depicting the signing of the Mayflower Compact is on Bradford Street in Provincetown
directly below the Pilgrim Monument
. A bas-relief (baʁəljɛf in French; French for "low relief" derived from the Italian basso rilievo) or low relief is a Sculpture Provincetown is a town located at the extreme tip of Cape Cod in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States. For the monument in Plymouth Massachusetts formerly known as the Pilgrim Monument see National Monument to the Forefathers The Pilgrim Monument of Provincetown
Signing of the Mayflower Compact, a painting by Edward Percy Moran, which hangs at the Plymouth Museum.
Bradford's transcription of the compact
The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. Plymouth Colony (sometimes New Plymouth or The Old Colony) was an English colonial venture in North America from 1620 until 1691 It was drafted by the Pilgrims who crossed the Atlantic aboard the Mayflower, seeking the freedom to practice Christianity according to their own determination. Pilgrims, or Pilgrim Fathers (or Pilgrim Mothers) is a name commonly applied to the early settlers of the Plymouth Colony in present-day Plymouth The Mayflower was the famous Ship that transported the English Separatists better known as the Pilgrims, from Southampton, England It was signed on November 11, 1620 (OS) by 41 of the ship's more than one hundred passengers, in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod. Events 308 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Old Style (or OS) and New Style (or NS) are used in English language historical studies either to indicate that the start of the Julian year Provincetown Harbor is a large Natural harbor located off of the town of Provincetown, Massachusetts. Cape Cod (or simply the Cape to most New Englanders is a Peninsula nearly coextensive with Barnstable County Massachusetts and forming the easternmost
Reasons for the Compact
The Mayflower was originally bound for the mouth of the Hudson River, in land granted in a patent from the Crown to the London Virginia Company. The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk, the Great Mohegan by the Iroquois, or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami The London Company (also called the Charter of the Virginia Company of London) was an English Joint stock company established by royal charter by The decision was made instead to land further north, in what is now Massachusetts. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. This inspired the 18 colonists on the ship who were indentured servants to proclaim that since the settlement would not be made in the agreed-upon Virginia territory, they would be free from their contractual servitude. An indentured servant is a form of Debt bondage worker The Laborer is under Contract of an Employer for some period of time usually three to "They would use their own liberty, for none had power to command them. " To prevent this, many of the other colonists, especially the Pilgrims, decided to establish a government.  The Mayflower landed at Plymouth (so named by Captain John Smith earlier) in December 1620. Plymouth ( is a city and unitary authority area on the coast of Devon, England about south west of London. Captain Sir John Smith (c January 1580– June 21 1631) Admiral of New England was an English Soldier, Sailor
The Mayflower Compact was based simultaneously upon a majoritarian model (even though the signers were not in the majority) and the settlers' allegiance to the king. Majoritarianism is a traditional Political philosophy or agenda which asserts that a Majority (sometimes categorized by Religion, Language, or It was in essence a social contract in which the settlers consented to follow the compact's rules and regulations for the sake of survival. Social contract describes a broad class of republican theories whose subjects are implied agreements by which people form Nations and maintain a Social order
The compact is often referred to as the foundation of the Constitution of the United States. The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme Law of the United States.
Text of the Mayflower Compact
The original document was lost, but the transcriptions in Mourt's Relation and William Bradford's journal Of Plymouth Plantation are in agreement and accepted as accurate. The book Mourt's Relation (or full title "Mourt's Relation A Journal of the Pilgrims in Plymouth") was written primarily by Edward Winslow William Bradford ( March 19, 1590 – May 9, 1657) was a leader of the separatist settlers of the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts Written over a period of years by the leader of the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation is the single Bradford's hand written manuscript is kept in a special vault at the State Library of Massachusetts.  Bradford's transcription is as follows:
- In the name of God, Amen. We whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, etc. James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625 was King of Scotland as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James The Union of the Crowns was the Accession of James VI, King of Scots, to the throne of England in March 1603 thus uniting Scotland and England The English claims to the French throne have a long and rather complex history between the 1340s and the 1800s The Kingdom of Ireland (Ríocht na hÉireann was the name given to the Irish state from 1541 by the Crown of Ireland Act 1542 of the Parliament of Ireland. "Defender of the Faith" redirects here For the 1984 platinum album of British heavy metal group Judas Priest, see Defenders of the Faith
- Having undertaken, for the Glory of God and advancement of the Christian Faith and Honour of our King and Country, a Voyage to plant the First Colony in the Northern Parts of Virginia, do by these presents solemnly and mutually in the presence of God and one of another, Covenant and Combine ourselves together into a Civil Body Politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute and frame such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions and Offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the Colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. The Virginia Company refers collectively to a pair of English joint stock companies chartered by James I in 1606 with the purposes of establishing In witness whereof we have hereunder subscribed our names at Cape Cod, the 11th of November, in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France and Ireland the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. The Kingdom of England was a State (927-1707 located in Western Europe dating from the ninth or tenth century to the early eighteenth century when it was legally The Kingdom of Scotland ( Gaelic: Rìoghachd na h-Alba, Scots: Kinrick o Scotland) was a State in northwest Europe Anno Domini 1620. 
The 'dread sovereign' referred to in the document used the archaic definition of dread; meaning awe and reverence (for the King), but not fear.
The list of 41 male passengers who signed was supplied by Bradford's nephew Nathaniel Morton in his 1669 New England's Memorial.  The same list in the same order is provided by Thomas Prince in his 1736 A Chronological History of New-England in the form of Annals.  There are no surviving first-hand accounts of this information. Prince added the title Mr. to ten names, which he found in a list at the end of Governor Bradford's folio manuscript: Carver, Winslow, Brewster, Isaac Allerton, Samuel Fuller, Martin, Mullins, White, Warren, and Hopkins. He attributed the lack of Mr. Bradford to Bradford's modesty. He also added Capt. to Standish. He corrected the spelling of five names: John Crackston, Moses Fletcher, Degory Priest, Richard Britterige, and Edward Dotey. In addition, he spelled Francis Cook and Richard Clarke.
- ^ The Pilgrims used the Julian Calendar, also known as Old Style dates, which, at that time, was ten days behind the Gregorian Calendar, signing the covenant "ye . John Carver (1576&ndash1621 Pilgrim leader and the first governor of Plymouth Colony, born probably in Nottinghamshire, England William Bradford ( March 19, 1590 – May 9, 1657) was a leader of the separatist settlers of the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts Edward Winslow (1595 &ndash 1655 was an American Pilgrim leader on the Mayflower. Elder William Brewster (c 1566 - April 10, 1644) was a Pilgrim colonist leader and preacher who came from Scrooby, in north Isaac Allerton (c 1585 or 1586 - 1659 was one of the original Pilgrim fathers who came on the Mayflower to settle the Plymouth Colony in 1620 Captain Myles Standish (c 1584 &ndash October 3, 1656) (sometimes spelled Miles Standish was an English born military officer hired John Alden may refer to John Alden (Pilgrim, pilgrim who arrived at Plymouth in 1620 on the Mayflower John Alden (Capt Samuel Fuller ( baptised 1580 &ndash died 1633 was an English doctor and church Deacon. Christopher Martin was born sometime before 1582 He was married to Mary Prower Martin in Great Burstead Essex England in February1606 or 1607 Richard Warren (c 1580 - 1628 a passenger on the Mayflower (old "May Floure") in 1620 settled in Plymouth Colony and was among John Howland (c 1599 &ndash 1673 was one of the settlers who travelled from England to North America on the Mayflower and helped found the Stephen Hopkins (born about 1582 &ndash 1644 was a tanner and Merchant who was one of the passengers on the Mayflower in 1620 settling John Tilley (1571 &ndash 1620 or 1621 was one of the settlers who traveled from England to North America on the Mayflower but died shortly Francis Cooke ( 1583 &ndash 7 April 1663 Plymouth Massachusetts) was one of the 102 passengers on the Mayflower. Thomas Rogers, a Mayflower Pilgrim and one of forty-one signatories of the Mayflower Compact was among those who did not survive that first Thomas Tinker was one of the Pilgrims who made the voyage on the Mayflower. Edward Fuller (baptized 4 September 1575; died between 11 January and 10 April 1621) crossed the Atlantic on the Francis Eaton (baptized 11 September 1596 - 1633) was a passenger on the Mayflower and also a signer of the Mayflower Compact James Chilton (B 1556 D December1620 was born in England and lived in Canterbury John Billington (c 1580 &ndash September 30, 1630) was the first Englishman to be convicted of Murder in what would become the United Very little was known about Degory Priest (B c1579-1582 D 1621 This is a list of the 104 passengers onboard the Mayflower during its trans-Atlantic voyage of September 6 - November 9, 1620 George Soule (c 1595 &ndash 1679 was a signer of the Mayflower Compact, and one of the original 102 Pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower John Allerton was a passenger aboard the Mayflower, sailing with the Pilgrims from England in 1620 in order to settle in North America Edward Doty (died August 23, 1655) was a Mayflower passenger a signer of the Mayflower Compact, and a permanent settler at the The Fundamental Orders were adopted by the Connecticut Colony council on January 14 1638 OS ( January 24 1639 NS The Julian calendar, a reform of the Roman calendar, was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC and came into force in 45 BC (709 Ab urbe condita Old Style (or OS) and New Style (or NS) are used in English language historical studies either to indicate that the start of the Julian year The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used Calendar in the world today A covenant, in its most general sense is a solemn promise to engage in or refrain from a specified action 11. of November" [literal])
- ^ a b Rothbard, Murray Rothbard (1975). ""The Founding of Plymouth Colony"", Conceived in Liberty 1. Arlington House Publishers.
- ^ State Library of Massachusetts Online catalog
- ^ The Mayflower Compact (1620)
- ^ Bradford, William (1898). "Book 2, Anno 1620", in Hildebrandt, Ted: Bradford's History "Of Plimoth Plantation" (PDF), Boston: Wright & Potter. Retrieved on 2006-06-01. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is Assassinated 987 - Hugh Capet is elected
- ^ Morton, Nathaniel (1669). "Chapter 2", in Rhys, Ernest: New England’s Memorial. The 1772 reprint of Morton has a totally different order.
- ^ Thomas Prince, A Chronological History of New-England in the form of Annals (1736), pp. 83-85.
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