Mainistir na Corann
|Labore et Honore|
WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates:
|Irish grid reference|
|Elevation:||47 m (154 ft)|
Midleton (Mainistir na Corann in Irish) is a town in south-eastern County Cork, Ireland. Basic concept of GPS operation A GPS receiver calculates its position by carefully timing the signals sent by the constellation of GPS Satellites high above the Earth The Irish grid reference system is a system of geographic Grid references commonly used in Ireland (both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland Poetic description This dinnseanchas poem named Ard Ruide (Ruide Headland poetically describes the kingdoms of Ireland Munster ( Irish: An Mhumhain, ənˈvuːnʲ Cúige Mumhan or Mumha) is the southernmost of the four Provinces of Ireland. Since the late 16th century the Island of Ireland has been divided into 32 counties ( Irish language contae or condae County Cork (Contae Chorcaí is the most southerly and the largest of the modern counties of Ireland. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Irish (ga ''Gaeilge'' is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish. County Cork (Contae Chorcaí is the most southerly and the largest of the modern counties of Ireland. Ireland ( Irish: Éire, ˈeːrʲə is a country in north-western Europe.  It lies some 22 km east of Cork City on the Owenacurra River and the N25 road, which connects Cork to the port of Rosslare. Cork (Corcaigh is the second largest city in the Republic of Ireland and the island of Ireland 's third most populous city after Dublin and Belfast Rosslare Europort ( Irish: Calafort Ros Láir) is a modern Seaport located at Rosslare Harbour in County Wexford, Ireland A satellite town of Cork City, Midleton is officially part of Metropolitan Cork. Metropolitan Cork (Irish Uirbeach Chorcaigh) refers to the city of Cork, Ireland, its Suburbs and the Satellite towns that feed into
Midleton has a growing population, employed locally in retail, light manufacturing, food production, tourism and whiskey distilling. At nearby Whitegate is the state’s first gas-fired power station as well as Ireland’s only oil refinery. Whitegate may refer to one of the following villages Whitegate Cheshire, England Whitegate County Clare, Ireland Whitegate Many Midleton residents also commute to jobs in Cork, Carrigtwohill and Little Island. Traditionally the main commercial and retail area of the town was on the Main Street and this continues to offer varied shopping primarily with local ownership. In recent years the commercial part of Midleton has expanded to the old site of Midleton Mart, now called Market Green. A number of multinational retailers have estabished themselves in Midleton including Tesco, LIDL, Boots and most recently Aldi. The Market Green shopping centre is located at the northern end of the town. This includes a five-screen cinema, Tesco and other stores. A locally owned supermarket, Hurley's Super-Valu, is also located at the northern end of the town opposite the so-called 'Gooses Acre'. LIDL and Aldi are located in a new shopping and residential area alongside the river. On Saturday's the park next to Super-Valu is the site for the popular Midleton Farmers' Market - one of the first such markets to be established since their rennaisance in Ireland. Midleton is also the home of one of Ireland's premier tourist destinations - the Old Midleton Distillery which includes the largest pot-still in the world.
In the 1180s advancing Normans led by Barry fitz Gerald established an abbey at a weir on the river to be populated by Cistercian Monks from Burgundy. The Normans were the people who gave their names to Normandy, a region in northern France. Burgundy (Bourgogne Burgund is a region historically situated in modern-day France and Switzerland, inhabited in turn by Celts ( Gauls) The abbey became known as “Chore Abbey” and “Castrum Chor”, taking its name from cora or weir in Irish, although some say that “Chor” comes from “Choir” or “Choral”. The abbey is commemorated in the Irish name for Midleton, Mainistir na Corann, or “Monastery at the Weir”, and of the local river Owenacurra or Abhainn na Cora meaning "River of the Weirs". St John the Baptist’s Church, belonging to the Church of Ireland was erected in 1825 and today still stands on the site of the abbey. The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann is an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion, operating across the island of Ireland. Year 1825 ( MDCCCXXV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common 
Captain, and later Sir, Walter Raleigh had an association with Midleton living for periods in nearby Youghal between and 1585 and 1602. Sir Walter Raleigh or Ralegh (c 1552 – 29 October 1618 was a famed English writer Poet, Soldier, Courtier and Explorer Youghal (ˈjɔːl yawl or /ˈjɒhəl/ Irish Eochaill ˈɔxəʎ meaning 'yew wood' is a Seaport in County Cork, Ireland His presence was due to a distribution of land in reward for helping suppress the Second Desmond Rebellion of 1579-1583. The Second Desmond rebellion (1579-1583 was the more widespread and bloody of the two Desmond Rebellions launched by the Fitzgerald dynasty of Desmond As part of this suppression he was ordered to seize Barry’s Castle at nearby Cahermore. The Seneschal, or steward of Imokilly, on being expelled from the castle, took refuge in the Abbey, but was again forced to flee by Raleigh. A seneschal was an officer in the houses of important nobles in the Middle Ages.
Raleigh is credited with planting the first potatoes in Europe, also at Youghal. The potato is a Starchy Tuberous crop Vegetable from the perennial Solanum tuberosum of the Solanaceae Youghal (ˈjɔːl yawl or /ˈjɒhəl/ Irish Eochaill ˈɔxəʎ meaning 'yew wood' is a Seaport in County Cork, Ireland
The town, now named Midleton or “Middle Town” because of its stop-off status between Cork and Youghal was incorporated as a market town and postal depot in 1670, receiving its charter from Charles II, as the “borough and town of Midleton”. Youghal (ˈjɔːl yawl or /ˈjɒhəl/ Irish Eochaill ˈɔxəʎ meaning 'yew wood' is a Seaport in County Cork, Ireland Charles II (Charles Stuart 29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685 was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Later it would become a post town of the Great Southern and Western Railway. The Great Southern and Western Railway ( GS&WR) was one of the main Railway operations in Ireland in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
Alan Brodrick, Speaker of the Irish House of Commons and Lord Chancellor of Ireland was made the first Baron and Viscount Midleton in 1715 and 1717, respectively. Alan Brodrick 1st Viscount Midleton (c 1656 &ndash 29 August 1728) was an Irish lawyer and politician The Irish House of Commons was the Lower house of the Parliament of Ireland, that existed from 1297 until 1800 The office of Lord Chancellor of Ireland was the highest judicial office in Ireland until the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922 See also Earl of Middleton Viscount Midleton, of Midleton in the County of Cork, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. Year 1715 ( MDCCXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Year 1717 ( MDCCXVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a He is commemorated by Broderick St in the town.
A private school named as Midleton College was founded by Elizabeth Villiers, former mistress of William of Orange in 1696. Elizabeth Hamilton Countess of Orkney (c 1657 &ndash 19 April 1733) was the acknowledged mistress of William III King of England from 1680 until 1695 A mistress is a man's long term female Sexual partner and companion who is not married to him especially used when the man is married to another woman William III or William of Orange (14 November 1650 &ndash 8 March 1702 He is informally known in Northern Ireland and Scotland as "King Billy" The school, is traditionally associated with the Church of Ireland. Past pupils include Isaac Butt, founder of the Home Rule League and John Philpot Curran, lawyer and father of Sarah Curran amongst its past pupils. Isaac Butt 6 September 1813 &ndash 5 May 1879) was an Irish Barrister, and the founder and first leader of a number of Irish nationalist The Home Rule League, sometimes called the Home Rule Party, was a Political party which campaigned for Home rule for the island of Ireland from 1873 to John Philpot Curran ( July 24, 1750 - October 14, 1817) was an Irish Orator and wit born in Newmarket, Sarah Curran ( 1782 - May 5, 1808) was the youngest daughter of John Philpot Curran, an eminent Irish lawyer Rachael Kohler, an Irish International field hockey player, was also educated there. Field hockey is a Team sport in which players attempt to score goals by hitting the Ball across the pitch with a stick
The town is the site of Cork Distilleries, formed in 1825, merged into Irish Distillers in 1967, and now owned by French spirits group Pernod Ricard. Year 1967 ( MCMLXVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. Distilling of whiskey, vodka and gin now takes place at the new Midleton distillery complex opened in 1975. The Midleton distilleries complex is situated outside Midleton, Co The Old Midleton Distillery which boasts the world’s largest pot still – a copper vessel with a capacity of 140,000 litres, has been restored as a visitor centre and hosts a number of attractions including Ireland’s largest working water wheel at a diameter of 7m.  Paddy Whiskey, produced in the town, takes its name from Patrick J Flaherty, a salesman for Cork Distilleries in the 1920s. The world-famous Jameson Whiskey is produced in the town. Jameson is a Single Distillery Whiskey from Ireland meaning that unlike blends where several whiskeys from either other distilleries or the open market are combined together thus
At the top of the main street stands a monument to 16 Irish Republican Army men killed on 20 February 1921 during the Irish War of Independence. The Irish Republican Army ( IRA) (Óglaigh na hÉireann was a military organisation descended from the Irish Volunteers, established 25 November 1913 and who The Irish War of Independence (or Tan War, or Anglo-Irish War, Irish: Cogadh na Saoirse) from January 1919 to July 1921 was a guerrilla Twelve of the IRA men were killed in fighting with members of the British Army at nearby Clonmult while four more were captured and later executed. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. The incident was the biggest single loss of life for the IRA during the war. Captain Sean O' Shea led the Clonmult boys and is buried as head of the Republician Plot at Midleton cemetery. Nearby there is a monument to mark the 200th anniversary of the Irish Rebellion of 1798. The Irish Rebellion of 1798 (Éirí Amach 1798 Turn Oot 1798 or 1798 rebellion as it is known locally was an uprising in 1798 lasting several months against the
The town is located in a fertile valley below hills to the north with Cork Harbour and the coast to the south. Cork Harbour is a natural Harbour and river Estuary at the mouth of the River Lee in County Cork, Ireland. In times past, the channel from the Harbour to nearby Ballinacurra (Irish: Baile na Cora, meaning “Town at the Weir”), was navigable by barges up to 300 tonnes. Irish (ga ''Gaeilge'' is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish. Due to silting over the years, the channel is now extremely shallow.
The town caters for a rural population of 26,663 that come from the surrounding areas of Midleton. 
The railway line to Midleton was opened on 10th November 1859 by the Cork & Youghal Railway, a company that was later taken over by the Great Southern & Western Railway. Year 1859 ( MDCCCLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Midleton was the location of the railway works for this company.
Included in Ireland’s National Development Plan is the re-opening by 2009 of the former railway to Cork which was closed for regular use in 1963. National Development Plan ( NDP, Plean Forbartha Náisiúnta is the title given by the Irish Government to a scheme of organised large-scale expenditure on (mainly Rail services in Ireland are provided by Iarnród Éireann in the Republic of Ireland and by Northern Ireland Railways in Northern Ireland Occasional use (mainly transport of beet from Midleton to the Mallow Sugar Factory) continued for many years afterwards, but even the sporadic usage of the line came to an end in 1988, with the final train to use the track being a passenger excursion for Midleton GAA supporters to Dublin for the final of the All Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship (in which Midleton played). Whilst the reopening of the line was originally promised to be completed by 2007 Iarnród Éireann have now been granted a railway order to carry out the work necessary to reopen the line, which is scheduled for April 2009. rail transport in Ireland Iarnród Éireann ( IÉ;; in English, Irish Rail) is the national Railway system operator of the Republic