Melton Mowbray shown within Leicestershire
|Population||25,554 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|- London||105 miles (169 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||MELTON MOWBRAY|
|European Parliament||East Midlands|
|UK Parliament||Rutland and Melton|
|List of places: UK • England • Leicestershire|
Melton Mowbray (known locally as Melton) is a town in the Melton borough of Leicestershire, England. Leicestershire (ˈlɛstəʃə(r or ˈlɛstəʃɪə(r abbreviation Leics In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology A nationwide Census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001 The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government Melton is a local government district with Borough status in north-eastern Leicestershire, England. Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of Subdivisions of England used for the purposes of Local government outside Greater London Leicestershire (ˈlɛstəʃə(r or ˈlɛstəʃɪə(r abbreviation Leics The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one The East Midlands is one of the Regions of England and consists of most of the eastern half of the traditional region of the Midlands. Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The, also known as the Leicester postcode area, is a group of postal districts around Coalville, Hinckley, Leicester, Loughborough The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. Leicestershire Constabulary is the Home Office Police force responsible for policing Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland in The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and The Leicestershire Fire and Rescue Service is the fire and rescue service which covers Leicestershire including the Unitary authority of Leicester The East Midlands Ambulance Service (EMAS is the NHS ambulance service serving the East Midlands region of England. East Midlands is a constituency of the European Parliament. It currently elects 6 MEPs using the D'Hondt method of Party-list proportional This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election Rutland and Melton is a County constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates List of places --> List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places This is a list of cities, towns and villages within the ceremonial county boundaries of Leicestershire, England A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Melton is a local government district with Borough status in north-eastern Leicestershire, England. Leicestershire (ˈlɛstəʃə(r or ˈlɛstəʃɪə(r abbreviation Leics England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland It is 15 miles (24. 1 km) to the northeast of Leicester, and 18 miles (29. Leicester (ˈlɛstə is the largest city and Unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and is the traditional 0 km) southeast of Nottingham. Nottingham ( is a city in the Ceremonial county of Nottinghamshire, England. The town lies along the course of both the River Eye and the River Wreake and has a total resident population of 25,554. There are two rivers of this name in Great Britain River Eye Gloucestershire, England River Eye Leicestershire, England See The River Wreake is a River in Leicestershire, England. It is a tributary of the River Soar. 
Melton Mowbray is perhaps best known for its culinary specialities, being the home of both Melton Mowbray pork pies and of Stilton Cheese. Pork pies are a type of Meat pie and are traditional British food Stilton is a Cheese of England. It is produced in two varieties the well-known blue and the lesser-known white.
The name Melton comes from the early English word Medeltone - meaning 'Middletown surrounded by small hamlets' (and therefore has the same origin as places called Milton and Middleton). Mowbray is a Norman family name - the name of early Lords of the Manor - namely Robert de Mowbray. Mowbray (ˈmobɹi the name of an Anglo-Norman baronial house derived from Montbray (Manche in Normandy south of St Lo. The Normans were the people who gave their names to Normandy, a region in northern France. Robert de Mowbray (d 1125 a Norman, was Earl of Northumbria from 1086 until 1095 when he was deposed for rebelling against William Rufus, King
In and around Melton, there are 28 scheduled ancient monuments, around 705 buildings listed as having special architectural or historical interest, 16 sites of special scientific interest, and at least 12 deserted village sites.
There is industrial archeology including the Grantham Canal, the remains of the Wreake navigation. Grantham Canal is a Canal that runs 33 miles (53 km from Grantham through 18 locks to West Bridgford where it joins the River Trent. Windmill sites, ironstone working and smelting archeological evidence suggest that Melton borough was densely populated in Bronze and Iron Ages. Many small village communities existed and strategic points at Burrough Hill and Belvoir were fortified. Belvoir Castle (pronounced Beaver) is a Stately home in the English county of Leicestershire, overlooking the Vale of Belvoir ( There is also evidence to suggest that the site of Melton Mowbray in the Wreake Valley was inhabited before Roman occupation (43A. D).
In Roman times, due to the close proximity of the Fosse Way and other important Roman roads, military centres were set up at Leicester and Lincoln; and intermediate camps were also established, for example, Six Hills on the Fosse Way. The Fosse Way was a Roman road in England that linked Exeter ( Isca Dumnoniorum) in South West England to Lincoln Other Roman track ways in the locality passed north of Melton along the top of the vale of Belvoir scarp; they linked Market Harborough to Belvoir, and linked the Fosse Way to Oakham and Stamford. Market Harborough is a Market town in Leicestershire, England. Oakham is the County town of Rutland, England. It lies east from Leicester, and has a
Evidence of settlement throughout Saxon and Danelaw period (8th/9th centuries) is reflected in many place names. The Danelaw, as recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (also known as the Danelagh; Old English: Dena lagu; Danish: Along the Wreake Valley, the Danish suffix "by" is common, as is evident in Asfordby, Dalby, Frisby, Hoby, Rearsby and Gaddesby. In addition, a cemetery of 50-60 graves, of Pagan Saxon origin, was found in Melton Mowbray. Although most villages and their churches, had origins before the Norman Conquest of 1066, stone crosses at Asfordby and Sproxton churches and Anglo-Saxon cemeteries as found at Goadby Marwood, Sysonby and Stapleford, are certainly pre-Conquest.
The effects of the Norman conquest are recorded in the 1086 Domesday book. The Domesday Book (ˈduːmzdeɪ bʊk also known as Domesday, or Book of Winchester) was the record of the great survey This document indicates that settlements at Long Clawson and Bottesford were of noteworthy size; and that Melton Mowbray was a thriving market town of some 200 inhabitants, with weekly markets, two water mills and two priests. Long Clawson is a small Village in Leicestershire, England. There is some debate about the origin of the village's name one theory is that there were Bottesford may refer to Bottesford Leicestershire, England Bottesford North Lincolnshire, England The water mills, still in use up to the 18th century, are remembered by the present names of Beckmill Court and Mill Street.
Melton Mowbray has been a market town for over 1,000 years. Recorded as Leicestershire's only market in the 1086 Domesday Survey, it is the third oldest market in England. The Domesday Book (ˈduːmzdeɪ bʊk also known as Domesday, or Book of Winchester) was the record of the great survey Tuesday has been market day ever since royal approval was given in 1324. The market was established with tolls before 1077.
Legacies from the Medieval period include consolidation of village and market town patterns; in Melton Mowbray, Bottesford, Wymondham, and Waltham-on-the-Wolds. The latter had a market in medieval times that continued until 1921, and an annual fair of horses and cattle. Many buildings in Melton Market Place, Nottingham Street, Church Lane, King Street and Sherrard Street have ancient foundations. Alterations to number 16 Church Street revealed a medieval circular stone wall subjected to considerable heat. This is probably the `Manor Oven' mentioned in 13th century documents. Surveys of 5 King Street show it to be part of an early medieval open-halled house. It may be part of the castle or fortified Manor of the Mowbrays, which existed in the 14th century.
King Richard and King John visited the town and may have stayed at an earlier castle. In 1549 following the Dissolution of the chantries, monasteries and religious guilds, church plate was sold and land purchased for the town. Resulting rents were used to maintain Melton School; first recorded in 1347 and one of the oldest educational establishments in Britain. Funds were also used to maintain roads, bridges and to repair the church clock.
During the English Civil War, Melton was a Roundhead garrison commanded by a Colonel Rossiter. The English Civil War (1642-1651 was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists. " Roundheads " was the Nickname given to the Puritan supporters of Parliament during the English Civil War. Two battles were fought in the town: in November, 1643, Royalists caught the garrison unaware and carried away prisoners and booty; in February, 1645, Sir Marmaduke Langdale, commanding a Royalist force of 1,500 men, inflicted severe losses on the Roundheads. Marmaduke Langdale (1598 at Pighall &ndash August 5, 1661 at Holme-on-Spalding-Moor) was married to Ann Howard a granddaughter of Around 300 men were said to be killed. Legend tells us that this battle left around 300 men dead and that the hillside was ankle deep in blood, hence the name 'Ankle Hill'. However, this name is mentioned in documents pre-dating the Civil War. Furthermore, in the past, the names of Dalby Road and Ankle Hill have been switched around, thus confusing the true site of the battle.
Local notable families seem to have had divided loyalties, although the War ended with great rejoicings outside the "Limes" in Sherrard Street, home of Sir Henry Hudson. His father, Robert Hudson founded the "Maison Dieu" almshouses opposite the Church in 1640, which complement the stone built "Anne of Cleves House" opposite. This was built in 1384 and housed chantry priests until the Dissolution. It was then included in the estates of Anne of Cleves by Henry VIII, as a divorce settlement in the 16th century, although there is local debate about whether she ever stayed there or not. Anne of Cleves Queen of England (22 September 1515&ndash16 July 1557 ( German: Anna von Jülich-Kleve-Berg) was the fourth wife of Henry VIII Henry VIII (28 June 1491 &ndash 28 January 1547 was King of England and Lord of Ireland, later King of Ireland and claimant to the Kingdom of Anne of Cleves house is now a public house which is owed by Everards Brewery, a Leicester based brewery, and she never stayed there
Stilton cheese originated near Melton Mowbray, and is still made in the town today. Stilton is a Cheese of England. It is produced in two varieties the well-known blue and the lesser-known white. Stilton cheese takes its name from the village of Stilton, 80 miles north of London, where it was marketed to travellers on the Great North Road, though no Stilton was ever made there.
Although supermarkets routinely carry pork pies with the label "Melton Mowbray", there is in fact a specific "hand-raising" process and recipe which marks a pie as a Melton Mowbray pork pie. In the centre of Melton on Nottingham Street, there is a "ye olde pork pie shoppe" (Dickinsons & Morris) where one can buy true Melton pork pies. On 4 April 2008 the European Union awarded the Melton Mowbray pork pie Protected Geographical Indication status, following a long-standing application made by the Melton Mowbray Pork Pie Association. Events 1581 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in The Melton Mowbray Pork Pie Association is a group of Pork pie manufacturers in the Melton Mowbray area of England, UK. As a result of this ruling only pies made within a designated zone around Melton, and using uncured pork, will be allowed to carry the Melton Mowbray name on their packaging. 
The Fox Hunting crowd also left their mark on the town in a different way, through their "high jinks".
The phrase painting the town red is said to have originated in Melton back in 1837. Out celebrating a successful hunt, the Marquess of Waterford and his hunting party found several tins of red paint which they daubed liberally on to the buildings of the High Street, some traces of which can still be seen on doors of older buildings in the town. Henry de La Poer Beresford 3rd Marquess of Waterford KP ( 26 April 1811 &ndash 29 March 1859) styled Lord Henry Beresford Other sources report the phrase originated in 1880's America. When persons from the red light district frequented other parts of the town, they were said to be 'painting the town red' by bringing their questionable activities and therefore associated colour with them. The earliest known printed record can be found in the New York Times from July 1883; used by the drunken Democrats in Newark. There are other references dating from around this time and they all are either from America or describe events in America. There is also a picture labelled "A Spree at Melton Mowbray. " and subtitled "or doing the Thing in a Sporting-like manner". It is dated 1837, the same date as the Marquess' event. It appears to take place on what is now called Leicester Street and depicts men in hunting clothes climbing on Swan Porch (a building in the market place), fighting and a gentlemen apparently being robbed. There is no mention of any red paint. Of course this sort of thing may have been common in Melton Mowbray at this time and there is no evidence that the picture depicts the same events. What is certain is that the physical evidence appears to support the town was painted red. However this does not necessarily mean that the phrase came from the event. The jury is still out!
The Melton Mowbray event was recorded as happening in the early hours of 6 April 1837. It was later recorded in the London Examiner. Henry Alken's pictures A Spree at Melton Mowbray and Larking at the Grantham Tollgate are said to illustrate the event
The events were depicted in a play called The Meltonians at The Theatre Royal, Drury Lane in 1838.
Melton Mowbray is home to Melton cloth (first mentioned in 1823), which is the familiar tight-woven woollen cloth which is heavily milled, and a nap raised so as to form a short, dense, non-lustrous pile. A textile is a flexible material comprised of a network of natural or artificial Fibres often referred to as thread or Yarn. Wool is the fiber derived from the specialized skin cells called follicles of animals in the Caprinae family principally sheep, but the hair of certain species Sailors' peacoats are traditionally made of Melton cloth, the universal workmans' donkey jackets of Britain and Ireland and in North America, loggers' "cruising jackets" and Mackinaws. A pea coat (or pea jacket, pilot jacket) is an outer coat generally of a navy-colored heavy wool originally worn by Sailors of European A Donkey jacket is a short buttoned Coat, typically made of unlined black or dark blue Woollen material originally worn as a work jacket in the United Kingdom Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world A mackinaw is a heavy dense water-repellent Woolen cloth such as Melton cloth
Melton shares a Member of Parliament (currently Alan Duncan from the Conservatives) with Rutland, which together form the appropriately named "Rutland and Melton" parliamentary constituency. A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. Alan James Carter Duncan (born 31 March 1957 is a British Politician. The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is a Political party in the United Kingdom. Rutland is a county of mainland England, bounded on the west and north by Leicestershire, northeast by Lincolnshire, and southeast by Rutland and Melton is a County constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Melton Mowbray is home to a rare example of early town government. The Melton Mowbray Town Estate was founded at the time of the reformation, in 1549, when two townsfolk sold gold sequestered from the church and bought land to be held in trust for all inhabitants. The Town Estate provided early forms of education, the first street lighting, and today owns and operates the town's parks and sportsgrounds, and the town's market.
Melton Mowbray had only 1766 inhabitants in 1801, but in 1831 they had increased to 3327, in 1841 to 3740, in 1851 to 4434, and in 1861 to 4436.
In 1964, the Production Engineering Research Association of Great Britain (PERA) came to the town on Nottingham Road and employed around four hundred people in supporting research and development in industry. It is also home to the East Midlands Manufacturing Advisory Service.
In 2000, the East Midlands Regional Assembly (EMRA) was based in a building also on Nottingham Road.
Petfoods came to the town in 1951 as Chappie Ltd, employing over two thousand people, and now employs around one thousand. Pedigree Petfoods is a company that manufactures Pet food located at Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, England with another factory in It became Petfoods in 1957, and became Masterfoods in January 2002. At Melton, it makes four million items of petfood every day, which is less than it used to. Masterfoods now have their UK headquarters close to Melton at Waltham-on-the-Wolds. Waltham on the Wolds is a village located in the Civil parish of Waltham and Thorpe Arnold in the Melton borough of Leicestershire, England,
Melton's St. Mary's Church is the largest and "stateliest" (according to a guide by W. G. Hoskins) Parish Church in Leicestershire, with visible remains dating mainly from the 13th-15th centuries. A parish church, in Christianity, is the church which acts as the religious centre of a Parish, the basic administrative unit of episcopal churches W G Hoskins CBE FSA ( May 22 1908 &ndash January 11 1992) was an English local historian who founded the first university Sir Malcolm Sargent was a former organist of this church. WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes -->Sir Harold Malcolm Watts Sargent (29 April 1895 &ndash 3 October 1967 Some of the visible stonework of the cathedral-sized St. Mary's Church dates from 1170 [lowest section of the tower, with Norman windows] although there was certainly one or more Anglo-Saxon churches on this site before the Norman one. Its 100 foot tower dominates the town, and is a rare example of a parish church with aisled transepts (one of only five in the country) a feature usually reserved for cathedrals.
The church forms part of the Framland church trail along with 14 other churches in the 'Framland area'. Framland was a hundred in north-east Leicestershire, roughly corresponding to today's borough of Melton. Copies of this leaflet are available from Melton Tourist Information Centre.
Melton's largest school is King Edward VII with around 2,000 pupils, aged between 11 and 19. King Edward VII School (KE7 is a comprehensive Secondary school in Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire in the United Kingdom The school was founded in 1908. King Edward VII Upper School, also has the first school-based Eco-Centre and a large computer-based learning centre (ILIAD).
Melton Mowbray railway station is on the Birmingham to Peterborough Line via Leicester. Melton Mowbray railway station serves the town of Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire, England. The Birmingham to Peterborough Line is a cross-country railway line in the United Kingdom, linking the Midlands to East Anglia Leicester (ˈlɛstə is the largest city and Unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and is the traditional Although the service is limited in evenings and early hours during the weekend. The station is managed by East Midlands Trains although most services are operated by CrossCountry. East Midlands Trains ( EMT) is a train operating company operating in the United Kingdom. CrossCountry is a Train operating company, the brand name of XC Trains Limited owned by Arriva, that has operated Great Britain ’s Cross Country rail franchise
Speedway racing was staged at the Greyhound Stadium in Melton Mowbray in 1949. Adrian Scarborough (born 1968 is an English character actor Scarborough was born in Melton Mowbray and trained at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School Gavin & Stacey is a BAFTA award winning British sitcom originally aired on BBC Three and later shown on BBC Two, written The cinder track was laid before and lifted after each meeting. The events, staged on a Sunday, fell foul of the Lord's Day Observance Society for a short time. The town is also home to one rugby club aptly named Melton Rugby club, however like all places in England football is the far more popular sport. The town has its own Sunday Football League in which some 15 teams compete every Sunday. Asfordby Hill is home to Holwell Sports who play in the Leicestershire Senior League premier division.