A media franchise is an intellectual property involving the characters, setting, and trademarks of an original work of media (usually a work of fiction), such as a film, a work of literature, a television program, or a video game. Intellectual property ( IP) is a legal field that refers to creations of the mind such as musical literary and artistic works inventions and symbols names A fictional universe is a self-consistent fictional setting with unique background elements such as an imaginary history or geography and possibly fantasy or science A trademark or trade mark, represented by the symbols ™ and ®, or mark is a distinctive sign or indicator used by an individual The news media refers to the section of the Mass media that focuses on presenting current News to the public Fiction is the telling of stories which are not real More specifically fiction is an imaginative form of Narrative, one of the four basic Rhetorical modes. Literature is the Art of written works Literally translated the word means "acquaintance with letters" (from Latin littera letter A television program (US television programme (UK or television show (U A video game is a Game that involves interaction with a User interface to generate visual feedback on a video device. Generally, a whole series is made in that particular medium, along with merchandising and endorsements. Merchandising refers to the methods practices and operations conducted to promote and sustain certain categories of commercial activity Multiple sequels are often planned well in advance and, in the case of motion pictures, actors and directors often sign multi-film deals to ensure their participation.
Some media franchises are accidental, such as the Ma and Pa Kettle series of films (the title characters of which broke out of the 1947 film The Egg and I), and some are planned, such as The Lord of the Rings trilogy. Ma and Pa Kettle were the featured characters in a series ofpopular light comedic movies in the 1940s and 1950s Year 1947 ( MCMXLVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Egg and I is a 1947 film directed by Chester Erskine, and starring Claudette Colbert, Fred MacMurray and Marjorie Main The Lord of the Rings film trilogy consists of three Live action Fantasy Epic films The Fellowship of the Ring ( 2001 The most profitable film franchises include Harry Potter, Star Wars, James Bond and The Lord of the Rings. Harry Potter is a series of seven Fantasy novels written by British author J Star Wars is an epic Space opera franchise initially conceived by George Lucas during the 1970s and significantly expanded James Bond 007 is a Fictional character created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve Novels and two Short story
Long-running film franchises were common in the studio era, when Hollywood studios had actors and directors under long-term contract. Examples include Andy Hardy, Ma and Pa Kettle, Bulldog Drummond, Superman, Tarzan, and Sherlock Holmes. Andy Hardy was a Fictional character played by Mickey Rooney in an extremely successful MGM film series from 1937 to 1958 Ma and Pa Kettle were the featured characters in a series ofpopular light comedic movies in the 1940s and 1950s Bulldog Drummond is a British Fictional character created by "Sapper" a Pseudonym of Herman Cyril McNeile (1888-1937 in imitation Superman is a fictional Comic book Superhero widely considered to be one of the most recognized of such characters and an American Cultural icon Tarzan is a Fictional character, an archetypal Feral child raised in the African jungle by Apes who later returns to civilization only to Sherlock Holmes is a famous fictional detective of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries who first appeared in Publication in 1887 The longest-running modern film franchises include James Bond, Godzilla, Friday the 13th, and Star Trek. James Bond 007 is a Fictional character created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve Novels and two Short story Etymology Name "Godzilla" is a combination of two Japanese words and. Friday the 13th is an American horror franchise that consists of eleven Slasher films a television show, Novels In such cases, even lead actors are often replaced as they age, lose interest, or their characters are killed.
Media franchises tend to cross over from their original media to other forms. Literary franchises are often transported to film, such as Sherlock Holmes, Miss Marple, and other popular detectives, and Superman, Spider-Man, and other popular comic book superheroes. Sherlock Holmes is a famous fictional detective of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries who first appeared in Publication in 1887 Jane Marple, usually known as Miss Marple, is a Fictional character appearing in twelve of Agatha Christie Superman is a fictional Comic book Superhero widely considered to be one of the most recognized of such characters and an American Cultural icon Spider-Man is a Fictional character appearing in Comic books published by Marvel Comics. A comic book (often shortened to simply comic and sometimes called a comic paper or comic magazine) is a Magazine or Book of narrative A superhero (sometimes rendered super-hero or super hero) is a Fictional character "of unprecedented physical prowess dedicated to acts of derring-do Television and film franchises are often expanded upon in novels, particularly those in the fantasy and science fiction genres, such as Star Trek, Doctor Who, and Star Wars. A novel (from Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new" "news" or "short story Fantasy is a Genre that uses magic and other Supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, and/or setting Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. Star Wars is an epic Space opera franchise initially conceived by George Lucas during the 1970s and significantly expanded Similarly, fantasy and science fiction films and television series are frequently adapted into animated television series or video games, and vice versa. An animated cartoon is a short hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn Film for the cinema, Television or computer
Non-fiction literary franchises include the ...For Dummies and The Complete Idiot's Guide to... reference books. Non-fiction is an account or representation of a subject which is presented as Fact. The Complete Idiot's Guide are Reference books that provide a very basic understanding of seemingly difficult topics This article is about a kind of publication Reference work may also refer to the work that librarians perform at a Library reference desk. An enduring and extensive example of a media franchise is Playboy Enterprises, which began expanding well beyond its successful magazine, Playboy, within a few years after its first publication, into such enterprises as a modeling agency, several television shows (Playboy's Penthouse, in 1959), its own television channel a quarter of a century later, private clubs and restaurants, movie theaters, a radio show, direct to video films, music and book publishing (including original works in addition to its anthologies of cartoons, photographs, recipes, advice, articles or fiction that had originally appeared in the magazine), footwear, clothing of every kind, jewelry, housewares (lamps, clocks, bedding, glassware), guitars and gambling, playing cards, pinball machines and pet accessories, billiard balls and bedroom appurtenances and enhancements, plus countless other items of merchandise. Playboy Enterprises Inc ( also organized as New Playboy Inc ( is the company founded by Hugh Marston Hefner to manage the Playboy magazine empire Playboy is an American Men's magazine, founded in Chicago Illinois, by Hugh Hefner and his associates which has grown into Playboy Playboy TV is a Pay-per-view adult television channel on cable, IPTV and satellite services and available in Turkey Playboy Radio is a Radio station on Sirius Satellite Radio. Playboy Radio was originally launched on XM Satellite Radio in September 2002