Wild Mustard (Brassica campestris)
See text. Plants are living Organisms belonging to the kingdom Plantae. The flowering plants or angiosperms ( Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta) are the most widespread group Dicotyledons, or "dicots", is a name for a group of Flowering plants whose Seed typically has two embryonic leaves or Cotyledons There The Brassicales are an order of Flowering plants belonging to the Eurosids II group of Dicotyledons under the APG II system Brassicaceae or Cruciferae, also known as the crucifers, the mustard family or cabbage family is a family (the third lowest primary
Mustards are several plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis whose small mustard seeds are used as a spice and, by grinding and mixing them with water, vinegar or other liquids, are turned into a condiment also known as mustard. Brassica ( Brás-si-ca) is a genus of plants in the mustard family ( Brassicaceae) Sinapis is a genus of plants in the family Brassicaceae. One of the species in this genus is White mustard ( S Mustard seeds are the small seeds of the various Mustard plants The seeds are about 2 mm in diameter and may be colored from yellowish white to black A spice is a dried Seed, Fruit, Root, Bark or vegetative substance used in Nutritionally insignificant quantities as a Food additive A condiment is a prepared edible substance or Mixture, often preserved or fermented (usually a liquid that is added in relatively small Mustard is a thick yellowish-brown paste with a sharp taste made from the ground seeds of a Mustard plant (white or yellow mustard Sinapis hirta The seeds are also pressed to make mustard oil, and the edible leaves can be eaten as mustard greens. The term mustard oil is used for two different oils that are made from Mustard seeds a fatty Vegetable oil resulting from pressing the seeds Leaf vegetables, also called potherbs, greens, or leafy greens, are plant leaves eaten as a Vegetable, sometimes accompanied
Mild white mustard (Sinapis hirta) grows wild in North Africa, the Middle East and Mediterranean Europe and has spread farther by long cultivation; brown or Indian mustard (B. juncea), originally from the foothills of the Himalaya, is grown commercially in the UK, Canada and the US; black mustard (B. nigra) in Argentina, Chile, the US and some European countries. White mustard ( Sinapis alba) is an Annual plant of the family Cruciferae. North Africa or Northern Africa is the Northernmost Region of the African Continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan The Middle East is a Subcontinent with no clear boundaries often used as a synonym to Near East, in opposition to Far East. Tillage is the agricultural preparation of the Soil by Ploughing ripping or turning it Brassica juncea, also known as mustard greens, Indian mustard and leaf mustard, is a species of Mustard plant. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Brassica nigra ( black mustard) is an annual weedy plant cultivated for its seeds which are commonly used as a Spice. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics. Chile, officially the Republic of Chile ( Spanish:) is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow Coastal strip wedged between the The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Canada grows 90% of all the mustard seed for the international market. The Canadian province of Saskatchewan produces almost half of the world's supply of mustard seed. Saskatchewan (səˈskætʃəwən) is a prairie province in Canada, which has an area of 588276 
In addition to the mustards, the genus Brassica also includes cabbages, cauliflower, rapeseed and turnips. The cabbage ( Brassica oleracea var capitata) is a leafy garden plant of the Family Brassicaceae (or Cruciferae used as a Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea, in the family Brassicaceae. Rapeseed ( Brassica napus) also known as rape, oilseed rape, rapa, rapaseed and (in the case of one particular group of For similar vegetables also called "turnip" see Turnip (disambiguation.
Although the varieties of mustard are well-established crops in Hellenistic and Roman times, which leads to the assumption that it was brought into cultivation at an earlier time, Zohary and Hopf note that "there are almost no archeological records available for any of these crops. This article focuses on the cultural aspects of the Hellenistic age for the historical aspects see Hellenistic period. The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial " Wild forms of mustard and its relatives the radish and turnip can be found over west Asia and Europe, suggesting that their domestication took place somewhere in that area. The radish ( Raphanus sativus) is an edible Root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family that was domesticated in Europe in pre- For similar vegetables also called "turnip" see Turnip (disambiguation. However Zohary and Hopf conclude, "Suggestions as to the origins of these plants are necessarily based on linguistic considerations. "
There has been recent research into varieties of mustards that have a high oil content for use in the production of biodiesel, a renewable liquid fuel similar to diesel fuel. Biodiesel refers to a non-petroleum-based Diesel fuel consisting of short chain Alkyl ( Methyl or ethyl) Esters made by Renewable energy is Energy generated from Natural resources mdashsuch as Sunlight, Wind, Rain, tides and geothermal Diesel or Diesel fuel (ˈdiːzəl in general is any Fuel used in Diesel engines The most common is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum The biodiesel made from mustard oil has good cold flow properties and cetane ratings. Cetane number or CN is a measurement of the Combustion quality of Diesel fuel during compression ignition The leftover meal after pressing out the oil has also been found to be an effective pesticide. A pesticide is a substance or mixture of substances used to kill a pest. 
An interesting genetic relationship between many species of mustard has been observed, and is described as the Triangle of U. Genetics (from Ancient Greek grc-Latn genetikos, “genitive” and that from grc-Latn genesis, “origin” a discipline of Biology, is In Biology, a species is one of the basic units of Biological classification and a Taxonomic rank. The Triangle of U is a theory about the evolution and relationships between members of the Plant Genus Brassica.