Simple and strong, the mortise and tenon joint (also called the mortice and tenon) has been used for millennia by woodworkers around the world to join pieces of wood, usually when the pieces are at an angle close to 90°. Joinery is that part of Woodworking that involves joining together pieces of wood to create furniture structures toys and other items Woodworking is the process of building making or carving something using Wood. Wood is hard fibrous lignified structural tissue produced as secondary Xylem in the stems of Woody plants notably trees but also shrubs Although there are many variations on the theme, the basic idea is that the end of one of the members is inserted into a hole cut in the other member. The end of the first member is called the tenon, and it is usually narrowed with respect to the rest of the piece. The hole in the second member is called the mortise. The joint may be glued, pinned, or wedged to lock it in place.
A mortise is a cavity cut into a timber to receive a tenon. Lumber or timber is Wood in any of its stages from felling through readiness for use as structural Material for Construction, or There are several kinds of mortises:
A tenon is a projection on the end of a timber for insertion into a mortise. Lumber or timber is Wood in any of its stages from felling through readiness for use as structural Material for Construction, or Usually the tenon is taller than it is wide.
There are several kinds of tenons:
Generally the size of the mortise and tenon is related to the thickness of the timbers. It is considered good practice to proportion the tenon as 1/3rd the thickness of the rail, or as close to this as is practical. The haunch, the cut away part of a sash corner joint that prevents the tenon coming loose, is one third the length of the tenon and one sixth of the width of the tenon in its depth.
In anatomy, a mortise is an anatomic part of the distal tibia joining the talus bone to form an ankle joint. The tibia, shinbone, or shankbone is the larger and stronger of the two Bones in the Leg below the Knee in vertebrates and connects See Talus for other meanings of the word The talus bone or astragalus of the Ankle joint connects the leg to the foot In Human anatomy, the ankle Joint is formed where the Foot and the leg meet
A traditional through, wedged, mortise and tenon joint
A stub tenon corner joint
A haunched stub tenon corner joint
A foxtail wedged tenon joint
A pinned corner tenon joint
A modern feather tenon joint
This is an ancient joint and has been found joining the wooden planks of the "Khufu ship", a 43. The Khufu ship is an intact full-size vessel from Ancient Egypt that was sealed into a pit in the Giza pyramid complex at the foot of the Great Pyramid of Giza 6 m long vessel sealed into a pit in the Giza pyramid complex of the Fourth Dynasty around 2,500 BC. The Giza Necropolis stands on the Giza Plateau on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. The fourth dynasty of Ancient Egypt is characterized as a Golden age of the Old Kingdom.
It has also been found in archeological sites in the Middle East, Europe and Asia. In traditional Chinese architecture, wood components such as beams, brackets, roof frames and struts were made to interlock with perfect fit, without using fasteners or glues, enabling the wood to expand and contract according to humidity. Chinese architecture refers to a style of Architecture that has taken shape in Asia over the centuries  Archaeological evidence from Chinese sites show that by the end of the Neolithic, mortise and tenon joinery was employed in Chinese construction. The Neolithic (from Greek νεολιθικός — neolithikos from νέος neos, "new" + λίθος lithos Joinery is that part of Woodworking that involves joining together pieces of wood to create furniture structures toys and other items