The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) is a UK charity campaigning and working in child protection and the prevention of cruelty to, and abuse of, children. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The definition of charitable organization, and of charity varies according to the country and in some instances the region of the country in which the charitable organization operates Child abuse is the physical, psychological or sexual maltreatment of children
The NSPCC lobbies the government on issues relating to child welfare, and creates campaigns for the general public, with the intention of raising awareness of child protection issues.
It also operates both the NSPCC Child Protection Helpline, offering support to anyone concerned about a child, and Childline offering support to children themselves. ChildLine is a Charity and free 24 hour counselling service for young people provided by The NSPCC. The NSPCC merged with Childline in 1996. In addition to the telephone helplines, NSPCC runs a similar online service called there4me. com.
The charity also runs 177 local services. These offer general family support, as well as more specific services such as working with families with alcohol problems.
The NSPCC is the only UK charity which has been granted statutory powers under the Children Act 1989, allowing it to apply for care and supervision orders for children at risk. The Children Act 1989 is a British Act of Parliament that altered the law in regard to children  As of June 2007, the NSPCC operated ten teams of child protection social workers. 
The first child cruelty case in Britain was brought by the RSPCA; the court charge list described the affected child as "a small animal", because at the time there were no laws in Britain to protect children from mistreatment. Child abuse is the physical, psychological or sexual maltreatment of children This article is about the original RSPCA in England and Wales This case was successful.
The NSPCC was founded in 1884 as the London Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (London SPCC) by Benjamin Waugh. Year 1884 ( MDCCCLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Reverend Benjamin Waugh ( February 20, 1839 &ndash March 11, 1908) was a Victorian social reformer and campaigner who founded the After five years of campaigning by the London SPCC, Parliament passed the first ever UK law to protect children from abuse and neglect in 1889. The London SPCC was renamed the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children in 1889, because by then it had branches across Great Britain and Ireland. See also Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain (Breatainn Mhòr Prydain Fawr Breten Veur Graet Breetain is the larger of the two main islands Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world
The NSPCC was granted its Royal Charter in 1895, when Queen Victoria became its first Royal Patron. Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901 was from 20 June 1837 the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland It did not change its title to "Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children" or similar, as the name NSPCC was already well established, and to avoid confusion with the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), which had already existed for more than fifty years. This article is about the original RSPCA in England and Wales This article is about the original RSPCA in England and Wales Today, the NSPCC works in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, and the Channel Islands. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of The Channel Islands ( Norman: Îles d'la Manche, French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche) are a group of Islands Children 1st - formerly the Royal Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children - is the NSPCC's equivalent in Scotland. CHILDREN 1ST is a Scottish charity which aims to give every child in Scotland a safe and secure childhood CHILDREN 1ST is a Scottish charity which aims to give every child in Scotland a safe and secure childhood Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. The NSPCC's organisation in the Republic of Ireland was taken up by the newly-founded Irish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (ISPCC) in March 1954. Ireland ( Irish: Éire, ˈeːrʲə is a country in north-western Europe.
In February 2006, the charity ChildLine joined together with the NSPCC. ChildLine is a Charity and free 24 hour counselling service for young people provided by The NSPCC.
Since 2002, the Chairman of the NSPCC has been Sir Christopher Kelly KCB, formerly a senior Civil Servant. Sir Christopher William Kelly, KCB (born 18 August 1946) is a former senior British Civil Servant who is currently the Chairman of the The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly The Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British Order of chivalry founded by George See also Bureaucrat The term civil service has two distinct meanings Branch of governmental service in which individuals are hired on the basis The Chief Executive is Dame Mary Marsh DBE. Dame Mary Elizabeth Marsh DBE is the Chief Executive of the NSPCC (UK National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
The NSPCC's stated core values are based on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, often referred to as CRC or UNCRC, is an international convention setting out the civil political
The NSPCC's campaigning role has often been controversial. The Guardian has claimed that a report by New Philanthropy Capital recently concluded that its campaigning is "flawed and naive" and that there is "zero evidence" that £250m the NSPCC has spent on its recent "Full Stop" campaign actually benefited any children . The Guardian (until 1959 The Manchester Guardian) is a British Newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. New Philanthropy Capital (NPC is a charitable organisation based in London.
The NSPCC also received complaints, amongst other things, for "cold" mailing young mothers with a "babies' names" booklet containing instead a detailed list of the deaths of babies.  The charity also supports mandatory sex education for all children, and has argued against the view that marriage is necessarily the only way to create stable relationships .
In recent years, the charity has faced criticism for its stance on contact visits to children following parents' separation. The NSPCC has consistently opposed an automatic right of contact for both parents, arguing that this is not necessarily in the best interests of the child. This stance has led to criticism both in parliament  and by the fathers' rights group Fathers4Justice. Fathers 4 Justice (or F4J) began as a fathers’ rights organisation in the United Kingdom. In fact, in 2004 the London headquarters of NSPCC were briefly invaded and occupied by Fathers4Justice supporters, claiming that the NSPCC "ignores the plight of 100 children a day who lose contact with their fathers" and that they promote a "portrayal of men as violent abusers. "
The NSPCC also faced criticism for failing (along with other organizations) to do enough to help Victoria Climbié and prevent her death, and also for misleading the inquiry into her death. Victoria Adjo Climbié (2 November 1991–20 February 2000 was abused and murdered by her guardians in London, England in 2000 .
The organisation has also faced criticism for its allegedly increasing obsession with publicity and advertising, for fear mongering and supposedly fabricating or exaggerating facts and figures in its research. Fear mongering (or scaremongering) is the use of Fear to leverage the opinions and actions of others towards some end In an article on Spiked, Frank Furedi professor of sociology at the University of Kent, branded it a "lobby group devoted to publicising its peculiar brand of anti-parent propaganda and promoting itself. Spiked (also written as sp!ked) is a British Internet magazine focusing on politics culture and society Frank Furedi (born 1947 in Hungary) is professor of Sociology at the University of Kent, UK. "
The NSPCC responded to criticism about it's spending suggesting that raising awareness of child cruelty was essential and that lobbying was more effective than direct projects.  David Hinchliffe, Labour MP, supported this approach, stating that the NSPCC's role should be about raising awareness. David Martin Hinchliffe (born 14 October 1948) is a politician in the United Kingdom. 
Criticism has also come from anti-gay campaigners due to the charities support for reducing the homosexual age of consent to 16. Conservative MP Gerald Howarth withdrew his support for the Full Stop campaign due to the charities support for this legislation. James Gerald Douglas Howarth known as Gerald Howarth (born 12 September 1947, Guildford, Surrey) is a British politician 
During the late 1980s and early 1990s, a moral panic emerged over alleged ritual satanic abuse. A moral panic can be defined as "the intensity of feeling expressed by a large number of people about a specific group of people who appear to threaten the social order at a given The NSPCC provided a publication known as 'Satanic Indicators' to social services around the country that has been blamed for some social workers panicing and making false accusations. The most prominent of these cases was in Rochdale in 1990 when up to 20 children were taken from their homes and parents after social services believed them to be involved in satanic or occult ritual abuse. Rochdale is a large Market town in Greater Manchester, England The allegations were later found out to be false. The case was the subject of a BBC documentary which featured recordings of the interviews made by NSPCC social workers, revealing that flawed techniques and leading questions were used to gain evidence of abuse from the children. In Common law systems that rely on Testimony by witnesses a leading question is a question that suggests the answer or contains the information the examiner is looking The documentary claimed that the social services were wrongly convinced, by organisations such as the NSPCC, that abuse was occurring and so rife that they made allegations before any evidence was considered. 
Susan J. Creighton, "Organized Abuse: The NSPCC Experience", Child Abuse Review; Volume 2, Issue 4 (1993), p. 232-242.
Jean La Fontaine, The Extent and Nature of Organised and Ritual Sexual Abuse of Children, HMSO, 1994.
and for a fuller account:
Jean La Fontaine, Speak of the Devil: Tales of Satanic Abuse in Contemporary England, Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Department of Health and Social Services Inspectorate. North West Region, Inspection of child protection services in Rochdale , Manchester: Social Services Inspectorate. North West Region, 1990, viii, 33pp.
Clyde, James J. , The report of the inquiry into the removal of children from Orkney in February 1991 , Edinburgh : HMSO , 1992, xiv, 363pp. ISBN: 0102195935.
Department of Health and Social Security and Welsh Office, Working Together: a guide to arrangements for inter-agency co-operation for the protection of children from abuse , London : HMSO, 1988, 72pp. ISBN: 0113211546.
Eleanor Stobart, Child abuse linked to accusations of "possession" and "witchcraft", Nottingham : Department for Education and Skills, 2006.