Location of Nairobi
|Constituencies of Nairobi|
|- Mayor||Geoffrey Majiwa|
|- City||684 km² (264. A skyline is best described as the overall or partial view of a Silhouette of a city's tall buildings and structures consisting of many Skyscrapers The Republic of Kenya is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the north Somalia to the northeast Tanzania to the south Nairobi Province is one of eight provinces in Kenya. It shares common boundaries with Nairobi city the capital of Kenya but functions as a state unit A city hall or town hall is the chief administrative building of a City or Town 's administration and usually houses the city or Makadara Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. It is one of eight constituencies of Nairobi Province. Kamukunji Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. Starehe Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. It is one of eight constituencies of Nairobi Province. Lang'ata Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. It is one of eight constituencies of Nairobi Province. Dagoretti Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. Westlands Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. Kasarani Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. It is one of eight constituencies of Nairobi Province. Emkakasi Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. It is one of eight constituencies of Nairobi Province. This is an unordered list of Mayors of Nairobi, both before and after independence Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,661 m (5,450 ft)|
|- Density||4,230/km² (10,955. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 6/sq mi)|
|- Urban||3 million|
|- Metro||4 million|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Nairobi (pronounced /naɪˈroʊbɪ/) is the capital and largest city of Kenya. A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa. UTC+3 is used in the following locations Moscow Time Eastern European Summer Time West Asian Summer Time The Republic of Kenya is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the north Somalia to the northeast Tanzania to the south The name "Nairobi" comes from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyirobi, which translates to "the place of cool waters". The Maasai are an indigenous African Ethnic group of semi-nomadic people located in Kenya and northern Tanzania. However, it is popularly known as the "Green City in the Sun. "
Founded in 1899, the city was handed capital status from Mombasa in 1905. Mombasa is the second largest City in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean.  Nairobi is also the capital of the Nairobi Province and of the Nairobi District. Nairobi Province is one of eight provinces in Kenya. It shares common boundaries with Nairobi city the capital of Kenya but functions as a state unit The city lies on the Nairobi River, in the south of the nation, and has an elevation of 1661 m (5450 ft) above sea-level. Nairobi River is a river flowing through the Kenyan capital Nairobi. Mean sea level (MSL is the average (mean height of the Sea, with reference to a suitable reference surface 
Nairobi is the most populous city in East Africa, with an estimated urban population of between 3 and 4 million. East Africa is the Easternmost Region of the African Continent. According to the 1999 Census, in the administrative area of Nairobi, 2,143,254 inhabitants lived within 684 km².  Nairobi is currently the 4th largest city in Africa. The following is a list of the 50 most populous cities in Africa.
Nairobi is now one of the most prominent cities in Africa politically and financially.  Home to many companies and organizations, Nairobi is established as a hub for business and culture. The Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) defines Nairobi as a prominent social centre.
Nairobi was ranked at 58th in the Capital of the World rank. The list ranks of cities in order of their prominence as a global capital as an economic and cultural powerhouse.
The area was an essentially uninhabited swamp until a supply depot of the Uganda Railway was built in 1899, which soon became the railway's headquarters. The earliest account of Nairobi 's (naɪˈroʊbɪ history dates back to 1899 when a Railway depot was built in a brackish African Swamp occupied only by A swamp is a Wetland featuring temporary or permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water A distribution center for a set of products is a Warehouse or other specialized Building, often with Refrigeration or Air conditioning The Uganda Railway is a historical Railway system linking the interiors of Uganda and Kenya to the Indian Ocean at Mombasa in The city was named after a water hole known in Maasai as Ewaso Nyirobi, meaning "cool waters. The Maasai language ( autonym: ɔl Maa is an Eastern Nilotic language spoken in Southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania by the Maasai " It was totally rebuilt in the early 1900s after an outbreak of plague and the burning of the original town. Bubonic plague is the best-known manifestation of the bacterial disease plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis (formerly known as The location of the Nairobi railway camp was chosen due to its central position between Mombasa and Kampala. Mombasa is the second largest City in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. Kampala is the Capital city of Uganda. With a population of 1208544 (2002 it is the largest city in Uganda It was also chosen because its network of rivers could supply the camp with water, and its elevation would make it cool enough for residential purposes. Furthermore, at 1661 metres above the sea level the temperatures are too low for the malaria mosquito to survive. 
In 1905, Nairobi replaced Mombasa as capital of the British protectorate, and the city grew around administration and tourism, initially in the form of big game hunting. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located In International law, a protectorate is a autonomous territory that is "protected" by a stronger state or entity hense the protector which engages to protect Public administration can be broadly described as the development implementation and study of branches of government Policy. Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel Big game hunting is the hunting of large game. Big game hunting is a popular Sport in many countries As the British colonialists started to explore the region, they started using Nairobi as their first port of call. This prompted the colonial government to build several grand hotels in the city. The main occupants were British game hunters.
Nairobi continued to grow under the British rule, and many Britons settled within the city's suburbs. The continuous expansion of the city began to anger the Maasai, as the city was devouring their land to the south. The Maasai are an indigenous African Ethnic group of semi-nomadic people located in Kenya and northern Tanzania. It also angered the Kikuyu people, who wanted the land returned to them. There is also a town in Kiambu district called Kikuyu, and a species of Pennisetum grass native to the Kenyan highlands named Kikuyu
In 1919, Nairobi was declared to be a municipality. A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly denotes a City, Town, or Village, or  In February 1926, E. A. T. Dutton passed through Nairobi on his way to Mount Kenya, and said of the city:
Maybe one day Nairobi will be laid out with tarred roads, with avenues of flowering trees, flanked by noble buildings; with open spaces and stately squares; a cathedral worthy of faith and country; museums and galleries of art; theatres and public offices. Mount Kenya is the highest Mountain in Kenya, and the second highest in Africa (after Mount Kilimanjaro) And it is fair to say that the Government and the Municipality have already bravely tackled the problem and that a town-plan ambitious enough to turn Nairobi into a thing of beauty has been slowly worked out, and much has already been done. But until that plan has borne fruit, Nairobi must remain what she was then, a slatternly creature, unfit to queen it over so lovely a country.
– Dutton, 
After the end of World War II, this friction developed into the Mau Mau rebellion. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's future president, was jailed for his involvement even though there was no evidence linking him to the rebellion. Jomo Kenyatta ( October 20, 1894 &ndash August 22, 1978) served as the first Prime Minister (1963&ndash1964 and President Pressure exerted from the locals onto the British resulted in Kenyan independence in 1963, with Nairobi as the capital of the new republic.
After independence, Nairobi grew rapidly and this growth put pressure on the city's infrastructure. Power cuts and water shortages were a common occurrence, though in the past few years better city planning has helped to put some of these problems in check.
The U.S. Embassy in Nairobi was bombed in August 1998 by Al-Qaida, as one of a series of U.S. embassy bombings. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Al-Qaeda, alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qa`ida or al-Qa`idah, ( Arabic:; ar-Latn ''al-qāʿidah'' Translation: The In the 1998 US Embassy bombings ( August 7, 1998) hundreds of people were killed in simultaneous Car bomb explosions at the United States Over two hundred civilians were killed. It is now the site of a memorial park. 
The city is located at and occupies 684 square kilometres (260 sq mi). It is situated 1661 metres (5450 ft) above sea level.
Nairobi is situated between the cities of Kampala and Mombasa. Kampala is the Capital city of Uganda. With a population of 1208544 (2002 it is the largest city in Uganda Mombasa is the second largest City in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. As Nairobi is adjacent to the eastern edge of the Rift Valley, minor earthquakes and tremors occasionally occur. The Great Rift Valley is a name given in the late 19th century by English explorer John Walter Gregory to the continuous geographic trough approximately in length that runs The Ngong hills, located to the west of the city, are the most prominent geographical feature of the Nairobi Area. The Ngong Hills are peaks in a ridge along the Great Rift Valley, located southwest near Nairobi, in southern Kenya. Mount Kenya is situated north of Nairobi and Mount Kilimanjaro is towards the south-east. Mount Kenya is the highest Mountain in Kenya, and the second highest in Africa (after Mount Kilimanjaro) Both mountains are visible from Nairobi on a clear day. 
The Nairobi River and its tributaries traverse through the Nairobi Province. Nairobi River is a river flowing through the Kenyan capital Nairobi. A tributary is a Stream or River which flows into a mainstem (or parent river Nobel Peace Prize laureate Wangari Maathai has fought fiercely to save the indigenous Karura Forest in northern Nairobi which was under threat of being replaced by housing and other infrastructure. The Nobel Peace Prize ( Swedish, Danish and Nobels fredspris is one of five Nobel Prizes Bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Dr Wangari Muta Maathai (born April 1, 1940 in Ihithe village Tetu division Nyeri District of Kenya) is an 
Nairobi's western suburbs stretch all the way from the Kenyatta National Hospital in the south to the UN headquarters and Gigiri in the north, a distance of about 20 kilometres (12 mi).
The city is centred on the City Square, which is located in the Central Business District. The Kenyan Parliament buildings, the Holy Family Cathedral, Nairobi City Hall, Nairobi Law Courts and the Kenyatta Conference Centre all surround the square. The Unicameral National Assembly of Kenya is the country's legislative body Kenyatta International Conference Centre is a 30-storey building located in Nairobi, Kenya.
At 1,661 metres (5,449 ft) above sea level, Nairobi enjoys a fairly moderate climate. Mean sea level (MSL is the average (mean height of the Sea, with reference to a suitable reference surface  The altitude makes for some chilly evenings, especially in the June/July season when the temperature can drop to 10 °C (50 °F). The sunniest and warmest part of the year are from December to March, when temperatures average the mid-twenties during the day. The mean maximum temperature for this period is 24 °C (75 °F). 
There are two rainy seasons but rainfall can be moderate. The cloudiest part of the year is just after the first rainy season, when, until September, conditions are usually overcast with drizzle. As Nairobi is situated close the equator, the differences between the seasons are minimal. The seasons are referred to as the wet season and dry season. A wet season or rainy season is a Season in which the average Rainfall in a region is significantly increased The dry season is a term commonly used when describing the weather in the Tropics. The timing of sunrise and sunset does not vary tremendously throughout the year, due to Nairobi's close proximity to the equator. The equator (sometimes referred to colloquially as "the Line") is the intersection of the Earth 's surface with the plane perpendicular to the 
|Weather averages for|
|Average high °C (°F)||24. 5 (76)||25. 6 (78)||25. 6 (78)||24. 1 (75)||22. 6 (73)||21. 5 (71)||20. 6 (69)||21. 4 (71)||23. 7 (75)||24. 7 (76)||23. 1 (74)||23. 4 (74)|
|Average low °C (°F)||11. 5 (53)||11. 6 (53)||13. 1 (56)||14. 0 (57)||13. 2 (56)||11. 0 (52)||10. 1 (50)||10. 2 (50)||10. 5 (51)||12. 5 (55)||13. 1 (56)||12. 6 (55)|
|Precipitation mm (inches)||64. In Meteorology, precipitation (also known as one class of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric 1 (2. 5)||56. 5 (2. 2)||92. 8 (3. 7)||219. 4 (8. 6)||176. 6 (7)||35. 0 (1. 4)||17. 5 (0. 7)||23. 5 (0. 9)||28. 3 (1. 1)||55. 3 (2. 2)||154. 2 (6. 1)||101. 0 (4)|
|Source:  2008-01-10|
Nairobi is divided into a series of districts. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war. The constituencies of Nairobi are Makadara, Kamukunji, Starehe, Langata, Dagoretti, Westlands, Kasarani and Embakasi. Lang'ata is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre and east of Karen. Westlands is a suburb of Nairobi that was until the early 1980s composed of residential homes and a few shops which has now developed into a major commercial and economic Embakasi is a suburb of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya. It is located east of the central business district  The main administrative divisions of Nairobi are Central, Dagoretti, Embakasi, Kasarani, Kibera, Makadara, Pumwani and Westlands. Embakasi is a suburb of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya. It is located east of the central business district Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya is the second largest Slum in Africa, the largest being Soweto in South Africa, and has a population Westlands is a suburb of Nairobi that was until the early 1980s composed of residential homes and a few shops which has now developed into a major commercial and economic  Most of the upmarket suburbs are situated to the west of Nairobi, where most European settlers resided in colonial times.  These include Karen, Langata, Lavington and Highridge. Karen is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre Lang'ata is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre and east of Karen. Lavington may refer to Lavington New South Wales Lavington Nairobi Also West Lavington Two Highridge is a residential estate in Nairobi, located in northern parts of the larger Parklands estate The region's European past is highlighted by the number of English place-names in the area. In the western outskirts, Kangemi and Dagoretti areas are inhabited by non-wealthy residents. Most low and lower-middle income estates are located in eastern Nairobi. These include Kariokor, Dandora, Kariobangi, Embakasi and Huruma. Dandora is an eastern suburb in Nairobi, Kenya. It is part of the Embakasi division. Kariobangi is a low-income residential estate in northeastern Nairobi, Kenya. Embakasi is a suburb of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya. It is located east of the central business district Huruma Flats is a residential estate located in the northeast of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya. Many Somali immigrants have settled in Eastleigh, nicknamed 'Little Mogadishu'. Eastleigh is a suburb of Nairobi, Kenya. It is located east of the the central business district Mogadishu ( Somali: Muqdisho, popularly Xamar, Hamar; مقديشو Maqadīshū 
Nairobi has many parks and open spaces throughout the city. Most of Nairobi is green-space, and the city has dense tree-cover.  The most famous park in Nairobi is Uhuru Park. Uhuru Park is a recreational Park adjacent to the central business district of Nairobi, Kenya. The park borders the central business district and the neighbourhood Upper Hill. A central business district ( CBD) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city Uhuru (Freedom) Park is a centre for outdoor speeches, services and rallies. The park was to be built-over by former President Daniel Arap Moi, who wanted his KANU party's 62-storey headquarters situated in the park. Daniel Toroitich arap Moi (born September 2, 1924) was the President of Kenya from 1978 until 2002 The Kenya African National Union, better known as KANU, ruled Kenya for nearly 40 years after its independence from British colonial rule in 1963 until its electoral  However, the park was saved by Wangari Maathai, who won a Nobel Peace Prize in 2004 for her efforts. Dr Wangari Muta Maathai (born April 1, 1940 in Ihithe village Tetu division Nyeri District of Kenya) is an The Nobel Peace Prize ( Swedish, Danish and Nobels fredspris is one of five Nobel Prizes Bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor 
Central Park is adjacent to Uhuru Park, and includes a memorial for Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya. Jomo Kenyatta ( October 20, 1894 &ndash August 22, 1978) served as the first Prime Minister (1963&ndash1964 and President Other notable open spaces include Jeevanjee Gardens, City Park and Nairobi Arboretum. Jeevanjee Gardens is an open garden in the Central Business District of Nairobi, Kenya.
Nairobi is home to the Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE), one of Africa's largest. The Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE is the stock exchange of Kenya. The NSE was officially recognised as an overseas stock exchange by the London Stock Exchange in 1953. The London Stock Exchange or LSE is a Stock exchange located in London, England. The exchange is Africa's 4th largest (in terms of trading volumes) and 5th (in terms of Market Capitalization as a percentage of GDP). 
Nairobi is the regional headquarters of several international companies and organizations. This makes it one of the most influential cities in Africa. In 2007 alone, General Electric, Young & Rubicam, Google, Coca Cola and Celtel relocated their African headquarters to the city. Young & Rubicam Inc (Y&R is a consolidated Marketing and communications company specializing in Advertising, Public relations, Sales Google Inc is an American public corporation, earning revenue from advertising related to its Internet search, e-mail, online Coca-Cola is a carbonated Soft drink sold in stores restaurants and Vending machines in more than 200 countries Celtel is a telecommunications company operating in several African countries and is a subsidiary of Zain Group or "Zain" in short  The United Nations has strong presence in Nairobi; the United Nations Office at Nairobi hosts UNEP and UN-Habitat headquarters. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security The United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON is one of the four major UN office sites where several different UN agencies have a joint presence The UN Environment Programme (or UNEP) coordinates United Nations environmental activities assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies The United Nations Human Settlements Programme ( UN&ndashHABITAT) is the United Nations agency for human settlements
Several of Africa's largest companies are headquartered in Nairobi. KenGen, which is the largest African stock outside South Africa, is based in the city. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa Kenya Airways, Africa's fourth largest airline, uses Nairobi's Jomo Kenyatta International Airport as a hub. Kenya Airways is the Flag carrier Airline of Kenya, based in Nairobi. Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, formerly called Embakasi Airport and Nairobi International Airport, is Kenya 's largest Aviation facility
Goods manufactured in Nairobi include clothing, textiles, building materials, processed foods, beverages, cigarettes etc. Clothing (also called clothes, accoutrements, accouterments, or habiliments) protects the Human body from extreme Weather A textile is a flexible material comprised of a network of natural or artificial Fibres often referred to as thread or Yarn. Food processing is the set of methods and techniques used to transform raw Ingredients into Food or to transform food into other forms for consumption by A drink, or beverage, is a Liquid specifically prepared for Human consumption A cigarette ( French "small Cigar " from cigar + -ette) is a product consumed through Smoking and manufactured Several foreign companies have factories based in and around the city. These includes Goodyear, General Motors, Toyota Motors, Coca Cola and American audit firm PricewaterhouseCoopers
Nairobi has a large tourist industry, being both a tourist destination and a transport hub. The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company was founded in 1898 by Frank Seiberling. General Motors Corporation ( GM) ( is a multinational automobile manufacturer founded in 1908 and headquartered in the United States. (pronounced) is a Multinational corporation headquartered in Japan, and is currently the world's largest Automaker. Coca-Cola is a carbonated Soft drink sold in stores restaurants and Vending machines in more than 200 countries PricewaterhouseCoopers (or PwC is one of the world's largest Professional services firms Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel
Nairobi has grown around its central business district. A central business district ( CBD) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city It takes a rectangular shape, around the Uhuru Highway, Haille Selasse Avenue, Moi Avenue and University Way. It includes many of Nairobi's important buildings, including the City Hall and Parliament Building. The city square is also located within the perimeter.
A feature of the central business district that strikes foreign tourists the most is the skyline. A skyline is best described as the overall or partial view of a Silhouette of a city's tall buildings and structures consisting of many Skyscrapers Nairobi's skyline has been compared to many Asian and American cities. This is due to a construction boom after independence, and another construction boom in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Most of the skyscrapers in this region are the headquarters of businesses and corporations, such as I&M and the iconic building, Kenyatta international conference center. The United States Embassy bombing took place in this district, prompting the new embassy building to be located in the suburbs.
In 2006, a large beautification project took place in the CBD, as the city prepared to host the 2006 Afri-Cities summit. Iconic buildings such as the Kenyatta International Conference Centre had their exteriors cleaned and repainted. Kenyatta International Conference Centre is a 30-storey building located in Nairobi, Kenya. 
The district is bordered to the south-west by Nairobi's largest park: Uhuru Park and Central Park. Uhuru Park is a recreational Park adjacent to the central business district of Nairobi, Kenya. The Mombasa to Kampala railway runs to the south-east of the district. Mombasa is the second largest City in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. Kampala is the Capital city of Uganda. With a population of 1208544 (2002 it is the largest city in Uganda
Today, many businesses have, or are considering relocating or establishing their headquarters outside the Central Business District. This is because land is cheaper, and better facilities can be easily built and maintained elsewhere. Two areas that are seeing a growth in companies and office-space are Upper Hill, approximately 2 km from the CBD and Westlands, approximately the same distance. Westlands is a suburb of Nairobi that was until the early 1980s composed of residential homes and a few shops which has now developed into a major commercial and economic
Companies that have moved from the CBD to Upper Hill include Citibank and in 2007, Coca Cola began construction on their East and Central African headquarters in Upper Hill, cementing the district as the preferred location for office space in Nairobi. Citibank is a major international Bank, founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York, later First National City Bank of New York. Coca-Cola is a carbonated Soft drink sold in stores restaurants and Vending machines in more than 200 countries East Africa is the Easternmost Region of the African Continent. Central Africa is a core Region of the African Continent often considered to include Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad The largest office development in this area is the Rahimtulla Tower, which is primarily occupied by British firm PriceWaterhouseCoopers. Rahimtulla Tower, also known as the Rahimtulla Trust Building, is the tallest building in the Upper Hill neighbourhood of Nairobi, Kenya The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located PricewaterhouseCoopers (or PwC is one of the world's largest Professional services firms
To accommodate the large demand for floorspace in Nairobi, various commercial projects are being constructed. New business parks are being built in the city, including the flagship Nairobi Business Park. Nairobi Business Park is a flagship Business park located in Nairobi, Kenya. Nairobi is currently being considered by a Middle-Eastern company, interested in building a high-rise headquarters in Africa.
|Times Tower||140 m|
|Teleposta Towers||120 m|
|Kenyatta International Conference Centre||105 m|
|NSSF Building||103 m|
|I&M Bank Tower||100 m|
|Government Office Conference Hall||98 m|
Nairobi is a cosmopolitan and multicultural city. In its most general sense a panorama is any wide view of a physical space Westlands is a suburb of Nairobi that was until the early 1980s composed of residential homes and a few shops which has now developed into a major commercial and economic New Central Bank Tower, also known as Times Tower is a 38 storey office tower in Nairobi, Kenya. Teleposta Towers is the second tallest building in Nairobi, Kenya. Kenyatta International Conference Centre is a 30-storey building located in Nairobi, Kenya. The I&M Bank Tower is a tower located in Nairobi, Kenya. It is located in the Central Business District, on Kenyatta Avenue Rahimtulla Tower, also known as the Rahimtulla Trust Building, is the tallest building in the Upper Hill neighbourhood of Nairobi, Kenya Kenyatta International Conference Centre is a 30-storey building located in Nairobi, Kenya. Since its foundation, Nairobi has maintained a strong British presence, and a lasting legacy from colonial rule. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located This is highlighted by the number of English-named suburbs, including Hurlingham and Parklands. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Parklands Nairobi is a Suburb of Nairobi divided into numbered Avenues.
In the mid twentieth century, many foreigners settled in Nairobi from other British colonies, primarily India and Pakistan. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on The British Empire was the largest empire in history and for over a century was the foremost global power. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and The majority of these immigrants were workers who arrived to construct the Kampala - Mombasa railway, and ended up settling in Nairobi after its completion. Kampala is the Capital city of Uganda. With a population of 1208544 (2002 it is the largest city in Uganda Mombasa is the second largest City in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. Nairobi also has established communities from Somalia and Sudan. Somalia ( Soomaaliya; الصومال) officially the Somali Republic ( Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya, جمهورية الصومال) and formerly known Sudan (officially the Republic of Sudan) ( السودان al-Sūdān is a country in northeastern Africa.
As Nairobi has a diverse and multicultural composition, there are a number of churches, mosques, temples and gurdwaras within the city. Prominent places of worship in Nairobi include the Holy Family Basilica Cathedral, All Saints Cathedral, Ismaili Jamat Khana and Jamia Mosque. Jamia Mosque is a Mosque located on Banda Street Nairobi, Kenya in the Central Business District.
Nairobi has two informal nicknames. The first is "The Green City in the Sun", which is derived from the city's foliage and warm climate.  The second is the "Safari Capital of the World", which is used due to Nairobi's prominence as a hub for safari tourism. 
Nairobi is the home and meeting place of many budding writers and film makers.
Kwani? is Kenya's first literary journal and was established by modern writers living in Nairobi. Kwani? is Kenya 's first literary journal founded in 2003 It was set up by some of Kenya's new writers including Binyavanga Wainaina Nairobi's publishing houses have also produced the works of some of Kenya's best known and most respected authors, including Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Meja Mwangi who were all part of the post-colonial writing boom. Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o (born January 5, 1938) is a Kenyan author formerly working in English and now working in Gĩkũyũ. Meja Mwangi (born 1948 is one of Kenya 's leading novelists Mwangi has worked in the film industry including screenwriting, assistant directing,
Many film makers also practice their craft out of Nairobi. Film-making is still young in the country but people like producer Njeri Karago and director Judy Kibinge are paving the way for others.
Perhaps the most famous book and film set in Nairobi, is Out of Africa. Out of Africa is a memoir by Isak Dinesen, a Nom de plume used by the Danish author Baroness Karen von Blixen-Finecke. The book was written by Karen Blixen (pen name Isak Dinesen), and it is her account of living in Kenya. Baroness Karen von Blixen-Finecke ( April 17, 1885 &ndash September 7, 1962) Née Karen Dinesen, was a The Republic of Kenya is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the north Somalia to the northeast Tanzania to the south Karen Blixen lived in the Nairobi Area from 1917 to 1931 (though the neighbourhood in which she lived, Karen, is named after her cousin Karen Melchior). Karen is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre
In 1985, Out of Africa was made into a film, directed by Sydney Pollack. Out of Africa is a 1985 Film based loosely on the autobiographical book by Isak Dinesen (pseudonym of Karen Blixen) published Sydney Irwin Pollack ( July 1, 1934 – May 26, 2008) was an American Film director, producer and Actor. The film won 28 awards, including 7 Academy Awards. "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film. The popularity of the film prompted the opening of Nairobi's Karen Blixen Museum. The Karen Blixen Museum refers to either of two museums one museum in Denmark, the other in Kenya.
Nairobi is also the setting of many of the novels of Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Kenya's foremost writer. Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o (born January 5, 1938) is a Kenyan author formerly working in English and now working in Gĩkũyũ.
Nairobi has been the set of several other American and British films. United States cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century The United Kingdom has been influential in the technological, commercial and artistic development of cinema. The most recent of these was The Constant Gardener (2005), a large part of which was filmed in the city. The Constant Gardener is a 2005 Drama film directed by Fernando Meirelles. The story revolves around a British diplomat in Nairobi whose wife is murdered in northern Kenya. Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting Negotiations between representatives of groups or states Much of the filming was in the Kibera slum. Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya is the second largest Slum in Africa, the largest being Soweto in South Africa, and has a population
Most new Hollywood films are nowadays screened at Nairobi's cinemas. Up to early 90s there were only few film theatres and the repertoire was scanty. There are also two drive-in cinemas in Nairobi. A drive-in theater is a form of cinema structure consisting of a large outdoor screen a projection booth a Concession stand and a large parking area for automobiles
Nairobi is the centre of the Kenyan music scene. Benga is a Kenyan genre which was developed in Nairobi. There is also Benga in the province of Nyanga, see Benga Gabon Benga is a genre of Kenyan Popular music. The genre evolved between the 1940s and the 1960s, and by the late 1960s, it was the most popular music genre in Kenya. The genre is a fusion of jazz and Luo music forms. Jazz is an American Musical art form which originated in the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States The Luo (also called Jaluo and Joluo) are an ethnic group in Kenya, eastern Uganda, and northern Tanzania.
In the 1970s, Nairobi became the prominent centre for East and Central African music. East Africa is the Easternmost Region of the African Continent. Central Africa is a core Region of the African Continent often considered to include Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad During this period, Nairobi was established as a hub of soukous music. Soukous (also known as Lingala or Congo, and previously as African rumba) is a Musical genre that originated in the two neighbouring countries This genre was born in Kinshasa and Brazzaville. Kinshasa (formerly French: Léopoldville, formerly Dutch: Leopoldstad, German: Leopoldstadt) is the Capital ||-||} Brazzaville is the Capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo and is located on the Congo River. After the political climate in the region deteriorated, many Congolese artists relocated to Nairobi. The Congo Crisis (1960-1965 was a period of turmoil in the First Republic of the Congo that began with national independence Artists such as Orchestra Super Mazembe moved from Congo to Nairobi and found great success. Orchestra Super Mazembe was a popular band based in Kenya playing Lingala ( Soukous) music The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo often referred to as DR Congo, DRC or RDC, and formerly known or referred to  Virgin records became aware of the popularity of the genre and signed recording contracts with several soukous artists. Virgin Records is a British Record label founded by English entrepreneur Richard Branson, Simon Draper, and Nik Powell Soukous (also known as Lingala or Congo, and previously as African rumba) is a Musical genre that originated in the two neighbouring countries
More recently, Nairobi has become the centre of the Kenyan hip hop scene. Kenyan Hip-Hop music has become very popular among local youth lately The genre has become very popular amongst the East African youth, and Nairobi acts have become some of the most popular in the region. East Africa is the Easternmost Region of the African Continent. Successful artists based in Nairobi include Nonini and Nameless, and record labels based in the city include Ogopa DJs. Nonini (born October 2, 1982) whose real name is Hubert Nakitare, is a Kenyan hip hop artist originally signed to Calif Records David Mathenge (born August 1976 better known by his stage name Nameless, is a Kenyan pop artist signed to the Ogopa DJ's record label Ogopa DJs are a Kenyan Music production team and Record label formed in the late-1990s which gained regional fame and popularity due to standards of their Genge music, a subgenre of hip hop, was born in Nairobi. Genge music is a genre of hip hop music that had its beginnings in Nairobi, Kenya. Hip hop is a cultural movement which developed in New York City in the 1970s primarily among African Americans and Latinos.
Hip-hop has become a major part of the youth's culture in Nairobi. While some rock and alternative music can be found, the most popular types among black Africans are hip-hop and raggamuffin.  Raggamuffin is a more Americanized version of Reggae music, openly acceptive of drugs. In fact, Bob Marley made marijuana standardly used among Raggamuffin fans. 
Many foreign musicians who tour Africa, perform and visit Nairobi. Bob Marley's first ever visit to Africa started in Nairobi. Robert "Bob" Nesta Marley OM (February 6 1945 – May 11 1981 was a Jamaican Musician, Singer-songwriter and Rastafarian Acts that have performed in Nairobi recently include Shaggy, Sean Paul and Ja Rule. Orville Richard Burrell (born October 22 1968 Kingston, Jamaica) better known by his stage name Shaggy, is a Jamaican American Reggae Sean Paul Henriques (born January 8 1973) in Upper Saint Andrew Parish, a few miles north of his birthplace Jeffrey Atkins (born February 29 1976 Music career Atkins began his rap career in 1994 with the group Cash Money Click Nairobi has number of nightclubs in the CBD as well as suburbs. Some of them are open through the night, many customers are hesitant to leave before morning due to nightly insecurity.
Nairobi is East Africa's sporting centre. The premier sports facility in Nairobi is the Moi International Sports Centre in the suburb of Kasarani. Moi International Sports Centre (MISC is a multi-use Stadium in Kasarani, outskirts of Nairobi, Kenya. The complex was completed in 1987, and was used to host the 1987 All Africa Games. The All-Africa Games, sometimes called the African Games or Pan African Games, are a regional Multi-sport event held every four years organized by the The complex comprises a 60,000 seater stadium, the second largest in East Africa (after Tanzania's new national stadium), a 5,000 seater gymnasium, and a 2,000 seater aquatics centre. A modern stadium (plural stadiums or stadia in English is a place or venue for (mostly outdoor Sports Concerts or other events consisting East Africa is the Easternmost Region of the African Continent. The word γυμνάσιον (gymnasion was used in Ancient Greece, meaning a locality for both physical and intellectual Education of young men (see Gymnasium 
Nyayo National Stadium is Nairobi's second largest stadium. Nyayo National Stadium is a multi-use Stadium in Nairobi, Kenya. Completed in 1983, the stadium has a capacity of 30,000.  This stadium is primarily used for football. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered The facility is located close to the Central Business District, which makes it a convenient location for political gatherings. A central business district ( CBD) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city
Nairobi City Stadium is the city's first stadium, and used for club football. Nairobi City Stadium is a multi-use Stadium in Nairobi, Kenya. Nairobi Gymkhana is the home of the Kenyan cricket team, and was a venue for the 2003 Cricket World Cup. Nairobi Gymkhana Club is a Cricket ground and team in Nairobi, Kenya. The Kenya national cricket team is the team that represents the country of Kenya in international Cricket matches The 2003 Cricket World Cup ( Official name: ICC Cricket World Cup 2003) was played in South Africa from February 9 to March 24. Notable annual events staged in Nairobi include Safari Rally (although it lost its World Rally Championship status in 2003), Safari Sevens rugby union tournament, and Nairobi Marathon. The Safari Rally is considered by many to be the world's toughest rally. History Early The World Rally Championship was formed from well-known international rallies nine of which were previously part of the International Championship The Safari Sevens is an annual Rugby sevens tournament held in Kenya. Overview See also Playing rugby union A rugby union match lasts for 80 minutes (plus stoppage time with a short Nairobi Marathon is an annual Marathon held in Nairobi, Kenya.
Football is the most popular sport in the city by viewership and participation. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered This is highlighted by the number of football clubs in the city, including Mathare United, AFC Leopards, Gor Mahia and Tusker FC. Mathare United is an Kenyan football club based in Mathare slums of Nairobi. AFC Leopards SC often simply known as "AFC" or "the Leopards" is a soccer club based in Nairobi that was founded in 1964 Gor Mahia is a football club based in Nairobi, Kenya. It is one of the two most popular Kenyan football clubs (the other is local rivals AFC Leopards Tusker FC is a football club based in Nairobi, Kenya. It is the third most successful club in Kenya with eight Kenyan league championships and three Kenyan cup
There are six golf courses within a 20km radius of Nairobi. A golf course consists of a series of holes each consisting of a Teeing ground, Fairway, rough and other hazards and a green with a pin and cup all designed for The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand  The oldest 18-hole golf course in the city is the Royal Nairobi Golf Club, founded in 1906 by the British, just seven years after the city was founded. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was the formal name of the United Kingdom from 1 January 1801 until 12 April 1927 Other notable golf clubs include the Windsor Country Club, Karen Country Club and Muthaiga Country Club. The Muthaiga Country Club is a Club in Nairobi, Kenya. It is located in the affluent suburb of Muthaiga, about 15 minutes drive from the city The Kenya Open golf tournament, which is part of the Challenge Tour, takes place in Nairobi. The Kenya Open is a Golf tournament in Kenya. It has been played since 1967 and has been a Challenge Tour event since 1991 The Challenge Tour is the second tier men's professional Golf tour in Europe. 
Nairobi is not a prime tourist destination, but it does have several tourist attractions. The most famous is the Nairobi National Park. Nairobi National Park is a National park in Kenya. Established in 1946 the national park was Kenya's first The national park is unique, in being the only game-reserve of this nature to border a capital city, or city of this size. The park contains many animals including lions and giraffes. The lion ( Panthera leo) is a member of the family Felidae and one of four Big cats in the Genus Panthera. The giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African Even-toed ungulate Mammal, the tallest of all land-living Animal Species The park is home to over 400 species of bird,.
Nairobi is home to several museums. The National Museum of Kenya is the largest in the city. The National Museums of Kenya (NMK is a governmental body maintaining museums and monuments in Kenya. It houses a large collection of artefacts, including the full remains of a homo erectus boy. Homo erectus ( Latin: "upright man" is an extinct species of the genus Homo, believed to have been the first hominin Other prominent museums include the Nairobi Railway Museum and the Karen Blixen Museum. The Nairobi Railway Museum contains exhibits for the three railways constituting the defunct East African Railways. The Karen Blixen Museum refers to either of two museums one museum in Denmark, the other in Kenya.
Nairobi is nicknamed the Safari Capital of the World, and has many hotels to cater for safari-bound tourists. Five star hotels in Nairobi include the Nairobi Serena, Grand Regency, Windsor (Karen), Holiday Inn, East African Safari Club (Lilian Towers), The Stanley Hotel, Safari Park & Casino, InterContinental, Panari Hotel, Hilton, and the Norfolk Hotel. Serena Hotel is a hotel chain that operates in Afghanistan, Kenya, Mozambique, Pakistan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda Holiday Inn is a Brand name applied to Hotels within the InterContinental Hotels Group (IHG InterConinental is a brand of upscale luxury Hotels originally founded by Pan Am, under Juan Trippe, and now owned by InterContinental Hotels Group UH Hilton Hoteljpg|thumbnail|right|The Hilton University of Houston in Houston Texas, located on the campus of the University of Houston, contains the Hilton College of
Nairobi is also home to the largest ice rink in Africa: the Solar Ice Rink at the Panari Sky Centre. An Ice rink is a frozen body of Water where people can Ice skate or play winter sports The Solar Ice Rink is an Ice rink located in Nairobi, Kenya. The rink is located in the Panari Sky Centre, a large retail leisure and hotel accommodation The rink, opened in 2005, covers 15,000 square feet (1,400 m²) and can accommodate 200 people. 
Other notable sites include Jomo Kenyatta's mausoleum, Kenya National Theatre and the Kenya National Archives. Jomo Kenyatta ( October 20, 1894 &ndash August 22, 1978) served as the first Prime Minister (1963&ndash1964 and President A mausoleum ( plural: mausolea is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or persons Kenya National Theatre is a national organisation in Kenya for bringing performing artists together Art galleries in Nairobi include the Rahimtulla Museum of Modern Art (Ramoma) and the Mzizi Arts Centre.
Nairobi is served primarily by Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, formerly called Embakasi Airport and Nairobi International Airport, is Kenya 's largest Aviation facility It is the largest airport in East and Central Africa. East Africa is the Easternmost Region of the African Continent. Central Africa is a core Region of the African Continent often considered to include Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad  and handled over 4. 4 million passengers in 2006.  The airport is a major transit hub for passengers flying to East Africa's natural attractions, and other smaller cities in East and Central Africa. The airport is situated 20km from Nairobi's Central Business District, and is served by taxis, shuttle services and coaches. A central business district ( CBD) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city The airport directly serves intercontinental passengers from Europe and Asia.
Wilson Airport is a small, busy airport to the south of Nairobi. Wilson Airport is located five kilometres south of Nairobi, Kenya, next to Langata, South c and Kibera. It handles small aircraft that generally operate within Kenya, although some offer services to other East African destinations.
Eastleigh Airport was the original landing strip in the pre-jet airline era. Moi Air Base, formerly known as RAF Eastleigh and Eastleigh Airport ( ICAO airport code: HKRE is a military airport located to the east of Nairobi A jet aircraft is an Aircraft propelled by Jet engines Jet aircraft fly much faster than Propeller -powered aircraft and at higher altitudes -- as high as An airline provides air transport services for Passengers or Freight, generally with a recognized operating certificate or license It was used in a landing point on the 1930s and 1940s British passenger and mail route from Southampton to Cape Town. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Mail, or post, is a method for transmitting information and tangible objects wherein written Documents typically enclosed in Envelopes and also Southampton ( IPA /ˌsaʊθˈhæmptən/ is the largest city in the county of Hampshire, on the south coast of England Cape Town (Kaapstad Xhosa: Ikapa) is the second most populous city in South Africa, forming part of the metropolitan municipality of the This route was served by flying boats between Britain and Kisumu and then by land-based aircraft on the routes to the south. A flying boat is a specialised form of Aircraft that is designed to take off from and land on water using its Fuselage as a floating hull. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Kisumu is a Port city in western Kenya at 1131m with a population of 355024 (1999 census The airport is now a military base. Etymology The word bases is first recorded in English language from c
Buses are the most common form of public transport in Nairobi. Matatus, privately owned minibuses, are the most popular form of local transport, and generally seat fourteen to twenty-four. Types of vehicle Share taxis come in various Vehicle types including Minibuses Midibuses covered Pickup trucks Station wagons Matatus operate within Nairobi and from Nairobi to other towns. The matatu's destination is imprinted on the side of the bus. Matatus plying specific routes have specific route numbers. Matatus were easily distinguishable by their extravagant paint schemes. Owners would paint their matatu with their favourite football team or hip hop artist. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered Hip hop music, also referred to as rap music, is a Music genre typically consisting of a rhythmic vocal style called rap which is accompanied with They were notorious for their poor safety records, which was a result of overcrowding and reckless driving. Matatu drivers were pressured to make as many round trips as possible to maximize profits for their operator. They are very popular within the city. Most are equipped with high music systems which attract customers as competition is very high between matatus. The more round trips with the more customers basically means more money for the workers and the owners.
However, in 2004 a law was passed in which all matatus had to include seat-belts, speed governors, and all be painted in a uniform white with yellow band across it. At first, this caused a furore amongst matatu operators, but they were pressured by government and public to make the changes. Matatus are now limited to 80 km/h. (For the South African airport with IATA code "KMH" see Johan Pienaar Airport. 
Citi Hoppa is the newest bus fleet operating in Nairobi. Run privately, the Citi Hoppa offer relatively modern buses on many routes within the city. The Citi Hoppa buses are distinguishable by their green livery. It is now the leading bus operator in Nairobi, after Bustrack fell along with its mother company, Kenya Bus Services.
Nairobi was founded as a railway town, and the Kenya Railways (KR) main headquarters are still situated there, near the city centre. Kenya Railways Corporation ( KRC) also Kenya Railways ( KR) is the national Railway of Kenya. The line runs through Nairobi, from Mombasa to Kampala. Mombasa is the second largest City in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. Kampala is the Capital city of Uganda. With a population of 1208544 (2002 it is the largest city in Uganda Its main use is freight traffic, but regular nightly passenger trains connect Mombasa, Nairobi and Kisumu. A number of morning and evening commuter trains connect the centre with the suburbs, but the city has no proper light rail, tramway or subway lines. A JKI airport shuttle rail service is being contemplated.
Nairobi is also the junction for a branch railway to Nanyuki. Nanyuki is a Market town in central Kenya, lying north west of Mount Kenya along the A2 road and at the terminus of the branch railway
Nairobi is home to most of Kenya's news and media organisations. The city is also home to East Africa's largest newspapers: the Daily Nation and the The Standard. The Daily Nation, an independent Newspaper, is the most influential newspaper in Kenya with a daily circulation of about 205000 copies. The Standard is an important Newspaper in Kenya with a 20% market share and Kenya's oldest newspaper These are circulated within Kenya and cover a range of domestic and regional issues. Both newspapers are published in English.
Kenya Television Network is the largest television station based in Nairobi. Kenya Television Network (KTN is a leading Television station in Kenya with its headquarters at the I & M Towers in downtown Nairobi. It generally broadcasts business news for Kenya and the continent. Kenya Broadcasting Corporation, a state-run television and radio station, is also headquartered in the city. Kenya Broadcasting Corporation (KBC is the state-run media ( Radio and Television) organization of Kenya. The Nation Newspaper also runs a TV Station that broadcasts from and is based in Nairobi.
GTV launches expand to region- GTV a pan African pay Television has set up its African office in Kenya that will serve as the hub for the whole of the continent via satellite transmission to over 48 countries. GTV services across Africa will run through Gateway Broadcasting Services, a subsidiary of Gateway Communications that provides satellite infrastructure to most telecoms and corporations in Africa.
Several multinational media organizations have their regional headquarters in Nairobi. These include the BBC, CNN, Agence France-Presse, Reuters, and the Associated Press. Cable News Network, usually referred to by its Initialism CNN, is a major English language Television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner Agence France-Presse ( AFP) is the oldest News agency in the world and one of the three largest with Associated Press and Reuters. This article is primarily about Reuters prior to its 2008 merger with Thomson The Associated Press ( AP) is an American News agency. The AP is a Cooperative owned by its contributing Newspapers radio The East African bureau of CNBC Africa is located in Nairobi. CNBC Africa is a television service for Sub-Saharan Africa which was launched by CNBC and Africa Business News Limited on June 1, 2007
Kiss 100FM is one of the most popular radio stations in Nairobi. Kiss 100 FM
There are wide variety of standards of living in Nairobi. Most wealthy Kenyans live in Nairobi but the majority of Nairobians are poor. Half of the population have been estimated to live in slums which cover just 5% of the city area. A slum, as defined by the United Nations agency UN-HABITAT, is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing and squalor and lacking in tenure security The growth of these slums is a result of urbanization, poor town planning and the unavailability of loans for low income earners. Urbanizationn (also spelled urbanisation) is the physical growth of Urban areas into rural or natural land as a result of population in-migration to an existing
Kibera is the one of the largest slums in Africa, and is situated to the west of Nairobi. Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya is the second largest Slum in Africa, the largest being Soweto in South Africa, and has a population ("Kibera" is the Nubian word for "forest"). The slums cover two square kilometres and is on government land. Kibera has been the setting for several films, the most recent being The Constant Gardener. The Constant Gardener is a 2005 Drama film directed by Fernando Meirelles.
Other notable slums include Mathare and Korogocho. Mathare is a collection of Slums in Nairobi, Kenya with a population of approximately 500000 people the population of Mathare Valley alone the oldest Altogether, 66 areas are counted as slums within Nairobi. 
Many Nairobi non slum-dwellers live in relatively good housing conditions. Large houses can be found in many neighbourhoods, especially to the west of Nairobi. Historically, British immigrants have settled in Langata and Karen. Lang'ata is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre and east of Karen. Karen is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre Other middle and high income estates include Parklands, Westlands, Hurlingham, Milimani and Nairobi Hill. Parklands Nairobi is a Suburb of Nairobi divided into numbered Avenues. Westlands is a suburb of Nairobi that was until the early 1980s composed of residential homes and a few shops which has now developed into a major commercial and economic
To accommodate the growing middle class, many new apartments and housing developments are being built in and around the city. The most notable development is Greenpark, at Athi River town, 25 km from Nairobi's CBD. This is an article on Athi River town See also Athi-Galana-Sabaki River Athi River is a town outside Nairobi, Kenya. Over 5,000 houses, villas and apartments are being constructed at this development, including leisure, retail and commercial facilities.  The development is being marketed at families, as are most others within the city.
Nairobi has experienced some of the highest growth rates of any city in Africa. Since its foundation in 1899, Nairobi has grown to become the largest city in East Africa, despite being the youngest large city in the region. East Africa is the Easternmost Region of the African Continent. The growth rate of Nairobi is currently 6. 9%.  It is estimated that Nairobi's population will reach 5 million in 2015. 
Throughout the 1990s, Nairobi had struggled with rising crime, earning a reputation for being a dangerous city and the nickname "Nairobbery". In the sociological field, crime is the breach of a rule or Law for which some governing authority or force may ultimately prescribe a Punishment In 2001, the United Nations International Civil Service Commission rated Nairobi as among the most insecure cities in the world, classifying the city as "status C. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security " The head of one development agency cited the "notoriously high levels of violent armed robberies, burglaries and carjackings.  Crime had risen in Nairobi as a result of urbanization. Urbanizationn (also spelled urbanisation) is the physical growth of Urban areas into rural or natural land as a result of population in-migration to an existing As a security precaution, most large houses have a watch guard, burglar grills, and dogs to patrol their grounds during the night. Most though occur around the poor neighborhoods where it gets dangerous during night hours.
Crime has since decreased in the city, due to increased security and an improved police presence. The government has taken measures to combat crime with heavy police presence in and around the city. The government further announced its intention to employ over 20,000 new police officers to boost its war on criminal and gang activities in the country.
Nairobi is home to several universities. Kenyatta University, located in Nairobi, Kenya is the second largest public university in the country (after University of Nairobi)
The Walrus is a Canadian general interest Magazine which publishes long form journalism on Canadian and international affairs along with fiction and A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system.