describe Specific instances of state intervention in personal social That is why the party is strong in Rome and Lazio, where most public administrations are. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 For the football club see SS Lazio Lazio ( Latium in Latin) is a regione of central Moreover AN presents itself as a party promoting national cohesion, national identity and patriotism. A nation is a Human Cultural and Social Community. In as much as most members never meet each other yet feel a common bond it may be considered Patriotism is commonly defined as love of and/or devotion to one's country
Regarding institutional reforms, the party is a long-time supporter presidentialism and first-past-the-post, and, recently, it came to support also federalism and to fully accept the alliance with Lega Nord, although the relations with that party can be tense at times, especially about issues regarding national unity. A presidential system is a System of government where an executive branch exists and presides (hence the term separately from the Legislature The plurality voting system is a Single-winner voting system often used to elect executive officers or to elect members of a legislative assembly which is based on single-member Political federalism is a Political philosophy in which a group of members are bound together (Latin foedus, covenant) with a governing Lega Nord (Northern League LN whose complete name is Lega Nord per l'Indipendenza della Padania (Northern League for Independence of Padania) is an Italian
Gianfranco Fini, a modernizer, has impressed an ambitious political line to the party, combining the pillars of conservative ideology like security, family values and patriotism with a progressive approach in other areas such as stem-cell research and supporting voting rights for legal aliens. Gianfranco Fini (born January 3 1952 is an Italian Politician, President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies and current leader of National Alliance Stem cells are cells found in most if not all multi-cellular Organisms. Anyway some of these positions are not shared by many members of the party, most of whom staunchly oppose stem-cell research and artificial insemination. AIH redirects here For the indie rock band abbreviated AIH see Architecture in Helsinki Artificial insemination (AI is the process by which
National Alliance is a heterogeneous political party and within it members are divided in different factions, some of them very organized:
In the party there is also a group named Ethic-Religious Council, whose board members include Gaetano Rebecchini (Founder, ex-DC), Riccardo Pedrizzi (President), Franco Tofoni (Vice President), Luigi Gagliardi (General Secretary), Alfredo Mantovano, Antonio Mazzocchi and Riccardo Migliori. This is not a faction but an official organism within the party and express the official position of the party on ethical and religious matters. Sometimes the group criticizes Gianfranco Fini for his liberal views on abortion, artificial insemination and stem-cell research, which led some notable ex-DC members as Publio Fiori to leave the party. Gianfranco Fini (born January 3 1952 is an Italian Politician, President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies and current leader of National Alliance Some members of the Council, such as Pedrizzi and Mantovano are described as members of an unofficial Catholic Right faction.
The party has roughly 10-15% support across Italy, having its stongholds in Central and Southern Italy (Lazio 18. Central Italy is a geographic area in Italy that encompasses four of the country's 20 autonomous regions: Lazio Marches Geography Southern Italy forms the lower "boot" of the Italian peninsula containing the ankle (Abruzzo and Molise and southern Lazio the toe (Calabria and the heel For the football club see SS Lazio Lazio ( Latium in Latin) is a regione of central 6%, Umbria 15. Umbria is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. The capital is Perugia. 2%, Marche 14. The Marche (plural originally from le marche de Ancona, referring to the March of Ancona) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. 3%, Abruzzo 14. 3%, Puglia 13. Apulia ( Italian: Puglia) is a region in southeastern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east the Ionian Sea 2%, Sardinia 12. Sardinia (sɑrˈdɪnɪə Sardegna Sardigna or Sardinnya is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily) 9%, Tuscany 12. Tuscany (Toscana is a region in Italy. It has an area of 22990 km² and a population of about 3 6% and Campania 12. Campania is a region of Southern Italy in Europe. The region has a population of around 5 6% in the last general election), scoring badly in Lombardy (10. In the Italian general election 2006 for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy held on April 9 and April 10, 2006 Lombardy (Lombardia Latin: Langobardia, Western Lombard: Lumbardìa, Eastern Lombard: Lombardia) is one of the 2%) and Sicily (10. Sicily ( Italian and Sicilian: Sicilia) is an autonomous region of Italy. 9%), while competiting in the North-East (Friuli-Venezia Giulia 15. This is about the direction for other uses see North (disambiguation. Friuli-Venezia Giulia ( Friulian: Friûl-Vignesie Julie, Friaul-Julisch Venetien Furlanija - Julijska krajina Friul-Venezsia Jułia is one of the twenty 5% and Veneto 11. Veneto or Venetia ( Vèneto) is one of the 20 regions of Italy. 3%).
The party had a good showing in the first general election to which it took part (13. 5% in 1994) and reached 15. An early national general election was held in Italy on March 27, 1994 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. 7% in 1996, when Fini tried for the first time to replace Silvio Berlusconi as leader of the centre-right. An early national general election was held in Italy on April 21, 1996 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of (born 29 September 1936 is an Italian politician, Entrepreneur, Real estate and Insurance Tycoon, Bank and Media proprietor From that moment the party suffered an electoral decline, but remains the third force of Italian politics.
In the 2006 general election, the last election to which the party took party with its own list, it won 12. In the Italian general election 2006 for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy held on April 9 and April 10, 2006 3% of the vote, securing 71 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 41 in the Senate. In the 2008 general election the party got 90 deputies and 48 senators elected. A snap general election was held in Italy on 13 April and 14 April 2008.
The electoral results of National Alliance in the 10 most populated Regions of Italy are shown in the table below. These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. Population figures are from 2001
|1994 general||1995 regional||1996 general||1999 European||2000 regional||2001 general||2004 European||2005 regional||2006 general|
|Piedmont||8. 3||11. 2||12. 1||7. 5||11. 9||9. 2||8. 8||9. 5||11. 8|
|Lombardy||5. 8||10. 0||9. 0||6. 0||9. 7||8. 6||7. 2||8. 7||10. 2|
|Veneto||7. 7||10. 7||11. 7||8. 3||9. 8||8. 5||9. 0||8. 1||11. 3|
|Emilia-Romagna||9. 0||10. 3||11. 5||8. 6||11. 4||9. 7||8. 4||8. 9||10. 2|
|Tuscany||10. 9||13. 1||15. 8||10. 9||14. 9||13. 0||10. 9||10. 9||12. 6|
|Lazio||25. 3||24. 5||28. 9||20. 3||23. 1||20. 4||18. 4||23. 9||18. 6|
|Campania||20. 3||18. 3||18. 7||10. 7||11. 2||13. 1||13. 2||10. 6||12. 6|
|Apulia||27. 5||20. 4||17. 9||12. 7||15. 5||15. 3||16. 0||12. 1||13. 2|
|Calabria||17. 2||16. 3||23. 4||10. 2||10. 4||15. 2||15. 5||9. 9||11. 0|
|Sicily||14. 0||14. 1 (1996)||16. 4||12. 1||11. 3 (2001)||10. 7||14. 5||10. 6 (2006)||10. 9|
|ITALY||13. 5||-||15. 7||10. 3||-||12. 0||11. 3||-||12. 3|