The Nanjing decade (also Nanking decade, Chinese: 南京十年) was the decade from 1927 (or 1928) to 1937 in the history of the Republic of China. ( Chinese: 南京 Romanizations Nánjīng ( Pinyin) Nan-ching ( Wade-Giles A decade is a period of 10 Years (since 1594 a factor of 10 difference between two numbers, or sometimes a set or a group of ten (since 1451 This article discusses history of the state which currently governs Taiwan Area. It began when Nationalist Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek took the city from Zhili clique warlord Sun Chuanfang halfway through the Northern Expedition in 1927. Chiang Kai-shek ( POJ: Chiúⁿ Kài-se̍k Jyutping: zoeng2gaai3sek6 GCB ( October 31, 1887 &ndash The Zhili clique ( was one of several mutually hostile Cliques or factions that split from the Beiyang clique during the Republic of China 's Warlord The Warlord era is the period in the History of the Republic of China, from 1916 to the late-1930s when the country was divided among military cliques, a division Sun Chuanfang ( Chinese: 孫傳芳 Pinyin: Sūn Chuánfāng) (1885-1935 aka the "Nanking Warlord" or leader of the "League of Five Provinces" The Northern Expedition ( was a military campaign led by the Kuomintang (KMT from 1926 to 1928. Year 1927 ( MCMXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. He declared it to be the national capital despite the other Nationalists already having made Wuhan the capital. ( is the capital of Hubei province and is the most populous city in central People's Republic of China. The Wuhan faction gave in and the expedition continued until the rival Beiyang government in Beijing was defeated in 1928. The Beiyang government ( or Warlord government collectively refers to a series of military regimes that ruled from Beijing from 1912 to 1928 at Zhongnanhai Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The location was of symbolic and strategic importance. It was there that the republic was established and where Sun Yat-sen's provisional government sat. Sun Yat-sen ( November 12, 1866 &ndash March 12, 1925) was a Chinese Revolutionary and political leader often Sun's body was brought over and placed in a grand mausoleum to cement Chiang's budding personality cult. The Mausoleum of Dr Sun Yat-sen (中山陵 is situated at the foot of the second peak of Mount Zijin ( Purple Mountain) in Nanjing A cult of personality or personality cult arises when a country's leader uses Mass media to create a heroic public image through unquestioning flattery and praise Chiang was born in the neighboring province and the general area had strong popular support for him.
While the Nanjing decade was far more stable than the preceding warlord era, it was still beset with violence. The Warlord era is the period in the History of the Republic of China, from 1916 to the late-1930s when the country was divided among military cliques, a division Civil war with the communists continued unabated in the country-side. The Communist Party of China ( CPC) ( also known as the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP) is the founding and ruling political party of the In 1930, the Central Plains War erupted pitting President Chiang against Yan Xishan, Feng Yuxiang, Li Zongren, and party leftists like Wang Jingwei. Year 1930 ( MCMXXX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Central Plains War ( was a Civil war within the factionalised Kuomintang (KMT that broke out in 1930 Yen Hsi-shan, ( ( 8 October, 1883 &ndash 22 July, 1960) was a Chinese Warlord who served in the government of the Feng Yuxiang ( (1882&ndash1948 was a Warlord during Republican China. Li Zongren or Li Tsung-jen ( POJ: Lí Chong-jîn ( 13 August 1890 - 13 January 1969) Courtesy name Delin Wang Jingwei ( Traditional Chinese: 汪精衛 Simplified Chinese: 汪精卫 Pinyin: Wāng Jīngwèi Wade-Giles: Wang Ching-wei ( Though victorious, Chiang's government was bankrupted. In 1931, Chiang faced another uprising by Li Zongren, Chen Jitang, and the party's civilian leadership led by Hu Hanmin. Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Chen Jitang (陳濟棠 / 陈济棠 (January 23 1890 - November 3 1954 also spelled Chen Chi-tang, was born in Fangcheng, Guangxi, China Hu Hanmin ( Traditional:胡漢民 Simplified: 胡汉民 born in Panyu, Guangdong, China, December 9, 1879; The war was averted due to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria but it did cause Chiang to resign as president and premier. The invasion of Manchuria by the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan, beginning on September 19, 1931, immediately followed Chiang's control of government policy was unimpeded due to the support of the Whampoa clique of military officers and the Central Clique. The Nationalist Party of China Army Officer Academy ( commonly known as the Whampoa Military Academy ( was a Military academy in the Republic of China The CC Clique, or Central Clique was one of the political factions within the Kuomintang, in the Republic of China. In 1933, the Fujian Rebellion erupted by dissident KMT elements. Year 1933 ( MCMXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The People's Revolutionary Government of the Republic of China ( also known as the Fujian People's Government (Chinese 福建人民革命政府 pinyin Fújiàn Rénmín In addition, the Ma clique and the Xinjiang clique, both KMT affiliates, were contesting each other in the western fringes from 1931 until 1937 when the Soviet Union's support help Xinjiang triumph. The Ma clique ( was a family of Warlords who ruled the Chinese provinces of Qinghai, Gansu and Ningxia from the 1910's until 1949 The Xinjiang clique was a military faction that ruled Xinjiang during China's Warlord era. During Chiang's second premiership, he was kidnapped by Zhang Xueliang and forced to ally with the communists in the Second United Front in 1936. The Xi'an Incident of December 1936 ( is an important episode of Chinese modern history, taking place in the city of Xi'an during the Chinese Civil War Zhang Xueliang or Chang Hsüeh-liang ( English occasionally Peter Hsueh Liang Chang) ( 3 June 1901 (according to other accounts in The Second United Front was the alliance between the Kuomintang (KMT and Chinese Communist Party (CCP during the Second Sino-Japanese War or Year 1936 ( MCMXXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
China's first government sponsored social engineering program began in 1934 with the New Life Movement. Year 1934 ( MCMXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The New Life Movement (新生活運動 was set up by Chiang Kai-shek and his wife Soong May-ling in February 1934.
The decade came to an end with the Second Sino-Japanese War. The Second Sino-Japanese War ( July 7, 1937 to September 9, 1945) was a major war fought between the Republic of China and the Being located near the coast, it was vulnerable so the capital was moved to Chongqing for the duration of the war. Chongqing ( Postal map spelling: Chungking; Wade-Giles: Ch'ung-ch'ing) is the largest and most populous of the People's Republic of China While the transfer of the capital marked its political end, the symbolic end was the Nanking Massacre (the Rape of Nanjing) when up to 300,000 inhabitants died during the Japanese occupation.