The Martyrology in Judaism is the story of the deaths (martyrdom) of several famous Rabbis (including Rabbi Akiva) by Romans, read both on Yom Kippur and Tisha b'Av. The term martyr ( Greek μάρτυς martys "witness" is most commonly used today to describe an individual who sacrifices their life (or personal freedom Akiva redirects here For other people and things with this name see Akiva (disambiguation. Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC Yom Kippur (יוֹם כִּפּוּר ˈjɔm kiˈpur also known in English as the Day of Atonement, is the most solemn and important of the Jewish holidays Its Tisha B'Av (תשעה באב or he ט׳ באב "the Ninth of Av," is an annual fast day in Judaism, named for the ninth day ( Tisha The deaths were very gruesome, including being wrapped in Torah scrolls and then being set aflame. term " Torah " ( Hebrew: תּוֹרָה "teaching" or "instruction" sometimes translated as "Law" most commonly refers to See Ten Martyrs and Midrash Eleh Ezkerah. The Ten Martyrs ( Aseret Harugei Malchut עשרת הרוגי מלכות refers to a group of ten Rabbis living during the era of the Mishnah who Midrash Eleh Ezkerah (אלה אזכרה is an Aggadic midrash, one of the Smaller midrashim, which receives its name from the fact that a Seliḥah for
Although the ten martyrdoms are presented as a comprehensive Roman plan to destroy the spiritual leadership of the Jews, the rabbis mentioned lived over a period of several hundred years.