|Operas by Antonio Vivaldi|
Motezuma is an opera in three acts by Antonio Vivaldi with an Italian libretto by Girolamo Giusti. Ottone in villa ( Ottone in the city) was the first Opera by Antonio Vivaldi. Orlando finto pazzo is the second Italian Opera by Antonio Vivaldi created in 1714. Teuzzone is the fourth Italian Opera produced by Antonio Vivaldi created in 1719. Tito Manlio (RV 738 is an opera in three acts by Antonio Vivaldi. Ercole su'l Termodonte ( Hercules in Thermodon) is a baroque Italian opera in three acts Farnace (Italian spelling for Pharnaces) is the title of several Baroque operas to the same libretto by Antonio Maria Lucchini. Orlando furioso is an Opera in three acts by Antonio Vivaldi to an Italian Libretto by Grazio Braccioli, based on the poem of the Argippo (RV 697 is an Opera by Antonio Vivaldi that premiered in the opera theatre of Count Sporck Prague in 1730 Bajazet (pronounced bajazˌe; also called Il Tamerlano) is an Italian Opera composed by Antonio Vivaldi in 1735. Opera is an art form in which Singers and Musicians perform a Dramatic work (called an opera which combines a text (called a Libretto A libretto is the text used in an extended Musical work such as an Opera, Operetta, Masque, sacred or secular Oratorio and Girolamo Alvise Giusti ( Venice, 1709 - Milan, 1766 was an Italian Libretto writer The first performance was given in the Teatro Sant'Angelo in Venice on 14 November 1733. Teatro Sant'Angelo (Saint Angelo Theatre was an opera house in Venice, Italy. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the Events 1533 - Conquistadors from Spain under the leadership of Francisco Pizarro arrive in Cajamarca, Inca Year 1733 ( MDCCXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a (In earlier reference books the opera is referred to as Montezuma, but since the reappearance of the original manuscript this has been corrected to Motezuma. )
The music was supposed to be have been lost, but it was discovered in 2002 in the archive of the music library of the Sing-Akademie zu Berlin, an independent old choral association with a rich musical tradition. The Berlin Singakademie (formal name Sing-Akademie zu Berlin) is a musical (originally Choral) society founded in Berlin in 1791 by Carl Friedrich After World War II their library was invaded by the Red Army, and taken to the USSR. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Eventually it ended up in Kiev, now in Ukraine, where it was discovered by the musicologist Steffen Voss, although the beginning of the first act and a fragment of the third missing. Kiev, also known as Kyiv ( Ukrainian:, Kyiv, ˈkɪjiw Russian:, Kiyev; see also Cities' alternative names) is the Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe. Musicologists started working on obtaining a performable version.
A concert version of the opera, apparently the first performance since the 18th century, was performed on 11 June 2005 in the Concert Hall De Doelen in Rotterdam conducted by Federico Maria Sardelli. Events 1184 BC - Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned according to the calculations of Eratosthenes. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Rotterdam (pronounced) is the 2nd-largest City by population in the Netherlands, located in the province of Federico Maria Sardelli is mainly known as conductor composer musicologist and flautist
On July 18 2005, a version of Motezuma was supposed to have been performed by the Operabarga Festival in Barga Italy, also conducted by Sardelli. Events 390 BC - Roman - Gaulish Wars Battle of the Allia - a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, The Opera Barga Festival is an annual opera festival held in July in the town of Barga, Italy. Barga is a medieval town and Comune of the Province of Lucca in Tuscany, central Italy. It did not happen due to a copyright dispute, as noted below.
The modern world premiere was held on 21 September 2005 in Düsseldorf as part of the Altstadtherbst Kulturfestival, in a production by Uwe Schmitz-Gielsdorf, designed by Paolo Atzori, with l’Orchestra Modo Antiquo conducted again by Sardelli. Düsseldorf (ˈdʏsəldɔɐf is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
There is also a Deutsche Grammophon recording available, by Il Complesso Barocco, conducted by Alan Curtis. Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical Record label. The company has long been known for its high standards of audio fidelity. Alan Curtis may refer to Alan Curtis (American actor (1909-1953 Alan Curtis (British actor (born 1930 English actor and announcer
Perhaps as part of their bid to become acceptable to the European Union, Ukraine returned all the books from the Sing-Akademie to their rightful owners. The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in A Book is a set or collection of written printed illustrated or blank sheets made of Paper, Parchment, or other material usually fastened together The archive decided to organize their collection, apparently also restricting access, and supposedly having plans to publish their manuscripts. A manuscript is any Document that is Written by hand as opposed to being printed or reproduced in some other way
The Sing-Akademie asserted that they had full copyright, including derivative rights such as performance rights, to the opera. Copyright is a legal concept enacted by Governments, giving the creator of an original work of authorship Exclusive rights to control its distribution usually for While common sense would lead one to believe that a work presented in 1733 would not have copyright protection (and, even if so, that only Vivaldi's heirs would have these rights) the judicial case was not clear.
The Rotterdam performance went ahead only after a substantial payment to the Sing-Akademie, and the Barga performance was halted by an injunction, with a potential 250,000 Euro penalty for non-compliance. The reason given was that German law offers copyright protection to entities that publish previously inaccessible works. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The injunction was issued one week before the date of the performance, so a "pastiche" was performed: the Motezuma libretto recitatives were spoken, and other Vivaldi arias sung between them.
As of mid-September 2005, the injunction was lifted which allowed the Düsseldorf premiere to take place. PortalCurrent events News collections and sources WikipediaNews collections and sources.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast, November 14, 1733. |
(Conductor: - )
|Motezuma, Emperor of Mexico||baritone|
|Mitrena, his wife||soprano|
|Teutile, his daughter||soprano|
|Fernando, General of the Spanish armies||baritone|
|Ramiro, his younger brother||mezzo-soprano or countertenor|
|Asprano, General of the Mexicas||bass|
The same Mexican emperor was also the main protagonist of the operas: